網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版
[blocks in formation]

La proclamation du président des Etats-Unis, à la date du 1er janvier 1863, est publiée dans les ordres généraux pour l'information et la conduite des officiers et soldats de ce commandement et de toutes les personnes qui agissent sous leur autorité.

La proclamation désigne les portions de l'Etat de la Louisiane qui ne sont pas affectées par ses clauses. Les lois des Etats-Unis, néanmoins, interdisent aux officiers de l'armée et de la marine la restitution des esclaves à leurs maîtres; ou de juger les titres d'aucune personne au service ou au travail d'une autre; et l'inévitable condition d'un état de guerre, prive indispensablement toutes les classes de citoyens d'une grande partie de cette liberté absolue d'action et de contrôle de propriété que la loi locale et la continuation de la paix leur garantissaient et leur assuraient. La saisie forcée des fugitifs par leurs maîtres est en contradiction avec ces lois et ces conditions de guerre, d'autant plus qu'elle cause des collisions de personnes et des désordres publics, et elle ne peut être permise.

Les officiers et les soldats n'encourageront ni n'aideront les esclaves à quitter ceux qui les emploient, mais ils ne peuvent les obliger à retourner ni autoriser l'emploi de la force dans ce but.

L'intérêt public demande péremptoirement que toutes les personnes sans d'autres moyens d'existence soient forcées de travailler pour subvenir à leurs besoins. Les nègres ne sont pas exemptés de cette loi. Ceux d'entre eux qui quittent les personnes qui les emploient, seront forces de s'entretenir euxmêmes, ainsi que leurs familles, en s'occupant de travaux publics. Dans au-cune circonstance, quelle qu'elle soit, ils ne seront entretenus dans l'oisiveté ou autorisés à vagabonder sans emploi dans les paroisses ou villes de l'Etat. Le vagabondage et le crime seront supprimés par une occupation ou un travail constant et forcé.

Par toute considération, le travail a droit à une équitable proportion des récoltes qu'il produit. Pour assurer les droits du capital et du travail, la commission de sequestre est par la présente autorisée, sur une consultation avec les planteurs et autres parties, à proposer et établir un système annuel de travail par les nègres, système qui pourvoiera à la nourriture, à l'habillement, à un traitement convenable et à une juste rémunération pour les nègres, suivant des prix fixés d'avance, ou par Yabandon d'une équitable pro

portion de la récolte annuelle, comme cela pourra être jugé convenable. Cette rémunération doit être juste, mais non exorbitante ou onéreuse. Quand elles seront acceptées par le planteur ou par d'autres parties, toutes les conditions d'un service fidèle et continu, d'une conduite respectueuse, d'une discipline régulière et d'une subordin ation parfaite, seront assurées et garanties du côté des nègres par les officiers du gouvernement. Pour garantir leur payement, les gages de leur travail formeront un titre sur le produit.

Peut-être n'est-ce pas là le meilleur système, mais c'est aujourd'hui l'unique systènie praticable. Les hommes sages font ce qu'ils peuvent quand ils ne peuvent pas faire ce qu'ils veulent. C'est la loi du succès. Dans les trois ans à partir du rétablissement de la paix, sous ce système volontaire de travail, l'Etat de la Louisiane produira- trois fois autant que dans les années les plus prospères du passé.

Le département du quartier-maitre est chargé de récolter le maïs dans les champs abandonnés et de cultiver les plantations désertes. Les nègres sans emploi seront engagés à ce service sous le contrôle d'agents compétents ou de planteurs, avec une juste rétribution en vivres, linge et argent, et sous des règlements propres à tenir les familles ensemble, à inculquer aux nègres l'habitude de pourvoir à leurs propres besoins, et de nature en même temps à protéger les meilleurs intérêts du peuple et du gouvernement.

Par ordre du MAJOR-GÉNÉRAL BANKS.

RICHARD B. Irwin,

Lieut.-Col. et Ass.-Adj.-Gén.

Imprimerie de FRANK F. BARCLAY, Place du Commerce, 22.

GENERAL ORDERS

HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE GULI,

No. 13.

Nero Orleans, January 31, 1863.

I. Before a Military Comunission, which convened at the city of New Orleans, pursuant to Special Order No. 408, of September 25, 1862, from these Headquarters, and of which Colonel Wm. K. KIMBALL, 12th Maine Volunteers, is President, were arraigned and tried :

1. John Cosby, of New Orleans, on the following charges :

That said John Cosby has, within two years last passed, treasonably sworn to support the Government of the Confederate States, so called, now and for a long time passed, to wit: during two years last passed in open rebellion and war against said United States Government, and has lent his means and services to the support of the said rebellion and war, and in pursuance thereof, did treasonably, unlawfully and without right, on or about the 1st day of August, 1862, and on divers other days and times between that day and the date of this presentment, pass within and repass and convey outside of the lines of the army of the United States and said Department of the Gulf, at sundry and divers points, goods, medicines, provisions, letters and communications to the enemies of the United States, now and for a long period of time passed in open rebellion against the government and authority of said United States as aforesaid, and did thus and otherwise treasonably, unlawfully and without right, aid, abet and assist them, the said enemies and rebels, contrary to, and in violation of, the laws of said United States, thus preventing the progress and success of the military forces of the United States, and the re-establishment of the laws of the United States and the authority thereof, against the peace and dignity of said United States, the laws thereof and the laws martial.

