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the Genoa railway station. A splendid Synagogue, Raphael's Madonna della Tenda.
like a Greek temple, with a massive tower, was Guido's St. Catherine.
opened 1871. Another in Piazza Azeglio is con- Guercino's Virgin and Child; Prodigal Son.
nected with Levi's Jewish College,

G. Romano's Assumption; God the Father.

P. Veronese's Finding of Moses; Christ and MagPalaces.-At Palazzo Carignano a large semi

dalen. circular pile of cut brick, built by Guarini, the

Bassano's Rape of the Sabines. Italian Chamber of Deputies held their sittings

C. Dolci's Virgin. till 1865. Palazzo di Città is the Town Hall.

Gentileschi's Annunciation. Palazzo Birago di Borgaro was built by Giuvara.

Domenichino's Agriculture, Astronomy, and ArchiPalazzo Priero has an excellent picture gallery tecture. private). Palazzo Carlo Felice is near the Genoa Titian's Paul III.; Journey to Emmaus; Adora

tion of the Shepherds. railway station.

Velasquez's Philip IV. Theatres.—*Theatre Royal (Teatro Regio) or

Albano's Birth of Venus; Forge of Vulcan; Ceres, Opera House, in Palazzo Castello, was built by

Juno, and Flora; Four Elements, with godAlfieri, and is the third largest in Italy, with every

desses, nymphs, cupids, &c. requisite for the public safety and comfort. Depth

Vandyke's Charles First's Children; Virgin and from curtain to back of boxes, 90 feet; depth of Child; Princes of Savoy. stage, 100 feet; width of the curtain, 50 feet.

Lely's Cromwell and his Wife. Teatro Carignano, in that Place, is supported by Holbein's Luther and his Wife; Calvin. columns, and used for comic operas, &c.

Rubens' Holy Family: Portrait of himself.

Rembrandt's Rabbi; Burgomaster. Academy of Sciences, in Piazza Carignano,

Ravenstein's Portraits. contains the Museums of Natural History and

Wouverman's Battlepiece. Antiquities, and the Picture Galleries.

Mabus's Christ on the Cross. 1. Museo di Storia Naturale (Natural History), G. Dow's Children Blowing Bubbles. including a gallery of Zoology classified by orders, Memling's Christ's Passion. &c., and one of Fossils and Minerals, very full, Honthorst's Samson and the Philistines. especially in native specimens.

P. Potter's Cows in a Field. 2.- Cabinet of Antiquities (Museo d'Antichita) Snyder's Hunting the Stag. Egyptian, Grecian, Roman, and Etruscan, besides

Borgognone's Battlepieces. one of 11,000 models arranged by countries.

A. Dürer's Lowering of the Cross. Among the marbles are Cupid sleeping in the Lion's

C. Lorraine's Landscapes. Skin, Head of Antinous, a bronze Minerva, a H. Vernet's Carlo Alberto (1834). mosaic (Orpheus and his Lyre) found at Stampace, There are many portraits and landscapes, &c., by 1766, many Roman and other bronzes, vases found Claude, G. Poussin, Teniers, Vandyke, &c., besides at Potenzo, busts of Æsop, Julian, &c.

battlepieces and paintings on porcelain, by ConThe Egyptian Museum, founded on the purchase stantine. of Drovetti's collection in 1823, by Carlo Felice, is University, in Contrada del Po, founded 1465, very rich and celebrated, having among other and revived by Vittorio Amadeo in 1710, numbers objects, statues of Osymandias (15 feet high), about 1,000 students, under forty or fifty professors. Thothmes I. and II., Amenophis II. (or Memnon), It is a large well-planned building with an Rameses II. (or Sesostris), in granite or basalt, arcaded court, ornamented with bas-reliefs, and also Egyptian paintings, ornaments, domestic inscriptions fixed in the walls; making part of a articles, mummies, papyri, MSS. on linen (one Lapidarian Museum. Its Library numbers 200,000 being part of a chronology, and a list of about 100 volumes, and 2,000 MSS., of which last 170 are kings), and the Isaic Table (Table of Isis) a Hebrew, 370 Greek, 1,200 Latin, 220 Italian, 120 bronze covered with hieroglyphics of doubtful French. Some of its palimpsests have been decicharacter, supposed to have been manufactured in phered by Peyron; among the MSS. are Theodoret's the reign of Adrian. Champollion identified Commentaries on the minor Prophets, an illumiseveral of the statues here in his visit, 1824. nated Bible (from the sack of Rome, by the Con3.-*Gallery of Paintings (seen, 9 to 4) in fifteen

