ePub 版
[ocr errors]

George's, for a committee of the whole house on after nibbling at the protective duties on West Inthe sugar duties act of 1846, in order to suspend dia produce, successively reduced them ; until the the further descent in the scale of differential du- whigs, on their return to office, consummated the ties; and there are other motions on the notice- reduction by the present sliding-scale of sugar-dupaper collaterally bearing on the same question. ties, which is to end in perfect equality in 1851. We have no sanguine hope that Lord George Ben- But, with the usual disregard of justice, freedom tinck will take the best course for a feasible settle- of trade against the West Indies was not accomment; or that government will be compelled to panied (it ought to have been preceded) by freedom render justice. When individuals commit wrong, of trade in their favor : the restriction of customs they may be coerced to make reparation, either by called the “ imperial duties” was abolished afterforce of conscience or of law; but governments wards ; the pretence of equalizing the rum-duties, larigh at tribunals, and the West Indian case shows with the duties on British spirits, is not yet made how little conscience they have.

good in fact ; the prohibition to import labor was England has virtually dictated a succession of practically maintained long after the West Indies contracts with the West Indian colonists, and has were exposed to foreign competition ; and although broken them one after another, as coolly as a great it is now professedly abandoned by Lord Grey, the bankrupt in the linen-drapery trade or a repudiating freedom is not real or complete. state of the Model Republic forgets “ to meet its Each one of the systems established in the West engagements." For some time, England had the Indies for the purposes of England has been relinfancy to build up colonies, as markets for her quished by England without consent of the colonists, produce, as nurseries for her navy—always with without regard to the implied contract, without objects of her own, for her own benefit. If, regard to preventing the mischiefs consequent on while the fancy lasted, “ protection" was afforded sweeping changes, without even correlative measto the produce of the colonies, it was only as a coun- ures which mere logical necessity ought to have tervailing privilege to be set off against all sorts of dictated. For her own purposes, England has privative incapacities. The West Indies, for ex- successively established in the West Indies comample, enjoyed protection for their sugar ; but they mercial restriction, slavery, freedom of labor, and were debarred from direct trade with foreign coun- free trade ; but, at each stage of these gigantic tries, or even with their neighbors the United States; caprices, has denied to the colonies the correlative nay, when “the ports were opened,” under the benefits of the system for the time beirg enforced pressure of some distress, the open ports, so called, against them. Perversity, cruelty, and bad faith, only admitted foreign goods in British ships. The are not terms too strong for this treatment when “protection" was purchased at a loss; the system we know the actual condition which the colonists to which it belonged was arbitrarily imposed. It are suffering. was England that chose to make the West Indies The actual position of the West Indies is this. slave colonies; it was she that supplied the slaves. They are deprived of slave labor, and denied free At length, England was conscience-stricken on the labor except in name ; deprived of protection, and score of slavery ; then, reckless of arrangements denied free trade ; officially told to be energetic made on the faith of a system which originated with improvements, while capital is frightened with herself, she began to tamper with slave labor, away by the official acts. What are the hopes of first curtailing it in working hours, next partially effecting a change of policy? Scanty in the exfreeing it, and ultimately freeing it altogether. treme. Some fatal influence or other in home polWith a perverse despotism unprecedented in his-itics, with which the West Indies have no more to tory, England deprived the West Indian planters do than they have with the succession to the throne of the only labor which is consistent with numer- of Japan, debars them in turn from the useful alliance ical limitation—compulsory labor, and refused the of each political party in this country. The whigs proper accompaniment of free labor-an open mar- have used the fanatic cry of“ free trade!" even more ket. However, in the anti-slavery sentiment as the than its practical application. They promised the new dominant principle of England the colonists English people “ cheap' sugar, and threw the put faith : England, they thought, had done her sweet in as a make-weight in their bargain for worst; and, making the most of a bad bargain, office ; for Lord John Russell stood ready to turn they arranged their affairs so as to do the best they out Pcel on the sugar question," if Sir Robert had could under the difficulties of the anti-slavery sys- not conveniently gone out on the Irish coercion bill. tein. But again the contract was broken, without The independent liberals are not compact enough so much as a warning—except, we will be bold to to be called a party; and the majority of them, say, from pens employed in this journal, which did it is to be feared, are too bigoted to the literal inwarn the West Indians of their approaching doom. terpretation of " free trade," for a proper recollecThe West Indians were too trusting, perhaps too tion or construction of Mr. Deacon Hume's sound indolent, to believe us. The anti-slavery associ- maxim, that the West Indies were removed from ation went out of fashion, and the anti-corn-law the category of free trade by the complicated state league came in-anti-slavery sentiment gave place of the slave and labor questions. The quondam to free-trade dogma. The falling whig ministers, tories, now the “ country party,” profess alliance in 1841, vainly propitiated the new humor as a with the West Indians ; but it is a damaging almeans of staving off their downfall; and parliament, liance, based on the purpose to which that party

