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ing ; " and a very striking likeness it is of that of Lord Preston as a measure of political necessity; unfortunate monarch. But hark! here comes the she therefore told Lucy mildly, but firmly, that she queen, with her chamberlain and ladies, from could not grant her request. chapel ; now, Lucy, is the time, I will step into “But he is good and kind to every one," said the recess yonder, but you must remain alone, Lucy, raising her blue eyes, which were swimming standing where you are ; and when her majesty in tears, to the face of the queen. approaches near enough, kneel down on one knee “ He may be so to you, child," returned her before her, and present your father's petition. She majesty ; " but he has broken the laws of his counwho walks a little in advance of the other ladies is try, and therefore he must die." the queen. Be of good courage, and address your- you can pardon him if you choose to do so, self to her."

madam," replied Lucy; " and I have read that Lady Clarendon then made a hasty retreat. God is well pleased with those who forgive ; for he Lucy's heart fluttered violently when she found has said, “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall herself alone, but her resolution did not fail her; obtain mercy.'" and while her lips moved silently in fervent prayer “ It does not become a little girl like you to to the Almighty for his assistance in this trying instruct me,” replied the queen gravely. "I am moment, she stood with folded hands, pale, but acquainted with my duty; and as it is my place to composed, and motionless as a statue, awaiting the administer justice impartially, it is not possible for queen's approach ; and when her majesty drew me to pardon your father, however painful it may near the spot, she advanced a step forward, knelt, be for me to deny the request of so dutiful a child." and presented the petition.

Lucy did not reply; she only raised her eyes The extreme beauty of the child, her deep mourn- with an appealing look to the queen, and then turned ing, the touching sadness of her look and manner, them expressively on the portrait of King James, and, above all, the streaming tears which bedewed opposite to which her majesty was standing. There her face, excited the queen's attention and interest; was something in that look that bore no common she paused, spoke kindly to her, and took the offered meaning; and the queen, whose curiosity was paper; but when she saw the naine of Lord Pres- excited by the peculiarly emphatic manner of the ton, her color rose. She frowned, cast the petition child, could not refrain from asking wherefore she from her, and would have passed on; but Lucy, gazed so earnestly upon that picture? who had watched her countenance with a degree of “I was thinking,” replied Lady Lucy, anxious interest that amounted to agony, losing all strange it was that you should wish to kill my awe for royalty in her fears for her father, put forth father, only because he loved yours so faithfully !" her hand, and grasping the queen's robe, cried in This wise but artless reproof, from the lips of inan imploring tone, " Spare my father-my dear, fant innocence, went to the heart of the queen; she dear father, royal lady!" Lucy had meant to say raised her eyes to the once dear and honored counmany persuasive things, but she forgot them all intenance of a parent, who, whatever were his politiher sore distress, and could only repeat the words, cal errors as a king, or his offences against others, “Mercy, mercy for my father, gracious queen!" had ever been the tenderest of parents to her; and till her vehement emotion choked her voice, and the remembrance that he was an exile in a foreign throwing her arms around the queen's knees, she land, relying on the bounty of strangers for his daily leaned her head against her majesty's person for bread, while she and her husband were invested with support, and sobbed aloud.

the regal inheritance of which he had been deprived, The intense sorrow of a child is always peculiarly pressed upon her the thought of the contrast of her touching ; but the circumstances under which Lucy conduct as a daughter when compared with the filial appeared were more than commonly affecting. It piety of the child before her, whom a sentence of was a daughter, not beyond the season of infancy, hers was about to render an orphan. It smole upon overmastering the timidity of that tender age, to her heart, and she burst into tears. become a suppliant to an offended sovereign for the * Rise, dear child,” said she; “ thou hast prelife of a father. Queen Mary pitied the distress of vailed—thy father shall not die. I grant his pardon her young petitioner; but she considered the death at thy entreaty—thy filial love has saved him.”

" how

BY J. G. WHITTIER.

THE REWARD.

Poor, blind, unprofitable servants all,

Are we alway.

