the most charming spot on the Italian lakes i Lecco, across it, passes near Pusiano Lake (anct. (population, 2,616). Chapel at Hotel Grande Bre- Eupilis), and Monticello, a fine summer resort, tagne, finely situated, where Church of England on a ridge. Hotel: Palazzo Nara, at an excel

ervice is provided by the Col. and Cont. Church lent point of view. Parini and Arnaboldi, the Society. Grand Hotel Bellaggio, finely situated. poets, came from this part. In the neighbourhood Cadenabbia, opposite, has also a good hotel (Hotel of the Lecco, Manzoni has placed the scenes of Belle Vue); and is rising into repute. There is also his Promessi Sposi. an English Chaplaincy established there. The

From Como there is a line, 18 miles, through Villas in this part of the Lake (Melzi and Carlotta

Civello to especially), with their fine gardens and their tropical vegetation, should be visited. Villa Vizzo was

Varese (Stat.) Hotels : Grand Hotel Varese; bought by Musard of the Archduke Rainier. Villas in a fine situation; first-class, with 200 rooms, Melzi and Giulia, at Bellaggio; fee for entrance baths, &c.; resident Physician; Church Service. to the grounds. Villa Serbelloni is now a depend. | Angelo; La Stella Population, 12,605. A good ance of the Hotel Grande Bretagne.

sized town, best reached by rail, viâ Gallarate Steamers run up and down the lake.

(Route 11). At Menaggio (opposite) is Hotel Menaggio.

From Castello d'Azzati, is a view of the Lake of

Varese, and of the Convent on Madonna del Monte, Villa Vigoni is worth a visit. Rail from Menaggio

a beautiful hill. Varese is in direct communication to Porlezza, thence steamers to Lugano, &c.

by rail with Milan, the Lakes, Como, &c. CAVELLESCA, a mountain village, near Como, is reached by a picturesque road, winding up innumer “This place (says Count Arrivabene) is remarkable valleys dotted with villages and farms. Gari able for the way in which Garibaldi outwitted the baldi had encamped here, thinking the Austrian Austrians in 1859. After fortifying Como as well General who occupied a strong position at San as possible, Garibaldi proceeded to assault the fort Fermo would attack him. While he remained, un of Laveno; but he had no artillery, the place was certain of their intentions, a young Lombard lady too strong for him, and the attempt was a failure. boldly rode across the Austrian lines and brought Hearing of this, General Urban stopped his retreat him news that Urban intended to bar his march to

and suddenly moved again on Varese. which was Como, with a force of 10,000 men, while Garibaldi's totally defenceless and upon which he levied a war corps was not more than 3,000. He at once made contribution of two million francs. Garibaldi up his mind, took the Austrians by surprise, carried

hastened back, and found the enemy right in his their position, and drove them in full retreat through way, occupying a strong position, near the hills the streets of Como, towards Camerlata and Monza. of Sant' Ambrogio and the famous Sanctuary of From Chiasso (Stat.), on Swiss territory, the

Madonna del Monte, and numbering not less than line is open by rail and steamer to Lugano, viâ

