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Vitaliano Borromeo, about 180 years ago; planted | Tosa Fall, above Andermatt, on the Frutt. thence with cedar, laurel, cork, beech, cypress, sugar over the glaciers of the Gries (7,780 feet high), and canes, coffee trees, &c., and so many lemons and through Eginenen-Thal to Ober-Gestelen (on the oranges, “that 30,000 have been sent in one year Rhône), in the Valais, a distance of 134 stunden; to England alone." The whole is set off with from Upper Tosa you may go by Val Bedretto statuary; and there is a curious shellwork grotto, to Airolo, on the St. Gothard Road, 15 stunden, close to the water, with a mosaic floor, made of the Another trip from Domo d'Ossola is by the road to slaty rock which forms the basis of the island. At the east, through Val Vigezza, or Centovalli, past the summit is the large sumptuous Palace of the Masera, Bajiesco, Trontans, Riva (near a Fall), family, approached by a staircase, and built by Malesco, Olgia (the highest part, 3,020 feet), under Count Frederico Borromeo, about a century ago. Monte Cridone (7,050 feet), Borgnone, Verdasio, Among the pictures inside are those of four battles Intragna (at the mouth of Val Onsersone), across in which he fought, besides a portra't of him with | Ponte Brolla, on the Maggia to Locarno (10 hours), his jester. There are also frescoes and pictures by at the head of the Langen-See, or Lago Maggiore. Giorgione, Bassano, Procaccini, Schidoni, Vandyke, Hence it is 7 hours to the Simplon Pass. (See Tempesta (an artist who killed his wife and fied | Bradshaw's Hand-Book to Switzerland. hither for protection), with monuments in the chapel, and a theatre. The old Count had a great

ROUTE 9. passion for the drama, and always went about

Nice to Genoa, along the Riviera di Ponente. with a company of players in his train." There is an Hotel on the island.

By rail, near the Corniche Road. About 11

hour to Mentone, and 6 hours thence to Genoa. It Pallanza (Grand Hotel Pallanza, good and

may be done in 15 hours by steamer, but, as this moderate), is a fine summer and winter resort, at

goes by night, all the beauty of the scenery is the angle of the two branches of the Lake, facing

missed. This is one of the routes which should be the Borromean Islands.

walked over to enjoy it in perfection. English Church Service at the Hotel.

N.B.-The distances to Mentone, on the French Intra (Hotel de la Ville) is a short distance | side, are reckoned from Nice; after that, from round the point. Opposite is

Ventimiglia, on the Italian side. Laveno (Stat.)-Hotels : Stella ; Albergo del The principal stations are as follow: Moro—7 miles across from Baveno on the opposite


Miles. side of Lago Maggiore. The best view of the en

Monaco ............... 94 | Alassio ....

................. 38 gaging scenery of the Lake is from a boat in the

Mentone .............. 14+ Albenga........ middle. From Laveno a line runs vid Gallarate

Ventimiglia .........211 | Finalmarina ...... 53 to Milan, 45 miles. This line is continued north

Bordighera ... .. 3 Savona .......

675 to Luino and Bellinzona, on the St. Gothard

S. Remo ...............10 | Voltri.

755 line, for which see Bradshaid's Illustrated Hand Oneglia .............. .25} | Genoa ...

noil .................... 945 Book to Switzerland. From Baveno ascend the For Nice, see Bradshaw's Hand-Book to France Simplon Road to

or the Continental Guide. Gravellona'(Stat.), 5 miles from the beauti The road to Genoa, by the Riviera di Ponente ful Lake of Orta (see Route 7).

(i.e., western edge), as this side of the Gulf of VOGOGNA. Inn: Bella Corona.

Genoa is called, is in the direction of the Via FleThe Tosa becomes navigable for barges. There minia, and up and down hill all the way, past a is an old castle above it. Here the fine Val An succession of picturesque towns and villages, and zasca begins, leading up to Monte Rosa, and into never far from the Mediterranean, with its beauSanthià (Saasthal), by the Monte Moro. The tiful winding bays and headlands on one side, and scenery is as grand as anything on the Swiss side of the Maritime Alps and Apennines on the other. the Alps, but softened down by an Italian sky. In Mulberry, orange, lemon, olive and other trees are common with other valleys here, the people are of abundant. German origin. It is about two days' journey to Leaving Villafranca or Villefranche (Stat.) Visp; Macugnaga being half-way, via Ponte on the right, the road ascends to a point 2,100 feet Grande (inn) and Borca (Inn).