stable Bourbon), an old Testament of the twelfth rooms; chiefly of the Italian and Flemish schools.

century, Bede's Commentary on Luke of the same The rooms are named after the principal painters

date, and the Imitation of Jesus Christ (called the and schools-as the Piedmont Room, Raphael

Arona MS.) on vellum, beautifully ornamented

with miniatures and paintings, &c. The Botanic Room, &c.; and the specimens number about 510.

Garden is part of the New Public Garden, near the Among them are the following:

Valentino Palace, or Polytechnic School, outside G. Ferrari's St. Paul; Lowering of the Cross; the city. Christ in the Clouds; St. Peter.

Á koyal Academy of 40 members was founded Gioverone's Resurrection; Virgin and Child. 1780, and has published some memoirs. It stands Garavoglia'g St. Anthony and the Child: Virgin I on the Col del Accademia, with lecture rooms, and Child.

1 laboratories, &c., attached.

An Academy of Fine Arts, opposite the Teatro d', king, who died at Oporto, 1842. There are also Argennes, has a gallery of Albano's works, besides marbles of Vittorio Amadeo making his vow, and works by Raphael. A. Dürer. Vandyke. C. Dolci, the Birth and Assumption of the Virgin, with &c. Open daily by application to the keeper.

pictures by Ricci. In the gallery of the college, Museo Civico is near the Royal Gardens.

from which the best view is obtained, are portraits

of Vittorio Amadeo on horseback, and all the A collection of native minerals is at the Aziendo

Popes as far back as St. Peter and Jesus Christ. del Interno, or “ Woods and Forests" Office, in Piazza San Carlo.

An annual festival is held here on the day of the

victory (8th September), which the Court attends. Behind the Royal Theatre is the Royal Military

Omnibuses go twice a-day as far as the Madonna Academy, founded in the seventeenth century by

del Pilone, within an easy walk of the Superga; Vit. Amad. II., with a riding school, &c., attached.

the ascent of which may be then done by asses There is also a Reale Società Agraria (Royal

(somarelli), which are kept here. In August, 1884, Agricultural Society) whose garden is outside the

a Funicular Rail was opened from Turin; see Porta Nuova; besides a Philharmonic Society,

Bradshaw's Continental Guide. schools for the blind, for the deaf and dumb, &c.

The King has country seats at Vigna della Regina, Hospitals, &c.-Among these are the follow on a hill by the Po, built by Vittorio Amadeo's ing :-Hospital of St. John (S. Giov, Batta.) as old son-in-law, Maurice (it contains a lovely Carlo as the fourteenth century, with about 400 beds, and

Dolce); at Stupinigi Forest, on the Sagone (4 miles an anatomical school, founded by Carlo Alberto; off), built by Giuvara and Alfieri, with a good park; it is an immense building, in the Contrada del at Moncalieri (page 9), Rivoli, &c. A Royal Ospedale. Hospital of St. Maurice and Lazarus Riding School is at La Venaria (8 miles). This was (1572), for soldiers, &c.; Maniconico, or hospital the late king's favourite seat. for the insane (1728); Spedale della Maternita,

The climate of Turin is hot in summer, and cold for lying-in women and infants ; Spedale di Carità, for children and the aged, in the Contrada

in winter, and, on the whole, unfavourable to indel Po. A Reale Albergo de Vertu (or House of

valids, who are advised to be exceedingly careful.