10,000 strong. Mendrisio, &c., and connects with the new st. "So certain were they of capturing the Italian Gothard Tunnel Line, which comes in viâ Bellin Volunteers, that on the morning of the 4th June, zona. Biasca. Airolo. &c. (See Bradshaw's Urban telegraphed to Milan, that he had at last Hand-Book to Switzerland). At the top of Lake surrounded Garibaldi and hoped to have him, dead Como, the rivers Maira and Adda fall in; one near or alive, before the day closed. In fact, the AusRiva, the other near Colico, whence there is a trians had nearly turned his left wing; so that he line up the Maira to Chiavenna, in Val Bregaglia was compelled to fall back upon Colonel Medici (for the Engadine). Thence up the Liro to CAMPO (who with the Second Regiment occupied the Villa DOLCINO and the Splügen or Spluga Pass (16 miles), Medici-Melagnano) and concentrate the whole of 6,950 feet above sea, between hills 10,000 to 11,000 his forces on the narrow height crowned by that feet high, on the way to Coire. San Bernardino or country seat. On the critical day in question, paliBernardhin Pass, 7.115 feet high, lies to the west, sades and chevaux-de-frise were put up by the near some good sulphur springs, in Val Mesocco, Cacciatori. To induce Urban to believe that he on the Coire and Bellinzona road. From Colico, really meant to accept the fight, Garibaldi as night on Lake Como, a line runs up the Valtellina past came on, made a great display of blazing bivouac Morbegno to Sondrio (25 miles), thence diligence fires, and ordered his men to march up and down to TIRANO (way to POSCHIAVO and the Engadine, behind them. The sky which had been pure and and to Bormio, near the warm Sulphur blue during the day was suddenly covered with Baths, 4,400 feet high; thence 14 miles up to dense rolling clouds. Taking advantage of the the Wormser Joch and the fine Stelvio Pass, or darkness and a storm, Garibaldi gave orders for Stilfser Joch, 9,175 feet high, on the frontier of retreat. With their bivouac fires still blazing, Tyrol, which is reached by a splendid zigzag. The the Cacciatori delle Alpi passed unnoticed close great Ortler Spitze (12,815 feet) is to the east.See to the Austrian outposts, struck along the mounBradshaw's Hand-Book to Switzerland and Tyrol. tain paths into the deep gorges; and arrived

The Brianza, or district between the two arms of at Como, whilst Urban was awaiting the moment the lake, is called the Garden of Lombardy, and is l of attack." remarkable not only for its fertility but for the From Varese there is a line through Gavirate beauty of its scenery. The road from Como to i to Laveno, on Lake Como.








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From Varese there is a road to Lugano and its or castle on the top of Monte Virgilio, commanding beautiful Lake, which is mostly within Swiss a most magnificent prospect. Its outskirts extend territory. (See Bradshau's Hand-Book to Switzer- round the bottom of this eminence, the most populand.)

lous being that of S. Leonardo. Its most reROUTE 13.

markable building is the *Fiera, or Fair House,

where an annual August Fair is held ; an immense Milan to Bergamo, Brescia, Solferino, Lago quadrangle, having three gates on each side, and

di Garda, Peschiera. Verona Vicenza. | several streets in it, with six hundred shops, and a Padua, and Venice.

fountain in the midst. Silk and other goods are

sold to a large amount. By railway, 176 miles, in about ten hours.

The Palazzo Nuova, or Town Hall, is a very Miles.


excellent building, though unfinished, by ScaLimito.. Castelnuovo (T) ... 80

mozzi. An Academy, founded by one of the Melzo ..

Somma Compagna.. 8+}

Carrara family, has several good casts, and Cassano . 164 VERONA (P. Nuova) 91

paintings by Titian, P. Veronese, Tintoretto, &c. Treviglio Verona (P. Vescova) 937

There are private collections also, belonging to [Branches toCremona [Branches to Man

the Scotti, Terza, and other families, who live in and Rovato.]

tua, and to Trent

the oldest, or Città part of the town. Verdello ................ 2 and the Brenner.]

The Cathedral, or *Duomo, was designed by BERGAMO ............ 3 S. Martino ............

Fontana; it contains some pictures, and the [Branch to Lecco Caldiero ........


bones of St. Alexander, its patron saint. and Lake Como.) San Bonifacio ..... 106)

At Santa Maria Maggiore, a half Romanesque Goriago 391 Lonigo..................110

church, are good paintings also, and the marble Palazzolo ... 451 Montebello... .....1137

tomb of B. Calleone, a general of the fourteenth Coccaglio .. 50 Tavernelle... .....1181

century, who was the first to employ artillery, on Rovato........... VICENZA .... ....1231

a large scale, in armies. His monument is covered BRESCIA ...... . 513 Pajano.


with bas-reliefs. Here also is the tomb of Doni[Branch to Cremona.)



zetti, the composer. The tower is 300 feet high. Rezzato ............... 56 ........ 561 Ponte di Brenta ...1464

In the old Augustine Church is the tomb of Ponte S. Marco...... 62


Father Palepino, born at Calepio, on Lake Iseo, Lonato (T)........... 65% Marano ......

