The Virginia Report of 1799-1800: Touching the Alien and Sedition Laws; Together with the Virginia Resolutions of December 21, 1798, Including the Debate and Proceedings Thereon in the House of Delegates of Virginia and Other Documents Illustrative of the Report and Resolutions
J.W. Randolph, 1850 - 264 頁
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abridged admitted adopted alien and sedition alien-act alien-law amendment America argument army articles of confederation asked authority Barbour Breckenridge citizens clause committee common law commonwealth compact consequence consider Consti constitutionality construction contended convention Daingerfield dangerous declared defence delegated doctrine duty effect enumerated established executive exercise express expressly favour Federal Constitution Federal Government foreign France freedom gentleman from Caroline gentleman from Prince House invasion James Taylor John Taylor judge judicial power judiciary law of nations legislative legislature liberties reserved liberty limited means measures ment Mercer monarchy necessary and proper object observed offence opinion particular parties passed persons Peter Johnston powers not granted present President Prince George principles proceeded prohibited protect prove punishment question reason republican resolutions respect secured sedition law sedition-act sedition-law Senate sovereign sovereignty stitution supposed Talleyrand thereof tion trial by jury tution unconstitutional Union United usurpation vested violated Virginia voted
第 207 頁 - All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred for the common defence, or general welfare, and allowed by the United States in Congress assembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which shall be supplied by the several States in proportion to the value of all land within each State, granted to, or surveyed for, any person, as such land and the buildings and improvements thereon shall be estimated, according to such mode as the United States in Congress assembled shall,...
第 170 頁 - That the Government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions, as of the mode and measure of redress.
第 146 頁 - The liberty of the press is indeed essential to the nature of a free state ; but this consists in laying no previous restraints upon publications, and not in freedom from censure for criminal matter when published.
第 99 頁 - Constitution which declares that no person shall be deprived of his life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.
第 83 頁 - That the freedom of the press is one of the great bulwarks of liberty, and can never be restrained but by despotic governments.
第 205 頁 - ... that a spirit has in sundry instances, been manifested by the Federal Government, to enlarge its powers by forced constructions of the constitutional charter which defines them ; and that indications have appeared of a design to expound certain general phrases (which having been copied from the very limited grant of powers in the former articles of confederation were the less liable to be misconstrued), so as to destroy the meaning and effect of the particular enumeration, which necessarily explains...
第 39 頁 - The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year 1808, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
第 30 頁 - That this Assembly doth explicitly and peremptorily declare that it views the powers of the Federal Government, as resulting from the compact, to which the states are parties...
第 171 頁 - States, all lawful powers respecting the same did of right remain, and were reserved to the States or to the people ; that thus was manifested their determination to retain to themselves the right of judging how far the licentiousness of speech and of the press may be abridged without lessening their useful freedom, and how far those abuses which cannot be separated from their use should be tolerated rather than the use be destroyed...
第 30 頁 - States are parties, as limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument constituting that compact; as no further valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in that compact; and that, in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers not granted by the said compact, the States, who are parties thereto, have the right and are in duty bound to interpose for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining within their respective limits the authorities,...