[ocr errors]



make others subserve—the impracticable project (newly create that odious institution. The fatal inof restoring commercial protection. What Sir jury to the anti-slavery cause-a cause ill-conducted Robert Peel might do, is concealed in impenetrable by its professed advocates—will be effected thus. obscurity, and he has made no sign of encourage- The supply of sugar can only be made good by a

He disapproved of the whig scheme of new extension of culture in Cuba and Brazil ; but sugar duties in 1816 ; but sacrificed his own opin- even in those countries, production cannot be inion, and the West Indian consideration, to political creased without an increased supply of the labor reasons connected with the expediency of avoiding used in those countries—slave labor ; and that must a change of ministry. Were he to take a different be furnished by an exactly proportionate increase of course now, Sir Robert would be liable to quota- the African slave-trade. Of course, our governtions from Hansard. Not that he has shown any ment cannot be so idiotic as to make this country absolute submission to that sort of attack in other dependent for a necessary of life on Brazil and affairs ; but the motives that influenced him in 1846 Cuba, and still keep up a squadron on the coast of probably hold their sway still. Everybody knows Africa to cut off the supply of the labor which Sir Robert's power, his insight into practical af- produces that necessary of life. No; a corollary fairs, his general disposition to do the best for all to the continuance of the present system of treating interests ; but his faculty of waiving any too trouble- the West Indies must be the abandonment of that some consideration, not germane to the paramount squadron—not in favor of more enlightened influquestion of the time in home politics, is also well ences for the discouragement of slavery by fosterknown. The West Indian question might turn on ing free labor in tropical products and the growth the thought of Sir Robert Peel's mind; but who of opinion through unrestricted commerce, but in knows whether he will have anything to do with favor of a recognized, sanctioned, and encouraged it as a matter of active statesmanship? The sur- extension of that identical slave-trade, in the effort vey of parties in the legislature, therefore, is not to suppress which we have, for so many years, infavorable.

curred so much cost of blood and treasure, so much But statesmen will very grossly misconceive the toil, so much odium, just and unjust, so much case if they suppose that by abstaining from change detriment to our international relations. of policy they are merely passive. In this case Such are the direct, inevitable, and imminent the policy of laisser aller is not a negative policy. consequences of persevering in the present policy It behoves legislators who are prepared to negative towards the West Indies ; the ruin of those colthe claims of the West Indians, and to sanction a onies ; that ruin followed by a long period of dear continuance of the present system, also to ask sugar for the people of this country; which in its themselves whether they are not about to do ad- turn will result in a vast extension of the African ditional inischief—not only leaving the colonies to slave-trade. It would be a very dull and foolish their downward fate, but inflicting new and active burlesque on shrewdness if the monstrous nature injuries on the people of this country, and even on of these consequences should induce legislators to the prospect of emancipating the negro race, which presume exaggeration or deception ; the consehas been the pretext for sacrificing the West Indies. quences can be discerned in the data ; and if they be

The supply of sugar produced by all countries suffered to ensue, the responsibility will rest on the is annually consumed, or nearly so. If the pro- deliberate choice and act of the British parliament. duction be contracted in the West Indies, the total supply must either be deficient, or the deficiency