above the sea, and then passes Ascend the Val d'Ossola to

Esa or Eza (Stat.), where there was a temple Domo d'Ossola (population, 2,478). Inns: to Isis, to Grand Hotel de la Ville; Albergo di Spagna; Angelo. | Turbia, called Trophæa Augusti by the Romans, Alively little town, near the Tosa, in the Eschen or from a trophy, or tower, which marked the bounOssola Valley, quite Italian in its character, with dary of Italia and Gallia on this side, now a ruin, some of the houses supported by arcades. This with some Gothic additions about it. To the rignt part of Piedmont belonged to the Duchy of Milan, is Monaco (Stat.), population, 8,000, so called but is now incorporated with the Kingdom of from a little principality belonging to the Grimaldi Italy. It is an excellent starting point for Ex | family, with its ruined castle, on a peninsula, in a cursions in the valleys around. For example: beautiful bay, the site of a temple to Hercule one may be taken through the terrace-shaped and Moncecus. The prince keeps a public gaming table. fertile Val Formazza or Pommat, past the fine ! On Good Friday the scenes of the Passion are acted




in the Cathedral, in the style of the old miracle Russie, and Di San Remo, in the town. plays. Porcelain and perfumery made. Down to Villa Tatlock, facing the sea, near the rail. the revolution of 1848 this principality included English Vice-Consul; English Church Service; Cabbe-Roquebrune (Stat.), under bold,

English and other Resident Physicians. dark, irregular rocks; and also

House Agent and Wine Merchant : Mr. J. Con. Mentone or Menton (Stat.), now annexed to

greve. France.

C. E. Vicario, English Grocer, Wine and Spirit Hotels: Cléricy's Hotel des Anglais; Hotel West

Merchant. Population, 17,000, minster: Hotel d'Orient: Hotel de Belle Vue : The old town, on the large solid steep side of a Grand Hotel des Iles Britanniques; Hotel d'Italie;

hill, under Capo Nero, consists of houses rising Grand Hotel; Grand Hotel et Pension du Parc;

one over the other, crowned by the Hermitage of Hotel et Pension du Midi; Hotel de la Gure:

St. Romolus, under Mount Bignone, and a handHotel Camons; Hotel Prince of Wales; Hotel

some Gothic church. et Pension d'Angleterre.-See Bradshaw's Con

At the new town, below, nearer the sea, modern tinental Guide.

hotels, villas, and boarding houses have been esResident Physicians; English and Scotch Church

tablished, with a club, fountains, &c.; and this Services.

inviting spot, under a mild dry climate, is now English Chemist. Mr. Gras.

a favourite winter residence. A winter residence for invalids, in a fine bay, with

Near it is a Convent for fifty ladies, Piano del

Re is 3,500 feet high. à beautiful climate, visited by Queen Victoria,

The road ascends Cape Verde to the Chapel of 1882. It consists of long, narrow, steep streets, leading to the Cathedral of St. Giorgio, which is

the Madonna della Guardia; then down to the

River Taggia, past ARNO; then S. STEFANO, a hung with silk damask. Some of the houses are

fishing village; and San Lorenzo, noted for its nine storeys high; three spire churches. Moun

olives and sweet wine, to tains shelter it all round. At the back is the

Porto S. MAURIZIO (population, 7,000), a picturvalley up the River Coreille, to Castiglione, and

esque old place, on a neck of land, with a new La Montée, with innumerable walks and rides.

Cathedral overlooking the harbour, from which Proceed over the new French frontier, and along

olive oil, lithographic stones, &c., are exported. a beautiful road to

Over a suspension bridge, on the Impero, to Ventimiglia (Stat.)

Oneglia (Stat.) Hotel: Croce di Malta.

Hotels : Railway; di Londra. An ancient town (population, 6,283), the Roman

Population, 6,439. Here Andrea Doria, the Albium Intermelium, on a slope with a castle above

famous Genoese admiral was born. It was burnt it, at the mouth of the River Roja, which comes

by the French in 1792. Its figs are celebrated. down from the Col di Tenda, and is crossed by a

Pass another cape to long narrow bridge. It has a Gothic cathedral. Two Roman milestones from the Aurelian way

Diano Marena (population, 2,191), and a castle,

on a bay, in the Diano Valley. Up Capo delle have been found.

Mele, and descend to another bay, terminated by Bordighera (Stat.)

Capo delle Croce. Pass the town of LAIGUEGHotels : Grand Hotel de Bordighera ; D'Inghil

LIETTA to terra; Hotel West End; Windsor; Victoria ;

Alassio (Stat.) Hotel et Pension Sapia.

Inns: Alassio; de Londres; Roma. English Church Service.

Resident Chaplain and Physicians. A fortified post (population, 3,400), on a hill side.

Bankers: Messrs. Congreve. with a genial climate, suitable for invaiids. In

An old place, with a little harbour; now a growing this neighbourhood the date palms, used in the ceremonies of Holy Week, at Rome, are grown, the

resort for invalids. Its figs are the best on this

coast. Population, 5,500. Further on is exclusive privilege of supplying them having been

Albenga (Stat.), or Albenza (population, 4,189). granted by Sextus V.

A beautiful spot (when the floods cease to come San Remo (Stat.)-Hotels :

down), on the River Centa, with Monte Viso, Bellevue.

at the head of the Po, in viow, seen over the nearer Hotel de Nice; Hotel de la Mediterranée; Hotel Maritime Alps. Its apples and oranges are exceld'Angleterre.

lent, and hemp is grown. It was the Roman Victoria, east end of town, well fitted up, in a Albium Ingaunum, and is so ancient as to have beantiful garden.

made an alliance with Carthage, Besides the Hotel du Paradis.

Lungo Ponte, and some other Roman antiquities, Hotel Palmieri.

it contains a Gothic cathedral and two old feudal Londra, west of town.

castles, called Torre del Guelfi and Torre del Royal.

Marchese Mulatesta. In front of it is Gallinara West End Hotel, comfortable and well sitaated. Island, once noted for a breed of fowls. Pair, near the station.

The road passes CERIALE, half of whose populaHotel d'Allemagne, clean and o

tion, two centuries ago, were carried into slavery cooking.

| by the Turks; BORGHETTO, near the Cape of s.

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Ferast. Popuistat.), on the flo

Lucia ; Loano (population, 3, 463), where the Aus- | Hotels: Grand Hotel Pegli; Grand Hotel Gargini trians were defeated 1795; and Pietra; to Finale English Church Service. marina (Stat.), near FINALE BORGO, and FINALE Fine view from the Scoglio Vittoria, so named

IA, three fortified places (with a church in each) from the Crown Princess, who stayed here in 1879. which belonged to Spain, near the ruins of Castel

Sestri di Ponente (Stat.) Population, 5,988. Gavone, and the Roman Finarium. They produce

The last town before Genoa, to which the the delicious apple called Male di Finale, or Male

splendid Corniche Road leads by a line of churches, Carle, because it was a favourite of Charles III. of

castles, villages, and country seats. Here aro Spain. Then through a marble tunnel or gallery

Villas Spinola, Lomellina, &c. to VARIGOTTI, and

Cornigliano (Stat.), population, 3,499, near Noll and its castle, on a bay of the same name, Palazzo Serra. Villa Darazzo, &c., and the JUACthe site of Paulum. Population, 2,000, chiefly tion of the rail from Polreverra Valley fishermen. Monte Calo is visible to the left.

Hotel: Villa Rachel, good and moderate. Next, on to Spotorno, with Bergeggi Island and

Resident Chaplain and Physician. its church ruins in front of it. Genoa comes into

S. Pier d'Arena (Stat.), population, 19,501, view. Past VADO, ancient Vada Sabata, and Cape

in the suburbs of Genoa, which comes into view di Vido, to the Roman Savo, now

after the Lanterna tunnel. The terminus is near SAVONA (Stat.)

Acqua Verde, overlooking Genoa harbour. Here the direct lines from Turin and Alessandria

GENOA (Stat.) come in-See Routes 3 and 4.

Called Genova by the Italians, Genes by the French, Inn: Svizzera. ;

Genua by the Germans: all from the Latin Janua, A large and prosperous town (population, 19,120),

a gate. A Tunnel under the city now unites the a bishop's see, and head of a province; with a

east and west lines. Cathedral, begun 1504, by Pope Julius II, contain Hotels: Grand Hotel de Gênes, first-class hotel, ing life-size figures of inlaid wood in the choir, situated opposite the Carlo Felice Theatre. by L. Brea; several palaces; a theatre, built 1853,

Grand Hotel d'Italie et de la Croix de Malte : and dedicated to Chiabrera, the poet, a native,

de l'Ecu; Victoria; Bonera; del Gran Colombo; who is buried in S. Giacomo Church; and the

Pension Picard. Dominican Church, containing A. Dürer's Adoration of the Magi and A. Semini's Nativity. Small

Grand Hotel Isotta, 7, Rue de Rome, first-class pier harbour. Resident English Vice-Consul.

Hotel, newly built. Great comfort. Up in the hills is the Church of the Madonna Grand Hotel de la Ville, beautifully situated in della Misericordia, with a Presentation by Domeni the centre of the town. chino. Besides oil, Savona produces good pottery Hotel Trombetta, or Feder. and porcelain, with excellent fruit, peaches, apricots, oranges, flower roots, white wine, &c. Its

Hotel de France, good, well situated. harbour was destroyed by the Genoese. Close to Hotel de Londres and Pension Anglaise, well it is a statue of the Virgin, with a rhyme which is | situated, near the Central Station. quoted as an example of either Italian or Latin :

Hotel des Etrangers, in Via Nuovissima. Well “In mare irato, in subita procella, Invoco te, nostra benigna Stella."

recommended. A railway goes inland to Mondovi and Turin, 1 Beef and veal are both excellent; fish abundant, in connection with the one along the coast to including the briglia (mullet); acciqua (anchovy); Genoa. Here a branch of the Via Aurelia went vitella di apparizione and i paisione; tunny, and the up the Bormida to Acqui, &c. The next place little white bianchetti, with a delicate rose tint. is Albissola, the seat of the Rovere family, which Pies, some of the best in Italy; good macaroni; gave birth to Popes Sixtus IV. and Julius II. mushrooms from the Apennines, called boleti when

Varazze, a bustling port, under the Apennines red, neri when black, and imported in the dry state; (population, 8,137).

sold in Piazza de Funghi. Snails are sold in the Cogoleto (Stat.), or Cuculetto (population, market. Good preserves and fruits, and delicious 2,186), claims to be the birthplace of Columbus, and green figs and oranges, citrons, apples, pears. French his house is shown. Here the coast becomes finer and Montferrat wines are the best ; of the common than ever, and the towns are more picturesque in native white wines that of Polcevera is the most appearance; but when examined they are found to agreeable. One of the liqueurs is acqua d'amarina be dirty and ruinous, their present condition ex (from the cherry); zucchero rosato (rose sugar) is hibiting a strong contrast to their former grandeur. a conserve, which mixed with water, makes a re

Voltri (Stat.) Population, 11,228. It has freshing drink. Tobacco is a government monopoly, some fine churches, villas, paper mills, and sulphur but real Havannah cigars may be bought at the springs

Custom House. Pegli (Stat.) Population, 4,000. A growing Resident English Consul. resort for visitors. Here are the Villas Grimaldi. Bankers.-Messrs. Granet, Brown, and Co. Doria, and Pallavicini; the last a show-place, to Resident English Physicians; and Dentist. see which an order may be obtained in Genoa. Filigree Works.- In silrer aurl double git. We.

recommend the manufactory and depôt of Mr. jecting upper storeys. They are often lined by tall Emilio Forte, 155, Via Orefici; prizemedal awarded, well-built houses, and marble palaces, five, six, London Exhibition, 1862.

and even nine storeys high, with light slate roofs, Post-Office, Galleria Mazzini. Letters are dis and courts fragrant with orange trees, &c. Some tributed at 9 a.m. Boxes close for English letters, of the best streets are Balbi, Nuova, Nuovissima, &c., at 2 p.m. Telegraph at Palazzo Ducale.

Carlo Felice, Carlo Alberto, Santa Giulia. Sedan English Church Service, on Sundays at the new chairs for ladies, bullock carts, asses and mules are Church.

in general use; and there is a constant succession Scotch Presbyterian Service every Sunday in the of priests, nuns, soldiers, monks, veiled women, and Waldensian Church, Via Assarotti.

porters carrying bales strung from poles over their Conveyances. - Omnibuses attend the railway shoulders. station in the town. Street omnibuses for each An inscription in the cathedral affirms that this course, 10 to 20 cents. Street calashes, called citta ancient town was founded by a grandson of Noah, dini, 1 lira the course; or 1 lira 50 cents. for the named Janus. It was called Genua (from janua, a first hour.

gate), in Livy's time, standing on the Via Aurelia, Vetturini ply in the Piazzi della in Pazo.

and, as an ally of the Romans, was destroyed by Tariff for boatmen, 1 lira cach person, includ.

Hannibal's brother, Mago. ing an ordinary quantity of baggage, either for

After suffering from the Guelf and Ghibeline embarkation or disembarkation. Pleasure boats,

factions, the first Doge, S. Bocanegra, was elected I} lira the first hour.

in 1339. Charles VI. of France in 1396, FranSteamer to various parts, as Marseilles, Leghorn,

cesco Sforza in 1458, and Louis XII. in 1499, were Civita Vecchia, Naples, Palermo, Malta. (See

for a time successively masters of the republic, Bradshaw's Continental Guide). On the 24th

which again acquired its independence under the April, 1854, the Ercolano left for Marseilles, with

famous Andrea Doria, in 1528, and lasted till the Sir R. Peel and others on board, and was run down

French invasion of Italy, when it was annexed to by a steamer. Sir R. Peel clung to a floating

the Ligurian Republic in 1798. In 1800, Massena, mast, and was saved at the last moment by the

sustained a siege of two months against the AusSicilia, which brought him and others back to

trians and the English fleet, and only yielded after Genoa. Mr. Halsey, M.P., and his family were lost.

the loss of 15,000 men by famine, &c. In 1814, it

was taken by Lord W. Bentinck, and finally united Population (1881), 179,515. It is divided into six

to Sardinia. sestiere or sections.

Two Moles of solid stone protect the harbour, *Chief Objects of Notice.-Via degli Orefici,

which has plenty of deep water and is lined by a Palazzo Ducale, Palazzo Serra, Palazzo Pallavi.

marble terrace throughout. Molo Vecchio, on the cini, Palazzo Brignole. Cathedral, Churches of St.

east side, is about 1,250 feet long, and Molo Nuovo, Annunziata, St. Stefano, St. Ambrogio, St. Siro,

on the west side, near the Lazaretto, about 1,000 Santa M. Carignano. Villa Pallavicini. The

feet, with an entrance of nearly 1,500 feet between. pupazzi, or marionettes are worth seeing.

Outside the new mole stands the tall Lantern or This renowned city, which the Italians call La Lighthouse, built in 1547, and looking like a slender Superba (i.e., the proud), is a free port at the top pagoda ; it is ascended by 365 steps. of the Gulf of Genoa; head of a Duchy, and of a The Darsena, within the port, was begun in the province; seat of a governor, archbishop, univer thirteenth century, and included, till lately, the sity, &c. It stands in the best part of that beauti Marine Arsenal, with its magazines and workshops, ful strip of the Mediterranean called the Riviera, small docks for the Sardinian navy-now moved in a pure and healthy climate, sheltered by the to Spezia,--with the Bagnio for convicts, near the Ligurian Apennines. The city proper lies east of Bisagno torrent. A marble terrace or Quay with the harbour, along which is a noble range of fine a carved portico and shops below it, about 440 houses, 2 or 3 miles long. From this it rises in a yards long, and begun 1839, leads hence past four magnificent amphitheatre, with palaces, gardens, pontes or stone jetties, to the Porto Franco, a churches, &c., stretching in every direction, over collection of eight piles of warehouses, where goods a space of 3 square miles; only one-sixth of are stored free of duty, except for bonding. The

files; only one-sixth of facchini or porters, on account request here. They a space bel cround. It is defended by a 4000s of the streets, are in class exclusively from

line of fortifications, the outer one being 7 to 8 of the streets, are in great request here. They miles in circuit, and commanded by detached forts are or were a privileged class, exclusively from on the highest points beyond; as the Diamante, Bergamo, and still form a rather close corporation, Due Fratelli, Quezza, Santa Tecla, &c. It is from like the Fellowship Porters of London. Near the these points and from the harbour that the city Porto Franco is the Mandraccio Basin. Via should be seen. The Protestant Cemetery and the Charles Albert and Via Victor Emmanuel lead from Negri Palace are good standpoints. Many of the the port to the cathedral square. houses are painted in fantastic colours, and adorned The Dogana or Custom House, hard by, is the with statues, columns, festoons, &c.

old hall of the Banco di S. Georgio, which was The streets are generally narrow, steep, and founded 1345, and plundered by the French in irregular, mere lanes in fact, up and down hill, | 1800. It was this rich trading body which gave with no foot-paths, and encroached upon by pro. / life to the commercial enterprise of ancient Genoa,

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