........156 near this, who published a learned dictionary, in Desenzano ........ 689 | Mestre.


seven languages. 1503. Peschiera ............ 775 Venice

The Benedictine Church of Santa Grata, is reCassano (Stat.), or Cassano d'Adda, the markable for its profusion of carving, gilding, ancient Cassianum on the Adda. Population, 5,305.

and an altar-piece by Salmeggia, a native. PaintTreviglio (Stat.), on the Adda, a curious oldings by L. Lotti at S. Spirito and S. Bartolommeo. town (population, 10,326), near the ancient Pons

There are besides, two theatres, a musical school, Suresli, with a large and imposing Church, con

which has produced some distinguished pupils (as taining some pictures.

Donizetti and Rubini), and a reformatory for The direct line runs from here to chiari and boys, founded by C. Botta, a priest, in 1815. Rovato, shortening the distance to Brescia by 12

In the public Place, opposite the old Palazzo miles (see page 40).

Vecchio, or Broletto, where the public library of A branch railway turns off to Crema and

90,000 volumes is kept, is a monument to *TorCremona (Route 16), passing

quato Tasso, the poet, who was born here; or rather Correggio. which gives name to the great he is claimed by Bergamo, because his father, painter, born here 1569, the son of a builder.]

Bernardo Tasso, who was also a poet, was &

native. Another native is Tiraboschi, who has BERGAMO (Stat.)

written the History of Italian Literature. Population, 23,820. Branch rail to Lecco, on The castle was evacuated by the Austrians four Lake Como

days after the battle of Magenta. « On entering Hotels: D'Italia; Venezia. The thrushes, the town, Garibaldi learnt by a telegraphic message, larks, confetti, and fruits are excellent.

that 1,500 Croats would shortly arrive, and a Conveyances. -- Railway to Milan, Camerlata, detachment was sent to the station to capture Verona, Padua, Venice, Lecco, &c.

them. The trick was frustrated by an Austrian Chief Objects of Notice.-Fiera, Palazzo Nuova, straggler, who stopped the train about a mile off, Duomo, Tasso's Monument.

shouting with all the power of his lungs, GariIt was the Roman Bergomum, which Alaric baldi, Garibaldi.' So great was the consternation burnt in his progress through Italy, and was part of the Croats at hearing Bergamo was occupied of the Austrian possessions till 1859.

by this Italian Teufel (Devil) that instead of going Bergamo is the capital of the province called back by train to Brescia, which they might safely Bergamasco, and a bishop's see, &c., in an amphi- | have done, they abandoned the cars, and took to theatre, between the Brembo and Serio, which their legs across the open field."-Arrivabene. flow from the Vatellina Mountains behind. It is! The people are intelligent and industrious, surrounded by walls and ditches, and has a citadel, speaking a rough Bergamasque patois, which is


90.000 volumes 18

who was born here is father,

always put into the mouth of Arlequino, or Harle-1 Seriate (Stat.) Population, 2,461. quin, who, on the stage, under a simple and rustic Grumello (Stat.), on the road to Barnico air, hides much acuteness and cunning. He is the (6 miles), on Lake Iseo, by omnibus. Then successor of the old Sannio, or Zany.