(See Introduction, pp. xxii. and xxiii.) In Strado Industry) was founded 1580, for the benefit of the

di Basilica, an inscription marks the house in poor, and revived in 1851 ; its inmates work at

which Tasso resided for some months, in 1578. It various trades, Opera di S. Luigi Gonzaga (1794), for poor and incurables ; Mendicity Refuge,

was at Turin that the French authorities arrested

Forsyth, the traveller, in 1803, as a British subject, founded 1838; the Retiro, founded 1745, by Rosa Govona, for poor girls who support themselves.

and sent him, with many others, to Valenciennes. At the Providence, founded sixteenth century, Among the natives of Turin (most of whom about 130 young ladies of birth are educated. have statues here) are Lagrange, and Gioberti, There is a well-managed Monte di Pietà, or the famous priest, at one time (1848-9) Prime public pawn-shop, which serves as a loan fund.

Minister, and author of the Primato Morale e Civile The Arsenal, near the Piazza d'Armi, was begun

d'Italia, advocating a free Italian confederation

of states, under a free Pope; an idea which by Carlo Emanuele I., and improved by Carlo Emanuele III.

Pio Nono attempted to carry out till he fell back It contains various trophies, a

to the Jesuits. Gioberti returned to Turir.. after foundry, laboratory, plans of fortifications, school

several years' banishment, in 1848. Count C. Balbo of metallurgy, and a cabinet of Natural History.

followed up the efforts of Gioberti in his Speranza The Government Tobacco Factory is near the Piazza d'Italia, and by the Risorgimento (Resurrection) Vittorio Emanuele. A Cemetery is at the Campo

newspaper, assisted by Cavour, Massimo d'Azeglio, Santo, beyond the town. Silvio Pellico and and others. D'Azeglio, a painter, novelist, soldier, General Colligno are buried here.

and statesman, all in one, was Prime Minister The *Superga is 4 miles distant, on a hill about

to Charles Albert, and afterwards governor of 2,000 feet above the sea. It is a striking object

Lombardy. By the influence of these great men, from any point, and consists of a college annexed

the Statuto, or fundamental law of the kingdom, to a circular chapel, with an octagon dome 60 feet

promulgated on 4th March, 1848, was preserved in diameter, built by Giuvara, in consequence of

through the reactionary period, and constitutional the vow of Vittorio Amadeo before the battle of

government settled on a firm basis in Italy. 1706, and his victory over the French. It is regu Cavour's Monument (by Duprè of Florence), larly designed with a portico, side towers, &c., and | in Piazza Carlo Emanuele II. (or Carlina, now is “very cleverly arranged, so as to give size and improved with new houses), was opened by the importance to what otherwise would be a small | King in 1873. It consists of his statue, surrounded church; but in doing this, the church and convent by allegorical symbols, and arms of Italian cities. are so mixed up together, that it is difficult to tell The Monument of D'Azeglio (by Bulzico of Cava), where one begins and the other ends."-Fergusson. | opened also in 1873, stands in Piazza Carlo Felice, Many of the royal family are buried here, in

facing the Central Station, cluding the founder, and his son Carlo; also, | The country round Turin yields two harvests, Vittorio Emanuele I., and Carlo Alberto, the late and three crops of hay annually.

10 . 18

.........18

ROUTE 1.

which is the southern terminus of the Mont Cenis

Tunnel through the Alps, 8 miles long, to Modane, Turin to Bussoleno, Susa, Mont Cenis,

completed in December, 1871. and Mont Genèvre.

CESANA (population, 580), about 900 feet higher. By rail to Susa (opened 1854) in two hours,

where the road from Fenestrelle and Pinerolo joins

with the paths from Serrières, &c. ascending the River Dora Riparia, or ancient Durai Minor. The stations are as under :

About 4 hours north-west is Mont Chaberton,

10,258 feet high. Miles. 1

Miles, Following the road, you come to the pass of Collegno ...........