To which the accused pleaded—“Not Guilty.”

After mature deliberation on the evidence adduced, the Court finds the accused Guilty" of the charges preferred against him.

And does therefore sentence him “ to be confined at hard labor during the war, at such place and under such circumstances as the Major General Commanding said Department may direct; that the letters and correspondence found in his possession be destroyed ; and that the two hundred and fifty ounces of quinine, which was seized and taken from him at the time of his arrest, be confiscated to the United States."

2. Private John Miller, 1st, of Company H, 31st Regiment Massachusetts Volun

teers.

CHARGE FIRST.

Violation of the 45th Article of War.” SPECIFICATION— In this, that he, Private John Miller, 1st, of Company H, 31st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, did, on or about the night of October 11th, 1862, while on picket duty, get drunk, thereby becoming entirely unfit to perform his duti’s as a soldier. This at Kenner, in the State of Louisiana, on or about the day above mentioned.

CHARGE SECOND.

Violation of the 46th Article of War.” SPECIFICATION— In this, that he, the aforesaid John Miller, Ist, did, after having been ordered by the officer of the picket guard to remain on his post on duty until relieved, neglect his duty by sleeping soundly on his post. This at Kenner, in the State of Louisiana, on or about the night of October 11th, 1862.

CHARGE THIRD.

Conduct to the prejudice of Good Order and Military Discipline." SPECIFICATION—In this, that he, the aforesaid John Miller, 1st, did use towards the officer of the picket guard, the said officer being bis superior, the most indecent, violent and abusive language. This at Kenner, in the State of Louisiana, on or abont the night of October 11th, 1862.

To which the accused pleaded “ Not Guilty.”

After mature deliberation on the evidence adduced, the Court finds the accused “ Guilty" of the charges and specifications preferred against him, and does therefore sentence him, the said Private John Miller, " to be confined in the Parish Prison, within the parish of Orleans, for the term of one month after the promulgation of the proceedings.”

3. Private Edwin Mc Carry, Company H, 31st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers.

CHARGE FIRST.

Violation of the 45th Article of War." SPECIFICATION---In this, that he, Private Edwin McCarry, of Company H, 31st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, did, on or about the night of October 11th, 1862, while on picket duty, get drunk, thereby becoming entirely unfit to perform his duties as a soldier. This at Kenner, in the State of Louisiana, on or about the day above mentioned.

CHARGE SECOND.

Violation of the 46th Article of War.SPECIFICATION--In this, that he, the aforesaid Edwin McCarry, did, after having been ordered by the officer of the picket guard to remain on his post on duty until relieved, neglect his duty by sleeping soundly on his post. This at Kenner, in the State of Louisiana, on or about the night of October 11th, 1862.

To which the accused pleaded “ Not Guilty.”

The Court, after mature deliberation on the evidence adduced, finds the accused “ Guilty ” of the charges end specifications preferred against him, and does therefore sentence him, the said Elwin McCarry, “ to be confined in the Parish Prison, within the parish of Orleans, for the term of one month after the promulgation of the proceedings,

Charles L. Tomlinson, Elisah L. Blackman, Charles Sherwood and lliram Roscoe,

Company B, 13th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers.'

CHARGE.

" Violation of the 991) Article of War." SPECIFICATION-In this, that the said Charles L. Tomlinson, Elisah L. Blackman Charles Sherwood and Hiram Roscoe, of Company B, 13th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, did, at sundry and divers times, before and on the 29th day of October, A. D. 1862, enter upon the premises of one Mary A. May, a peaceable citizen, unlawfully and without orders, and did, with force, violence and threats, take and carry away, and convert to their own use, the property of said Mary A. May, to the value of fifteen dollars ; that while on or about the premises of said Mary A. May, as well as at the camp of said regiment, the said Tomlinson, Blackman, Sherwood and Roscoe, being armed with deadly weapons, did use insulting and abusive language to the said Mary A. May, accompanying the same with threats against the life of the said Mary A. May, thereby and by means thereof putting her in great fear and in danger of her life. This at Carrollton, in the State of Loulsiana, at the time above mentioned.

To which the accused pleaded “Not Guilty.”

After mature deliberation on the evidence adduced, the Court, finds the accused as follows :

The said Charles L. Tomlinson and Elisah L. Blackman “ Not Guilty” of the charge preferred against them, and does therefore acquit them.

The said Charles Sherwood and Hiram Roscoe “Guilty” of the charge preferred against them.

And does therefore sentence them “ to be confined within the Parish Prison for the parish of Orleans, for and during the term of six months from and after the date of the promulgation of the procecdings.”

II. The proceedings, findings and sentence in the case of John Cosby are confirmed. The sentence will be carried into execution at Ship Island, Miss.

The proceedings and findings of the Court in the case of Private John Miller 1st, Company II, 31st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, and Private Edwin McCarry, same company and regiment, are confirmed, but the sentences are disapproved. The Commanding General is unwilling that a punishment so disproportionate to the

« 上一頁繼續 »