Gorlago (Stat.), population, 1,249; whence a Olive oil, wine, fruit, silk, iron, woollens, are road goes to Sarnico and Lovere, on Lake Iseo. the chief articles of produce. It gives name to the Palazzolo (Stat.), or Palazzuello (popalacitrus bergamium, which yields the essence of ber- tion, 4,129). An old mediæval town, near a fine gamot. Every yard of the fertile soil around is | viaduct, on the Oglio, which comes down from the turned to account by its enterprising population. Iseo Lake. A branch rail of 6 miles, goes off to

(From Bergamo excursions may be made to Paratico (Stat.), on the Labe. Lecco, on Lake Como, 20 miles, and up the Brem Coccaglio (Stát.), population, 2,260, at the bana, Seriana, and Canonica Valleys, in the

bottom of a hill, commanding a fine prospect. direction of the Valtellina, and to Lake Iseo.

Rovato (Stat.), where the direct line from SONDRIO (pop., 6,000), in the Valtellina, is about Treviglio to Brescia comes in. 35 miles north-east.

[This line passes Vidalengo, Morengo, Romano, LOVERE, a small town at the head of the Lake Calcio, and of Iseo, is one of the most picturesque spots above Chiari (population, 9,341), with an ancient Brescia, and was once the residence of Lady cathedral and clock tower. To the left is Wortley Montague. It may be reached by the Iseo (population, 2,151), on the pretty Lake of lake or the road from Bergamo. It is built on that name, so called from a temple of Isis which the side of a wooded hill, and is watered by num stood there. This is now united with Brescia by berless fountains. Garibaldi had his head-quarters a line 15 miles long, opened August, 1885.] here when the news of the peace of Villafranca arrived. Count Arrivabene describes him thus:

BRESCIA (Stat.) "The, General was not dressed in the costume

Population, 43,355 ; that of the commune being with which the English eye has been made fami

60,630; the province (called Bresciano) contains liar, nor did he wear the Greek cap or the round about 1,300 square miles. hat with Puritan plume which the fancy of foreign

Hotels: New Hotel d'Italie, best; Gambero; di painters generally ascribe to him. He was clad in Francia; Posta ; Cappello, the Piedmontese uniform of his rank. Whether in Excellent fish' from Lakes Garda and Vino di peace or war. he always gets up at dawn, and, if Benaco. not prevented by duty, invariably goes to bed a Conveyances.-Railway to Bergamo, Cremona, little after sunset.

Milan, Camerlata, Verona, Mantua, Padua, Venice, On hearing the news of the peace of Villafranca &c. he offered to resign his commission, but the king Railway Station near Porta S. Nazzaro, about would not accept it; "Italy still requires the three-quarters of a mile from the town; omnibuses, legions you command," said the king, "and you 1 lira; carriages, one horse, 1 lira 25c.; two must remain."

horses, 2 lire 50c. per hour. Branch rail to Cremona. During the war of 1859 the passes were guarded *Chief Objects of Notice.--Town House, Broletto, by Cialdini and Garibaldi, to prevent an Austrian | two Duomos, Museum in Vespasian's Temple. corps d'armée from descending upon the rear of A healthy and bustling city; capital of the the allies. Here Garibaldi, with his Cacciatori province; seat of a bishop, &c.; in a rich country delle Alpi (Alp hunters), was in his true element, near the Mella. Here the Alpine Hills fall into and showed his great experience and daring in a the great plain of Lombardy, and offer many series of well-conducted operations, which enlisted charming points of view. A naviglio or canal the admiration of the Austrian general. In their passes by it from the Mella, to join the Chiese, and retreat to Bormio before the forces of Garibaldi, helps to supply the seventy-two public fountains the Austrians barricaded the tunnel and blew up in the principal squares and streets; besides many the bridge of Stelvio, and then retired towards the private ones. The streets are narrow and arcaded, Tyrol, which, being part of the German Confedera but there are many handsome houses and palaees. tion, was considered neutral ground.