Yet who, thus looking backward o'er his years, Who, looking backward from his manhood's prime, Feels not his eyelids wet with grateful tears, Sees not the spectre of his misspent time;

If he hath been
And, though the shade

Permitted, weak and sinful as he was,
Of funeral cypress, planted thick behind,

To cheer and aid, in some ennobling cause,
Hears no reproachful whisper on the wind

His fellow-men?
From his loved dead?

If he hath hidden the outcast, or let in
Who bears no trace of Passion's evil force ?

A ray of sunshine to the cell of sin ;
Who shuns thy sting, O terrible Remorse?

If he hath lent
Who would not cast

Strength to the weak, and, in an hour of need, Half of his Future from him, but to win

Over the suffering, mindless of his creed
Wakeless oblivion for the wrong and sin

Or hue, hath bent:
Of the sealed past ?

He has not lived in vain : and while he gives

The praise to Him in whom he moves and lives, Alas! the evil, which we fain would shun,

With thankful heart
We do, and leave the wished for good undone ; He gazes backward, and with hope before,
Our strength to-day

Knowing that from his works he never more
Is but to-morrow's weakness, prone to fall;

Can henceforth part.

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CANADA.

duties down to almost any point to which we will It is quite obvious, from the present aspect of mental change in our policy, and would probably,

consent to go. But this proposal implies a fundathings, that Canada was designed to go with the if adopted, under the force of our reciprocity treaUnited States. This wonderful Hudson of ours ties, compel us to lower our duties on the products was certainly intended as the outlet of its foreign of other nations to the same rate. Nothing would trade, for it runs down into a mild latitude, while the St. Lawrence runs away to the frozen north,

meet this emergency fully, but the adoption of a and seems to have been placed where it would be This would sweep off all difficulties about transits,

new system of revenue, a system of direct taxation. most out of the way, in a territory good for little drawbacks, reciprocities and manufactures, and else. That men have arranged the matter in a

give us and all the world the free use of the way which contradicts nature, is constantly pro- advantages which the Creator designed for us and ducing difficulty, as the same perverseness does in

for all. When we learn how to make the most a hundred other cases. Yet if we would agree to of our position, we shall perhaps adopt this plan. free trade—perfectly free--the political divisions At any rate, we shall not suppose that our own of the earth would not disturb its harmony. In interests can be promoted by refusing to deal that Canada might belong to Great Britain freely with our neighbors, as the geographical forever, and yet enjoy almost all the advantages works of the Creator evidently designed we of our Union. Its industry might then exert

should.—Journal of Commerce. itself as it pleased, and find its market through our own Hudson without interruption by us. The

From Chambers' Edinburgh Journal. injury to Canada and ourselves has been pressed

PERSONAL NARRATIVE OF THE ESCAPE OF W. upon us until we have agreed to several measures

L. MACKENZIE FROM TORONTO TO THE UNIfor its modification. We have established the

TED STATES. transit policy, by which foreign goods transported through our internal communications are entitled The rash and ill-planned rebellion of Upper to a return of duties as if they had been exported Canada was speedily checked by the discomfiture by sea. But there are some important embarrass- of the insurgents at Montgomery's Tavern, near ments yet remaining. One of these is set forth in Toronto, on the 7th December, 1837. Though a memorial which is about to be presented for the Mackenzie, the chief leader of the insurrection, did signature of our citizens, asking that wheat may be not certainly display much of the warrior on that imported from Canada, and that having been man- occasion, yet he showed considerable tact and presufactured by our mills, the duty on the wheat may ence of mind in his subsequent escape from his be returned, on the exportation of the flour. This pursuers ; and there is something in the successful seems a very reasonable thing, and yet it cannot be escape of any one from imminent peril, the detail done, as the law now stands. The case is the of which has a tendency to raise the individual into same as the refining of sugar or the distillation of a sort of hero. molasses, both of which are allowed “in bond” as The first few volleys of the government militia it is called, and the duty is returned on the expor-cooled the ardor of the insurgents; the rifle balls tation of the product of a manufacturing process. fell thick amongst them; and a friend of MacThere can be no more difficulty in this matter of kenzie's falling dead at his side, he deemed it grinding wheat, than in the other things now con- necessary to quit the field, and warn his comrades stantly doing. The flour, since we are so large to disperse. After an unsuccessful attempt to exporters, would interfere with our own flour none snatch his cloak from the hotel, he set off on foot, the more for this process, for in either case it and after running a short distance met a friendly would go to the same foreign market. The farmer, who readily gave him his horse, a trusty, memorial to which we have referred sets forth sure-footed creature, which that day did him good that Canada, and almost exclusively Canada West, service. On he rode, while volumes of smoke did last year export wheat and four to the aggre-rolled after him, and behind was seen the vivid gate extent of more than a million barrels of flour; glare of the flames of the fated tavern and outthat we have mills, water power, capital, lake houses which had been the scene of the rencounter. vessels, and facilities of various kinds, which would He met several friends ; one handed him an overfind valuable occupation in the business that would coat; and the general resolution was to make for be created by the policy proposed, and that no evil the states by the head of Lake Ontario. could possibly arise to any interest. All this is Meantime government rewards were offered for exceedingly obvious, and our nation must be as their apprehension-one thousand pounds for Macblind to its own interest as it was in the days of kenzie, and five hundred pounds per man for sevprotection, if it should refuse, under proper regu- eral others. Couriers were sent off in every direclations, to allow this new and profitable trade. tion with tidings to the like effect, and a gazette

