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therefore, are higher, Pope continues longer on the wing. If of Dryden's fire the blaze is brighter, of Pope's the heat is more regular and constant. Drydcn often surpasses expectation, and Pope never falls below it . Dryden 5 is read with frequent astonishment, and Pope with perpetual delight.
This parallel will, I hope, when it is well considered, be found just; and if the reader should suspect me, as I suspect myself, of some partial fondness for the memory of 10 Dryden, let him not too hastily condemn me; for meditation and inquiry may, perhaps, show him the reasonableness of my determination.
XIL — OBLIGATIONS OF AMERICA TO ENGLAND.
[edward Everett was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, April 11,1794, was graduated at Harvard College in 1811, and was settled over the church in Brattle Street, in Boston, as successor to Mr. Buckminstcr, in 1813. In 1815, ho was appointed professor of Greek literature in Harvard College, and immediately proceeded to Europe, with a view of making an ample preparation for the duties of his new position. He remained in Europe about four and a half years, during which period he went through an extensive course both of travel and study. Upon his return, he assumed the duties of his professorship, and also those of editor of the " North American Review," and continued in the discharge of both till his election to the House of Representatives, in 1824. He remained in Congress till 1835, in which year he was chosen governor of Massachusetts. To this office he was re-elected for three successive years. In 1841, he was appointed minister plenipotentiary to the court of St. James, and he discharged the duties of that post till 1845. Upon his return to America, he was chosen President of Harvard College, and held that office till 1849. He was secretary of state for a short period, at the close of Mr. Fillmore's administration, and in 1853 was chosen to the Senate of the United States by the legislature of Massachusetts, but resigned his place the next year, on account of ill health, and resided as a private citizen in Boston till his la mented death, January 15, 1865.
The variety of Mr. Everett's life and employments was but a type of the versatility of his powers, and the wide range of his cultivation. He was oue of th« most finished men of our time. His works consist mainly of occasional discourses and speeches, and of contributions to the "North American Review," —the last of which are very numerous, and deal with a great diversity of subjects, including Greek and German literature, the fine arts, politics, political economy, history, and American literature. His orations and speeches have been published in three large octavo volumes. His style Is rioh and glowing,
but always under the control of sound judgment and good taste. His learning' wd scholarship are never needlessly obtruded; they are woven into the web it his discourse, and not embossed upon its surface. He wrote under the inspiration of a generous and comprehensive patriotism, and his speeehea frere eminently suited to create and sustain a just and high-toned national sentiment. Whatever he did was done well; and his brilliant natural powers through life were trained and aided by those habits of vigorous industry which are falsely supposed by many to be found only in connection with dulness and mediocrity.
The following extract is from an oration delivered at Plymouth, December K, 1K4.]
What citizen of our republic does not feel, what reflecting American does not acknowledge, the incalculable advantages derived to this land out of the deep fountains of civil, intellectual, and moral truth, from which we have 5 drawn in England? What American does not feel proud that his fathers were the countrymen of Bacon, of Newton, and of Locke? Who does not know that, while every pulse of civil liberty in the heart of the British empire beat warm and full in the bosom of our ancestors, the
10 sobriety, the firmness, and the dignity, with which the cause of free principles struggled into existence here, constantly found encouragement and countenance from the friends of liberty there?
Who does not remember that, when the pilgrims went
15 over the sea, the prayers of the faithful British confessors, in all the quarters of their dispersion, went over with them, while their aching eyes were strained till the stars of hope should go up in the western skies? And who will ever forget that, in that eventful struggle which severed these
20 youthful republics from the British crown, there was not heard, throughout our continent in arms, a voice which spoke louder for the rights of America, than that of Burke or of Chatham within the walls of the British parliament, and at the foot of the British throne?
25 No: for myself, I can truly say that, after my native land, I feel a tenderness and a reverence for that of my fathers. The pride I take in my own country makes me respect that from which we are sprung. In touching the Boil of England, I seem to return, like a descendant, to the old family seat; to come back to the abode of an aged and venerable parent. I acknowledge this great consanguinity of nations. The sound of my native lan5 guage, beyond the sea, is as music to my ear, beyond the richest strains of Tuscan softness or Castilian majesty. I am not yet in a land of strangers, while surrounded by the manners, the habits, and the institutions, under which I have been brought up. I wander, delighted, 10 through a thousand scenes which the historians and the poets have made familiar to us, of which the names are interwoven with our earliest associations. I tread .rith reverence the spots where I can retrace the footsteps of our suffering fathers; — the pleasant land of their birth 15 has a claim on my heart. It seems to me a classic, yea, a holy land, — rich in the memory of the great and good, the champions and the martyrs of liberty, the exiled heralds of truth; and richer, as the parent of this land of promise in the west. 20 I am not — I need not say I am not — the panegyrist of England. I am not dazzled by her riches, nor awed by her power. The sceptre, the mitre, and the coronet,— stars, garters, and blue ribbons, — seem to me poor things for great men to contend for. Nor is my admira- 25 tion awakened by her armies mustered for the battles of Europe, her navies overshadowing the ocean, nor her empire, grasping the farthest east. It is these, and the price of guilt and blood by which they are too often maintained, which are the cause why no friend of liberty can
30 salute her with undivided affections.
But it is the cradle and the refuge of free principles, r'^ugh often persecuted; the school of religious liberty, the more precious for the struggles through which it has passed; the tombs of those who have reflected honor on 85 all who speak the English tongue; it is the birthplace of our fathers, the home of the pilgrim. It is these which I love and venerate in England. I should feel ashamed of an enthusiasm for Italy and Greece, did I not also feel it for a land like this. In an American, it would seem to me degenerate and ungrateful to hang with passion upon 5 the traces of Homer and Virgil, and follow without emotion the nearer and plainer footsteps of Shakspeare and Milton. I should think him cold in his love for his native land, who felt no melting in his heart for that other native country which holds the ashes of his forefathers.
XIII. — "GIVE ME THREE GRAINS OF CORN, MOTHER."
[This powerful and pathetic piece was suggested by one of the many painful Incidents of the memorable Irish famine of lt-46. The title was the last request of an Irish lad to his mother, as he was dying of starvation. She found three grains in a corner of his ragged jacket, and gave them to him. It was all sha bad. The whole family were perishing from famine.]
1 Give me three grains of corn, mother,
Only three grains of corn;
Till the coming of the morn.
Dying of hunger and cold,
My lips have never told.
2 It has gnawed like a wolf, at my heart, mother,
A wolf that is fierce for blood, —
Gnawing for lack of food.
And the sight was heaven to see, —
But you had no bread for me.
How could I look to you, mother,
How could I look to you,
When you were starving too?
And in your eye so wild,
As you laid it on your child.
The queen has lands and gold, mother, The queen has lands and gold,
What has poor Ireland done, mother,
What has poor Ireland done,
Perishing, one by one?
The great men and the high,
Whether they live or die?
There is many a brave heart here, mother,
Dying of want and cold,
Are many that roll in gold;
With wondrous wealth to view, And the bread they fling to their dogs to-night
Would give life to me and you.