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sidered requisite, which the Lord Christ distinctly affirms, is to be Himself by His own word, or judged by the Word. The only through His apostles, ordained. Rule of Faith is God's Word

written, XXI. of the Authority of a Church.

XXIII, of the Apostate Church CHURCH hath power to ar

of Rome. range its own order of wor

HE Church of Rome, which ship, and to declare its own Faith and Discipline; yet it is not law

Catholic and Apostolic Roman ful for any Church to ordain or

Church, the Mother and Mistress decide anything that is contrary of all Churches," is a great aposto God's Word written, or so to ex

tasy from the Truth of God, and pound one place of Scripture, that

is drunken with the blood of the it be repugnant to another. As a saints, and with the blood of the Church ought not to decree any inartyrs of Jesus. thing against Holy Scripture, so

The Pope, or Bishop of Rome, besides the same ought it not to

her head, is a usurper and an enforce anything to be believed antichrist, assuming to himself for necessity of Salvation, or to be

universal dominion, denouncing done as essential to the due wor

as rebels and "Heretics" all bapship of God.

tized persons who reject his auThe Creeds, commonly called thority, and asserting that Herethe Apostles' Creed, and the Ni

tics are to be punished with concene Creed-though they be not fiscation of goods, imprisonment, inspired-ought to be received and

exile, and death. believed, for they may be proved

Claiming to be the Vice-gerent by Holy Scripture. The Creed,

of God upon earth, and to be in. commonly called the Athanasian

fallible in matters of Faith and Creed, with the exception of the

Morals (as defined by the Vatican Condemning Clauses, is retained

Council of A.D. 1870), he has arrofor reference by this Church, as

gated to himself the prerogatives an ancient and valuable exposi- of Deity, and is guilty of blastion of Doctrine respecting the phemy against God Most High. Trinity in Unity, and as a safe

To the Twelve Articles of the guard against erroneous teaching

Ancient Nicene Creed (A.D. 325), with regard to the proper Deity

Rome added, in A.D. 1564, Twelve of our Lord Jesus Christ; but is

New Articles in the Modern Creed intended to be publicly read

known as The Creed of Pope Pius in the services of the Church.

IV. In A.D. 1854 she added the

dogma of “The Immaculate ConXXII. Of the Authority of

ception of the Blessed Virgin Ecclesiastical Councils.

Mary;" and yet again, in A.D. OCLESIASTICAL Councils

1870, the dogma of the personal

"Infallibility of the Pope." semblies of men, whereof all are

Against such false and fatal not governed by the Spirit and teaching, this Protestant Church Word of God) inay err, and some

of England emphatically maintimes have erred, even in things

tains the witness of the faithful pertaining to God. Wherefore

martyrs of the period of the Re.

formation. things ordained by them as necessary to Salvation have neither

See the Homily of the Estabforce por anthority, unless it may

lished Church of England be proved that they are taken

"Against Peril of Idolatry," out of Holy Scripture. No human

Part iii. Law, Decree, or Authority can override individual responsibil.

XXIV. Of Ministering in the ity in things divine, or the right

Congregation. and the duty of private judgment :

THOSE who would undertake for the individual Christian, as

the office and work of pub

Eforasmuch as they are as



lic preaching, and of ministering to have public prayer in the the Ordinances of Christ in the Church, or to Minister the ordiCongregation, should be lawfully nances of Christ, in a tongue not called thereunto, and sent to exe- understood by the people. cute the same. And those are to be considered as lawfully called and

XXVI. of the Two Figurative sent, who, having given evidence

Ordinances of Christ (commonly of being moved to this work by

called Sacraments). the Holy Spirit, are duly appointed by men who have public au- UR Lord Jesus Christ hath thority given unto them in the knit together His people in Congregation to ordain and send a visible company by certain forth Ministers into the Lord's figurative ordinances, "most few Vineyard.

in number," most easy to be kept, It is provable from Holy Scrip

" most excellent in significature that Ministers who are some- tion,'. viz. : Baptism and the times called Bishops and some- Supper of the Lord. times Presbyters were to be Those five so-called Sacraments, ordained in every city. Among that is to say, Confirmation, Penthese there were some, as James, ance, Orders, Matrimony, and ExTimothy and Titus, who were

treme Unction, are not to be accalled to special duties as over- counted as Figurative Ordinances seers in certain Churches.