OCHSENBEIN, GUIZOT, AND METTERNICH. must be made good from other quarters. It will The lowest-born, the most popular, and most not be made good in Mauritius ; because that area peasant statesinan in Europe, M. Ochsenbein, of is too small to supply the place of the great West Berne, has resisted, out-maneuvred, and defeated Indian colonies ; because there the labor is capri- the most shrewd, most experienced, most unserucious, and the planters have not managed well ; pulous politicians and ministers in Europe, supand because special causes of a commerical nature ported too by the most unbounded resources and have precipitated the ruin of the chief capitalists ; most unrivalled talents in diplomacy. A more insomuch that next year, and for some time to come flagrant succession of blunders and miscalculations, afterwards, the supply of sugar from Mauritius groundless fears and equally groundless hopes, a will be short. The East Indies find difficulty in more complete ignorance of the country and the competing with the slave grower, and the differ- people they were dealing with, more cowardly and ential duty which sustains them yearly diminishes. more empty bullying, more contemptible sophistry The only countries from which the supply can be and disgraceful caluinny, never marked public made good, if from any, are Cuba, Porto Rico, conduct, than all these qualities distinguished the and Brazil. But if the complement is to be sought behavior and policy of Metternich and Guizot in that quarter, the consequences will be very towards Switzerland. Yet all these means have startling-very discreditable to the country. Mean- failed, and all this boasted sagacity has been at while, prices will rise enormously ; “ cheap sugar” fault. These powerful, unscrupulous, and insidiwill prove to be the brief dream of the past. ous foes have been worsted and put to the rout by

The endeavor to abolish negro slavery must be no more learned a person than Farmer Ochsenbein abandoned, in favor of a policy which will give it If this triumph had been the result of sudden so great an encouragement that it will in effect outburst, rough play, of headlong determination



and peasant courage, it might cause less wonder. I then force the Swiss to harbor them, as not only But it has been achieved, on the contrary, by slow innocent, but wholesome, is as monstrous a piece and measured steps, by a management of the can- of political jesuitry as ever Pascal exposed.—Extonal constituencies, by appeals to the Swiss peo- aminer. ple, and by conquering a majority of the diet. Whilst the champions of the Jesuits were relying upon force and physical resistance, the peasant of Berne was employing the arts of persuasion, and The statement of the Sanitary Commission that of gaining adherents by legitimate acts of popular cholera may be about to revisit us, is the very last influence in a free country. Whilst Metternich thing that should suggest a cholera panic. Panic was backing his monks, and Guizot was smuggling is the lot of the thoughtless, who suffer danger muskets to them, M. Ochsenbein was forming and and death to take them by surprise ; and to guard procuring his majority in the diet. And it was against it was the object of the sanitary commisonly when he felt his success as a parliamentary sioners, in their timely and salutary warning. leader, that he began to make use of his military We will not take upon ourselves to say that the preparations.

cholera is not coming ; but as yet it seems to us Every move of the great European diplomatists doubtful. It is to be borne in mind that every. was successfully met by the Bernese statesman. thing connected with its progress fifteen years ago And when at last they had come to the determi- appeared to indicate that it was not contagious or nation of a military occupation of the country, infectious, but the result of some generally prevaOchsenbein withdrew a veil, like Ximenes, and lent predisposition of men's bodies, or of some preshowed them a Swiss army of 100,000 men. No dominant state of atmospheric influences, or of sooner did this army announce its effectiveness, both. Hence it by no means follows that on than the Austrian and French cabinets, however every occasion of the reäppearance of the disease puissant, shrunk back from threats of intervention in any quarter, it must necessarily spread from land to demands of a congress, resolving, now that to land, as it did on that occasion. military batteries had proved ineffective, to open The case at present stands thus : cholera has diplomatic ones. Here, too, the genius of Och- reäppeared in several countries (in a milder form senbein discomfited the great politicians ; for, than at first, we suspect) which it formerly visited when the Swiss army was put in motion, every immediately before its appearance here. The power of resistance fell before it, each like a castle excessive moisture of the autumn, and its remarkof sand. Friburg was subdued without a shot ; able variations in temperature, have at the same the carrying of one wooden bridge over the Reuss time been accompanied by an immense increase on put the grim tyrants of Lucerne to an iy nominious the average mortality of Great Britain. Thus, it fight; and even the old mountain cantons that being very possible that we may again be subhad defied Gessler and defeated Austria, at once jected to the disease, there is good reason for the lowered their bigotry and pride before Ochsenbein. exercise of foresight and precaution ; but none for