Borgone ............... 22 Bourg Mont Genèvre, on the French border, 6,102 Alpignano .... [Branch to Bardon

feet high, with a douane. Thence the road (conRosta ...........

nechia, for Mont

structed by Napoleon, in 1807) descends the valley Avigliana

Cenis Tunnel, Mo

of the Durance to the picturesque old fortified Ambrogio 157 dane, &c.]

town of Condove 17) Bussoleno ............. 261

Briangon. (See Bradshaw's Hand-Book to S. Antonino ......... 19 Susa....................... 814 France.)

At Bussoleno, the Mont Cenis Tunnel line falls in.

ROUTE 2. Near Alpignano (Stat.), where the rail Turin to Pinerolo and the Waldenses' or leaves the plain, is

Vaudois Country. RIVOLI, a small town (population, 5, 672), with a

By rail to Pinerolo, 23} miles, and Torre Pellice, castle in which King Vittorio Amadeo died in 1732,

104 miles further. The stations are :after his abdication. Rail from Turin, 74 miles, in

Miles.

Miles. 30 minutes.

Sangone

Piscina .... Ambrogio (Stat.), a little walled place, with

Nichellino............... 64 Riva

.213 a population of 1,300, and an eight-sided church.

Candiolo

Pinerolo

.23 The old Convent and Castle of Sacra di S. Michele

None .........

Torre Pellice 34 are seen on Mont Picchiriano, about 2,000 feet

| Abrasca..................14 high. The castle was restored by Carlo Alberto.

Nichellino (Stat.) is near the royal forest and There are granite quarries near this.

hunting seat of Stupinigi, on the river Sangone. Bussoleno (stat.) Here the Mont Cenis Tunnel rail comes in, vid the direct line across

Airasca (Stat.); from here there is a branch France. (See Route 5 in Bradshaw's Continental

line to Vigone, continued to Saluzzo (page 8), Guide. It passes Meana, Chiomonte, Salber

and intended to run on to Cuneo (page 8). trand, Oulx, to Bardonnechia, as below. (See Pinerolo (Stat.), or Pignerol in French, at Introduction)

the terminus. A garrison town and the capital of Susa (Stat.) A small city (Hotel de la Poste), a province of the same name. Population, 15,464. population, 3,656, at the junction of the Monte | Hotel: Corona Grossa. Cenisio (or Mont Cenis) and Mont Genèvre routes, | It has a cathedral; a church dedicated to St. in a picturesque hollow, on the site of the Roman Maurice, with some frescoes by Pozzi; factories of Segusio, founded by Augustus. A small triumphal silk, &c.; and is overlooked by the remains of a arch, nearly 50 feet high, dedicated to him in the state prison, in which the Man with the Iron Mask year 8 B.C., remains. The Cathedral of St. Just is was shut up. The line is now continued through of the twelfth century. Near it is the ruined fort of | San Secondo, Capella Moreri, Bricherasio (branch Brunetta, demolished by the French in 1798. The | to Barge), Bibiana, and Luserna to rocks here, “exposed to the full force of the sun,

La Torre, La Tour, or Torre Pellice, It consupport many plants which are rarely seen so far

tains a handsome church, college or grammar from the Mediterranean.” (BALL'S Guide to the

school, hospital, and other institutions of late Western Alps.)

date: founded by the exertions of Archdeacon From Susa, over Mont Genèvre to Briançon, is

Gilly, General Beckwith, and other friends of the 34 English miles. By diligence from Susa in

Vaudois. Hotel: De l'Ours. This is the little capital 8 hours. It is lifted to and from the line with

(population 3,329) of the community, numbering out changing carriages. The distances are:

about 21,000, in thirteen parishes in the valleys, Miles. 1

Miles. on the slope of the mountains, from which they Exilles.....

