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made with the great vertical circle of Ertel. This some great central body, whose light, if it has any, noble instrument, forty-three inches in diameter, is we may, perhaps, not have seen, and whose posidivided into every two minutes, and by means of tion we have not yet determined. four micrometer microscopes, its indications can be To the solution of this great problem, M. Peters read off to the tenth of a second. The telescope applies the numbers in the preceding table. M. has an aperture of six inches diameter, and a mag-Otto Struve, by combining the results of his calcunifying power of 215. The following are the lations with those of M. Argelander, has deterresults which he obtained :
mined that the point to which our solar system is Absolute Probable
advancing is situated at the epoch of 1840 in Parallaxes. Error.
Right Ascension, 259° 35'.1 with a probable error of 2 57'.5 61 Cygni, *
And N. Declination, a Lyrænt 0.103 0.053
M. O. Struve has also determined the angular Pole Star, I -0.067 0.012
value of the annual motion of the sun as seen at a Groombridge, (1830,) 0.226 0.141 Capella,
right angle to its path, and at the mean distance Ursæ Majoris, -0.133 0.106
of the stars of the first magnitude. Arcturus,
By Right Ascension a Cygni, 0.082 0.043
04.32122 with a probable error of 0.03684 By Declination of do., 0 .35719
0.03562 In attempting to determine the parallax of stars Or by combining these, 0 .3392 of the first and second magnitude, M. Peters founds his researches on all the parallaxes which have been
But as the parallax of stars of the first magnidetermined with sufficient precision. He finds that tude is 0".209, we can change the angular motion there are thirty-five stars, whose parallaxes, wheth- of the sun into linear motion in space; and hence, er absolute or relative, are determined with a degree taking the radius of the earth's orbit as unity, we of precision sufficient for his purpose ; but he ex
have %3382 = 1.623, with a probable error of cludes 61 Cygni and Groombridge 1830, as having 0.229, for the annual motion of the sun in space. a great proper motion. The general result at “Here, then,” says M. F. W. G. Struve, which he arrives is, “ that the mean parallax of have the splendid result of the united studies of stars of the second magnitude is +0" 116, and MM. Argelander, O. Struve, and Peters, grounded that the probable error of this determination is only atories of Dorpat, Abo, and Pulkova, and which
on observations made at the three (Russian) observ0" 014." By combining this value with the table is expressed in the following thesis :— The motion of relative distances in page 527, he obtains the of the solar system in space is directed to a point results in the following table given by M. Struve :- of the celestial vault situated on the right line which
No. of Julian years joins the two stars n and u Herculis, at a quarter
of the apparent distance of these stars, reckoning Apparent mags.
from a Herculis. The velocity of this motion is 1 A 0.209 986000
15.5 such that the sun, with all the bodies which depend 0.166 1246000
upon it, advances annually in the above direction 2 A 0.116 1778000
28.0 1.623 times the radius of the earth's orbit, or 33,2.5 A 0.098 2111000
550,000 geographical miles. The possible error 3 A 0.076 2725000
of this last number amounts to 1,733,000 geograph3.5 A 0.065 3151000
ical miles, or to a seventh of the whole value. We 4 A 0.054 3850000
60.7 4.5 A 0.047 4375000
may then wager 400,000 to 1 that the sun has a
69.0 5 A 0.037 5378000
proper progressive motion, and 1 to 1 that it is com5.5 A 0.034 6121000
prised between the limits of thirty-eight and twenty6 A 0.027 7616000 120.1
nine millions of geographical miles.' 6.5 A 0.024 8746000
That is, taking 95 millions of English miles as 6.5 B 0.025 8100000
127.7 7.5 B 0.014 14230000 224.5
the mean radius of the earth's orbit, we have 95 8.5 B 0.008 24490000 386.3 X 1.623 - =154.185 millions of miles, and, con9.5 B 0.006 37200000 586.7 sequently, 11 + 0.5 0.00092 224500000 3541.0
The velocity of the Solar System, 154,185,000 in the year. This table exhibits to us grand truths, which,
422,424 in a day.
