« 上一頁繼續 »
uniform system of cheap, postage was introduced, and DALHOUSIE, James Andrew Brown Ramsay, tenth a large portion of India intersected by railways; carl and first marquis of, a modern English statesman, the Ganges Canal was cut, and grand trunk roads was educated at Harrow, and afterwards entered constructed through various parts. The energy of Christchurch, Oxford, where he graduated M.A. in his administration was apparent in every direction, 1838. In 1832 he became Lord Ramsay, by the death when, with a broken constitution, he returned to of his elder brothers, and in 1834 contested the repre. England in 1856. In 1819 he was created a marquis centation of Edinburgh for the House of Commons, for his successes in the Punjab. Previous to his return,
he had been, on the death of the duke of Wellington,
DALILAH, or DELILAH, dă-li'-la, 'poor,' or 'head of
Dalin, Olaus, da'-lin, a Swedish historian and poet, ho wrote an eflusion entitled " The Liberty of Sweuen," and a tragedy entitled “ Brunhilda." He also produced in prose a General History of Sweden, and other works; but was so distinguished for his poetical ability, as to be called the father of modern Swedish poetry. He became preceptor to Prince Gustavus, and chancellor of the court. B. at Winsberg, in 1708 ; D. in 1763.
DALKEITH, dăl-keeth', a town and parish of Scotland, 7 miles from Edinburgh. The town is tolerably well built, and has a church, several chapels, a scientific institute, various banks, and a new corn-exchange. In it is held the largest market for grain in Scotland. The duke of Buccleuch has a fine seat in the vicinity. Pop. of parish, 6,500; of town, 5,000.
DALLAS, dål'-las, the name of several counties in the United States, with populations ranging between 4,000 and 30,000, a proportion of whom are slaves. They are in the following states : Alabama, Texas, Arkansas, and Missouri.
DALMATIA, KINGDOM OF, dål-mai'-she-a, a country in the S. of Europe, extending along the E. side of the Adriatic, and forming the southernmost portion of the Austrian empire. It is partly continental and partly insular. The continental
portion makes a narrow strip of country, bounded on the S. and W. by the Adriatic, E. by Turkey (Herzegovina), and N. by Croatia. The islands are very numerous. Area, islands inclusive, 6,000 square miles. Desc. In general hilly and unpro.
ductive; but there are many beautiful and fertile valleys. MARQUIS OF DALHOUSIE.
The pasturages are considerable, and are, in many
parts, overlooked by the lofty peaks of the Dinaric Alps, but was unsuccessful. In 1837, however, he was the highest of which are the Dinara, 5,669; the Svilaya, returned for Haddingtonshire. In the succeeding year 4,750; Mosor, 4,210; and the Biokovo, near Macarsca, he was called, by the death of his father, to the House which is 5,520 feet above the level of the sea. The of Lords, and in 1843 entered upon official life under first of these peaks gives its name to the range. Rivers. the ministry of Sir Robert Peel. His first office was The Kerka, Cettina, Narenta, and Zermagna. Pro. that of vice-president of the Board of Trade, of which Chiefly maize, wheat, grapes, olives, and a small quanhe became president in the following year. In this tity of silk. Minerals. Rich, particularly in marble capacity his business habits were so eminent, and his and gypsum; mines of iron are abundant, but those reforms so judicious, that, on the accession of Lord of gold and silver have disappeared. Pop. 395,000, John Russell to power, in 1816, he was requested to principally of Sclavonic origin. Lat. between 42' 15' keep his appointment, which he, accordingly, did. In and 4Ã° 54' N. Lon. between 14° 30' and 19° E.1847, on the recall of Lord Hardinge from India, Lord This country formed a part of the ancient Illyricum, Dalhousie was appointed governor-general. He had and is now divided into the four departments of Čattaro, now an opportunity of developing those administrative Ragusa, Spalatro, and Zaro. It was incorporated with talents with which he was endowed. On reaching Cal- the kingdom of Italy in 1805 by Napoleon I., who cutta, he proclaimed that his policy was to acquire created Marshal Soult duke of Dalmatia. equally direct dominion over the territories of the native DALMELLINGTON, dål-mel'-ling-ton, a parish of Scot. princes, as the British already had over those other land, 12 miles from Ayr. Manf. Woollens, and in its parts of India in their possession. Accordingly, on a neighbourhood are coal.works. Pop. 3,000. revolt taking place in Moolraj, he marched a force into DALRY, dåll-re, a village and parish of Ayrshire, the North-western provinces, and, after defeating the Scotland, 15 miles from Paisley. Ilanf. Woollens, and Sikhs and Affghans, annexed the Punjab. In two years there are coal-works in its vicinity. Pop. of parish, afterwards, the king of Ava provoked an expedition to about 9,000, one half of whom form the inhabitants of be sent against him, when the coast of Burmah was the village. – Also a parish of Kirkcudbrightshire, 3 taken by the British, and in 1852 Pegu incorporated miles from New Galloway, with the mountain of Black. with their dominions. After this, a series of annexations larg, nearly 3,000 feet high. Pop. 1,300. were made, which greatly enlarged the British empire DALRYMPLE, Port, dål-rim'-pel,' a harbour, with in India. Nagpore, Sattara, Jhansi, Berar, and Oude lighthouse, in an estuary at the mouth of the Tamar, were successively appropriated, either ou account of in Tasmania. Lat. 41° 3' 5" S. Lon. 146° 7' 5" E. the tyranny and misrule with which they had been DALRYMPLE, David, Lord Hailes, a Scotch judge, governed, or from the failure of their lawful heirs who, after finishing his education at Éton and Utrecht,