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T will perhaps gratify the curious Reader to be in
I formed, that from a word or two formerly legible
over one of the Chapel Doors, it is believed that the Text there infcribed was that Latin verfe of the Pfalmift, which is in our Translation,
MY TEARS HAVE BEEN MY MEAT
It is alfo certain, that the memory of the first Hermit was held in fuch regard and veneration by the PERCY Family; that they afterwards maintained a Chantry. Prieft, to refide in the Hermitage, and celebrate Mafs in the Chapel Whofe allowance, uncommonly liberal and munificent, was continued down to the Diffolution of the Monafteries; and then the whole Salary, together with the Hermitage and all its dependencies, reverted back to the Family, having never been endowed in. mortmain. On this account we have no Record, which fixes the date of the Foundation, or gives any particular account of the first Hermit; but the following Inftrument will shew the liberal Exhibition afforded to his Succeffors. It is the Patent granted to the laft Hermit in 1532, and is copied from an ancient MS. book of Grants, &c. of the VIth Earl of Northumberland, in Henry the VIIIths time t.
SIR GEORGE LANCASTRE PATENT OF XX MERKS BY YERE.
" HENRY Erle of Northumberland, &c. KNOWE youe that I the faid Erle, in confideration of the diligent and thankfull fervice, that my wellbeloved Chap
* Pfal. xlii. 3. Duc. Northumb.
+ Claffed, F. I. No. 1. penes
"len fir George Lancaftre hath don unto me the said "Erle, and alfo for the goode and vertus difpofition that "I do perceive in him: And for that he shall have in "his daily recommendation and praiers the good estate "of all fuche noble Blode and other Perfonages, as be "now levynge; And the Soules of fuch noble Blode
as be departed to the mercy of God owte of this pre"fent lyve, Whos Names are conteyned and wrettyn "in a Table upon perchment figned with thande of me "the faid Erle, and delivered to the cuftodie and keap66 ynge of the faid fir George Lancaftre: And further, "that he fhall kepe and faye his devyn fervice in celebratyng and doynge Maffe of Requiem every weke "accordinge as it is written and fet furth in the faide
Table: HAVE geven and graunted, and by these "prefentes do gyve and graunte unto the faid fir "George, myn Armytage belded in a Rock of ftone
within my Parke of WARKWORTH in the County of "Northumberland in the honour of the bleffed Try"nete, With a yerly Stipende of twenty Merks by yer*, from the feet of feint Michell tharchaungell
laft paft afore the date herof yerly duryng the natu"rall lyve of the faid fir George: AND alfo I the said "Erle have geven and graunted, and by these Presents "do gyve and graunte unto the said fir George Lan
caltre, the occupation of one litle Gresground of myn "called Cony-garth nygh adjoynynge the faid Harmy"tage, only to his only ufe and proufit wynter and fumer "durynge the faid terme; THE Garden and Orteyarde "belongyng the faid Armytage; THE Gate + and "Pafture of Twelf Kye and a Bull, with their Calves "fuking; AND two Horfes goying and beyng within "my faid Parke of Warkworth wynter and fomer; "ONE Draught of Fifthe every Sondaie in the yere to
*This would be equal to £100 per annum now. See the Cronicon Pretiofum.
ti. e. Going from the verb, To Gae.
"be drawen forenenft* the faid Armytage, called The "Trynete Draught; AND Twenty Lods of Fyrewode "to be taken of my Wodds called Shilbotell Wode, "duryng the faid term. The faid Stipend of xx Merks "by yer to be taken and perceived † yerly of the rent " and ferme of my Fiffhyng of Warkworth, by thands "of the Fermour or Fermours of the fame for the tyme "beynge yerly at the times ther used and accustomed "by evyn Portions. In wytnes "whereof to thes my Letters "Patentes I the faid Erle "have fet the Seale of myn "Armes: YEVEN undre my
Allowe in recompence herof yerly x" ‡. Richerd Ryche.
"Signet at my Caftell of Warkworth, the third daye "of December, in the xxiiith Yer of the Reigne of "our Sovereyn Lord kyng Henry the eight."
On the Diffolution of the Monafteries, the above Patent was produced before the Court of Augmentation in Michaelmas-Term, 20 Oct. A. 29. Hen. VIII. when the fame was allowed by the Chancellor and Counfel of the faid Court, and all the profits confirmed to the incumbent fir George Lancafter; Excepting that in compenfation for the annual Stipend of Twenty Marks, he was to receive a Stipend of Ten Marks, and to have a free Chapel called The Rood Chapel, and the Hofpital of St. Leonard, within the Barony of Wigdon, in the County of Cumberland.
After the perufal of the above PATENT it will perhaps be needlefs to caution the Reader against a Mistake, fome have fallen into; of confounding this Hermitage NEAR Warkworth, with a Chantry founded wITHIN
*Or fore-anenft: i. e. oppofite. + Sic MS. + So the MS. The above Sir Richard Rych was Chancellor of the Augmentation at the Suppreffion of the Monafteries.
the town itself, by Nicholas de Farnham, bishop of Durham, in the reign of Henry III. who appropriated the Church of Brankefton for the maintenance there of Two Benedictine Monks from Durham *. That fmall monaftic foundation is indeed called a CELL by bishop Tanner : but he must be very ignorant, who fuppofes that by the word CELL is neceffarily to be understood a Hermitage; whereas it was commonly ap plied to any small conventual establishment, which was dependant on another.
As for the Chapel belonging to this endowment of bifhop Farnham, it is mentioned as in ruins in feveral oldSurveys of queen Elizabeth's time; and its feite, not far from Warkworth Church, is still remembered. But that there was never more than ONE Priest maintained, at one and the fame time, within the HERMITAGE, is plainly proved (if any further proof be wanting) by the following Extract from a Survey of Warkworth, made in the Year 1567, ‡ viz.
"Ther is in the Parke (fc. of Warkworth) alfo one "Howfe hewyn within one Cragge, which is called. "the Harmitage Chapel: In the fame ther haith bene: "one Preaft keaped which did fuch godlye fervices as "that tyme was ufed and celebrated. The Mansion:
Howfe (fc. the fmall building adjoining to the Cragg): 66 ys nowe in decaye: The Clofes that apperteined to "the faid Chantrie ys occupied to his Lordship's ufe."
Ang. Sacr. p. 738. + Not. Mon. 396. By George Clarkson, MS. penes Duc. North.
THE E N d.