17,601 in an hour. we may venture to say, neither Newton nor La Place ever contemplated as within the range of Do. human intellect. But even these are surpassed in
The sun and all his planets, primary and secondinterest by the determination of the actual velocity ary, are therefore now in rapid motion round an with which our own solar system, our sidereal invisible focus. To that now dark and mysterious home, is wheeling its ethereal round, guided by centre, from which no ray, however feeble, shines, * Bessel makes it 09.348 0".010.
we may in another age point our telescopes-de+ M. Struve makes it 0'.261 0".025.
tecting, perchance, the great luminary which con* Taking the mean of five values of it by Lindenau, trols our system, and bounds its path-into that Struve, and Preuss, do. do., and Peters, we have 0".091 0".010. M. Peters makes it 0".106 as a final determina- vast orbit which man during the whole cycle of his tion.
race may never be allowed to round. If the be ried $ The magnitudes 1.5 and 2.5 are stars of intermediate relics of primeval life have taught us how brie! has magnitude, between those of the first and second and the second and third maguitudes.
been our tenure of this terrestrial paradise compared
Distances expressed in radii of the Earth's orbit.
in which light traverses these
do. do. do. do.
293 in a minute. 57 in a second.
with its occupancy by the brutes that perish, the other day that the practice of confession was gaining sidereal truths which we have been expounding ground in Protestant parishes. Forewarned is foreimpress upon us the no less humbling lesson, that armed; and where the bane is discovered, it may from the birth of man to the extinction of his race, copy of the Count de Lasteyrie's History. — Exam..
be well to throw in an antidote in the shape of a the system to which he belongs will have described
iner. but an infinitesimal arc of that immeasurable circle in which it is destined to revolve. It is as if the Mr. Tennysox's Poem.-When Lord North cortraveller or naturalist, equipped for the survey of rected Burke for a false quantity in vectigal, (the nature's beauties and wonders, had been limited quotation was in support of economy,) the great only to a Sabbath's journey. Some mountain tops orator promptly acknowledged his error by repeatmight rise to his view as he creeps along, and some ing the line correctly, and thanking the minister for peaks might disappear beyond the horizon which he we are going to follow Mr. Burke's example, and
the opportunity of urging it again upon the house. leaves behind; but had the first man surveyed the
repeat more correctly a very fine passage misquoted constellation Hercules, to which our system is ad- last week from Mr. Tennyson's poem, and rendered vancing, it would have seemed to him as remote as quite unintelligible. It is that where the princess it will appear to the last of our race.
reveals the change which love has wrought in her. In the contemplation of the infinite in number -Examiner. and in magnitude, the mind ever fails us. We “From mine arms she rose stand appalled before the mighty spectre of bound- Glowing all over noble shame; and all less space, and faltering reason sinks under the
Her falser self slipt from her like a robe,
And left her woman ; lovelier in her mood load of its bursting conceptions. But placed, as we
Than in her mould that other, when she came are, on the great locomotive of our system, des
From barren deeps to conquer all with love, tined surely to complete at least one round of its And down the streaming crystal dropt, and she ethereal course, and learning that we can make no Far-fleeted by the purple island-sides, apparent advance on our sidereal journey, we pant Naked, a double light in air and wave, with new ardor for that distant bourn which we To meet her Graces, where they decked her out constantly approach without the possibility of reach
For worship without end; nor end of mine, ing it. In feeling this disappointment, and patient
Stateliest, for thee !" ly bearing it, let us endeavor to realize the great truth from which it flows. It cannot occupy our | 14. Her arms are bare, and her feet slipshod. Her
The MODEL MAID-OF-ALL-WORK.-Her age is mind without exalting and improving it. It cannot curls are rarely out of paper. She sports a clean take its place among our acquirements without hal- | apron on the Sunday, about tea-time. It is a myslowing and enobling them. Though now but a tery where she sleeps ; some say the kitchen, in truth to be received, it may yet become a principle one of the large drawers; and others declare she of action, and though now veiled by a cloud, it may known for positive whether she ever goes to bed at
has a turn-up bed in the hall-clock: but it is not yet be a lamp to our feet and a light to our ways.