7 Mont Genèvre ...... 263 derive their names Vaudois in French (the lanOulx ...............

15 Briançon ............... 337 guage of their service), Valdesi in Italian, Valdés Cesana .............. 20

in their own dialect, all originating in Vallis, and The carriage road ascends the Dora to

meaning dwellers in the valleys. The valleys are Exilles and its fort, which commands this route those of the Lucerna or Pellice, which rises near into Italy. Population, 1,944.

Monte Viso, and runs to the Clusone; the Perosa Oulx (Stat.) is 3,514 feet high, at the junction or Clusone, which runs to the Po; and San Marof the Bardonnechia with the Dora. Population, tino or Germanasca, which rises in Col d'Aliries; 1,627. Ascending the former river you come a space about 20 miles each way. The printo the village of Bardonnechia (Stat.), near | cipal villages, next to La Torre (or La Tour

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Laserne). sre StGiovanni, Angrogs Bobbia, !

ROUTE 3. Villaro, Pocaretta, St. Martina Vilasecca and Perera. Escê village base church and scbool Turin to Saluzzo and Xonte Viso, Cuneo, besides a chapel for Roman Catholios, o bom Baths of Valdieri, col di Tends, and Nice. there are about 2,000. The persecutions to hich they were sabjected by the Dukes of Saros,

By ra from Porta Spora terminus to Salman encouraged bythe Papaty.pave rise to the missions

and Comes. The distances are as followfrom Charles I in tbeir bešali, to Sir 8. Morixds mission, under Cromwell, and to Milton's famous

Moncalieri ..

5 Sarigliano sonnet

Trofarello

Branch to Lashesda

. 121

Villastellone ... * Avenge

Salas10 ... 10
Lord, thy siechtzeed sits, whose benes

Carmagnols . . 18 Fossano
The particalans of these persecutions of the

Racconigi

23 Maddalens

Cavallermeeggiore... 98 Centallo transportation to Switzerland and their dari retan across the moontains, under Henry Armand,

Branches to Bra. Albi. Cuneo in 1689, are related in Gilly's

Alessandris. Mondovi

Excursions among the Vaudois Under the present egaal system sli

and to Savona.) their disabilities are removed.

| Noncalieri Stat.) Or Moncalieri (popals. The Valdés dialect is a mixture of Bosance and tion, 10181). On the Pe, is the usual summer resiItalian, Dearly the same as that of the - Nobla dence of the present King of Italy, in a castle Layoun," their ancient oonfession of faith. com- restored by Vittorio Emanuele Lwho died here posed in the twelfth centary, when they were, as - 1823), and built by Yolande, wife of Amadeus of they had been from time immemorial independent Saroy. It is the site of the ancient Testons. of the Church of Rome. It begins

Trofarelio (Stat.), population, 1,242, where *O Fraytes, entēde una pobla leyzon; the line to Alessandria and Genoa parts od. Sovet dere velbor erstar en Ozon

Villastellone (Stat.), population, 2,564, near

Carignano, on the Pa, which gives a dukedona Ben ha mil e cet änns upli entermt

to the royal house. Population, 1.912. It has Que fo scpta lora car sen al denē tēp.** three churches, one of which, Santa Maris. conThat is -0. Brethren, bear a noble lesson. We

tains the tomb of Bianca Paleologus, wife of onght often to watch and pray. Eleven hundred | Charles of Montiertat. years are fully completed since it was written, Carmagnola (Stat.) A town of 18,000 inThe end of all things is at hand.***

habitants, formerly defended by walls and There is some fine scenery in the neighbourbood towers, one of which serves as a clock-tower to of La Torre, with views of the neighbouring Alps St. Filippo Church. It gave the surname of Caras you ascend (24 hours) to

magnols to F. Bussone, & soldier of fortune, who Bobbio, which is 2,833 feet above sea level i was born & swine-herd, and became one of the (population. 2.235). At Col de la Croix is an first generals in Italy. After serving Philip Visernbankment on the Pellice, erected with a grant conti, Duke of Milan, and the Venetian Republic, made by Cromwell. Here Henry Amand defeated he was beheaded in 1432. the French in 1682-90. From hence it is 4 hours

Racconigi (Stat) Population, 10,415. A to Col Julien, which commands a magnificent

favourite seat of the late king, Carlo Alberto prospect of Monte Viso. (See Ball's Guide to

Cavallermaggiore (Stat) Population, 3.316. Westers Alpu.)