And now, whilst Sir Stratford Canning has gone panic. The most fatal diseases at present prevailon the useless mission of preaching moderation ing are breast complaints and bronchitis. It may to the diet and its generals, who have shown all be true that they affect the tissues, in which cholalong the utmost moderation, Messrs. Metternich era seems to have its seat; but we are not thence and Guizot pretend to be still able to dictate laws to infer that the one type of malady must of necesand counsels to the Swiss. The first of their sity be a precursor to the other. demands is, that the Swiss shall consult the pope The great safeguard, it cannot too often be in their arrangement of inter-religious differences. repeated, is sanitary regulation ; and we are glad Ochsenbein will probably inform them that his to see indications of a general movement throughintentions are to consult the decision of the best of out the country in furtherance of this great object. popes, of Clement XIV., who exiled the Jesuits, a While a meeting is announced in London to be decree quite as orthodox and infallible as that more presided over by Lord Normanby, (one of the earlirecently issued for their restoration. M. Ochsen- est and most powerful leaders in this direction of bein probably says, that the Catholic institutions reform,) we receive the details of an excellent and of Switzerland are under the keeping of Swiss well-attended meeting in Plymouth, where the best Catholics, the majority of whom are religious as sense was spoken, and embodied in admirable reswell as enlightened men. The great difference is, olutions. What has been so distinctly announced whether lay property in the Catholic cantons shall in the sanitary report should in all these meetivgs remain governed by monastic orders, who are not be steadily kept in view. The cholera is governed only opposed to education and liberal projects, but by nearly the same circumstances as typhus. Those who plotted against the government, and whose circumstances are generally removable by proper property was justly confiscated. M. Guizot main- sanitary arrangements, and typhus is to a great tains France to be a right Catholic country, but it extent preventible. We have every reason to does not tolerate monastic establishments. All believe that the spread of cholera is preventible by that Switzerland asks is to aim at the same degree the like means, and hence the cry throughout the of liberalism which M. Guizot and Louis Philippe country should be universal and unceasing, for are obliged to allow to France. For the latter to combined and efficacious sanitary regulation.expel the Jesuits from Paris as dangerous, and Examiner, 11 Dec.




cally, that the Mexican war was begun by his own

country, and not, as Mr. Polk pretended, by Mexico; KEEPING

up their character as a Jacquerie leagued that it is impolitic; and that the annexation of Mexagainst the best men in the land, the Irish assassins ico would be injurious to the United States, since have picked out an esteemed Protestant clergyman the military power necessary to subjugate and keep

- the Reverend John Lloyd, vicar of Aughriin- down an alien people would be inimical to the institheir principal victim for the week. The time tutions of the Union itself. These are views which selected was the sacred seventh day, when the vicar both Washington and Jefferson would have shared ; was returning from the performance of his holy and it is satisfactory to see them vindicated by so functions. The assassins, two in number, met him distinguished a citizen as Henry Clay. Expectation 10 open day, and shot him dead.

of his being able to carry them out in office, indeed, A characteristic incident in this case was the is checked by the frequent disappointment of his flight of a inan-servant who accompanied Mr. Lloyd. hopes as a candidate for the presidency. Nor do The frequent recurrence of this trait suggests a very we feel warranted in placing a very implicit crust painful alternative—a general prevalence of the in the calculations of whig progress.

The whig dlackest doinestic treachery; or the more fatal fault party may comprise the natural aristocracy of the (because it is an inherent weakness, not a misguided United States-the intellectual as well as the monenergy) of cowardice. There were two assassins eyed aristocracy; but it is a minority, and enjoys -two to two. In England, that a man-servant little sympathy from the sovereign people.—I). should thus suffer his master to be murdered in broad day, without a inanful resistance, is nearly incon

The influenza, now raging in the metropolis, is ceivable. Doubtless there are cowards in England, tations coming from Scotland, Russia, and Mar

felt to a great distance; the most grievous lamenas in every other country; but flight would be the rare exception-in Ireland resistance is so. A

seilles. In Scotland, whole schools and colleges journal, that once took serious offence at our calling have suspended their labors; and the churches have it an Irish journal in London, roundly asserts that been deserted ; at Glasgow 70 policenien were laid the neglect to enforce the law in Ireland is caused up with fever and influenza out of 480. In Russia by cowardice. It must be confessed that English

the malady is very fatal.

At Marseilles precauobservers are not in a position to contradict the rionary measures of unusual severity are taken ; the avowal. In this country, if a man expected to meet influenza being regarded there as the immediate assassins, he would carry arms—and use then. In forerunner of the cholera.- 1b. default, he would use any weapon at hand ; and

Experiments with chloroform, both in cases of the butt-end of a riding-whip, manfully wielded, has before now served to master a pistol. He would surgical operations and obstetrics, have been tried resist at all events, armed or not. The tameness

in the hospitals of London and Paris, with complete

In Paris it has been tried in a case of with which men in Ireland submit to a slaughter tetanus, and had a decided influence, the muscles that is not unforeseen, creates no small surprise on this side of the channel . Among a comparatively convulsive rigor returned after each dose, and there

losing their rigor and becoming supple ; but the timid people, he who has the first start in the contest is likely to win. The difficulty, however, in accept- success, however, has created much interest.- 1b.

was no prospect of a final cure.

