ePub 版

doubtful, some twenty years back, by the experi- ! descent of the rack being uniform, the platinum ments of Despretz, has been recently proved to be wire is, of course, carried through the 360th part altogether incorrect by Regnault, who has con- of its range in each half-second, and a distinct firmed and extended the results of his predecessor. observation is given for each beat of the clock.

The law, then, that gases occupy spaces in- If, therefore, an observer, stationed on the ground, versely as the pressures, not being the true expres-count the beats of a pendulum, beating in unison sion of the expansibility of gases, it follows with the balloon clock, and likewise note the necessarily that the ordinary formulæ based on this instant at which the needle of the galvanometer is fictitious law, being merely empirical, cannot be deflected, the temperature marked by the therexpected to give results of great accuracy when mometer in the car of the balloon may be readily applied to so delicate a question as the measure- deduced, and even if the rates of the chronometer ment of great heights.

vary, a correction for this can easily be made. Experiments with captive balloons have been in The practical difficulties attending these experpreparation for a considerable time, under the iments have been found to be so great, that superintendence of a committee composed of sev- although two or three years have elapsed since the eral of the most distinguished members of the appointment of the committee charged with the British Association. These experiments have making of these experiments, no report has yet been undertaken principally with a view to deter- been laid before the association. mine the law of the decrease of the temperature These difficulties are, however, not altogether of the air at various elevations above the ground, insuperable, and it is hoped that they have been by but the apparatus employed can be readily applied this time surmounted ; and when an extended to the wetbulb thermometer, now always used in series of observations made in this manner, under hygrometrical observations. The balloon used, satisfactory circumstances, shall have been conhaving but a small weight to carry, is very small, cluded, results of interest and importance will being only eighteen feet in diameter, and twenty- doubtless be obtained. The heights, however, to five feet high. An apparatus called a telegraph which these observations can be extended must of thermometer, the use of which is to telegraph to course be limited ; and in repeating experiments the observes the temperature of the air surrounding such as those of M. Gay-Lussac, recourse must be the balloon, is attached to the car, and correspond- had to a balloon unmoored, floating freely in the ing observations of the temperature are made on atmosphere, and capable of supporting the observer the ground, where the observer is placed. The and his instruments. Such experiments are of so 80-called telegraph-thermometer, which we believe costly and hazardous a nature as to deter most pri-' is the invention of Professor Wheatstone, is an vate individuals from attempting them; and it is ingenious mechanical contrivance, of the nature of only under the auspices of the government, or such which the following description will give an idea. a body as the British Association, that we can

By means of a small clock-movement, a vertical hope for a series of balloon experiments, made rack is made to ascend and descend regularly in with the necessary care, and under a sufficiently six minutes, three minutes being occupied in the wide range of circumstances, to ensure the perfect ascent, and three in the descent. To the rack is safety of the employment of them in physics. attached a platinum wire, which moves within the tube of a thermometer. This wire travels in its ascent and descent through a space equal to 28°

THE GREEK SLAVE. of the thermometric scale, and may be adjusted so

Thou art no slave, albeit thy hands are bound. as to pass over any 28° of the range. The balloon

I would we were, even as thou art, freed ! is moored to the ground by a single cord, around The insolent comment of the gazers round which are wormed two copper 'wires carefully Thy heart is poised too far away to heed. covered with silk. The extremity of one of these

The shade of sadness, o'er thy patience cast, wires is in connection with the mercury in the bulb

Neither accuses Heaven nor chides at man.

Thou waitest till this lot be over-past, of the thermometer, and that of the other wire is

As only those whose hearts are holden, can. connected with the wire carried by the rack. The

Thy woman's beauty, robbed of sheltering vest, two lower extremities of the wires are connected

Makes solitude in the rude market place, together on the ground, and in the wire whose end

As if a spirit stood there, manifest, is connected with the mercury in the thermometer, Vouchsafing to our eyes a perfect grace. a sensible galvanometer is placed, a single small Thy head is bowed, but not with shame or fear. voltaic circuit being introduced in the course of the

The Present lays no iron hand on thee; other wire. Matters being thus arranged, so long

The Past, the Eternal Future, stand too near.

Motionless, fettered, naked, thou art free, as the platinum wire in the tube is not in contact

Clothed on with chastity; and waiting there, with the mercury the needle of the galvanometer The thing that God appointeth thou wilt bear, will not be deflected, but it will deviate from its Holy and lovely, as a lily stands zero point as soon as the contact takes place, and Bearing fresh dew from His baptizing hands. remain deflected until the contact is again broken. New York, Feb. 10, 1848. The clock beating half-seconds, and the ascent and

Daily Advertiser.