all. Whom God made after His own image, he will not Everything that is missed, or lost, or broken, or not
She has a wonderful affection for the cat. retain in perpetual darkness. What man's reason eaten, she gives unhesitatingly to him. She is not has made known, man will be permitted to see and fond of the drawing-room, but has a good-natured to understand. “ He that bindeth the sweet influ- partiality for the garret, who sings funny songs, and ences of the Pleiades, and looseth the bands of gives her occasionally an order for the play. She Orion, and quieteth Arcturus with his sons,” will takes her dinner whilst washing the dishes, and in His own time “ discover deep things out of never gets her breakfast till all the floors have done darkness,” and “ reveal the ordinances of heaven." five bells at once, and in despair answers none. She
with the one teapot. She tries very hard to answer
always forgets the mustard, and prefers blowing the The History of Auricular Confession, religiously, hands will not bear minute inspection ; and no won
fire with her mouth instead of the bellows. Her morally, and politically considered, among Ancient and Modern Nations. By Count C. P. de Lastey- ing dinners, all day long. She carries coals in a
der, for she is cleaning boots, or washing, or cookrie, translated under the author's especial sanction, by Charles Cocks, B. L. Two vols. Bent- dustpan, hands bread on a fork, and wipes plates ley.
with her apron. She is abused by everybody, and
never gets a holiday. She only knows it is Sunday This is a clever translation of a book which has by the lodgers stopping in bed later than usual, and been generally read, and with curiosity and interest, having twice as many dinners to cook. She is nerer in Paris. There is more of the show than the re- allowed to go out, excepting to fetch beer or tobacco. ality of learning in it, and the author writes as from She hears complaints without a murmur, and listens a brief; but his intention is presented with consid- to jokes without a smile. She gets £6 a year, and erable power, and, in every imaginable evidence of is expected to wait on about 20 persons, to do the detestable tendency in the practice of Confession, work of five servants, to love all the children in the with relation to religion, morality, or history, the house, and to be honest for the money. It is not subject may be said to be exhausted in his two vol- known what becomes of the Model Maid-of-all-work
We shall be glad to find them obtain read-in her old age. It is believed, however, that she ers, thinking their object on the whole a good one. sinks into the charwoman at the age of 20. LandA competent authority informed the public the ladies, be gentle to her!—Punch.
POLITICS OF THE WORLD.
The close kin that exists between the principle The session of parliament reöpened on 3d Feb. of (so called) protection and the practice of pillage with Lord George Bentinck's demonstration in was very naively betrayed in Lord G. Bentinck's favor of protection and the sugar colonies. The speech, in the close of which, to set things right
in the West Indies, to put down slavery, and to champion was curiously placed ; since he is no longer the head of the protectionists, nor was he put up the Spanish bondholders, he coolly prothe chosen advocate of the West Indians. He is posed to seize Cuba! Would it not be cheap, he at odds with the country party, by whom, it
asked. And certainly the prime cost would be should appear, he has been discarded ; and, between
simply that of honor, honesty, and faith ; and the him and the West Indians there are serious differ- secondary expenses probably only those of an ences. For example, the West Indians ask
European war, for the powers of the continent changes in the navigation-laws, which he
would not be very likely to submit quietly to the
opposes ; they demand extensive immigration, and though example of England's filching a Spanish posses
sion. he does not oppose that measure, he throws upon
The proposal indicates both the morality of it the discredit of his disbelief in its utility. His main object was to show that the free-trade meas
," and the statesmanship of Lord ures which have emanated from Downing street
George Bentinck, who, whenever he comes into of late have failed in their object; and the West power, will do so on the principle of seizing Cuba Indies only formed an incidental section in his as a cheap and easy solution of the West India
He made a suggestion for the suppression question ;-not to mention the collateral advantage of slave-trading, which has the merit of boldness ;
of cutting the American trade in two-and at
making minced meat of things, parties especially, Spain owes this country £45,000,000, secured on Cuba : Lord George would enforce payment of the
Lord George is a matchless master, superior even
to Sir Robert Peel. Such a prodigy, considering money ; in default of payment seize Cuba, and establish freedom of labor in that island. There the age we live in, do we consider this proposal of would at least be a vigor and a degree of efficacy without a transcript of it from the columns of the
Lord George Bentinck, that we cannot be satisfied in that plan, that are altogether missed in the
Times : blockade of the African coast.
