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He posseused an energy of will that never faltered, in the purpose of counteracting the arbitrary plans of the English cabinet, and which gradually engaged him to strive
for the independence of the country. Every part of his 5 character conduced to this determination. His private
habits, which were simple, frugal, and unostentatious, led him to despise the luxury and parade affected by the crown officers; his religious tenets, which made him loathe the
very name of the English church, preserved in his mind 10 the memory of ancient persecutions, as vividly as if they
had happened yesterday, and as anxiously, as if they might be repeated to-morrow; his detestation of royalty and privileged classes, which no man could have felt more deeply
- all these circumstances stimulated him to perseverance 15 in a course which he conscientiously believed it to be his duty to pursue for the welfare of his country.
He combined, in a remarkable manner, all the animosities and all the firmness, that could qualify a man to be
the asserter of the rights of the people. Had he lived in 20 any country or any epoch, when abuses of power were to
be resisted, he would have been one of the reformers. He would have suffered excommunication rather than have bowed to papal infallibility, or paid the tribute to St. Peter;
he would have gone to the stake, rather than submit to the 25 prelatic ordinances of Laud; he would have mounted the
scaffold, sooner than pay a shilling of illegal ship-money; he would have fled to a desert rather than endure the profligate tyranny of a Stuart; he was proscribed, and would
sooner have been condemned as a traitor, than assent to an 30 illegal tax, if it had been only a sixpenny stamp or an
insignificant duty on tea, and there appeared to be no species of corruption by which this inflexibility could have been destroyed.
The motives by which he was actuated were not a sud35 den ebullition of temper, or a transient impulse of resent
ment, but they were deliberate, methodical, and unyielding. There was no pause, no hesitation, no despondency; every day and every hour were employed in some contribution towards the main design, if not in action, in writing; if
not with the pen, in conversation; if not in talking, in 5 meditation. The means he advised were persuasion, petition.
remonstrance, resolutions, and when all failed, defiance and extermination sooner than submission. His measures for redress were all legitimate; and where the extremity of
the case, as in the destruction of the tea, absolutely re10 quired an irregularity, a vigor beyond the law, he was
desirous that it might be redeemed by the discipline, good order, and scrupulous integrity with which it should be effected.
With this unrelenting and austere spirit, there was noth15 ing ferocious, gloomy or arrogant in his demeanor. His
aspect was mild, dignified, and gentlemanly. In his own state, or in the Congress of the Union, he was always the advocate of the strongest measures; and in the darkest
hour he never wavered or desponded. He engaged in the 20 cause with all the zeal of a reformer, the confidence of an
enthusiast, and the cheerfulness of a voluntary martyr. It was not by brilliancy of talents, or profoundness of learning, that he rendered such essential service to the
cause of the revolution, but by his resolute decision, his 25 unceasing watchfulness, and his heroic perseverance. In
addition to these qualities, his efforts were consecrated by his entire superiority to pecuniary considerations; he, like most of his colleagues, proved the nobleness of their cause,
by the virtue of their conduct; and Samuel Adams, after 30 being so many years in the public service, and having filled
so many eminent stations, must have been buried at the public expense, if the afflicting death of an only son had not remedied this honorable poverty.
XXVIII. - NAPOLEON'S RETURN.
Miss WALLACE. These lines commemorate the removal of the remains of Napoleon Bonsparte from the Island of St. Helena to France in 1840, in a ship of war commanded by the Prince de Joinville, a son of Louis Phillippe, then king of France. The Champ de Mars is an open space in Paris, used for military reviews. Waterloo, Austerlitz, and Lodi, are places memorable for battles in which Napoleon was engaged. The Louvre is a building in Paris, mainly devoted to a museum of works of art. Versailles, near Paris, is a town where there is a splendid palace. The Iron Crown of Lombardy, still preserved at Monza, near Milan, is made of gold and adorned with jewels, but has on the inside a thin plate of iron. Napoleon, as king of Italy, was crowned with this in the cathedral of Milan
A Bark has left the sea-girt isle,
A prince is at the helm,
Back to his ancient realm.
As o'er the waves they dance,
Seek they the shores of France.
A soldier comes! Haste, comrades, haste!
To greet him on the strand;
For Glory's chosen land ;
Burst from the extended line,
In martial splendor shine.
A conqueror comes! Fly, Austrian, fly
Before his awful frown!
Has worn the Iron Crown!
Amid the cannon's roar,
6 Go speak it in the Louvre's halls,
Mid priceless works of art,
The glowing canvas start ? * Pronounced Shän g) dě Mars.
Pronounced Esh'ę-lon(g). Military term, denoting a peculiar formation of troops in line of battle.