Brescia is nearly square, about 1 mile each way: There is a short ferrovia economica from Ber- | the site of the old walls being planted over. Sevegamo to Ponte delle Selve, passing through ral buildings are conspicuous, among which are Albino-Desenzano.

the Torre dal Orologia, or clock tower, the Broletto, From Bergamo to Lecco, is now open by rail. &c. To the north-east, on a hill, is the Torre di The Stations are--Ponte S. Pietro, 5 miles, the Pallade, or bell tower, a castle-looking pile, occunearest to Val Brembana; Mapello. 73 miles; 1 pying the place. Cisano, 114 miles; Calolzio (where the direct "There are few towns in Italy (says Count line from Milan comes in), 164 miles; and Lecco Arrivabene) in which the summer and autumn can (population, 6,470), 204 miles, on the south-east be more thoroughly enjoyed than at Brescia. The arm of Lake Como. It is chiefly a manufacturing | city itself is one of the cleanest in Lombardy; for town. The bridge dates from 1335. Hotel des it is provided with so large a number of fountains 'urs.)

that there is plenty of water to wash the streets The next station to Bergamo towards Venice is and houses. It is situated at the foot of a charming

cluster of hills, often mentioned in the verses of Italian monuments of antiquity. It was built Catullus, together with the River Mella. All along between 660 and 673 by two Lombard counts, with the ridge of these hills, which are called ronchi, the help of Grimaldi, King of the Lombards, some very beautiful and even splendid Villas have is an instance of their preference for the round been built, some of them belonging to the nobility style of architecture. Its outer walls are divided of the city, and dating as far back as the golden | into twenty-four parts by well-modelled pillars, times of the Most Serene Republic of Venice, to surmounted by a brick frieze of the simplest dewhich Brescia was once subject; others occupied sign. A peristyle of eight piers in the interior by rich merchants, or possidenti, whose residences supports circular arches under the dome. "A are designated by the humble appellation of casini." splendid funeral mass, in honour of the memory of Nothing can be prettier than the effects of the Charles Albert, was celebrated here in 1859 by setting sun, or the moonlight on the slope, on the clergy (who rank among the most patriotie in which stands Vespasian's Temple, now the museum. Italy), in spite of the opposition of their Ultra*Palazzo della Loggia, or Town House, is a richly

montane bishop,"-Arrivabene. carved marble building, in the style of the fifteenth

It has a dome, many old tombs, paintings by century, that is, a mixture of Gothic and Roman,

Moretto (a native) and P. Rosa, and the ancient

crypt in the Chapel of S. Filastro, Close to it is by Formentone and Sansovino, It has pictures by

the G. Campi; and one representing the condemnation

*Duomo of Santa Julia, a round church of later of the priest, Beccarelli, for his religious opinions,

date, and a good marble pile of the Corinthian 1710. The Bishop's Palace is worth notice. Close to it

order, begun 1604 by Lanterna, covered with sta

tues, bas-reliefs, and other ornaments. The dome is the public library, or Biblioteca, founded in the

is by Vantini; many of the paintings and statues last century, by Cardinal Quirini, and containing about 40,000 volumes, with some ancient MSS.,

inside were the gifts of Cardinal Quirini and including the letters which passed between the

various families. A handsome mausoleum to

Bishop Nava is by Monti. They show here a bit Cardinal and his French correspondents, Aguesseau, Fleury, Montfaucon, &c.

of the Santissima Croce, a copy, it is said, of the There are also a collection of designs and models,

very cross which appeared to Constantine. It confor the study of the fine arts, a gallery of prints

tains a curious poem in the Brescian dialect,

which Sismondi notices as peculiar. The title is given by the Martinengo family, cabinet of natural history, and medals and some paintings. Among

“Vers Bresa recitag da du Angai ae Caradar che other curiosities is the Cross of Desiderius, the

conduse en città i legnam per la Fabrica del Dom"

(a Brescian verse recited by two angels to the Lombard, ornamented with cameos.

carters who bring timber to the town for building The old brick Broletto, with its towers and bat- | the Cathedral). The "Prim Angel." or first Angel. tlements, built 1187-1213, offers some interesting

begins thus:examples of ornamented work, and has a painted

Omega del Siûr che ghi tata premura, ceiling by L. Gambara, a native artist. Several

Devidi terminada la sd Ciesa, ancient inscriptions are let into the walls of the

Che'l pose en prennis de sta bela empresa, Monte di Pietà. Remains of frescoes may still be

Mantignif bianch e rds finchè la dura. discerned on the houses in many streets-as Corso | And the "Second Angel" responds in the same style. del Teatro, Corso di Mercanti, Strada del Gambara.