It is far too Cromwell-like a project for our “ He had read in the Times an extract from an ministers ; they had nothing but a cento of small United States paper, in which it was stated, that if compromises. With the West Indies, “three the United States did not possess herself of Cuba, courses” seem open to the statesman—to maintain Great Britain would, and that England had a greater a degree of exclusive protection, which should States had to Mexico, because a sum of £45,000,
claim by one hundredfold to Cuba than the United neutralize the advantage that slavery possesses in 000 was due to British subjects upon Spanish bonds, the competition with free-labor ; to fit the West and Cuba was hypothecated for the payment of that Indies for the struggle of competition, by securing debt. And why did the Americans think that to them supplies of free-labor equal to those Great Britain would like to have possession of secured for the slave-countries; to abandon the Cuba ? Because they knew she could never put suppression of the slave-trade, resting the emanci- down the slave trade so long as it was carried on at pation of the negro on his civilization in the West
Cuba in its present form. He would therefore say İndies. Ministers compromise all such courses. tle the question altogether; let them distrain upon
at once, let them take possession of Cuba, and setThey will not establish thorough free-trade, either it for the just debt due, and too long asked in vain, for the West Indies or the Metropolitan Kingdom, from the Spanish government. (Hear, hear.) but keep up restraints or distinctive duties in dis- They would put an end to the slave trade if they tilleries and breweries ; they will allow immigra- could emancipate the slaves of Cuba. If the people tion, but only from certain quarters; they will not of this country thought it right to spend £150,000,give up the African squadron, yet the chancellor 000 in putting down slavery, and ruining our colo
nies besides, would it not be cheap policy to put an of the exchequer admits that they cannot be con- end to slavery forever by seizing Cuba ? sistent in opposing the institution of slavery by “ The chancellor of the exchequer.—But would excluding its produce. They propound a set of you seize the Brazils as well ? small measures—inquiry, because it is superero- “ Lord G. Bentinck said the case of Cuba stood gatory and useless ; the limited use of molasses upon its own merits, and upon the debt of £45,for distillation ; a change in the navigation-laws;
000,000 due to British subjects from the Spanish the advance of £200,000 towards the expenses of government. Then, depend upon it, when Great
Britain possessed the Havannah, as once she did, immigration ; postponement of the repayment of in 1762, when she held it for about a year, and then an old loan, and a charitable aid to Tobago for exchanged it for the Floridas, and when she would damage inflicted by the elements. There is to be cut the trade of America in two, no more boasts no free trade, no unrestricted immigration, no would be heard of what the United States could do, adherence to anti-slavery plans, no abandonment such as that which was not long ago uttered by one of anti-slavery plans. Sir Charles Wood is only would be satisfied until Uncle Sam had set his right
of her military officers who declared that they never clear on one point—that free-trade against the foot upon British Canada and his left upon CaliWest Indies is good for the English revenue. fornia, embrace the whole of the eastern seaboard, These small compromises indicate vacillation and and throw his leg, like a freeman, over the whole weakness.—Spectator, 5 Feb.
continent of South America to Cape Horn, with
IRELAND A STAGE.
Cuba for a cabbage-garden. That was the course bury; at the little tale in one of the letters in the which should be taken to put an end to slavery and Times, of an Irish lad who on being rescued from slave-trading, and that having been done, there actual starvation “struck” for higher wages ; at would be no difficulty in the British planter going Mr. John O'Connell's dramatic display in Conciliato the coast of Africa and obtaining, not by purchase, not by war, but by the inducement of free-tion hall. In all this, and in every other phase dom and good wages, any number of Africans he of Irish society, there are the characteristics of the might require for the cultivation of the soil." stage. Everything is valued according to its outThis would be but a beginning of the foreign is a stage, the men and women
ward appearance, in front: the whole of Ireland
on it merely policy of the protectionists. The figure of the players. There is the laborer, who does no real Hercules must be traced ex pede and upon the
work, nor anything else but “ come on." There principle justifying the seizure of Cuba the repudi- is the farmer, who is nothing but“ a farmer" by ating states of the American Union would be con- title, for he does not till the land, nor let it, nor quered and made our own. It is well for Aus- give it up to his landlord : but he too comes on," tria, in the event of a Bentinck ministry, that she to be virtuous, wronged, and indignant, and to talk has got out of the debt of England by a shabby of his “rights." There is the Ribandman, the compromise ; but ce may yet be sold up under
ruffian or villain of the piece ; who on the stage, a distress. The opposite poles of policy just now and in Ireland, stalks about in broad day-light, are obviously free-trade and free-booting ; unre-wields his gun, shoots on a given cue, and walks stricted commerce on the one side, and unrestricted off without the slightest obstruction from chorus rapine on the other. A Bentinck ministry would
or populace. There are the police, who give vahoist the black flag of the buccaneer.—Examiner. riety to the costume and the incidents. The land
lord is “ the tyrant lord of the manor," so familiar From the Spectator, 29 Jan.
