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Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues 2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it.
Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou never wast
2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least. The smallest scruple of her excellence,
1 Gent. What? in metre? But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines
Lucio. In any proportion, or in any language. Herself the glory of a creditor,
1 Gent. I think, or in any religion. Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite of all To one, that can my part in him advertise;
controversy: as for example, thou thyself art a wickHold therefore, Angelo;
ed villain, despite ofall grace. In our remove, be thon at fullourself!
1 Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers beMortality and mercy in Vienna
tween us. Live in thy tongue and heart. Old Escalus,
Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists and Though first in question, is thy secondary:
the velvet : thou art the list. Take thy commission!
1 Gent. And thou the velvet : thou art good velvet; Ang. Now, good my lord,
thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee: I had as Let there be some more test made of my metal, lief be a list of an English kersey, as be pild, as thou Before so noble and so great a figure
art pild, for a French velvet. Do I speak feelingly Be stamp'd upon it.
now? Duke. No more evasion!
Luciv. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most We have with a leaven'd and prepared choice painful feeling of thy speech. I will, out of thine Proceeded to you; therefore take your honours ! own confession, learn to begin thy health; but, whilst Our haste from hence is o: so quick condition, I live, forget to drink after thee. That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd
1 Gent. I think, I have done myself wrong; have I not? Matters oi'needful value. Weshall write to you, 2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art taintAs time and our coucernings shall importune,
ed or free. How it goes with us; and do look to know
Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Mitigation What doth befal you here; So, fare you well! comes! I have purchased as many diseases under her To the hopeful execution do I leave you
roof, as come toOf your commissions.
2 Gent. To what, I pray ? Ång. Yet, give leave, my lord,
1 Gent. Judge! That we may bring you something on the way.
2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a-year: Duke. My haste may not admit it;
1 Gent. Ay, and more. Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do
Lucio. A French crown more. With any scruple: your scope is us mine own: 1 Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in me: but So to enforce, or qualify the laws,
thou art full of error; I am sound. As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand! Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy; but so I'll privily away: I love the people,
sound, as things that are hollow: thy bones are hollow; But do not like to stage me to their eyes :
impiety has made a feast of thee. Though it do well, I do not relish well
Enter Bawd. Their loud applause, and aves vehement;
1 Gent. How now? Which of your hips has the most Nordo I thiuk the man of safe discretion,
profound sciatica? That does a. Hect it. Once more, fare you well! Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, and Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes ! carried to prison, was worth five thousand of you all. Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happiness! 1 Gent. Who's that, I pray thee? Duke. I thank you : fare you well.
Bawd. Marry, sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio. Escal. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave 1 Gent. Claudio to prison ! 'tis not so. To have free speech with you; and it concerns me Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis so! I saw him arrested ; To look into the bottom of my place:
saw him carried away; and, which is more, within A powers have; but of what strength and nature, these three days his head's to be chopped off. I am not yet instructed.
Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not have it Ang. "Tis so with me:-- let us withdraw together, so. Art thou sure of this? And we may soon our satisfaction have
Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting madam Touching that point.
Julietta with child. Escal. I'll wait upon your honour. [Lxeunt. Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised to SCENE II.- A street.
meet me two hours since; and he was ever precise in Enter Lucio and two Gentlemen.
promise-keeping. Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come not 2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws something near to composition with the king of Hungary, why, then to the speech we had to such a purpose. all the dukes fall upon the king.
1 Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the proclama1 Gent. Heaven grant as its peace, but not the king tion. of Hungary's!
Lucio. Away; let's go learn the truth of it! 2 Gent. Amen.
(Exeunt Lucio and Gentlemen. Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimonious pi- Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the sweat, fate, that went to sea with the ten commandments, what with the gallows, and what with poverty, I am cubut scraped one out of the table.
stom-shrunk. How now? what's the news with you? 2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal ?
Enter Clown. Lucio. Ay, that he razel.
Clo. Yonder man is carried to prison.
Clo. No; but there is a woman with maid by him. You And the new deputy now for the duke, —
Or whether that the body public be
Who, newly in the seat, that it may know Bawd. And what shall become of those in the city? He can command, lets it straight feel the spur:
Clo. They shall stand for seed: they had gone down Whether the tyranny be in his place, too, but that a wise burgher put in for them.
