An Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species: Particularly the African, Translated from a Latin Dissertation, which was Honoured with the First Prize, in the University of Cambridge, for the Year 1785, with Additions. [One Line from Livy]
London, printed: Philadelphia: re-printed by Joseph Crukshank, in Market-Street, between Second and Third-Streets, 1787 - 134 頁
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Ægypt afford afterwards ages Anthony Benezet appearance argument assert avarice barbarous benevolence body brutes Canaan cause CHAP Christianity circumstance climate Colchis colonies commerce complexion considerable considered crimes curse of Ham cuticle defend descendants Essay Europeans evident fact fame colour farther favour former frequently Granville Sharp Grecian happiness Hence honour horrid human species immediately impious individuals inferiour inhabitants injury instances John Wheatley justice justly kidnapped labour laws less liberty lives mankind manner manumission master Mauritania maxims of equity ment mentioned merchants Mizraim mucous substance murder nations nature negroes neral observe occasion offence ourselves particular person Phillis Wheatley Phut present prince principles prisoners prisoners of war produce proof publick punishment reader reason receivers refuted respect scene servitude shew shewn ship situation slavery slaves sufficient suppose taken tion treatment Trojan war unfortunate Africans vanquished whole wretched Africans writings Xenoph
第 iv 頁 - And tremble when I wake, for all the wealth That sinews bought and sold have ever earn'd. No: dear as freedom is, and in my heart's Just estimation priz'd above all price, I had much rather be myself the slave, And wear the bonds, than fasten them on him.
第 142 頁 - ... happiness. And then see whether they do not place it in the return to their own country, rather than in the contemplation of your grandeur, of which their misery makes so large a part. A return...
第 107 頁 - Such then is the nature of this servitude, that we can hardly expect to find in those, who undergo it, even the glimpse of genius. For if their minds are in a continual state of depression, and if they have no expectations in life to awaken their abilities, and make them eminent, we cannot be surprised if a sullen gloomy stupidity should be the leading mark in their character; or if they should appear inferior to those, who do not only enjoy the invaluable blessings of freedom, but have every prospect...
第 123 頁 - It is confpicuous in every blufti; for no one can imagine, that the cuticle becomes red, as often as this happens: nor is it lefs difcoverable in the veins, which are fo eafy to be difcerned ; for no one can fuppofe, that the blue ftreaks, which he conftantly fees in the taireft complexions, are painted, as it were, on the furface of the upper Ikin.
第 128 頁 - America under the torrid zone *' for any time, are become as dark coloured as our na" live Indians of Virginia, of which, Imyfelf have been ** aivitnefs; and were they not to intermarry with the " Europeans, but lead the fame rude and barbarous lives ** with the Indians, it is very probable that, in a fuccef" fion of many generations, they would become as dark ** in complexion.
第 119 頁 - That all mankind did spring from one original, and that there are no different species among men. For God who made the world, hath made of one blood all the nations of men that dwell on all the face of the earth.
第 127 頁 - Guinea, is, that this colour changes when the inhabitants are removed into other countries. The children they procreate in America are not fo black as their parents were. After each generation, the difference becomes more palpable. It is poffible, that after a numerous fucceffion of generations, the men come from Africa would not be diftinguifhed from thofe of the country into which they may have been tranfplanted.
第 122 頁 - ... adhered fo firmly to the Cuticle as, in all former anatomical preparations, to have come off with it, and, from this circumftance, to have led the ancient anatomifts to believe, that there were but two lamina, or divifible portions in the human fkin.
第 124 頁 - Л fia are found to have their rete mucofum black : thofe of Africa, fituated near the line, of the fame colour ; thofe of the maritime parts of the fame continent, of a dufky brown, nearly approaching to it ; and the colour becomes lighter or darker in proportion as the diftance from the equator is either greater or lefs. The Europeans are the faired inhabitants of the world.