Even this partial ing this construction of the Irish custom of submission and fight, lies in the known gallantry of Irish

INTELLIGENCE has been received from the entermen in our armies. Is it that the Irishman acquires prising travellers the brothers D'Abbadie, who have courage as well as industry only when he is expa- been for so many years exploring in Abyssinia and triated. --Spectator, 4 Dec.

the adjacent countries. Their last letter is dated In Switzerland, the combined movements of the from Gondar, on the 10th of May last. Amongst federal forces, commanded by General Dufour, have

other discoveries, the Messieurs D'Abbadie have been of the most decisive kind ; the Separate League The principal source lies in 7 degrees 40ʻ 50north

correctly ascertained the sources of the White Mill. has been conquered ; Lucerne, the head and front of the rebellion, has surrendered, and is governed latitude. The brothers intended to return to Egypt, at present by its own liberal and Anti-Jcsuit party,

but were detained by the disordered state of the in alliance with the Anti-Jesuit and liberal majority

country.-16. of the confederation. In this rapid issue of the civil

The American colony of Monrovia, consisting war, two facts have been strongly exhibited: the chiefly of free negroes placed on the coast of Africa federal majority has more of heart and unanimity by the Colonization Society of the United States, than was ascribed to it; the adherents of the Son- has declared itself a free and independent republic! derbund are either weaker or less zealous than they -- 16. were supposed to be.

Lord Palmerston has been unusually explicit in A few days before the mail left Philadelphia, Mr. his avowals about the contemplated Swiss interven-J. Kelley, a young man, was wantonly shot through tion. In joining the four great continental powers, the head and killed, by one or more of the members England stipulates that the mediation shall only of a ruffian society in ihat city, called the Skinners. take effect with the joint consent of both parties in There are several other such societies in the lower Switzerland. As it has been so long delayed, and part of Philadelphia.- 1b. the federalists are victorious, and therefore not likely to accept a mere offer of mediation, it looks as It is stated as a scientific fact not yet accounted if the project would come to nothing.- 1b. for, that the electric telegraph will not work in the

summit tunnel of the Manchester, Sheffield, and The apparent advance of the whig party in the Lincolnshire Railway. This tunnel was one of the United States enhances the intrinsic interest in a severest pieces of boring that has been executed, speech just delivered by Mr. Henry Clay. The and is the longest of English tunnels, not excepting eloquent statesman declares, boldly and unequivo- that of Box on the Great Western.--16.

[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

of men.

From the U. S. (Roman) Catholic Magazine. Such was the conversation of the woman who DEATH-BED OF TOM PAINE-1809.

had received us, and who probably had been em

ployed to nurse and take care of him during his A short time before Paine died, I was sent for illness. She was a Protestant, yet seemed very by him. He was prompted to this by a poor [R.] desirous that we should afford him some relief in Catholic woman, who went to see him in his sick- his state of abandonment, bordering on complete ness; and who told him, among other things, that, despair. Having remained thus some time in the in his wretched condition, if anybody could do him parlor, we at length heard a noise in the adjoining any good, it would be a Roman Catholic priest. passage-way, which induced us to believe that Mr. This woman was an American convert, (formerly a Paine, who was sick in that room, had awoke. shaking quakeress,) whom I had received into ihe We accordingly proposed to proceed thither, which church but a few weeks before. She was the was assented to by the woman; and she opened the bearer of this message to me from Paine. I stated door for us. On entering, we found him just tiis circumstance to F. Kohlmann, at breakfast, and getting out of his slumber. A more wretched requested him to accompany me. After some being in appearance I never before beheld. He solicitation on my part, he agreed to do so, at which was lying in a bed sufficiently decent of itself, but I was greatly rejoiced, because I was at the time at present besmeared with filih: his look was that quite young and inexperienced in the ministry, and of a man greatly tortured in mind; his eyes hagwas glad to have his assistance, as I knew, from gard, his countenance forbidding, and his whole the great reputation of Paine, that I should have to appearance that of one whose better days have been do with one of the most impious as well as infamous but one continued scene of debauch. His only

nourishment at this time, as we were informed, We shortly after set out for the house, at Green-was nothing more than milk punch, in which he inwich, where Paine lodged, and on the way agreed dulged to the full extent of his weak state. He on a mode of proceeding with him.