Orin his eminence, that fills it up, Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the suburbs I staggerin : but this new governor be pull'd down?
Awakes ine ali the enrolled penalties, clo. To the ground, mistress.
Which have, likeunscour'd armour, hung by the wall Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the com- So long, that nineteen zodiacs have gone round, monwealth! What shall become of me?
And none of them been worn; and, for a name, Clo. Come; fear not you: good counsellors lack no Now puts the drowsy and neglected act clients: though you change your place, you need not Freshly on me: 'tis surely, for a name. change your trade; I'll be your tapster still. Courage! Lucio. I warrant, it is: and thy head stands so tickle there will be pity taken on you: you, that have worn on thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if she be in love,may your eyes almost out in the service, you will be consi- sigh it off. Send after the duke, and appeal to him! dered.
Claud. I have done so, but he's not to be found. Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster? Let's I pr’ythee, Lucio, do me this kind service! withdraw !
This day my sister should the cloister enter,
Implore her, in my voice, that she make friends
To the strict depnty; bid herself assay him;
There is a prone and speechless dialect, Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show me thus to the Such as moves men ; beside, she hath prosperous art, world?
When she will play with reason and discourse, Bear me to prison, where I am committed !
And well she can persuade. Prov. I do it not in evil disposition,
Lucio. I pray, she may: as well for the encourageBut from lord Angelo by special charge.
ment of the like, which else would stand under grieClaud. Thus can the demi-god, Authority,
vous imposition, as for the enjoying of thy life, who I
Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio.
Claud. Come, officer, away!
[Exeunt. Claud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty: As surfeit is the father of much fast,
SCENE IV.- A monastery. So every scope by the immoderate use
Enter Duke and Friar Thomas. Turns to restraint: our natures do pursue
Duke. No, holy father; throw away that thought; (Like rats that ravin down their proper bane,) Believe not, that the dribbling dart of love A thirsty evil; and, when we drink, we die.
Can pierce a complete bosom: why I desire thee
Duke. My holy sir, none better knows, than you,
And held in idle price to hauut assemblies,
Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery keeps. Lucio. Lechery?
I have deliver'd to lord Angelo Claud. Call it so.
(A man of stricture, and firm abstinence,) Prov. Away, sir ; you must go.
My absolute power and place here in Vienna, Claud. One word, good friend:- Lucio, a word with and he supposes me travell’d to Poland; you!
(Takes him aside. For so I have strew'd it in the common ear, Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. – And so it is receiv'd. Now, pious sir, Is lechery so look'd after?
You will demand of me, why I do this? Claud. Thus stands it with me:
- upon a truc con Fri. Gladly, my lord. tract
Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting laws, I got possession of Julietta's bed;
(The needful bits and curbs for head-strong steeds) You know the lady; she is fast my wife,
Which for these fourteen years we have let sleep, Save that we do the denunciation lack
Even like an o'er-grown lion in a cave, of outward order: this we came not to,
That goes not out to prey. Now, as fond fathers Only for propagation of a dower
Having bound up the threat'ning twigs of birch,
Only to stick it in their children's sight,
And liberty placks justice by the nose;
The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart Claud. Unhappily, even so.
Goes all decorum.
Fri. It rested in your grace
As those that feed grow full; as blossoming time, Tounloose this tied-up justice, when you pleas’d: That from the seedness the bare fallow brings And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd, To teeming foison, even so her plenteous womb Than in lord Angelo.
Expresseth his full tilth and husbandry. Duke. I do fear, too dreadful:
Isab.Some one with child by him?- My cousin Juliet? Sith 'twas my fault to give the people scope,
Lucio. Is she your
cousin ? 'Twould be my tyranny to strike, and gall them Isab. Adoptedly; as school-maids change their For what I bid them do: for we bid this be done, By vain, though apt atlection.
names, When evil deeds have their permissive pass,
Lucio. She it is.
Lucio. This is the point.
Bore many gentlemen, myself being one,
In ad, a duope of action: but we do learn I will, as 'twere a brother of your order,
By --.03eth....ow the very nerves of state, Visit both prince and people; therefore, I pr'ythee, Hiyivirgs oui vere of an infinite distance Supply me with the habit, and instruct me,
Fro. his true-m-ant design. Upon his place,
And with full line of his authority,
Is very scow-broth ; one who never feels
Tie winion stings and motions of the sense;
Wita profits of the mind, study and fast.