1 There are about forty more Churches, many of The monument to the Defenders of Italy is new.

them decorated with frescoes and paintings of the The Gallery Tosi, now the Museo Civico, or Town

Venetian and other schools, besides several native Museum, is remarkable for a beautiful Christ, by

artists, as Moretto (at S. Clemente, Giovanni Raphael, painted on wood; Thorwaldsen's Day

Evanglésta, Miracoli, and Grazie Churches) and and Night; Pampalone's Child Praying; and some

Romanino. other relics. The Mazzuchelli cabinet of medals

Santa Maria dei Miracoli, built 1487, has a richly deserves a visit.

ornamented front. The Palazzo Avogadro has three halls done in

Santa Maria delle Grazie, which belonged to the fresco by Romanino, and paintings by P. Veronese,

Jesuits, has good frescoes. Titian, &c. This and the palaces Lecchi, Brognole,

Santa Afra, once attached to a convent, and the Fenaroli, and Averoldi, are all worth notice for

oldest here, is the site of the Temple of Saturn, and their style of construction or private galleries of

contains Titian's fine picture of the Woman taken in art; as are those of the families Martinengo della

Adultery. S. Bernardo, of the fourteenth century, Fabbriche, Martinengo Cesaresco, Gambara, Barg

is on the site of the Temple of Hercules. S. Domenico nani, Aggeri, Calini, Fè, Barbisoni, Cigola, Guardi,

has many frescoes. &c. In the Cigola Palace Bayard was nursed of

S. Nazario's, rebuilt 1780, has a large and splendid his wounds by the ladies of the house (1612), when

altar-piece, by Titian, and Moretto's Coronation Brescia was stormed by Gaston de Foix. There

of the Virgin are two Cathedrals here.

S. Giovanni, rebuilt on the site of one as old as The old Duomo (Duomo Vecchio), or cathedral, the fourth century, contains many good specimens called the Rotondo, near the Broletto, is of stone of Moretto and Romanino. S. Clemente in equally and brick, and is one of the most remarkable / rich in painting, by Moretto,

... 26

d by

Santa Eufemia has frescoes by Gambara. One of Brescia was long celebrated for fire-arms, cutRomanino's best pieces is at Santa Maria Calchera. lery, sabres, &c., so that there is a proverb “Tutte S. Francisco, of the thirteenth century, has a

Brescia non armerebbe un coglione." Monti confront in the Lombard style, or mixture of Norman,

trasts the two in the lines and the Byzantine, with a round window, &c.

Brescia sdenosa d'ogni vil pensiero

Piu che di ferro, di valore arinat.
S. Salvatore, or Santa Giulia, an old half-mixed
Lombard church, now a barrack, was founded by

The neighbourhood is populous, and studded with Desiderius, for his daughter Ausperga, the first

country seats and villages in every directiou.

Conveyances to Gargnano and Riva on the Lake abbess.

di Garda, in time for the steamers. The Priests' Seminary is attached to the Church of S. Pietro in Olivata, built by Sansovino, with

[Rail to Cremona (page 63) and Pavia (page pictures by Moretto, Toppa, &c. A College, or

55) :-

Gymnasium, occupies the old buildings of the
Benedictine Convent, including St. Faustino's

Bagnolo ............... 8 | Pizzighettone ...... 44 Church, which is rich in frescoes.

Verolanuova .........