[Here a branch rail of 7 miles leads to From Pinerolo, up the Val de Perouse and Val Pragelas, on the Clusone, it is 12 miles to

Bra, or Bra St. Vittoria (Stat)-A town of

19.200 inhabitants, on a hill-side, above the Stura. Perouse, past the Malanaggio quarries of build

Near this is Pollenzo Castle, on the River Tanaro, ing stone, chiefly gneiss, with masses of schist and

on the site of the Roman Pellentia. Here the serpentine. Several passes meet here; and the

line to Alba and Alessandria parts oft. vine and mulberry flourish. It is 5 to 6 hours to La Torre, through Val Angrogna and the pic

Alba (Stat) On the Tanaro, with a populaturesque defile of Pra del Tor, the scene of a

tion of 6,400. is the ancient Alba Pompeia; near Vandés victory in 1560; 9 hours past Porrero,

which the Emperor Pertinax was born, the son of in Val Germanasca, in Abriês, an easy pass, used

a charcoal dealer. He lived at Villa Martis, which in winter; and 9 miles to

he adorned with fine buildings, leaving his own Fenestrella, & stall town (population, 1,614).

cottage untouched. Going up the stream is remarkable for a strong fortress or state prison, on Cherasco (population, 11,000), where the treaty a bleak spot, in which Cardinal Pacca was confined

of 1796 was signed between France and Piedmont.) RDG-13 He gives an account of it i From Bra (Stat) to Savona. the stations be in bis - Memorie Storiche. From this it 20 miles | the new line of 98 kil.opened 1874, rast under Mont Genèvre to Cesana, on the Dora; and many tunnels and viaducts, are Narzole, 5 hours across Col de la Fenêtre to Sasa, facing | Farigliano, Carru (where & branch of 9 mil the Mont Cenis Pass.

turns off to Bastia and Mondovi, towards

as below), Niella Cova, Sale, St. Giuseppe de The next station to Savigliano, on the main line, is Cairo (where an extension of 43 kil. from Acqui

Fossano (Stat.), on the Stura, and so called comes in-See Route 4), Santuario, and Savona from Fonte Sano. Population, 15,844. It has (page 21), which is reached through a tunnel in

remains of a castle and old walls. the Apennines.]

[Hence there is a railway to Mondovi, and over Savigliano (Stat.), on the Macra. Popula

the hills to Savona, on the Riviera of the tion, 17,000. A town containing two churches, a theatre, the Taffini Palace (painted by Molineri or

Mediterranean.

Mondovi (Stat.), on the branch rail from Carracino), and a triumphal arch erected when

Carru to Cuneo (below), is a city (pop., 17, 300), Victor Amadeo married Christine of France.

and capital of a province, 1,930ft. above sea, [Here the branch line of 10 miles turns off, vid celebrated for a French victory in 1796. It has a fort Lagnasco, to

in the old town or Piazzi, with a large Cathedral. Saluzzo (Stat.) Population, 15,814.

Ceva (Stat.), on the Tanaro. Population, 4,520. Hotel: Corona Grossa.