to English opera—the gentleman who is a landlord
in the playbills only, and not in habit or practice ; Actual life in Ireland seems to be conducted whose real business is only to amuse himself, to on the principle of burlesque. That principle con- antagonize the man who does the heavy business sists in picking out the incongruities which lurk in and the wronged farmer, and to be shot at the end any handling of a serious subject, and converting of the piece. There is the patriot, for the high them into the main subject of the composition. So, tragic part. There is the priest, majestic, arbiin Ireland, the grave purposes of existence are neg- trary, sonorous, ascetic; whose office it is to sing lected, and the follies or counterfeits of society be- bass songs, or write letters from St. Jarlath's about come the business of life. In other countries, things in general, but having nothing to do with industry is engaged in earning subsistence ; learn the current business ; copious in sustained “white ing, in the advancement of knowledge; patriotism, in notes” or white lies, in ponderous roulades or more the struggle for improved government; commerce, ponderous billingsgate. Most ably supported, the in the extension of material wealth. In Ireland, action of the drama goes on ; but, like the opera industry is only exercised pro forma, and the earning on the stage, it has no tangible results. The peasof subsistence is far from being a primary object; ant digs nothing, and nothing cultivates. The learning busies itself in the promotion of ignorance ; landlord has no property, except the “properties” the people invest their money in anything rather lent him by the property-man. The “sumptuous than in commerce-rather than do that, they will banquet” is empty dishes; the “flowing bowl" sink it in repeal rents, in impracticable railways, is empty. The only tangible produce is “ the or hoard it; and the better the government the money taken at the doors”—of Conciliation hall; worse it is abused by the collective patriotism. but that suffices not to disguise the wretchedness Lord Clarendon being one of the best viceroys that behind the scenes. The whole company is on the Ireland ever saw, it follows almost as a matter of parish. Of course, “No money to be returned !" course that the professed if not recognized leader“ Vivat Regina !” “Hurrah for Repeal!" of “the Irish party” pronounces him the “ most The court of justice used to be a fine scene for injurious” viceroy. Among the active politicians poetic eloquence and low comedy: the culprit was whom Ireland suffers to represent her political so- led off by his friends the gaolers to join his friends ciety there is a perfect consistency of unreality : the witnesses in the green-room. But Lord Clarfigment is uniformly preferred to fact, falsehood endon and the special commission are spoiling that stands for truth; good influences are used for bad stock scene, and threaten to spoil the whole piece ends—pious obedience, for example, becomes use- in course of time; much to the indignation of ful in the promotion of murder; and the popular those who maintain this “ legitimate drama." leaders, by a sweet harmony in their discord, for they are personally divided by endless factious WOULD that we could omit Ireland from our feuds, coöperate to promote the greatest misery of survey of passing affairs ! It is a subject that the greatest number.
presents every element of disgust-triteness, reThe usual state of society in Ireland is like volting crime, misery, and perversity. This week, nothing so much as a gigantic burlesque on the li- three Irish bishops have been writing—the reader bretto of a tragic opera. Look at Archbishop knows what that means. The Bishop of Ardagh M'Hale's rhodomontade in answer to Lord Shrews- entertains the Repeal Association with a set vituperative attack on Lord Clarendon, as an arbitrary, A third trait of the lawlessness is the resistance uncandid, and “injurious” viceroy. The Bishop offered by Mr. Waldron, a magistrate, to a party of Derry, like a cricket-player, challenges "all of men who besieged the gates of his property to England”—to a scolding-match. John Archbishop execute a process of law. It is an old tale in Ireof Tuam has broken his discreet silence, but in a land, but scarcely less marvellous in its recurrence loquacity almost as discreet : instead of answering to this day. Lord Shrewsbury, he says nothing in an immense Read also the evidence of Garrigan, the approver, mass of virulent verbiage : called upon to repudi- in the case of the men charged with shooting Mr. ate or prohibit the priestly incentives to murder, he Bayley; he describes how the assassination was makes no response, but pours forth a torrent of planned by the tenant Daly as an act of economy; abuse.