The proposed measure does not require the was circulated minutely describing those persons adoption of any radically new principle in the whose apprehension was especially desired. management of our affairs. The Canadians are Finding himself now closely pursued and removing earnestly to bring about a system of recip- peatedly fired at, Mackenzie left the high road with rocal low duties, and appear ready to bring their one friend, and made for Shepherd's Mills. “The fleetest horsemen of the official party were so close of rifles, and the barking of dogs, near the place upon us,

says he in his narrative,* “ that I had where we were concealed, annoyed us not a liule. only time to jump off my horse and ask the miller There was now but one chance of escape, surof the place whether a large body of men, then on rounded as we were—for the young man had rethe heights, were friends or foes, before our pur- fused to leave me—and that was to stemn the stream suers were climbing up the steep ascent almost and cross the swollen creek. We accordingly beside me." He eluded them, and soon after stripped ourselves naked, and with the surface ice overtook Colonel Lout with about ninety of his beating against us, and holding our garments over friends. After taking some refreshment at a our heads, in a bitter cold December night, buffarmer's, the party separated, sixteen only accom- feted the current, and were soon up to our necks. panying Mackenzie. They were all on foot, many I hit my foot against a stone, let fall some of my unarmed. Mackenzie had no other arms than a clothes, which my companion caught, and cried single-barrelled pistol. They made for the Humber aloud with pain. The cold in that stream caused bridge through Vaughan, but found it strongly me the most cruel and intense sensation of pain I guarded. They then went up the river a long ever endured; but we got through, though with a way, got some supper at the house of a farmer, better chance for drowning ; and the frozen sand on crossed the stream on a foot bridge, and by two the banks seemed warm to our feet when we once o'clock next morning reached the house of a friendly more trod on it. In an hour and a half we were settler, completely exhausted with cold and fatigue. under the hospitable roof of a kind farmer; and a