had partaken, undoubtedly, but very recently of it, We arrived at the house ; a decent-looking as the sides and corners of his mouth exhibited very elderly woman (probably his house-keeper) came to unequivocal traces of it, as well as of blood, which the door, and inquired whether we were the [R.] had also followed in the track, and left its mark on Catholic priests ; "for," said she, “Mr. Paine the pillow. His face to a certain extent had also been has been so much annoyed of late by other denomi- besmeared with it. The head of his bed was against nations calling upon him, that he has left express the side of the room through which the door opened. orders with me to admit no one to-day but the cler- F. Kohlmann, having entered first, took a seat on gymen of the (R.] Catholic church. Upon assur. the side, near the foot, of the bed. I took my seat ing her that we were (R.) Catholic clergymen, she on the same side, nearer the head. Thus, in the opened the door and showed us into the parlor. posture which Paine lay, his eyes could easily bear She then left the room, and shortly after returned to on F. Kohlmann, but not on me easily, without turninform us that Paine was asleep, and at the same ing his head. tiine expressed a wish that we would not disturb As soon as we had seated ourselves, F. Kohlmann, him, “for," said she," he is always in a bad humor in a very mild tone of voice, informed him that we when roused out of his sleep; 't is better we wait a were [R.] Catholic priests, and were come, on his little till he be awake.” We accordingly sat down, invitation, to see him. Paine made no reply. After and resolved to await a more favorable moment. a short pause, F. Kohlmann proceeded thus, ad

· Gentlemen,” said the lady, after having taken her dressing himself to Paine, in the French language, seat also, “ I really wish you may succeed with thinking that as Paine had been to France, he was Mr. Paine, for he is laboring under great distress probably acquainted with that language, (which of mind ever since he was informed by his physi- was not the fact,) and right understand better cians that he cannot possibly live, and must die what he said, as he had at that time a greater facilshortly. He sent for you to-day, because he was ity, and could express his thoughts better in it than told that if any one could do him good, you might in the English. Possibly he may think you know of some remedy “ Mons. Paine, j'ai lu votre livre intituile, L'age which his physicians are ignorant of. He is truly de la Raicon, ou vous avez attaque l'ecriture sainte to be pitied. His cries, when he is left alone, are avec une violence, sans bornes, et d'autres de vos heart-rending. 'O Lord help me!' he will ex- ecrits publies en France, et je suis persuade que—” claim, during his paroxysms of distress ; 'God help Paine here interrupted him abruptly, and in a sharp me!- Jesus Christ help me!' repeating the same tone of voice, ordering him to speak English, thus : expressions without the least variation, in a tone of -"Speak English, man, speak English." F. voice that would alarm the house. Sometimes he Kohlmann, without showing the least embarrasswill say, 'Oh God! what have I done to suffer so ment, resumed his discourse, and expressed himmuch? Then shortly after, ‘But there is no God!' self heartily as follows, after his interruption, in And again, a litile after_Yet if there should be, English : " I have read your book entitled the Age what would become of me hereafter?' Thus he of Reason, as well as your other writings against will continue for some time, when on a sudden he the Christian religion, and am at a loss to imagine will scream as if in terror and agony, and call out how a man of your good sense could have emfor me by name. On one of these occasions, which ployed bis talents in attempting to undermine what, are very frequent, I went to him and inquired what to say nothing of its divine establishment, the wishe wanted. • Stay with me,' he replied, .for dom of ages has deemed most conducive to the hapGod's sake, for I cannot bear to be left alone.' Ipiness of man. The Christian religion, sirthen observed that I could not always be with him, “That's enough, sir, that's enough,” said as I had much to attend to in the house. Then,' Paine, again interrupting him ; I see what you said he, 'send even a child to stay with me, for it would be about; I wish to hear no more from you, is a hell to be alone.' I never saw," she concluded, sir. My mind is made up on that subject. I look

a more unhappy, a more forsaken man: it seems upon the whole of the Christian scheme to be a he cannot reconcile himself to die."

tissue of absurdities and lies, and Jesus Christ to



[ocr errors]


« 上一頁繼續 »