From the Examiner.

and out of such laughing talk the story springs. The Princess; a Medley. By ALFRED TENNYSON. It is to be of the character of the scene that surMoxon.

rounds them, and to suit the time and place. No poem should be judged decisively at a first But the story-tellers are sitting at a luncheon reading—but this new poem of Mr. Tennyson's "silver-set,” among the old Gothic ruins in the least of all. It is cast in a form which few read- park; the broken statue of an old feudal ancestor ers will take kindly to. Nevertheless, let them is propped up nigh them, gayly enrobed with Lilia's read on—and again. It is not unsafe to begin silken scarf; on the lawn of the modern Greekwith a little aversion, where love lies waiting for built mansion beyond, the members of the institute you.

of the neighboring borough are holding happy holNot the least interesting question raised by this iday with their children, putting science into book is whether or not Mr. Tennyson has shown sport; and to suit all this, and take up the talk an advance of power. We think he has. No of college, what other than a Medley should the luckless poet has been more pelted with his lau- story be? rels, but not always considerately. We are con- A princess is its heroine, and a prince who had tent that he should leave unsurpassed the mere been betrothed to her in childhood is supposed to verbal ineludy, the lyrical sweetness, of his first tell it. The old regal fathers (a brace of kingly utterances in song ; since he has far overpassed portraits very perfectly contrasting the easiness and that circle of the sensuous which appeared to the wilfulness of kings) have a compact that their bound him at the first. His sense of the beautiful children shall wed; but the girl opposes it as she could never have been more luscious, gorgeous, approaches womanhood, prevails on her father to delicate, than seventeen years ago; but it has give her his summer palace and gardens on the become chastened, and is less alloyed. Mind and border between the two kingdoms, and, penetrated heart have come up with ear and eye. Enlarged with man's injustice and impelled by the counsels views, increased knowledge, powers in all respects of two ladies of her court, has founded a college maturing, show the unwearied student. Take the for women there, to redress past centuries of her versification of the poem before us, and (making sex's wrong. The prince's father, with help of allowance for some wilfully prosaic lines) say if some hundred thousand men, is for bringing her to all that in that respect has won most admiration the altar in “a whirlwind ;” bat the prince, loving for Mr. Tennyson be not here in sustained com- her already from her portrait, prefers with two pleteness. Sweetness and music have found vari- companions to follow her, and try to win entrance ety and strength. The same instrument is giving to her college. They disguise themselves as girls, forth a more quiet fulness and depth of sound. it being death for men to enter. All these details Thought, feeling, and expression, are balanced are charmingly given, and our dry summary does with happier and more finished results. Sometimes them no justice. we object to what seems an echo from the days Then comes the action of the poem, and the of Elizabeth's great men ; but it is such only as grave sweet purpose that lies hidden beneath its could have reached us through a man of kindred burlesque peeps out and shows itself. Thus they greatness. We will not say that the poem is not find the head of the college : irregular, even clumsy, in its structure ; but it is.

at a board by tome and paper sat, built of gold. Nor, whatever may be objected to With two tame leopards couched beside her its plan, can it be urged that the foundations are throne, lofty and the erection mean. The poet has All beauty compassed in a female form, avoided that error. He lays down a very humble

The princess ; liker to the inhabitant ground-work, with whatever ambition he may

Of some clear planet close upon the sun,

Than our man's earth ; such eyes were in her aspire to rise above it.

head, The poem is really what the poet calls it, a

And so much grace and power, breathing down Medley ; being a summer's tale told after the fash

From over her arched brows, with every turn ion of a Christinas game by a “set” of college Lived thro' her to the tips of her long hands, students. Assembled in the summer vacation at And to her feet." an old English country house, the home of one of Nor is the stately grandeur of her welcome them, whose sister Lilia

unworthy of that picture of herself: (“A rosebud set with little wilful thorns, We give you welcome : not without redound And sweet as English air could make her") Of fame and profit unto yourselves ye come,

The first fruits of the stranger : aftertime, laughs at their college talk, and threatens them

And that full voice which circles round the grave with a college of her own to which men shall not Will rank you nobly, mingled up with me.” be suffered to approach,

Her two chief tutors are her two counsellors, one said smiling • Pretty were the sight Lady Blanche and Lady Psyche. The first is a If our old halls could change their sex, and flaunt dreadful old blue with a charming little daughter With prudes for proctors, dowagers for deans,

Melissa : And sweet-girl graduates in their golden hair;'"

(“A rosy blonde, and in a college gown * Reprinted by W. D. Ticknor & Co., Boston. That clad her like an April daffodilly



[ocr errors]

(Her mother's color) with her lips apart, A long melodious thunder to the sound And all her thoughts as fair within her eyes Of solemn psalms, and silver litanies, As bottom agafes seem to wave and float

The work of Ida, to call down from heaven In crystal currents of clear morning seas ;") A blessing on her labors for the world.” —and the second is a pretty young widow with a

-And so ends the college day. babe “a double April old," who is in fact the

We cannot of course follow the story out in the sister of one of the prince's companions.