[Exeunt. As mice by lions,) hath pick'd out an act,
Under whose heavy sense your brother's life
Falls into forzeit: he arrests him on it,
And follows closcihe vigour of the statute,
Unless you have the grace by your fair prayer
of business ’iwixt you and your poor brother.
Already; aud, as I hear, the provost hath
A warrant for his execution.
Isab. My power! Alas! I doubt, -
By fearing to attempt. Go to lord Angelo,
(Exit Francisca. And let him learn to know, when maidens sue, Isab. Peace and prosperity! Who is't that calls ? Men give like gods ; but when they weep and kneel, Enter Lucio.
All their petitions are as freely theirs,
Lucio. But speedily!
Isab. I will about it straight; To her unhappy brother Claudio ?
No longer staying but to give the mother Isab. Why her unhappy brother? let me ask; Notice
of my affair. I humbly thank you : The rather, for I now must make you know, Commend me to my brother: soon at night I am that Isabella, and his sister.
I'll send him certain word of my success.
Isab. Good sir, adieu !
(Exeunt. Isab. Woe me! For what? Lucio.For that, which, if myself might be his judge, He should receive his punishment in thanks :
Аст II. He hath got his friend with child.
SCENE I.- A hall in Angelo's house. Isab. Sir, make me not your story!
Enter ANGELO, Escalus, a Justice , Provost, Officers, Lucio. It is true.
and other Attendants. I would not-though'tis my familiar sin,
Ang. We must not make a scare-crow of the law, With maids to seem the lapwing, and to jest, Setting it up to fear the birds of prey, Tongue far from heart,-play with all virgins so : And let it keep one shape, till custom make it I hold you as a thing ensky'd, and sainted,
Their perch, and not their terror. By your renouncement, an immortal spirit,
Escal. Ay, but yet And to be talk'd with in sincerity,
Let us be keen, and rather cut a little, As with a saint.
Than fall, and bruise to death. Alas! this gentleman, Isab. You do blaspheme the good, in mocking me. Whom I would save, had a most noble father. Lucio. Do not believe it. Fewness and truth, 'tis thus: Let but your honour know, Your brother and his lover have embrac'd;
(Whom I believe to be most straight in virtue,)
That, in the working of your own affections,
Elb. Ay, sir, hy mistress Over-done's means : but Had time coher'd with place, or place with wishing, as she spit in his face, so she defied him. Or that the resolute acting of your blood
Clo. Sir, if it please your honour, this is not so. Could have attain'd the eii'ect of your own purpose, Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou honourWhether you had not, sometime in your life,
able man, prove it! Err'd in this point, which now you censure him, Escal. Do you hear, how he misplaces? [To Angelo. And pulld the law upon you.
Clo. Sir, she came in great with child; and longing Ang. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus, (saving your honour's reverence,) for stew'd prunes; Another thing to fall. I not deny,
sir, we had but two in the house, which at that very The jury, passing on the prisoner's life,
distant time stood, as it were, in a fruit-dish, a dish May, in the sworn twelve, have a thief or two
of some three-pence; your honours have seen such Guiltier, thau him they try. What's open made to jus- dishes ;they are not China dishes, but very good dishes. That justice seizes. What know the laws, tice, Escal. Goto, go to; no matter for the dish, sir. That thieves do pass on thieves? 'Tis very pregnant, Clo. No, indeed, sir, not ofa pin ; you are therein in The jewel that we find, we stoop and take it, the right; but, to the point: As I say, this mistress Because we see it; but what we do not see,
Elbow, being, as I say, with child, and being great belWe tread upon, and never think of it.
ly'd, and longing, as I said, for prunes, and having but You may not so extenuate his offence,
two in the dish, as I said, master Froth here, this very For I have had such faults; but rather tell me, man, having eaten the rest, as I said, and, as I say, payWhen I, that censure him, do so oflend,
ing for them very honestly;- for, as you know, master Let miue own judgment pattern out my death, Froth, I could not give you three-pence again. And nothing come in partial. Sir, he must die. Froth. No, indeed. Escal, Beit as your wisdom will.
Clo. Very well: you being then,if you be remember'd, Ang. Where is the provost ?
cracking the stones of the foresaid prunes. Prov. Here, if it like your honour.