Hence by way of Millesimo(about 1,550 feet high),

on the Bormida, where the French beat the AusIt is the capital of a province, formerly the

trians, 1796, and Altare, on the north slope of the Marquisate of Saluzzo, and a fief of Dauphiné, Apennines, and Cadibona, at their summit, you which Henry IV. exchanged for La Bressa, &c.

come to Savona, on the sea, 30 kils. from MilleThe old castle, now a penitentiary, commands a simo. (See Route 9). Savona may be now reached fine view. The Cathedral, built 1480, was re

by railway direct from Turin (as on page 7.) From stored in 1844. Monument to Silvio Pellico, born Ceva there is a way, via Garezza (13 miles), and here 1788. From this you ascend the Po, to

Ormea (7 miles), to the Col de Nava (2,480 feet Paesana, 14 miles, a fine spot, 1,778 feet high, high), and thence to Pieve (13 miles), down the whence a path over the hills leads to La Torre, in Arrosia, to the Vaudois country. Population, 6,457. The Oneglia (20 miles), on the Riviera. (See scenery improves at San Chiaffieddo, where the Route 9).) September festa attracts a large gathering, and From Fossano, following the main line, up the also at

Stura, the only station of importance is Crissolo (population, 1,025), 8 miles, the highest

CUNEO, or Coni (Stat.), village in the valley of the Po (4,544 feet), and a

At the junction of the Gesso with the Stura. good station for making the ascent of Monte Viso.

1 Hotel: Barra di Ferro. The scenery is of an Alpine character. Within a

1 A bustling town (population, 12,413), at the tershort distance are La Balma di Rio Martino, a

minus of the line, and in the further corner of the celebrated stalactite cavern, in the dolomite; the

valley of the Po, strongly fortified down to the Col del Poreo, 9, 604 feet high; the Piano del Rè,

battle of Marengo, when its walls were razed by the largest of the head streams of the Po; and

the French, 1800. It has a cathedral, two churches, Monte Meidassa, 10,991 feet high.

and a theatre. The Maritime Alps and Monte Viso COL DELLA TRAVERSETTE, 74 miles from Cris are in view. A branch to Mondovi (above) was solo, on the shoulder of Monte Viso, in the boundary opened 1888. There is a short line to Roccadebetween Dauphiné and Piedmont. It commands baldi. From Cuneo, it is 24 miles to the a view as far as Milan in fine weather. Below the Baths of Valdieri, up the Gesso, 4,226 feet high. crest is a remarkable Tunnel, cut in 1480 by the An omnibus runs thither daily. The accommodaMarquis of Saluzzo, to open an easier communica tion consists of an établissement de bains, well tion with Dauphiné, at the height of 9,500 feet. It appointed, frequented mostly by the Piedmontese, is generally filled with snow, down to July. From The waters are hot and cold, sulphureous, and saline, this point there is an easy descent by the old but the most singular curative agent is a cryptopaved way, down the valley of the Guil, to Mont gamic plant, which grows in the hot springs at a Dauphin (36 miles) and Embrun. (See Bradshaw's temperature of 135°, and forms a gelatinous mass, Hand-Book to France). Abriés, the first village, is very useful in hot applications to the body for infive hours from the foot of the mountain.

ternal complaints, old wounds, &c. The Gesso di Monte Viso, the ancient Mons Vesulus, in the

Entracque was a favourite resort of Victor EmmanCottian Alps, rises tier on tier, to the height of

uel, for chamois hunting, and many beautiful and about 12,640 feet. It was thought to be inaccessible

rare flowers are seen. till ascended by two members of the Alpine Club,

The posts to Nice, across Col di Tenda, are as in 1861, and again in 1862; in both cases from the

follows:-Robillante, 2 posts; Limone, 1; Tenda, Val di Vallanta, on the south side, above Sampeyre.

4; Giandola, 25 ; Sospello, 23; Scarena, 3; Nice, The whole range of the Western Alps from Pro

21, or 18 posts in all-equal to 224 English miles, vence to Monte Rosa is visible. In 1839, Professor

or 146 Piedmontese. Malle poste in 22 hours, or J. D. Forbes made the complete tour of the moun

longer in winter, when the coach is laid on sledges tain in a hard day's walk of 14 hours; a most

over the Col. The first place is interesting excursion. (See BALL's Guide to the Borgo S. Dalmazzo, a small town (population, Western Alps.)]

4,054), at the foot of the mountain. Thence to

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