Here blankets were hung over the windows to supply of dry flannels and food, and an hour's rest, avoid suspicion ; food and beds were prepared ; were kindly furnished us, while the sons and daughand while the government troops were keenly ter of our host kept a silent watch outside in the searching for them, the fugitives were sleeping cold, while I and my companion slept." They soundly. Next morning, those who had arms started again ; travelled all night; and by four buried them; they agreed to separate, and make o'clock on Saturday morning they reached Wel. for the frontier two and two together. A young lington Square by the middle road. " The farmlad of twenty was the companion of Mackenzie. ers' dogs began to bark loudly; the heavy tramp They set out together undisguised, and on foot, of a party of horsemen was heard behind us; we and met and conversed with several people, but retired a little way into the woods; I saw that the found none disposed to betray them. About three men were armed; entered the road again ; and o'clock in the afternoon they reached Comfort's half an hour before twilight reached the door of an Mills, near Streetsville ; there they were told that upright magistrate, which an English boy at once Colonel Chisholm, with three hundred men, were opened to us. I sent up my name ; was requested divided into parties in search of them. Mr. Com- to walk up stairs, (in the dark,) and was told that fort, an American by birth, but a citizen of Canada, the house, barns, and every part of their premises, treated them kindly, and lent them his wagon, with had been twice searched for me that morning, and a young Irish driver. They drove through the that M Nab's men from Hamilton were scouring village in broad daylight; “yet,” says the fugi- the country in all directions in the hope of taking tive, “though known to everybody, we proceeded me. I asked if I had the least chance to pass a long way west before danger approached. At downward by the way of Burlington beach, but length, however, we were hotly pursued by a party was answered that both roads were guarded, and of mounted troops; our driver became alarmed, that Dr. Rolph was by that time safe in Lewiston." and with reason, and I took the reins, and pushed They immediately retired to a thicket behind the onwards at full speed over a rough, hard-frozen house, deeming it the safest place; and as the road without snow. Our pursuers, nevertheless, young man was chilled with cold and fatigue, it gained on us; and when near the Sixteen-Mile was deemed best for him to separate from MacCreek, we ascertained that my countryman, Col. kenzie, as, not being known, he would be safe Chalmers, had a party guarding the bridge. The from apprehension. He did so, and reached the creek swells up at times into a rapid river—it was frontier, but was laid up for four months afterwards now swollen by the November rains. What was by indisposition. “At dawn of day,” continues to be done? My companion and I jumped from Mackenzie, “it began to snow and show footthe wagon, made towards the forest, asked a la- marks. A pease-rick, which the pigs had underborer the way to Esquesing, to put our pursuers mined all round, stood on a high knoll, and I chose off our track, and were soon in the thickest of the it for a hiding-place. For ten or twelve days I patch of woods near the deep ravine in which flows had slept, when I could get any sleep, in my the creek numbered sixteen. Those in pursuit clothes; and my limbs had swelled so that I had came up with our driver almost immediately after to leave my boots and wear a pair of slippers. we left, and took him prisoner. The frequent reports My feet were wet, I was very weary, and the cold

and drift annoyed me much. Breakfast I had had *In “The Tribune," New York, September, 1847, is a none; and in due time Colonel M’Dowall, the highlong parrative by Mackenzie of his escape. The present paper contains the substance of his narrative, condensed sheriff, and his posse, stood before me. House, and much modified, all the political allusions and digres barns, cellars, and garret were searched, and I the sions with which it is interspersed being omitted, and while quietly looking on. The colonel was afteronly the most interesting parts of the personal adventures given in a connected form.

wards second in command to Sir Allan M'Nab

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opposite Navy Island, and when I lived in William I took breakfast very much at my leisure ; saw street. Some years ago he called on me, and we my horse watered and fed with oats in the sheaf; had a hearty laugh over his ineffectual exertions and then asked Mr. Waters to be so kind as put to catch a rebel in 1837. When the coast seemed me in the way to the mountain road; which he clear, my terrified host, a wealthy Canadian, came consented to do, but evidently with much relucop the hill as if to find his pigs, brought me two tance. After we had travelled about a quarter of bottles of hot water for my feet, a bottle of tea, a mile in the woods, he turned round at a right and several slices of bread and butter ; told me angle, and said that that was the way. that the neighborhood was literally harassed with 66. Not to the road ?' said I. bodies of armed men in search of me, and advised "No; but to Mr. M'Intyre the magistrate!' that I should leave that place at dark, but where “ Here we came to a full stop. He was stout to go he could not tell me. Aster I left his prem- and burly, I small and slight made. I soon found ises, he was arrested ; but had powerful friends, that he had not dreamt of me as a rebel ; his leadgave bail, and the matter ended there. When ing idea was, that I had a habit of borrowing other night set in, I knocked at the next farmer's door; men's horses without their express leave-in other they were strong government men, and as the words, that I was a horse thief. Horses had been house had been searched often for me already, they stolen, and he only did his duty by carrying a refused to see me; but their boy conducted me by doubtful case before the nearest justice. This was a by-path to Mr. King's, the next farm. Here I a real puzzle. Should I tell Waters who I was had supper ; rested for an hour; and then walked it was ten to one but he would seize me for the with my host to my early residence, Dundas Vil- heavy reward. If I went before the justice, he lage, at the head of Lake Ontario. We saw a would doubtless know and detain me. I asked small party of armed men on the road, near the Mr. Waters to explain. He said that I had come mills of an Englishman ; but they did not perceive in great haste to his house on a December Sunday

