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some have scarce begun to think of business. The love of liberty being his ruling passion, he thought it his duty in the present siruggle, to offer himself to the service of his country, and he had soon an opportunity of attaining that military pre-eminence, of which he was laudably ambitious. '

Enjoying a hereditary bravery, joined to a well cultivated understanding, and an active spirit, he soon became the bosom friend of General Montgomery, was his aid de camp, was entrusted with a share in the management of his most important negociations, stood by his side in the attack upon Quebec, and being, as it were, animated by one common soul, and dear to each other in life-in death, they were not a moment divided!

Here likewise fell Captain Cheeseman, of the New-York forces, covered with honour, and lamented by all who knew him, as an active and gallant officer. His particular merits, as well as the merits of some others, who shared his fate, ought to be more fully commemorated on this occasion, if proper accounts of them could be collected. · I must not, however, omit the name of the brave Captain Hendricks, who commanded one of the Pennsylvania rifle-companies, and was known to me from his infancy. He was indeed prodigal of his life, and courted danger out of his tour of duty. The command of the guard belonged to him, on the morning of the attack; but he solicited and obtained leave to take a more conspicuous post; and having led his men through the barrier, where his commanding ofi

cer, General Arnold, was wounded, he long sustained the fire of the garrison with unshaken firmness, till at last, receiving a shot in his breast, he immediately expired. *

Such examples of magnanimity filled even adversaries with veneration and esteem. Forgetting the foes in the heroes, they gathered up their breathless remains, and committed them to kindred dust, with pious hands “and funeral honours meet.”-So may your own remains, and particularly thine, O! Carlton, be honoured, should it ever be your fate to fall in hostile fields! Or if, amid the various chances of war, your lot should be among the prisoners and the wounded, may you be distinguished with an ample return of that benevolence which you have shewn to others. Such offices of humanity, softening the savage scenes of war, will entitle you to an honour which all the pride of conquest cannot bestow-much less a conquest over fellow-subjects, contending for the common rights of freemen.

By such offices as these, you likewise give a gleam of comfort to those mourners, who mix their tears without ourf Schuylkill and Susquehannah; and to herţ especially, on Hudson's river, pre-emi. nent in woe! Ye angels and ministers of grace, complete her consolations! Tell her, in genilest accents, what wreaths of glory you have entwined, to adorn the brows of those who die for their country; and hovering for a while, on the wing of pity, listen to the mournful strain, flowing to a deceased husband.

* These particulars were certified by General Thompson and Colonel Ma. gaw, his commanders in the Pennsylvania rifle-regiment, and they give me this further character of him in their letier, viz. “No fatigues or duty as ever discouraged him.... He paid the strictest attention to his company, “and was ambitious that they should excel in discipline, sobriety and “ order. His social and domestic virtues you were well acquainted with."

+ The rivers on which the parents of Major Macpherson and Captain Hendricks live.

1 Mrs. Montgomery.

* Sweet ivy twin'd with myrtle, form a shade
Around the tomb where brave Montgomery's laid!
Beneath your boughs, shut from the beams of day,
My ceasless tears shall bathe the warrior's clay;
And injur'd “Freedom shall a while repair,

To dwell, with me, a weeping hermit there."

Having now paid the honours due to the memo. · ries of our departed friends, what need I add more? Illustrious, although short, was their race! “But old age is not that which standeth in length of time, nor is measured by number of years—wisdom is the grey hair to man, and an unspotted life is old age.”

To such men, Rome in all her glory would have decreed honours; and the resolve of Congress to transmit the memory of their virtues, is worthy of that magnanimity which ought to characterize public bodies. Jealous and arbitrary rulers are sparing of honours to those who serve them, lest their own should be thus eclipsed. But your lustre, gentlemen, can suffer no diminution this way; and the glory you justly bestow upon others, will only be reflected to encrease your own!

• The original lines, for which these were substituted and performed to music, are well known, viz.

" Wind gentle ever-green to form a shade,

“ Around the tomb where Sophocles is laid, &c. Part of the two last lines is from an ode of Collins. .

F 4

OF THE

AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY.

ON motion, resolved unanimously, that the thanks of this Society be given to the Rev. Dr. WILLIAM SMITH, for preparing, and delivering at their desire, the ORATION or EULOGJUM, as a tribute to the memory of their illustrious president Dr. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN; and that he be requested to furnish the society with a copy of the same, for publication.

ORDERED, that a transcript of this resolution be forthwith made, and delivered to Dr. SMITH, y one of the secretaries.

Extract from the Minutes,

SAMUEL MAGAW, SECRETARY. March 4, 1791.

TO THE PUBLIC. THE assistance derived by the author in the composition of the following EULOGIUM, from the friendly communications of some of his learned colleagues, among the officers of the American Philosophical Society, requires his public acknowledgments to be made to them, viz.

To David RITTENHOUSE, Esq. L. L. D. president of the society, for sundry papers, which have been digested into the account of Dr. Franklin's electrical and philosophical discoveries, from page 64 to 71.

To THOMAS JEFFERSON, Esq. L. L. D. one of the vice presidents of the society, and secretary of the United States, for bis letter, concerning Dr. Franklin's ministry at the court of France, page 75 to 77.

To JONATHAN WILLIAMS, Esq. one of the secretaries of the society, for the original letter; page 80, 81; and some papers in the appendix.

To BENJAMIN Rusa, M. D. one of the council of the society, for some sketches of Dr. Franklin's character, of which the author has availed himself, p. 50.

The length of time, which (from some necessary avocations borh of the author and publisher) has intervened between the delivery of this Eulogium, and its issuing from the press, requires an apology; and miglit induce air expectation of its appearing at last in a more improved state. But if either the author's leisure or abilities had permitted the attempt of improvements, bv a deviation from the original work, he would . have considered them as unjustifiable on such an occasion; and therefore, it is submitted to the public candor, without the least addition, excepting the appendix, and the alteration only of a few words.

ORATION II.

BEING AN EULOGIUM

ON

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, L. L. D.

President of the American Philosophical Society, Fellow of the

Royal Society of London, Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris, of the Royal Society at Gottingen, the Batavian Society in Holland, and of many other Literary Societies in Europe and America; late Minister Plenipotentiary for the United States of America at the Court of Paris, sometime President, and for more than half a century a revered citizen, of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

DELIVERED MARCH 1, 1791,

IN THE

GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH

OF THE CI 7'Y, OF PHILADELPHIA,

BEFORE

THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY,

AND

AGREEABLY TO THEIR APPOINTMENT.

THIS SOLEMNITY WAS ALSO HONOURED WITH THE PRESENCE OF

THE PRESIDENT, SENATE, AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE SENATE

res OF AMERICA, THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, THE CORPORATION, AND MOST OF THE PUBLIC BODIES, AS WELL AS RESPECTABLE PRIVATE CITIZENS, OT PHILADELPHIA.

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