States' Rights and American Federalism: A Documentary History

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - 232 頁

The debate over states' rights versus federalism in America is one that has raged since our country's founding. Arguments over the interpretation of the Constitution and the meaning of power and its distribution among the states' governments echoes in governmental chambers even today. Students can trace the history and development of issues surrounding this debate, as well as the reactions to them, through this unique and comprehensive collection of over 65 primary documents. Court cases, opinion pieces, speeches and many other documents bring to life the controversies surrounding the debate. Explanatory introductions to documents aid users in understanding the various arguments put forth in deliberations over different governmental matters, while illuminating the significance of each document.

Drake and Nelson trace the origins and changes in the nature of states' rights and American federalism using carefully chosen documents to reflect the fact that the tension and interaction between the states' governments and the national government define the ideals and provide the means for realistic achievement of these ideals. Documents can be easily accessed through five different sections, each section exploring a specific period in history and contributing to the understanding of the debate. The introductory and explanatory text help readers understand the nature of the conflicts, the issues being contested, the social and cultural pressures that shaped each debate, and the manner in which the passions of individual government officials, justices, and our presidents affected the development of policies concerning states' rights and federalism.

 

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States Rights and American Federalism in the American Founding Era 16201789
1
The Mayflower Compact 1620
12
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1639
13
Organization of the Government of Rhode Island March 1619 1642
16
On Liberty 1645
17
Penns Plan of Union 1697
19
Albany Plan of Union 1754
21
Declarations of the Stamp Act Congress October 2 1765
23
James Buchanans Fourth Annual Message States and Withdrawal from the Union December 3 1860
125
Resolutions of Secession Mississippi January 11 1861 South Carolina December 20 1860 and Virginia April 17 1861
127
Abraham Lincolns First Inaugural Address March 4 1861
132
The Emancipation Proclamation January 1 1863
135
Changes Involving States Rights and Federalism from the Civil War to the New Deal 18651940
139
Womens Suffrage Petition to Congress December 1871
147
Booker T Washington Atlanta Exposition Address 1895
149
An Episcopal Priest Challenges Enforcement of the Fourteenth Amendment 1905
151

From a Farmer in Pennsylvania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies Letter II 1767
24
Thoughts on Government Letter of John Adams January 1776
26
Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America July 1776
31
In Defense of State Sovereignty Thomas Burke 1777
35
James Madisons Vices of the Political System April 1787
37
The Virginia Plan Presented to the Federal Convention May 29 1787
43
John Dickinson of Delaware on Federalism at the Constitutional Convention June 7 1787
46
The New Jersey Plan Presented to the Federal Convention June 15 1787
47
James Madison of Virginia Compares the Virginia and New Jersey Plans at the Constitutional Convention June 19 1787
50
James Wilson of Pennsylvania on Federalism at the Constitutional Convention June 25 1787
53
The Northwest Ordinance July 13 1787
54
Federalist Number 10 Publius and the Extended Republic November 22 1787
58
Agrippa Writes a Letter to the People in Opposition to an Extended Republic and the Constitution of the United States December 3 1787
64
Federalism and the Meaning of the Tenth Amendment 17891835
67
George Masons Objections to the Proposed Constitution October 1 1787
73
James Madisons Proposal to Congress for a Bill of Rights June 8 1789
74
The Sedition Act July 14 1798
79
The Kentucky Resolutions November 16 1798
81
United States v Peters 1809
86
Report and Resolutions of the Hartford Convention January 1815
89
Barron v Baltimore 1833
91
States Rights in the Antebellum Period and the Civil War 18281865
95
Liberty and Union Now and Forever One and Inseparable January 1830
101
John C Calhouns Fort Hill Address 1831
104
John C Calhoun against the Force Bill February 15 1833
105
Andrew Jacksons Second Inaugural Address March 4 1833
107
Abraham Lincolns Address before the Young Mens Lyceum of Springfield Illinois January 27 1838
109
The Seventh of March Speech Daniel Webster and the Compromise of 1850
112
John C Calhoun the Compromise of 1850 and State Autonomy First Session of Congress 1850
114
William H Seward the Compromise of 1850 and an Appeal to a Higher Law First Session of Congress 1850
118
William H Seward and the Declaration of Independence An Appeal to Higher Law 1856
121
Dred Scott v Sandford 1857 Roger B Taney and States Rights
123
Theodore Roosevelt on Lincoln and the Race Problem February 13 1905
155
Elihu Root Calls for the Preservation of Local SelfGovernment of the States December 12 1906
157
Wilson Rejects the Old Ideal of Limited Government October 30 1909
159
Woodrow Wilsons New Freedom Changes the Old Order 1913
160
Kate Gordons Letter to the Governors of the Southern States 1913
162
Petition from Women Voters AntiSuffrage Party of New York 1917
163
State of Tennessee Approves Nineteenth Amendment August 1920
164
President Calvin Coolidge on the Responsibilities of the States May 30 1925
165
President Calvin Coolidges Fourth Annual State of the Union Message December 7 1926
166
Herbert C Hoovers Fourth Annual State of the Union Message December 6 1932
167
FDRs First Inaugural Address March 4 1933
169
States Rights and American Federalism from the New Deal to the Present 19401999
173
Governor Fielding Wright of Mississippi Statement to Democratic Party Leaders January 1948
181
The Civil Rights Message of Harry S Truman to the US Congress February 2 1948
185
Governor J Strom Thurmond of South Carolina Speaks to Southern Governors February 7 1948
190
States Rights Platform of 1948 Southern Democratic Convention Birmingham Alabama July 17 1948
193
Eisenhowers First Annual Message to the Congress on the State of the Union February 2 1953
196
President Eisenhower Writes South Carolina Governor James F Byrnes August 14 1953
197
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka 1954
199
The Southern Manifesto 1956
203
President Johnson Urges Enactment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
205
US Commissioner of Education Harold Howe II on the Relationship of the Federal Government to State and Local Education December 17 1966
206
A Journalist Reports on the Effects of the 1964 Civil Rights Act January 12 1967
207
Press Interview with George Wallace 1968
208
Reagan Resurrects States Rights January 1981
211
Contract with America 1994
213
The Devolution Tortoise and the Centralization Hare The Slow Process in DownSizing Big Government 1998
216
US Supreme Court Expands States Rights
218
Minority Opinion Challenges State Immunity from Law Suit
221
Conclusion
223
Index
225
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關於作者 (1999)

FREDERICK D. DRAKE is Assistant Professor of History and Director of Undergraduate Programs in History and Social Science Education at Illinois State University.

LYNN R. NELSON is Associate Professor of Social Studies Education and Director of the James F. Ackerman Center for Democratic Citizenship at Purdue University.

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