Hazard-Wise: Classroom Resources for Teachers on Natural Hazards & Disasters
DIANE Publishing, 1995 - 112页
Provides the teachers with a ready-to-use classroom resource which covers many aspects of major national hazards and disasters. Through a series of exercises, students are stimulated to investigate the causes and effects of hazards and the way in which people can respond effectively to them. Well-know Australian case studies are used to illustrate the impact of natural disasters. Each section also contains activities designed to arouse greater interest in the topic such as crossword puzzles, research activities, and role-play exercises.
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Activities 1 Study Activities contd adapted from Hazards air pressure answer the following areas Bangladesh Bogan River buildings Bureau of Meteorology bushfire risk cause centre coast coastal Cyclone Rewa Cyclone Tracy cyclone warning damage Darwin describe Disasters and Survival drought earth's crust effects El Nino epicentre eruption evacuate farm fault Figure 1 Activities fire flash-floods floodwaters Glossary of Key HAZARD DATA Hazards and Disasters heavy rain hectopascals human-caused IDNDR impact information in Figure intraplate earthquakes Key Terms kilometres land gales lava levees lightning low pressure system magma metres Natural Disasters Organisation natural hazard Newcastle earthquake Nino Nyngan ocean period plate margins prediction Property Protection Queensland Rabaul radio rainfall deficiencies reduce result Rewa Richter Scale river Severe Storms severe thunderstorm soil South Australia storm surge Study Figure Survival and Property Sydney town trees tropical cyclone tsunamis volcano Walker Circulation waves weather map wind speed zone
第101页 - At a destructive margin one plate dives beneath the other. Friction causes it to melt and become molten magma. The magma forces its way up to the surface to form a volcano to the side of the actual plate margin (the ocean trench).
第28页 - FLOOD-PLAIN A plain, bordering a river, which has been formed from deposits of sediment carried down by the river. When a river rises and overflows its banks, the water spreads over the flood-plain; a layer of sediment is deposited at each flood, so that the flood-plain gradually rises.
第101页 - At a constructive margin where two plates are moving apart new magma can reach the surface through the gap. Volcanoes forming along this crack create a submarine mountain range called an ocean ridge, eg Mid-Atlantic ridge.
第101页 - In places where a plate is particularly thin magma may be able to escape to the surface. Such a place is called a 'hot spot'.
第96页 - on the Earth's surface which is directly above the focus of an earthquake...
第58页 - Minor house damage. Significant damage to signs, trees and caravans. Heavy damage to some crops. Risk of power failure. Small craft may break moorings. 3 170-225 Some roof and structural damage.
第44页 - Ugbt-nlna (lit'niiig). n, 1. a flash of light in the atmosphère caused by an electric charge within a cloud, between clouds, or between a cloud and the ground, —adj. 2. of or like Hghtnlng, csp. in regard to speed of movement UgafBlng tag/, firefly. Mgbt'nlng rod', a rodlike conductor installed to divert lightning away from a structure. Hgbt
第28页 - PRECIPITATION In meteorology, the deposits of water, in either liquid or solid form, which reach the earth from the atmosphere. It therefore includes not only rain, but also sleet, snow, and hail, which fall from the clouds, and dew and hoar frost. The total depth of liquid deposited — the solid forms being melted — is measured at meteorological and climatological stations by means of a Rain Gauge, and expressed in millimetres...