The Great Hospital, founded 1447, has S. Luca's


32 Ospedaletto .......... Chapel, painted by Romanino and Moretto.

Acquanegra ......... 387 | Pavia .................. 573 The large Theatre is new and well built. The

From Pavia to Piacenza (page 57).] new Cemetery, or Campo Santo, by Vantini, contains tombs like the Roman Columbaria.

Leaving Brescia, we reach

Rezzato (Stat.), population, 1,995, where the A *Museo Patrio, or Local Museum, open from 11

hills are left; followed to 3, stands on the slope of the hills, on the site of a Roman Temple, built A.D. 72, in Vespasian's

Ponte S. Marco (Stat.), on the Chiese, which time, and contains several inscriptions (some from

filows from Lake d'Idro and Val Giudicaria. Here the Palazzo Lecchi), bas-reliefs, pavements, pillars,

the hills again are approached. A little to the altars, and statues; one of which is a noble bronze

right is Calcinato, which was the head-quarters of Fame or Victory, above 6 feet high, discovered

Victor Emmanuel in June, 1859. To the left of 1826; a rival to the Venus of Milo.

this is a by-road, from which the famous plain of

Montechiaro spreads out before the eye. Villa Remains of an aqueduct, called *Aquidotto del

Bonoris, in Montechiaro, was the Imperial headDiavolo, exist in the way to Valtrompia.

quarters, before the battle of Solferino, at the time Brescia was the ancient Briria, on the northern of the celebration of the Corpus Domini. branch of the Via Æmilia, and capital of the Cer

1 Lonato (Stat.), population, 6,730. An old romani, in Gallia Cisalpina. It was colonised by

town, not far from Lake di Garda. Here Bonaparte the Romans. 206 B.C., ravaged by the Goths, &c., I defeated the Austrians, 3rd August, 1796. and taken by the Lombards, whose last king, Desiderius, was a native.

A beautiful road runs from Lonato towards the

Lake of Garda. From the top of a hill some of the In 1849, after the rout of the national army at

most enchanting scenery of Italy spreads itself Novara, the Brescians resisted, for ten days, the

before the eye of the traveller. "At the southern legions of the ferocious Haynau. His revenge was

extremity (says Arrivabene) amidst the blue waters so bitter that the Austrian General, Prince Thurn

rises the Island of Sirmione. Its extensive gardens, and Taxis, who was mortally wounded, bequeathed

its Roman ruins (said to be the remains of the Villa his property to the families of those who suffered

Catullus) and its high square tower, bearing the for heroically defending the town. Their leader,

arms of the Scaligari, are seen on the distant Tito Speri, was hung at Mantua, in 1852.

horizon. The town of Desenzano is distinctly The Allied Sovereigns spent two days here in beheld from the top of the promontory of Lonato, June, 1859. Louis Napoleon was the guest of together with the whole of the picturesque borders Count Fenaroli, using the same bed and table of the lake, commonly called the Riviera di Garda." which the First Consul had used in 1796, Hither, The effect is heightened when the rising sun shines also, Colonel Türr, of Garibaldi's staff, was brought on the snowy summits of old Monte Baldo. to be nursed by the ladies of the family, after the

A short distance (4 miles) to the right of Lonato, indecisive battle at Tre Ponti, between the Volun

on the Mantua Road, is Castiglione della Stiteers and Austrians, in which two hundred of the

vere, where the Austrians were finally beaten on former were put hors de combat, and Türr shot

the 5th August, 1796, and driven out of Italy. “It through the arm.

stands," says Count Arrivabene, whose paternal Among natives it reckons the famous Arnaldo di home was here, “for the greater part on the Brescia, a religious and political reformer, burnt at declivity of a beautiful hill. Monte Belvedere Rome, 1155; Gambara, Moretto, Vincenzo (or il erects its barren top over it, on the left. In the Bresciano), the painters; Tartaglia, the mathema centre, the old Gonzaga Castle, once stained with tician, so named because he stuttered, in conse | the blood of the Marquis Rodolph, frowns above quence of his lip being cut in the siege of 1512. | the houses, with its strongly built round towers

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