of the Gospel, for that they have This Church, following these not any visible form or ceremony indications of Apostolic order, re

ordained of Christ. cognises the Pastors of Congregations as Bishops or Presbyters, XXVII. Of Baptism.

among them of certain who, for BAPTI Believerssewith Christ,

temporary or permanent service,

and their rising with Him to newmay be appointed to Preside and to Moderate, and under the title

ness of life. It is a sign of proof Bishops to exercise authority

fession, whereby they publicly ag Primi inter Pares.

declare their faith in Him. It is

intended also as a sign of regeneThis Church, following herein also the guidance of Holy Scrip

ration or the new birth. ture, recognises the office of the openly grafted into the Church of

They that are baptized are Diaconate for the management of

Christ. the Temporalities and Charities of the Churches, and for assisting quired of those who come to this

Repentance and faith are rethe Presbyters, as occasion may

Ordinance, as our Lord hath said, serve, in the edifying of the Con

"he that believeth and is bapgregations of the Faithful. The

tized shall be saved." No instance appointment of Deacons may be

is recorded in the New Testament temporary or permanent; and in the case of fit persons it may be

of the Baptism of any who had come a step to the order of Pres.

not made a profession of their

faith in Christ. byter or Bishop.

• A service of Dedication is proMen of good report, and inoved

vided by this Church, whereby thereto by the Spirit of Christ, are at liberty to preach the Gos

parents and guardians inay com

mend their children to God's pel as Evangelists and Teachers, although they be not formally

gracious mercy and protection, appointed to the office of Pastor.

and devote them to the holy and

blessed service of Him Who said, XXV. Of Speaking in the Con

"Suffer the little children to gregation in such a Tongue as

come unto Me, for of such is the the People Understand.

Kingdom of God." T

to the Word of God, and the * See Church of England Homily custom of the Primitive Church, "of Common Prayer," page 377.

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istered to all Christian people XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. alike.


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THE Supper of the Lord is a

XXX. Of the One Oblation of tion by Christ's death, for thereby

Christ Finished Upon the Cross we do proclaim the Lord's death till He come.

MHE Offering of Christ is that It is a symbol of the soul's feeding on Christ; and it is a sign of

tiation, and satisfaction for the the communion that we should

sin of mankind, both original and have with one another. "For we

actual, which was once-for-all who are many are one loaf, one

made upon the cross; and there is body; for we all partake of the

none other satisfaction for sin, one loaf” (1 Cor. x. 17).

but that alone. And as there is Transubstantiation (or the

only this one sacrifice once made, change of the substance of bread

never to be repeated, so there is and wine into the very Body and

but one Priest, even Jesus Christ, Blood of Christ, in the Supper of

the Apostle and High Priest of the Lord) cannot be proved by

our profession. Wherefore any Holy Writ, is repugnant to the representation of the Lord's Supplain words of Scripture, over

per as a sacrifice is to be rejected throweth the nature of a Symbolic

as false, and condemned as deroOrdinance, and hath given occa

gating from the Finished Sacrifice sion to many and idolatrous

of Christ ; and the Romish Mass, superstitions.

or any kindred Service, in the Consubstantiation (or the doc

which it is professed that the trine that Christ is veiled under

Priest offers to God a true, proper, the inchanged bread and wine,

and propitiatory sacrifice for the and that His very Body and Blood living and the dead, is a blasare present, in and with, though phemous fable and a pernicious separate from, the bread and wine) imposture. is without warrant of Scripture and, like transubstantiation, is

XXXI. of Certain Erroneous productive of idolatrous errors

Doctrines and Practices. and practices. We feed on Christ in the heart,

all teachings spiritual manner, by faith,

character, concerning purgatory, through His Word and by the

penance, and satisfaction, are operation of His Spirit; and so

without support from the Word of we feed on Him whether at our

God, and are, besides, contradicprivate devotions or in our medi.

tory of the completeness and tations, or on any occasion of sufficiency of the Redemption in Public Worship, as well as in the

Christ Jesus, of Justification by memorial service of the Lord's

Faith only, and of the effectual Supper.

working of God the Holy Spirit. The elements of the Lord's Sup

The practice of praying for the per were not by Christ's ordi.

dead rests on human tradition, nance, neither are they in this

and is in violation of the express Church to be, reserved, taken out of the Church, borne in proces

warnings of Almighty God to the

careless and unconverted. sion, lifted up, or worshipped.

The adoration of relics and

images, and the invoeation of XXIX. Of both Kinds.

angels, of the Virgin Mary, and

of Saints, besides that they are HE

grounded upon no warranty of be denied to any of His Scripture, are idolatrons practices people, for both the bread and the dishonouring to God, and subverwine, by Christ's ordinance and sive of the Mediatorial office of commandinent, ought to be min. Christ.

PRIVATE confession of sins to

XXXII. Of Confession and upon public profession of repenAbsolution.

tance they may be received back into the fellowship of the Church

by those who have authority , as Auricular Confession, has no

thereunto. foundation in the Word of God, and is a human invention.

XXXV. of the Reunion of ChrisIt makes the professed penitent

tian Churches. a slave to mere human authority, tent in

Christians are to be deand opens the way to many im.

plored as evil in tendency and moralities.

fact, as a hindrance to the success If one sin against his fellow. of the Gospel, and as dishonouring man, the Scripture requires him

to the Great Head of the Church, to make confession to the offended

yet the reunion of the Churches person; and so also if one sin and must be sought, and can only be bring scandal upon the Christian successfully accomplished, in the Society of which he is a mem

return of all branches of the ber.

Christian Church to simplicity of But in any and every case, con

faith and practice as determined fession is still to be made to God; by Holy Scripture, and by each for all sins are committed against

believer drawing closer to the Him, as well such as offend our Lord Jesus Christ in faith and fellow-man, as those that offend obedience, and so of necessity apHim alone.

proaching nearer to all his fellowPriestly absolution is a blasphe- Christians. mous usurpation of the sole prerogative of God.

XXXVI. Of the Observance of

the Christian Sabbath, commonXXXIII. Of the Marriage of Ministers.

ly called the Lord's Day. Chronmanded by God's Law HRISTIAN Ministers are

not WChurch may appoint other either to vow the estate of single days of solemn observance, we life, or to abstain from marriage : judge that the Sabbath alone is therefore it is lawful for them, as

of Divine authority and perfor all other Christian men, to petual obligation. marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to XXXVII. Of Christian Men's serve better to godliness.

Goods, which are not common.

of XXXIV. Of Church Discipline. THEhriches, and goods

Christians com

mon, as touching the right, title, Pedal to the Christian Society and possession of the same. Notby impugning Holy Scripture, or

withstanding, every man onght, by the rejection of any of the

of such things as he possesseth, fundamental Articles of the Chris

liberally to give alms to the poor tian Faith, or by immorality, or

according to his ability, and to other flagrant offence against 'the aid in the extension of the KingLaw of God and the Precepts of dom of Christ. the Gospel, may be justly excluded from the Church and its

XXXVIII. of Civil Magisordinances, and marked dis

trates. approval of their conduct should be manifested; but at the same THE Queen's Majesty hath time they should be exhorted and encouraged to put away their sin Realm of England, and other her and return to God, in order that | Dominions, unto whom the civil their Flocks of the manifold development of those signs of the times, and special indications of the approach of the Second Advent, which our Blessed Lord Himself has given.

Government of all Estates of this Princes in Holy Scriptures by God Realm doth appertain, but hath Himself ; that is that they should no authority in things purely rule all estates and degrees comSpiritual. We give not to our mitted to their charge by God, and princes the ministering either of minister true judgment unto the God's Word, or of the ordinances people. The Bishop of Rome of Christ; but that only pre- neither hath nor ought to have any rogative, which we see to have jurisdiction within our Sovereign's been given always to all godly Dominions.



LL Ministers of this Church are exhorted to remind and warn

A Spirit of watchfulness and prayer, and a diligent discharge of the duties of their several stations in life, should characterize all the professed followers of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who has said, " Blessed is that servant whom his Lord, when He cometh, shall find so doing."

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