To her same detail, but the reader must come with us or. lecture room the three (supposed) tall young a day's country excursion with the princess, who northern damsels are assigned, where

invites the three new students as a master might

three freshmen to dinner. When they have “Sat along the forms, like morning doves reached a fitting spot they pitch their tent of That sun their milky bosoms on the thatch,

satin, A patient range of pupils;”

(“ Elaborately wrought amid whom they take their place, and listen to the With fair Corinna's triumph ; here she stood, lecture. This, we are bound to say, is admirable. Engirt with many a florid maiden-cheek, Herschel, making allowance for disputed points in The woman-conqueror ; woman conquered there

The bearded victor of ten-thousand hymns, the nebular theory, could not have beat Lady

And all the men mourned at his side ;'') Psyche at

-and after fruit and wine, music is called for, and ". This world was once a fluid haze of light,

a maiden sings. The song is not pleasing to the Till toward the centre set the starry tides And eddied into suns, that wheeling cast

princess. Its luxurious sadness is not of heroic The planets;'”

temper, nor does its yearning affection sort with

college aspirations. But therefore is it the finer nor is she less a match for a Whewell or a Sewell manifestation of the poet's art. From out its when she runs with zest through“ all the ungra- dreamy lingering music rises so much of the very cious past,” and at each dark step of its ill-acted soul of gentleness and womanhood, that, in its history assails “the gray preëminence of man.” heavenly tenderness and sweetness, colleges and Still higher and higher with her theme she rises, professors fade far away. As a piece of writing till it exalts her into a prophetess of that future it is not to be excelled, even in the wonderful melwhich they will have the power to make. odies of Tennyson (unless it be by a pastoral on

“ Everywhere

Love's home which occurs at the close of the Two heads in council, two beside the hearth, poem): Two in the tangled business of the world,

• Tears, idle tears, I know not what they mean, Two in the liberal offices of life,

Tears from the depth of some divine despair
Two plummets dropt for one to sound the abyss

Rise in the heart, and gather to the eyes,
Of science, and the secrets of the mind :
Musician, painter, sculptor, critic, more :

In looking on the happy autumn-fields,
And everywhere the broad and bounteous earth

And thinking of the days that are no more. Should bear a double growth of those rare souls," Fresh as the first beam glittering on a sail, Poets, whose thoughts enrich the blood of the That brings our friends up from the underworld, world."

Sad as the last which reddens over one

That sinks with all we love below the verge ; A classic lecture follows :

So sad, so fresh, the days that are no more. (“ Rich in sentiment, " • Ah, sad and strange as in dark summer dawns With scraps of thundrous Epic lilted out

The earliest pipe of half awakened birds By violet-hooded doctors, elegies

To dying ears, when unto dying eyes And quoted odes, and jewels five-words-long The casement slowly grows a glimmering square; That on the stretch'd forefinger of all Time

So sad, so strange, the days that are no more. Sparkle forever.")

"• Dear as remembered kisses after death, And then comes Hall. You see them passing in And sweet as those by hopeless fancy feigned among the columns to dinner,

On lips that are for others; deep as love,

Deep as first love, and wild with all regret; “ Pacing staid and still

O Death in Life, the days that are no more.'" By twos and threes, till all from end to end With beauties every shade of brown and fair, The discovery of the prince and his companions In colors gayer than the morning mist,

follows hard upon this, but we cannot dwell on its The long hall glittered like a bed of flowers ;"

details. In the confusion which ensues he is the and after Hall you follow them to the gardens, means of saving the life of the princess, but this seeing pictures of the evening idleness of each ;

in no respect abates her wrath and scorn. There and then

is flight and capture, and the offenders are threat

ened with death. Then comes upon the scene a

. When day Drooped, and the chapel tinkled, mixt with those has suddenly made descent upon the father of the

counter-threatening from the prince's father, who Six hundred maidens clad in purest white, Before two streams of light from wall to wall,

princess ; and exaggerated rumors, and fears of While the great organ almost burst his pipes, armed men, and numberless undistinguishable Groaning for power, and rolling thro' the court dreads, take possession of the college.

[ocr errors]


There rose

(" Anon to meet us lightly pranced A hubbub in the court of half the maids

Three captains out; nor ever had I seen Gathered together; from the illumined hall Such thews of men : the midmost and the highest Long lanes of splendor slanted o'er a press Was Arac: all about his motion clung Of snowy shoulders, thick as herded ewes,

The shadow of his sister, as the beam And rainbow robes, and gems and gemlike eyes, Of the east, that played upon them, made them And gold and golden heads; they to and fro

glance Fluctuated, as flowers in storm, some red, some Like those three stars of the airy giant's zone, pale,

That glitter burnished by the frosty dark :") All open-mouthed, all gazing to the light, Some crying there was an army in the land,

indignant at the invasion of their kingdom. A And some that men were in the very walls, tourney of fifty knights from either side is at length And some they cared not; till a clamor grew proposed for settlement of the matters in dispute ; As of a new-world Babel, woman-built,

and this being gallantly fought upon a plain within And worse-confounded : high above them stood

sight of the college walls, the prince is left for The placid marble Muses, looking peace.

dead upon the field, and the brothers of the princess, “ Not peace, she looked, the head; but rising up themselves with others wounded, are declared the Robed in the long night of her deep hair, 80

victors. Then are the college gates burst open, To the open window moved, remaining there and crowds of girls with Ida at their head seen Fixt like a beacon tower above the waves

issuing forth Of tempest, when the crimson-rolling eye Glares ruin, and the wild sea-birds on the light

“ Anon Dash themselves dead. She stretched her arms

Thro' the open field into the lists they wound and called

Timorously; and as the leader of the herd Across the tumult and the tumult fel."

That holds a stately fretwork to the sun

And followed up by a hundred airy does, This is solid, noble writing. The epic calm- Steps with a tender foot, light as on air, ness of that last half line is masterly indeed. But

The lovely, lordly creature

floated on

To where her wounded brethren lay; there stayed ; from the midst of the silence the voice of Ida is

Knelt on one knee-the child on one-and prest heard again. In vain, with passionate fervor, the

Their hands, and called them dear deliverers, prince pleads his cause ; in vain the two lady tu- And happy warriors, and immortal names, tors, who had discovered the masquing before the And said, You shall not lie in the tents but here, princess did, and been induced to conceal it, sue And nursed by those for whom you fought, and against dismissal : Ida drives them forth with res

served olute scorn, separating Lady Psyche from her

With female hands and hospitality.'” babe, and retaining the child for companion and

So can she only celebrate her triumph by yieldcomforter. The poet's art and insight are shown ing what it had professed to win. As charmingly in such traits as these. The woman is the woman is this executed as conceived. Victory is gained : still, and can as little disguise herself completely but in her bands it is useless, save as a means of as the prince or his associates.

gentle ministration ; and, warmed by woman's But now the scene shifts to the camp upon the angel offices, the woman's nature can play the borders, where, as in a romance by Scott or a Amazon no more. The prince is nursed and tended picture by Maclise,

by Ida till she loves him. And love then shows

The two old kings greater than the knowledge she would have put in Began to wag their baldness up and down, its place; for knowledge, as mere power, is nothThe fresh young captains flashed their glittering ing, whereas love is truth, embracing all that teeth,

makes knowledge worth aspiring for. Thus the The huge bush-bearded barons heaved and blew, And slain with laughter rolled the gilded squire."

*,} purpose of the poem is not to depreciate the intel

lectual or moral claims of womenWar is here thirsted for by the prince's father,

("The woman's cause is man's ; they rise or sink who protests that in no other fashion should a man

Together, dwarfed or godlike, bond or free; hope to win a girl's affections :

For she that out of Lethe scales with man

The shining steps of nature, shares with man ("' • Tut, you know them not, the girls :

His nights, his days, moves with him to the goal, They prize hard knocks and to be won by force.

Stays all the fair young planet in her hands Boy, there's no rose that's half so dear to them As he that does the thing they dare not do,

If she be small, slight natured, miserable,

How shall men grow ?") Breathing and sounding beauteous battle, comes With the air of the trumpet round him, and leaps in but to give them their just direction ; and its moral Among the women, snares them by the score is uttered in these beautiful, most majestic, most Flattered and Austered, wins, tho' dashed with

musical words : death He reddens what he kisses.'")