We went to the dwelling of an old friend, to morning; that it was on no public road, with my whom I stated that I thought I should now make clothes torn, my face badly scratched, and my horse a more speedy, yet equally sure progress on horse- all in a foam; that I had refused to say who I was back. He risked at once, and that too most wil or where I came from ; had paid him a dollar for lingly, his horse. Mr. King returned home, and a very humble breakfast, been in no haste to leave, I entered the village alone in the night, and was and was riding one of the finest horses in Canada hailed by some person, who speedily passed on. —making, at the same time, for the frontier by I wanted to take a friend with me, but durst not the most unfreqnented paths ; and that many horses go to wake him up. There was a guard on duty had been recently borrowed. My manner, he adat the hotel, and I had to cross the creek close by mitted, did not indicate anything wrong ; but why a house which I had built in the public square. did I studiously conceal my name and business? I then made for the mountain country above Ham- There was some truth in all this. My bonnet ilton, and in the way called upon some old Dutch rouge, my torn homespun, sorry slippers, weary friends, who told me that all the passes were gait, and unshaven beard, were assuredly not much guarded. Near Ancaster I got a fresh horse from in keeping with the charger I was riding; and I an old friend, and pursued my journey ; but com- had unfortunately given no reply whatever to seving upon a house well lighted up, and where a eral of his and his good wife's home questions. guard was evidently posted, I turned aside, and My chance to be tried and condemned in the hall tried to find my way through the Bissbrook and where I had often sat in judgment on others was Glassford woods. For several weary hours did I seemingly now very near, but I did not quite detoil through the primeval forest, leading my horse, spair. To escape from Waters in that dense and unable to get out or find a path. The bark- forest was entirely hopeless; to blow out his ing of a dog brought me, when near daylight, to a brains while he was acting quite conscientiously, solitary cottage ; and its inhabitant—a negro— while his five pretty children at home waited pointed out to me the Twenty-Mile Creek where his early return, could have easily been done it was fordable. Before I had ridden a mile, I as far as opportunity went, for he was unsuscame to a small hamlet, which I had not known picious of anything of the kind, and my pistol before ; entered a house, and oh my surprise - was now loaded, and sure to fire. But I could was instantly called by name ! At the inn, I did not do it. So I held a parley with my detainer, not at all like the manner of him who addressed touched on various subjects, and at last found, to me, though I now know that all was well intended. my great surprise and real delight, that though Quite carelessly to appearance, I remounted my averse to the object of the revolt, he spoke of myhorse, and rode off very leisurely, but turned the self in terms of good-will. His next neighbor had first angle, and then gallopped on, turned again, lived near me in 1823 at Queenstown, and had and gallopped still faster. At some ten miles' spoken so well of myself and family to him, as to distance, a farm, newly cleared, and situated in a have interested him, though he had never met me by-place, seemed a safer haven. I entered the before. “I am an old magistrate,' said I, “but at house, called for breakfast, and found in the owner present in a situation of some difficulty. If I can a stout Hibernian farmer, an Orangeman from the satisfy you as to who I am, and why I am here, north of Ireland, with a wife and five fine children. I would you desire to gain the price of any man's

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blood ?' He seemed to shudder at the very idea officer, opposite Black Rock, and his troop of of such a thing. I then, before revealing myself, mounted dragoons, were so close upon us, riding made him take a soleinn oath of secrecy. When up by the bank of the river, that had I not then he had ascertained my name, which I showed him observed their approach, they would have caught on my watch, seals, and pocket-book, he expressed me at breakfast. Nine men out of ten, in such an real sorrow on account of the dangerous situation emergency, would have hesitated to assist me, and in which I stood, and pledged himself to keep to escape by land was at that time evidently impossilence for twenty-four hours, directed me how to sible. My host lost not a moment; his boat was get into the main road, and feelingly urged me to hauled across the road, and launched in the stream accept his personal guidance to the frontier. He with all possible speed ; and he, I, and my guide kept his word; but when I was fairly out of dan- were scarcely afloat in it, and out a little way ger, he told the whole story to his neighbors, low the bank, when the officer with his troop of which caused his apprehension, though he was horse were parading in front of the house. How afterwards released."

