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whose name was Hopeful (being made so CHR. Are you a married man? by the beholding of Christian and Faithful BY-ENDS. Yes, and my wife is a very in their words and behaviour in their suf- virtuous woman, the daughter of a virtuous ferings at the fair), who joined himself unto

woman; She was my Lady Feigning's him, and, entering into a brotherly cove- daughter, therefore she came of a very nant, told him that he would be his com- honorable family, and is arrived to such a panion. Thus, one died to bear testimony pitch of breeding that she knows how to to the truth, and another rises out of his carry it to all, even to prince and peasant. ashes to be a companion with Christian in 'Tis true, we somewhat differ in religion his pilgrimage. This Hopeful also told from those of the stricter sort, yet but in Christian that there were many more of two small points: First, we never strive the men in the fair that would take their against wind and tide: Secondly, we are time and follow after.

always most zealous when Religion goes So I saw that quickly after they were got in his silver slippers; we love much to out of the fair they overtook one that was walk with him in the street, if the sun going before them, whose name was By- shines, and the people applaud him. ends: so they said to him, What country- Then Christian stepped a little aside to man, Sir? and how far go you this way? his fellow Hopeful, saying, It runs in my He told them that he came from the town mind that this is one By-ends of Fairof Fair-speech, and he was going to the speech, and if it be he, we have as very a Celestial City (but told them not his knave in our company as dwelleth in all name).

these parts. Then said Hopeful, Ask From Fair-speech! said Christian; is him; methinks he should not be ashamed there any that be good that lives there?

of his name. So Christian came up with BY-ENDS. Yes, said By-ends, I hope. him again, and said, Sir, you talk as if

CHR. Pray, Sir, what may I call you? you knew something more than all the said Christian.

world doth, and if I take not my mark BY-ENDS. I am a stranger to you, and amiss, I deem I have half a guess of you: you to me: if you be going this way, I Is not your name Mr. By-ends of Fairshall be glad of your company; if not, I speech? must be content.

BY-ENDS. This is not my name, but CHR. This town of Fair-speech I have indeed it is a nickname that is given me heard of, and, as I remember, they say it's by some that cannot abide me; and I a wealthy place.

must be content to bear it as a reproach, BY-ENDS. Yes, I will assure you that it as other good men have borne theirs before is; and I have very many rich kindred there. CHR. Pray, who are your kindred

CHR. But did you never give an occaif a man may be

sion to men to call you by this name? BY-ENDS. Almost the whole town; BY-ENDS. Never, never ! the worst and, in particular, my Lord Turn-about, that ever I did to give them an occasion to my Lord Time-server, my Lord Fair- give me this name was, That I had always speech (from whose ancestors that town the luck to jump in my judgment with first took its name): also Mr. Smooth- the present way of the times, whatever it man, Mr. Facing-both-ways, Mr. Any- was, and my chance was to get thereby; thing; and the parson of our parish, Mr. but if things are thus cast upon me, let Two-tongues, was my mother's

me count them a blessing, but let not the brother, by father's side; and to tell you malicious load me therefore with reproach. the truth, I am become a gentleman of good CHR. I thought indeed that you were quality; yet my great-grandfather was the man that I heard of, and to tell you but a waterman, looking one way and what I think, I fear this name belongs to rowing another; and I got most of my you more properly than you are willing we estate by the same occupation.



so bold?


should think it doth.


BY-ENDS. Well, if you will thus im- MONEY-LOVE. Alas! why did not they agine, I cannot help it. You shall find me stay, that we might have had their good a fair company-keeper, if you will still company? for they, and we, and you, admit me your associate.

Sir, I hope, are all going on a pilgrimage. CHR. If you will go with us, you must BY-ENDS. We are so indeed, but the go against wind and tide, the which, I men before us are so rigid, and love so perceive, is against your opinion: You much their own notions, and do also so must also own Religion in his rags, as well lightly esteem the opinions of others, that as when in his silver slippers, and stand let a man be never so godly, yet if he by him too, when bound in irons, as well as jumps not with them in all things, they when he walketh the streets with applause. thrust him quite out of their company.

BY-ENDS. You must not impose, nor SAVE-ALL. That's bad ; but we read of lord it over my faith; leave me to my some, that are righteous overmuch; and liberty, and let me go with you.

such men's rigidness prevails with them to Chr. Not a step further, unless you judge and condemn all but themselves. will do in what I propound, as we.

But I pray, what, and how many, were the Then said By-ends, I shall never desert things wherein you differed ? my old principles, since they are harmless BY-ENDS. Why they, after their headand profitable. If I may not go with you, strong manner, conclude that it is duty to I must do as I did before you overtook rush on their journey all weathers, and I me, even go by myself, until some overtake am for waiting for wind and tide. They me that will be glad of my company. are for hazarding all for God at a clap, and

Now I saw in my dream, that Christian I am for taking all advantages to secure and Hopeful forsook him, and kept their my life and estate. They are for holding distance before him; but one of them their notions, though all other men be looking back, saw three men following Mr. against them; but I am for religion in By-ends, and behold, as they came up with what, and so far as, the times and my him, he made them a very low congee, and safety will bear it. They are for religion they also gave him a compliment. The when in rags and contempt; but I am for men's names were Mr. Hold-the-world, him when he walks in his golden slippers, Mr. Money-love, and Mr. Save-all; men in the sunshine, and with applause. that Mr. By-ends had formerly been ac- HOLD-THE-WORLD. Ay, and hold you quainted with; for in their minority they there still, good Mr. By-ends; for, for my were school-fellows, and taught by one Mr. part, I can count him but a fool, that, Gripe-man, a schoolmaster in Love-gain, having the liberty to keep what he has, which is a market-town in the county of shall be so unwise as to lose it. Let us be Coveting, in the north. This schoolmaster wise as serpents: 'tis best to make hay taught them the art of getting, either by when the sun shines; you see how the bee violence, cozenage, flattery, lying, or by lieth still all winter, and bestirs her only putting on a guise of religion; and these when she can have profit with pleasure. four gentlemen had attained much of the God sends sometimes rain, and sometimes art of their master, so that they could each sunshine; if they be such fools to go of them have kept such a school them through the first, yet let us be content selves.

to take fair weather along with us. For Well, when they had, as I said, thus my part, I like that religion best that will saluted each other, Mr. Money-love said stand with the security of God's good blessto Mr. By-ends, Who are they upon the ings unto us; for who can imagine, that is road before us? (For Christian and Hope- ruled by his reason, since God has beful were yet within view.)

stowed upon us the good things of this BY-ENDS. They are a couple of far life, but that he would have us keep them countrymen, that after their mode are for his sake? Abraham and Solomon grew going on pilgrimage.

rich in religion. And Job says, that a good

are all


man shall lay up gold as dust. But he

But he preacher, etc., and so makes him a better must not be such as the men before us, if man; yea, makes him better improve his they be as you have described them. parts, which is according to the mind of SAVE-ALL. I think that we

God. agreed in this matter, and therefore there 3. Now as for his complying with the needs no more words about it.

temper of his people, by dissenting, to MONEY-LOVE. No, there needs no more serve them, some of his principles, this words about this matter indeed; for he argueth, 1. That he is of a self-denying that believes neither Scripture nor reason temper; 2. Of a sweet and winning de(and you see we have both on our side) portment; 3. And so more fit for the neither knows his own liberty nor seeks his ministerial function. own safety.

4. I conclude then, that a minister that BY-ENDS. My brethren, we are, as you changes a small for a great, should not for see, going all on pilgrimage; and for our so doing be judged as covetous; but rather, better diversion from things that are bad, since he is improved in his parts and ingive me leave to propound unto you this dustry thereby, be counted as one that question :

pursues his call, and the opportunity put Suppose a man, a minister or a trades- into his hand to do good. man, etc., should have an advantage lie And now to the second part of the quesbefore him to get the good blessings of tion which concerns the tradesman you this life, yet so as that he can by no means mentioned: Suppose such an one to have come by them, except, in appearance at but a poor employ in the world, but by least, he becomes extraordinary zealous becoming religious, he may mend his in some points of religion that he meddled market, perhaps get a rich wife, or more not with before; may he not use this and far better customers to his shop; for means to attain his end, and yet be a right my part I see no reason but this may be honest man?

lawfully done. For why MONEY-LOVE. I see the bottom of your 1. To become religious is a virtue, by question, and with these gentlemen's good what means soever a man becomes so. leave, I will endeavour to shape you an 2. Nor is it unlawful to get a rich wife, answer. And first to speak to your ques- or more custom to my shop. tion as it concerneth a minister himself: 3. Besides, the man that gets these by Suppose a minister, a worthy man, pos- becoming religious, gets that which is sessed but of a very small benefice, and has good, of them that are good, by becoming in his eye a greater, more fat and plump good himself: so then here is a good wife, by far; he has also now an opportunity and good customers, and good gain, and of getting of it, yet so as by being more all these by becoming religious, which is studious, by preaching more frequently good: therefore to become religious to and zealously, and, because the temper get all these is a good and profitable design. of the people requires it, by altering of This answer, thus made by this Mr. some of his principles; for my part I see Money-love to Mr. By-ends' question, no reason but a man may do this (pro- was highly applauded by them all, where vided he has a call), ay, and more a great fore they concluded upon the whole, that deal besides, and yet be an honest man. it was most wholesome and advantageous. For why

And because, as they thought, no man was 1. His desire of a greater benefice is able to contradict it, and because Christian lawful (this cannot be contradicted), since and Hopeful were yet within call, they it is set before him by providence; so jointly agreed to assault them with the then, he may get it if he can, making no question as soon as they overtook them, question for conscience sake.

and the rather because they had opposed 2. Besides, his desire after that benefice Mr. By-ends before. So they called after makes him more studious, a more zealous them, and they stopped and stood still till they came up to them; but they con- the world, will throw away religion for the cluded as they went, that not Mr. By-ends, world; for so surely as Judas designed the but old Mr. Hold-the-world, should pro- world in becoming religious, so surely did pound the question to them, because, as he also sell religion and his Master for the they supposed, their answer to him would same. To answer the question therefore be without the remainder of that heat affirmatively, as I perceive you have done, that was kindled betwixt Mr. By-ends and and to accept of as authentic such answer, them, at their parting a little before. is both heathenish, hypocritical, and

So they came up to each other, and after devilish, and your reward will be according a short salutation, Mr. Hold-the-world to your works. Then they stood staring propounded the question to Christian and one upon another, but had not wherewith his fellow, and bid them to answer it if they to answer Christian. Hopeful also apcould.

proved of the soundness of Christian's Chr. Then said Christian, Even a .

answer; so there was a great silence among babe in religion may answer ten thousand them. Mr. By-ends and his company also such questions. For if it be unlawful to staggered and kept behind, that Christian follow Christ for loaves, as it is, how much and Hopeful might outgo them. Then more abominable is it to make of him and said Christian to his fellow, If these men religion a stalking-horse, to get and enjoy cannot stand before the sentence of men, the world? Nor do we find any other what will they do with the sentence of than heathens, hypocrites, devils, and God? And if they are mute when dealt witches, that are of this opinion.

with by vessels of clay, what will they do 1. Heathens: for when Hamor and when they shall be rebuked by the flames Shechem had a mind to the daughter and of a devouring fire? cattle of Jacob, and saw that there was no way for them to come at them but by

SAMUEL PEPYS becoming circumcised, they say to their companions: If every male of us be cir

THE LONDON FIRE cumcised, as they are circumcised, shall

From the DIARY, September 2, 1666. not their cattle, and their substance, and every beast of theirs, be ours? Their SEPTEMBER ist. Up and at the office all daughter and their cattle were that which the morning, and then dined at home. they sought to obtain, and their religion Got my new closet made mighty clean the stalking-horse they made use of to against to-morrow. Sir W. Pen and my come at them. Read the whole story. wife and Mercer and I to “Polichinelly,'

2. The hypocritical Pharisees were also but were there horribly frighted to see of this religion ; long prayers were their Young Killigrew come in with a great pretense, but to get widowshouses was many more young sparks; but we hid their intent; and greater damnation was ourselves, so as we think they did not see from God their judgment.

us. By and by they went away, and then 3. Judas the devil was also of this reli- we were at rest again; and so, the play gion; he was religious for the bag, that being done, we to Islington, and there eat he might be possessed of what was therein ; and drank and mighty merry; and so but he was lost, cast away, and the very home singing, and, after a letter or two son of perdition.

at the office, to bed. 4. Simon the witch was of this religion 2nd (Lord's day). Some of our maids too: for he would have had the Holy sitting up late last night to get things ready Ghost, that he might have got money against our feast today, Jane called us up therewith, and his sentence from Peter's about three in the morning, to tell us mouth was according.

of a great fire they saw in the city. So I 5. Neither will it out of my mind, but rose and slipped on my night-gowne, and that that man that takes up religion for went to her window, and thought it to be

on the back-side of Marke-lane at the farthest; but, being unused to such fires as followed, I thought it far enough off ; and so went to bed again and to sleep. About seven rose again to dress myself, and there looked out at the window, and saw the fire not so much as it was and further off. So to my closet to set things to rights after yesterday's cleaning. By and by Jane comes and tells me that she hears that above 300 houses have been burned down to-night by the fire we saw, and that it is now burning down all Fishstreet, by London Bridge. So I made myself ready presently, and walked to the Tower, and there got up upon one of the high places, Sir J. Robinson's little son going up with me; and there I did see the houses at that end of the bridge all on fire, and an infinite great fire on this and the other side the end of the bridge; which, among other people, did trouble me for poor little Michell and our Sarah on the bridge. So down, with my heart full of trouble, to the Lieutenant of the Tower, who tells me that it begun this morning in the King's baker's house in Puddinglane, and that it hath burned St. Magnus Church and most part of Fish-street already. So I down to the water-side, and there got a boat and through bridge, and there saw a lamentable fire. Poor Michell's house, as far as the Old Swan, already burned that way, and the fire running further, that in a very little time it got as far as the Steele-yard, while I was there. Everybody endeavouring to remove their goods, and flinging into the river or bringing them into lighters that layoff; poor people staying in their houses as long as till the

fire touched them, and then running into boats, or clambering from one pair of stairs by the water-side to another. And among other things, the poor pigeons, I perceive, were loth to leave their houses, but hovered about the windows and balconys till they were, some of them burned, their wings, and fell down. Having staid, and in an hour's time seen the fire rage every way, and nobody, to my sight, endeavoring to quench it, but to remove their


goods, and leave all to the fire, and having seen it get as far as the Steele-yard, and the wind mighty high and driving it into the City; and everything, after so long a drought, proving combustible, even the very stones of churches, and among other things the poor steeple by which pretty Mrs. lives, and whereof my old schoolfellow Elborough is parson, taken fire in the very top, and there burned till it fell down: I go to White Hall, and there up to the King's closet in the Chappel, where people come about me, and I did give them an account dismayed them all, and word was carried in to the King. So I was called for, and did tell the King and Duke of York what I saw, and that unless his Majesty did command houses to be pulled down nothing could stop the fire. They seemed much troubled, and the King commanded me to go to my Lord Mayor from him, and command him to spare no houses, but to pull down before the fire every way. The Duke of York bid me tell him that if he would have any more soldiers he shall; and so did my Lord Arlington afterwards, as a great secret. Here meeting with Captain Cocke, I in his coach, which he lent me, and Creed with me to Paul's, and there walked along Watlingstreet, as well as I could, every creature coming away loaden with goods to save, and here and there sick people carried away in beds. Extraordinary good goods carried in carts and on backs. At last met my Lord Mayor in Canning-street,

man spent, with a handkercher about his neck. To the King's message he cried, like a fainting woman, "Lord ! what can I do? I am spent: people will not obey me. I have been pulling down houses; but the fire overtakes us faster than we can do it.” That he needed no more soldiers and that, for himself, he must go and refresh himself, having been up all night. So he left me, and I him, and walked home, seeing people all almost distracted, and no manner of means used to quench the fire. The houses, too, so very thick thereabouts, and full of matter for burning, as pitch and tarr, in Thamesstreet; and warehouses of oil, and wines,

like a


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