the landlord was shot just as a beast of prey would In the midst of his farrago, the mitred incendi- be, to save the tenant from some loss ; and the murary does not forget to beg. He pictures " a group derer was aided from the most friendly motives. As of nearly twenty persons whose misery might melt in America they have "husking frolics” and “buildthe soul of an alien calumniator, all crying out to ing bees,” so in Ireland the neighborly creatures him for food for that one day's sustenance, and join in a “killing bee." In India the villagers joir shrieking with agony that they were now thrown to hunt down the tiger; in Ireland the object of on the world to starve.” “He that offereth sac- that useful sport is the landlord. Garrigan thinks rifice out of the goods of the poor,” says the arch- it worse, perhaps, to commit murder than to break bishop, “is as one that sacrificeth the son in a temperance pledge-he is not quite certain, but presence of his father.” So says the man whom he thinks so. He would not murder any man, but we noticed last week sending 201. to the repeal he would murder any one to oblige a relative. fund. But that does not exhibit all the perversity “Would you shoot me?" asked the attorney for of the man : Dr. M'Hale is a defaulter in the pay- the defence. “By Gor! sir, I would." It is a ment of the poor-rate in his district. Although matter of family politeness. Charity begins at life itself may depend on the amount collected for home ; to a stranger, probably, Garrigan would the sustenance of the poor, Dr. M'Hale has never make a higher charge. contributed to the rate !
The concurrence of such cases throws some light Of all the insane refusals to enforce the law in on the state of society and the causes of crime. The Ireland, this resistance to the poor-law seems to us condition of Ireland is so utterly anomalous, that the most wicked. Dr. M'Hale is not singular. curiosity is baffled in endeavoring to fix upon the In some districts the law is reported to be “inop- cause. It is the priesthood, says one ; the nonerative."
Passive submission to famine is the enforcement of law, says another; the unequal exdeliberate choice, unless England choose to step in ecution of laws-ignorance-popery-poverty
She may if she likes. The Irish English misrule—a thousand things are named, repudiate everything English except alms.—Spec- now as causes, now as effects. Whatever the tator, 29 January.
primary causes, the evil seems to be, that all the The Irish news of the week exhibits certain traits habits, customs, and feelings of society, tend to of lawlessness so varied and so marked, that although this lawless laxity. It is the custom to allow the they are as old as the hills they strike the mind law to go to waste, to live in squalor and disorder, with all the effect of novelty. Bishops, magistrates, to cheat the collector, to eject the tenant, to shoot farmers, and whiteboys, are conspiring to get up Alcibiades would have been a Ribandman, a Wal
the landlord; and custom is stronger than law. incidents, as if to oblige some Edgeworth or Lever with confirmatory materials.
dron, a John of Tuam, he would have eaten potaThe Roman Catholic Archbishop M'Hale is ac
toes and shot landlords.—Spectator, 5 Feb. cused of a default in the paying of poor-rates- The Dublin Evening Mail gives the following playing Ananias towards the poor. The imputa- list of gentlemen in the commission of the peace tion is denied : some part of the rates, it is said, who have attended the Cashel petty-sessions, with have been paid. When? Since the charge was their liabilities made?
“ R. Long-father shot-himself twice fired at. Not to be too hard upon the notorious prelate, it
W. Murphy-father shot. must be confessed that the defrauding of the poor
Samuel Cooper-brother shot. rate collector is not limited to the ecclesiastical
Leonard Keating-nephew, Mr. Scully, shot. classes. Among the reports of criminal trials, is
E. Scully-cousin, Mr. Scully, shot. the prosecution of a man for sheep-stealing : the
Godfrey Taylor-cousin, Mr. Clarke, shot. prosecutor was a substantial farmer, with land,
Wm. Roeshot. grain, and stock, in goodly store ; he admitted that
C. Clark-brother shot; a nephew, Mr. Roe, the prisoner had been an honest and a starving
shọt.” man; the starving man had been refused out-door relief; the man of substance, now prosecuting for At Dublin, there was a stormy meeting of the the stolen sheep, had received it! Can any more Irish “ Confederates ;' the question of debate beludicrous and depraved perversion of the law be ing “ Peace or war :" Mr. Smith O'Brien proposed imagined? Conceive its effect, too, as avowed in a set of resolutions to restore unanimity, and pledgsuch a case.
ing the association to peace. Mr. Mitchell moved