we escaped here is to me almost a miracle. I had Our hero now gained the open country, recrossed resided long in the district, and was known by the Twenty-Mile Creek, and at length reëntered everybody: a boat was in the river against official the mountain path a little below where a military orders ; it was near the shore, and the carbines of guard was then stationed. While in sight of this the military could have compelled us to return, or guard, he moved on very slowly. The country have killed us if disobedient. The commanding people were going to church, and he made as if officer did not see us, that was evident; he turned going there too. As soon as he was out of sight, round at the moment to talk to the lady of the however, he used his spurs to some advantage. It house and her daughters, who were standing in appears that two men whom he had spoken to in the the partene in front of the house full of anxiety on road gave the alarm to an armed party, who im- our account; but of the troop, not a few must have mediately gave pursuit. “I perceived them,” seen the movement; and yet we were allowed to says he, “ when a third of a mile off. I thought steer for the head of Grand Island with all the ex. it safer to endeavor to put my pursuers off the pedition in our power without interruption ; nor track, and on a false scent, than to keep on ahead was there a whisper said about the matter for many of them; so I turned short towards St. Catherine's months thereafter. In an hour we were safe on when I got to Smithville, and seemed to take that the American shore, and that night I slept in tranroad down hill full speed. Instead of doing so, quillity and safety.however, I turned a corner, put up my horse very quickly in the stable of a friendly Canadian, entered Pins.— A dozen years since, all the pins used his house, he being at church, beheld my pursuers in this country were imported. Now, none are stop to interrogate a woman who had seen me pass, imported, except a few German pins for the supply and then ride furiously onward by the St. Cathe- of the German population of Pennsylvania. This rine's road. I then went quietly to bed, and rested wonderful change has been produced by a concurfor some four hours; had a comfortable supper rence of circumstances—the most prominent of with the family, and what clothes I required. A which was the invention, by Mr. Samuel Slocum, trusty companion was also ready to mount his horse, now of Providence, of a pin-making machine far and accompany me the last forty miles to Buffalo. superior to any then in use in England. This led We accordingly started about eight o'clock on Sun- to the establishment of a pin-manufactory at Poughday night, and keeping clear of the armed guards, keepsie by Messrs. Slocum, Jillson & Co., which, we got safe into Crowland before daylight. We contrary to general expectation, was entirely sucawoke a friend here, turned our horses into his cessful, and soon distanced foreign competition. pasture, and he immediately accompanied us to the Thus things went on, until the passage of the tariff Niagara river on foot. On inquiry, it was found of 1812, which, by increasing the duty on foreign that all the boats on the river, except those at the pins, encouraged other parties in this country to enferries, which were well guarded, had been seized gage in the business. Foreseeing this, the above and taken care of by the officers of government. mentioned company-which was succeeded by the A gentleinan, however, who lived opposite the head Am. Pin Company—at once reduced their prices of Grand Island, was believed to have kept one of 20 per cent., and have since reduced them 10 jer his boats locked up beside his carriages. This cent. more. Of all the pin companies which have gentleman was applied to ; and though no favorer been established or attempted in the United States, of the late movement, and at considerable risk, only three are known to exist at present, viz., the immediately consented to give his boat. As well Am. Pin Company, (which has works both at as I can now remember,” continues the narrator, Poughkeepsie and at Waterbury, Conn.,) the Howe “it was about nine on Monday morning when I Company, at Derby, Conn., and Messrs. Pelton, reached this gentleman's house; an excellent break- Fairchild & Co., of Poughkeepsie. fast was prepared, and I was fatigued and hungry. The quantity of pins turned out by these estabBut there was a military patrol on the river, and lishments, especially the two first, is enormous. before sitting down to a repast, I thought it safe The statistics of one of them, we have ascertained, to step out and see if the coast was clear. Well are about as follows:—Per week, 70 cases, averfor me it was that I did so! The custom-house aging 170 packs each, each pack containing 12

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