The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution: As Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia in 1787. Together with the Journal of the Federal Convention, Luther Martin's Letter, Yates's Minutes, Congressional Opinions, Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of '98-'99, and Other Illustrations of the Constitution, 第 5 卷
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Adjourned admitted agreed amendment appointed army Articles of Confederation authority Britain British citizens clause committee common concur Confederacy Confederation Congress Connecticut considered Constitution Convention creditors danger debts Delaware delegates divided election ELLSWORTH equality of votes established executive expedient favor federal foreign France Georgia GERRY give GORHAM GOUVERNEUR MORRIS gress HAMILTON Hampshire House impost interest Jersey judges judiciary latter lature laws legislative liberty MADISON MADISON observed Maryland Massachusetts ment ministers mode money bills moved national legislature necessary necessity negative North object observed opinion opposed particular Pennsylvania PINCKNEY postponed present principle proper proportion proportional representation proposed proposition question RANDOLPH render representation representatives resolution respect revenue Rhode Island rule RUTLEDGE second branch seconded the motion secretary at war Senate SHERMAN South Carolina Spain suffrage superintendent of finance supposed taken thought tion treaty Union United urged Virginia whole WILLIAMSON WILSON wished York
第 381 頁 - Whenever the legislative or executive authority or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another shall present a petition to congress stating the matter in question and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given by order of congress to the legislative or executive authority of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties by their lawful agents...
第 382 頁 - ... be final and decisive, the judgment or sentence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted to congress, and lodged among the acts of congress for the security of the parties concerned : provided that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the state, where the cause shall be tried, "well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment,...
第 542 頁 - American, the consolidation of our union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence. This important consideration, seriously and deeply impressed on our minds, led each state in the convention to be less rigid on points of inferior magnitude, than might have been otherwise expected ; and thus the constitution, which we now present, is the result of a spirit of amity, and of that mutual deference and concession which the peculiarity of our political situation...
第 319 頁 - Resolved, that each branch ought to possess the right of originating acts; that the national legislature ought to be empowered to enjoy the legislative rights vested in Congress by the Confederation, and moreover to legislate in all cases to which the separate states are incompetent or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual legislation...
第 542 頁 - That it will meet the full and entire approbation of every state is not perhaps to be expected ; but each will doubtless consider, that had her interest been alone consulted, the consequences might have been particularly disagreeable or injurious to others ; that it is liable to as few exceptions as could reasonably have been expected, we hope and believe ; that it may promote the lasting welfare of that country so dear to us all, and secure her freedom and happiness, is our most ardent wish...
第 192 頁 - States, shall be the supreme law of the respective states, so far forth as those acts or treaties shall relate to the said states or their citizens ; and that the judiciary of the several states shall be bound thereby in their decisions, any thing in the respective laws of the individual states to the contrary notwithstanding...
第 253 頁 - In this situation of this assembly, groping as it were in the dark to find political truth, and scarce able to distinguish it when presented to us, how has it happened, sir, that we have not hitherto once thought of humbly applying to the Father of lights to illuminate our understandings?
第 509 頁 - RESOLVED, That the preceding constitution be laid before the United States in congress assembled ; and that it is the opinion of this convention, that it should afterwards be submitted to a convention of delegates, chosen in each state by the people thereof, under the recommendation of its legislature, for their assent and ratification...
第 542 頁 - In all our deliberations on this subject we kept steadily in our view that which appears to us the greatest interest of every true American, the consolidation of our Union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence.