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Telaimer cho be The Holy
sidered requisite, which the Lord Christ distinctly affirms, is to be Himself by His own word, or judged by the Word. The only through His apostles, ordained. Rule of Faith is God's Word
written, XXI. of the Authority of a Church.
XXIII, of the Apostate Church CHURCH hath power to ar
of Rome. range its own order of wor
HE Church of Rome, which ship, and to declare its own Faith and Discipline; yet it is not law
Catholic and Apostolic Roman ful for any Church to ordain or
Church, the Mother and Mistress decide anything that is contrary of all Churches," is a great aposto God's Word written, or so to ex
tasy from the Truth of God, and pound one place of Scripture, that
is drunken with the blood of the it be repugnant to another. As a saints, and with the blood of the Church ought not to decree any inartyrs of Jesus. thing against Holy Scripture, so
The Pope, or Bishop of Rome, besides the same ought it not to
her head, is a usurper and an enforce anything to be believed antichrist, assuming to himself for necessity of Salvation, or to be
universal dominion, denouncing done as essential to the due wor
as rebels and "Heretics" all bapship of God.
tized persons who reject his auThe Creeds, commonly called thority, and asserting that Herethe Apostles' Creed, and the Ni
tics are to be punished with concene Creed-though they be not fiscation of goods, imprisonment, inspired-ought to be received and
exile, and death. believed, for they may be proved
Claiming to be the Vice-gerent by Holy Scripture. The Creed,
of God upon earth, and to be in. commonly called the Athanasian
fallible in matters of Faith and Creed, with the exception of the
Morals (as defined by the Vatican Condemning Clauses, is retained
Council of A.D. 1870), he has arrofor reference by this Church, as
gated to himself the prerogatives an ancient and valuable exposi- of Deity, and is guilty of blastion of Doctrine respecting the phemy against God Most High. Trinity in Unity, and as a safe
To the Twelve Articles of the guard against erroneous teaching
Ancient Nicene Creed (A.D. 325), with regard to the proper Deity
Rome added, in A.D. 1564, Twelve of our Lord Jesus Christ; but is
New Articles in the Modern Creed intended to be publicly read
known as The Creed of Pope Pius in the services of the Church.
IV. In A.D. 1854 she added the
dogma of “The Immaculate ConXXII. Of the Authority of
ception of the Blessed Virgin Ecclesiastical Councils.
Mary;" and yet again, in A.D. OCLESIASTICAL Councils
1870, the dogma of the personal
"Infallibility of the Pope." semblies of men, whereof all are
Against such false and fatal not governed by the Spirit and teaching, this Protestant Church Word of God) inay err, and some
of England emphatically maintimes have erred, even in things
tains the witness of the faithful pertaining to God. Wherefore
martyrs of the period of the Re.
formation. things ordained by them as necessary to Salvation have neither
See the Homily of the Estabforce por anthority, unless it may
lished Church of England be proved that they are taken
"Against Peril of Idolatry," out of Holy Scripture. No human
Part iii. Law, Decree, or Authority can override individual responsibil.
XXIV. Of Ministering in the ity in things divine, or the right
Congregation. and the duty of private judgment :
THOSE who would undertake for the individual Christian, as
the office and work of pub
Eforasmuch as they are as
lic preaching, and of ministering to have public prayer in the the Ordinances of Christ in the Church, or to Minister the ordiCongregation, should be lawfully nances of Christ, in a tongue not called thereunto, and sent to exe- understood by the people. cute the same. And those are to be considered as lawfully called and
XXVI. of the Two Figurative sent, who, having given evidence
Ordinances of Christ (commonly of being moved to this work by
called Sacraments). the Holy Spirit, are duly appointed by men who have public au- UR Lord Jesus Christ hath thority given unto them in the knit together His people in Congregation to ordain and send a visible company by certain forth Ministers into the Lord's figurative ordinances, "most few Vineyard.
in number," most easy to be kept, It is provable from Holy Scrip
" most excellent in significature that Ministers who are some- tion,'. viz. : Baptism and the times called Bishops and some- Supper of the Lord. times Presbyters were to be Those five so-called Sacraments, ordained in every city. Among that is to say, Confirmation, Penthese there were some, as James, ance, Orders, Matrimony, and ExTimothy and Titus, who were
treme Unction, are not to be accalled to special duties as over- counted as Figurative Ordinances seers in certain Churches.
of the Gospel, for that they have This Church, following these not any visible form or ceremony indications of Apostolic order, re
ordained of Christ. cognises the Pastors of Congregations as Bishops or Presbyters, XXVII. Of Baptism.
among them of certain who, for BAPTI Believerssewith Christ,
temporary or permanent service,
and their rising with Him to newmay be appointed to Preside and to Moderate, and under the title
ness of life. It is a sign of proof Bishops to exercise authority
fession, whereby they publicly ag Primi inter Pares.
declare their faith in Him. It is
intended also as a sign of regeneThis Church, following herein also the guidance of Holy Scrip
ration or the new birth. ture, recognises the office of the openly grafted into the Church of
They that are baptized are Diaconate for the management of
Christ. the Temporalities and Charities of the Churches, and for assisting quired of those who come to this
Repentance and faith are rethe Presbyters, as occasion may
Ordinance, as our Lord hath said, serve, in the edifying of the Con
"he that believeth and is bapgregations of the Faithful. The
tized shall be saved." No instance appointment of Deacons may be
is recorded in the New Testament temporary or permanent; and in the case of fit persons it may be
of the Baptism of any who had come a step to the order of Pres.
not made a profession of their
faith in Christ. byter or Bishop.
• A service of Dedication is proMen of good report, and inoved
vided by this Church, whereby thereto by the Spirit of Christ, are at liberty to preach the Gos
parents and guardians inay com
mend their children to God's pel as Evangelists and Teachers, although they be not formally
gracious mercy and protection, appointed to the office of Pastor.
and devote them to the holy and
blessed service of Him Who said, XXV. Of Speaking in the Con
"Suffer the little children to gregation in such a Tongue as
come unto Me, for of such is the the People Understand.
Kingdom of God." T
to the Word of God, and the * See Church of England Homily custom of the Primitive Church, "of Common Prayer," page 377.
istered to all Christian people XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. alike.
THE Supper of the Lord is a
XXX. Of the One Oblation of tion by Christ's death, for thereby
Christ Finished Upon the Cross we do proclaim the Lord's death till He come.
MHE Offering of Christ is that It is a symbol of the soul's feeding on Christ; and it is a sign of
tiation, and satisfaction for the the communion that we should
sin of mankind, both original and have with one another. "For we
actual, which was once-for-all who are many are one loaf, one
made upon the cross; and there is body; for we all partake of the
none other satisfaction for sin, one loaf” (1 Cor. x. 17).
but that alone. And as there is Transubstantiation (or the
only this one sacrifice once made, change of the substance of bread
never to be repeated, so there is and wine into the very Body and
but one Priest, even Jesus Christ, Blood of Christ, in the Supper of
the Apostle and High Priest of the Lord) cannot be proved by
our profession. Wherefore any Holy Writ, is repugnant to the representation of the Lord's Supplain words of Scripture, over
per as a sacrifice is to be rejected throweth the nature of a Symbolic
as false, and condemned as deroOrdinance, and hath given occa
gating from the Finished Sacrifice sion to many and idolatrous
of Christ ; and the Romish Mass, superstitions.
or any kindred Service, in the Consubstantiation (or the doc
which it is professed that the trine that Christ is veiled under
Priest offers to God a true, proper, the inchanged bread and wine,
and propitiatory sacrifice for the and that His very Body and Blood living and the dead, is a blasare present, in and with, though phemous fable and a pernicious separate from, the bread and wine) imposture. is without warrant of Scripture and, like transubstantiation, is
XXXI. of Certain Erroneous productive of idolatrous errors
Doctrines and Practices. and practices. We feed on Christ in the heart,
all teachings spiritual manner, by faith,
character, concerning purgatory, through His Word and by the
penance, and satisfaction, are operation of His Spirit; and so
without support from the Word of we feed on Him whether at our
God, and are, besides, contradicprivate devotions or in our medi.
tory of the completeness and tations, or on any occasion of sufficiency of the Redemption in Public Worship, as well as in the
Christ Jesus, of Justification by memorial service of the Lord's
Faith only, and of the effectual Supper.
working of God the Holy Spirit. The elements of the Lord's Sup
The practice of praying for the per were not by Christ's ordi.
dead rests on human tradition, nance, neither are they in this
and is in violation of the express Church to be, reserved, taken out of the Church, borne in proces
warnings of Almighty God to the
careless and unconverted. sion, lifted up, or worshipped.
The adoration of relics and
images, and the invoeation of XXIX. Of both Kinds.
angels, of the Virgin Mary, and
of Saints, besides that they are HE
grounded upon no warranty of be denied to any of His Scripture, are idolatrons practices people, for both the bread and the dishonouring to God, and subverwine, by Christ's ordinance and sive of the Mediatorial office of commandinent, ought to be min. Christ.
PRIVATE confession of sins to
XXXII. Of Confession and upon public profession of repenAbsolution.
tance they may be received back into the fellowship of the Church
by those who have authority , as Auricular Confession, has no
thereunto. foundation in the Word of God, and is a human invention.
XXXV. of the Reunion of ChrisIt makes the professed penitent
tian Churches. a slave to mere human authority, tent in
Christians are to be deand opens the way to many im.
plored as evil in tendency and moralities.
fact, as a hindrance to the success If one sin against his fellow. of the Gospel, and as dishonouring man, the Scripture requires him
to the Great Head of the Church, to make confession to the offended
yet the reunion of the Churches person; and so also if one sin and must be sought, and can only be bring scandal upon the Christian successfully accomplished, in the Society of which he is a mem
return of all branches of the ber.
Christian Church to simplicity of But in any and every case, con
faith and practice as determined fession is still to be made to God; by Holy Scripture, and by each for all sins are committed against
believer drawing closer to the Him, as well such as offend our Lord Jesus Christ in faith and fellow-man, as those that offend obedience, and so of necessity apHim alone.
proaching nearer to all his fellowPriestly absolution is a blasphe- Christians. mous usurpation of the sole prerogative of God.
XXXVI. Of the Observance of
the Christian Sabbath, commonXXXIII. Of the Marriage of Ministers.
ly called the Lord's Day. Chronmanded by God's Law HRISTIAN Ministers are
not WChurch may appoint other either to vow the estate of single days of solemn observance, we life, or to abstain from marriage : judge that the Sabbath alone is therefore it is lawful for them, as
of Divine authority and perfor all other Christian men, to petual obligation. marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to XXXVII. Of Christian Men's serve better to godliness.
Goods, which are not common.
of XXXIV. Of Church Discipline. THEhriches, and goods
mon, as touching the right, title, Pedal to the Christian Society and possession of the same. Notby impugning Holy Scripture, or
withstanding, every man onght, by the rejection of any of the
of such things as he possesseth, fundamental Articles of the Chris
liberally to give alms to the poor tian Faith, or by immorality, or
according to his ability, and to other flagrant offence against 'the aid in the extension of the KingLaw of God and the Precepts of dom of Christ. the Gospel, may be justly excluded from the Church and its
XXXVIII. of Civil Magisordinances, and marked dis
trates. approval of their conduct should be manifested; but at the same THE Queen's Majesty hath time they should be exhorted and encouraged to put away their sin Realm of England, and other her and return to God, in order that | Dominions, unto whom the civil their Flocks of the manifold development of those signs of the times, and special indications of the approach of the Second Advent, which our Blessed Lord Himself has given.
Government of all Estates of this Princes in Holy Scriptures by God Realm doth appertain, but hath Himself ; that is that they should no authority in things purely rule all estates and degrees comSpiritual. We give not to our mitted to their charge by God, and princes the ministering either of minister true judgment unto the God's Word, or of the ordinances people. The Bishop of Rome of Christ; but that only pre- neither hath nor ought to have any rogative, which we see to have jurisdiction within our Sovereign's been given always to all godly Dominions.
A CONCLUDING EXHORTATION.
LL Ministers of this Church are exhorted to remind and warn
A Spirit of watchfulness and prayer, and a diligent discharge of the duties of their several stations in life, should characterize all the professed followers of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who has said, " Blessed is that servant whom his Lord, when He cometh, shall find so doing."