“ For woman is not undevelopt man

But diverse : could we make her as the man, but the prince will not have war. Ida is neverthe

Sweet love were slain, whose dearest bond is this, less obdurate, and finds armed advocates and war

Not like to like, but like in difference : riors to espouse her cause, in her stalwart brother

Yet in the long years liker must they grow; Arac and his captains

The man be more of woman, she of man ;

He gain in sweetness and in moral height, A golden broach ; beneath an emerald plane Nor lose the wrestling thews. that throw the Sits Diotima, teaching him that died world;

Of hemlock; our device; wrought to the life; She mental breadth, nor fail in childward care ; She rapt upon her subject, he on her."" More as the double-natured poet each : Till at the last she set herself to man,

We hope that some master in the dainty art of Like perfect music unto noble words;

gem-manufacture will lose no time in putting forth.
And so these twain, upon the skirts of time, that gem. The poet deserves the prize for sugo
Sit side by side, full-summed in all their powers, gesting the device.
Dispensing harvest, sowing the to-be,

Self-reverent each and reverencing each,
Distinct in individualities,

“ We turn'd to go, but Cyril took the child, But like each other ev'n as those who love. And held her round the knees against his waist, Then comes the statelier Eden back to men:

And blew the swoll'n cheek of a trumpeter, Then reign the world's great bridals, chaste and While Psyche watch'd them, smiling, and the calm :

child Then springs the crowning race of humankind.Push'd her flat hand against his face and laugh’d.” The princess yields, and the poem ends with


“ From vases in the hall " My bride,

Flowers of all heavens, and lovelier than their My wife, my life. O we will walk this world,

names, Yoked in all exercise of noble end,

Grew side by side ; and on the pavement lay And so thro' those dark gates across the wild

Carved stones of the Abbey-ruin in the park, That no man knoros."

Huge Ammonites, and the first bones of Time;

And on the tables every clime and age Before we close the volume, or proceed to speak, Jumbled together ; celts and calumets, briefly as we may, of its impression as an entire Claymore and snowshoe, toys in lava, fans poetic work, let us cull some special beauties Of sandal, amber, ancient rosaries, more, suited to what scanty space remains to us,

Laborious orient ivory sphere in sphere, from among the star-like clusters that sparkle

The cursed Malayan crease, and battle-clubs through its pages.

From the isles of palm ; and higher on the walls,


Betwixt the monstrous horns of elk and deer, A PERFECT WOMAN.

His own forefathers' arms and armor hung." “ Not learned, save in gracious household ways, The line there marked with italics is a poet's line ; Not perfect, nay, but full of tender wants,

one of those charming toys of art with which the No angel, but a dearer being, all dipt In angel instincts, breathing paradise,

great artist condescends to amuse his invention. Interpreter between the gods and men,

Its sounds is the thing described. The vowels Who looked all native to her place, and yet

wind round each other like the encircling bits of On tiptoe seemed to touch upon a sphere ivory. Too gross to tread, and all male minds perforce

Swayed to her from their orbits as they moved
And girdled her with music.”

For I was young, and one

To whom the shadow of all mischance but came IDA CHANGED BY LOVE.

As night to him that sitting on a hill “ From mine arms she rose Sees the midsummer, midnight, Norway sun, Glowing all over noble shame ; and all

Set into sunrise."
Her falser self slipt from her like a robe,
And left her woman, lovelier in her mood
Than in her mould that other, when she came “I

would the old god of war himself were dead, From barren deeps to conquer all with love,

Forgotten, rusting on his iron bills, And down the streaming crystal dropt, and she Rotting on some wild shore with ribs of wreck, Far-fleeted by the purple island sides,

Or like an old-world mammoth bulk'd in ice, Naked, a double light in air and wave,

Not to be molten out." For worship without end; nor end of mine,

LOVE'S TEACHING. Stateliest, for thee ?"

“I learnt more from her in a flash, That final turn is masterly; but the passage is Than if my brainpan were an empty hull, altogether one of the most exquisite in the poem. And every Muse tumbled a science in."

VILLAGERS IN THE GREAT MAN'S PARK. “ Down thro' her limbs, a drooping languor wept ; Her head a little bent; and on her mouth

"A herd of boys with clamor bowl'd

And the stump'd wicket; babies roll'd about, A doubtful smile dwelt like a clouded moon In a slil water.'

Like tumbled fruit in grass; and men and maids

Arranged a country dance, and flew thro' light LADIES' HAND-WRITING.

And shadow, while the twangling violin “And I sat down and wrote,

Struck up with soldier-laddie, and overhead In such a hand as when a field of corn

The broad ambrosial aisles of lofty lime Bows all its ears before the roaring East.” Made noise with bees and breeze from end to end." THE COLLEGE PRIZE FOR METAPHYSICS. Now of the beauties of this new poem of Alfred

6. How,' she cried, you love Tennyson's, we think there cannot be a doubt after The metaphysics! read and earn our prize, what we have quoted. Everywhere we have traces




« 上一頁繼續 »