Froth. Ay, so I did, indeed. Ang. See, that Claudio
Clo. Why, very well: I telling you then, if you be reBe executed by nine to-morrow morning :
member'd, that such a one, and such a one, were past Bring him his confessor, let him be prepar'd! cure of the thing you wotof, unless they kept very good For that's the utmost of his pilgrimage.[Exit Provost. diet, as I told you.
Escal. Well, heaven forgive him! and forgive us all! Froth. All this is true.
Clo. Why, very well then.
- What was done to Elbow's wife, that he hath cause Enter Elbow, Froth, Clown, Officers, etc. to complain of? Come me to what was done to lier. Elb. Come, bring them away! If these be good people Clo. Sir, your honour cannot come to that yet. in a common-weal, that do nothing but use their abu Escal. No, sir, nor I mean it not. ses in common houses, I know no law; bring them away! Cio. Sir, but you shall come to it, by your honour's
Ang. How now, sir ! What's your name ? and what's leave: and, I beseech you,look into master Froth here, the matter?
sir; a man of fourscore pound a year; whose father Elb. If it please your honour, I am the poor duke's died at Hallowmas :-Was't not at Hallowmas, master constable, and my name
me is Elbow; I do lean upon jus- Froth ? tice, sir, and do bring in here before your good honour Froth. All-hollond eve. two notorious benefactors.
Clo. Why, very well; I hope here be truths : he, sir, Ang. Benefactors? Well; what benefactors are they? sitting, as I say, in a lower chair, sir ;- 'twas in the are they not malefactors ?
Bunch of Grapes, where, indeed, you have a delight Elb. Ifit please your honour, I know not well, what 10 sit: have you not? they are: bat precise villains they are, that I am sure Froth. I have so; because it is an open room, and good of; and void of all profanation in the world, that good for winter. christians ought to have.
Clo. Why, very well then ;-—I hope here be truths. Escal. This comes off well; here's a wise officer. Ang. This will last out a night in Russia, Ang. Go to! What quality are they of ? Elbow is your When nights are longest there: I'll take my leave, name? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow?
And leave you to the hearing of the cause; Clo. He cannot, sir, he's out at elbow.
Hoping, you'll find good cause to whip them all. Ang. What are e you, sir ?
Escal. I think no less: good morrow to your lordElb. He, sir! a tapster, sir; parcel-bawd; one that ship.
[Exit Angelo. serves a bad woman; whose house, sir, was, as they Now, sir, come on! What was done to Elbow's wife, say, pluck'd down in the suburbs; and now she pro- once more? fesses a hot-house,which, I think,is a very ill house too. Clo. Once, sir? there was nothing done to her once. Escal. How know you that?
Elb. I beseech you, sir, ask him, what this man did Elb. My wife, sir, whom I detest before heaven and to my wife. your honour,
Clo. I beseech your honour, ask me. Escal. How! thy wife?
Escal. Well, sir: what did this gentleman to her? Elb. Ay, sir; whom , I thank heaven, is an honest Clo. I beseech yov, sir, look in this gentleman's face! woman,
- Good master Froth, look upon his honour; 'tis for Escal. Dost thou detest her therefore ?
a good purpose :- doth your honour mark his face? Elb. I say, sir, I will detest myself also, as well Escal, Ay, sir, very well. as she, that this house, if it be not a bawd's house, it Clo. Nay, I beseech you, mark it well! is pity of her life, for it is a naughty house.
Escal. Well, I do so. Escal. How dost thou know that, constable? Clo. Doth your honour see any harm in his face? Elb. Marry, sir, by my wife; who, if she had been a Escal. Why, no. woman cardinally given, might have been accused in Clo.I'll be supposed upon a book,his face is the worst fornication, adultery, and all uncleanliness there. thing about him. Good then; if his face be the worst Escal. By the woman's means?
thing about him, how could master Froth do the con
stable's wife any harm? I would know that of your Clo. Truly, sir, in my poor opinion, they will to't then: honour.
if your worship will take order for the drabs and the Iscal.He's in the right. Constable, what say you to it? kuaves, you need not to fear the bawds. Elb. First, an it like you, the house is a respected Escal. There are pretty orders beginning, I can tell house; next, this is a respected fellow; and his mis- you : it is but heading and hanging. tress is a respected woman.
Clo. If you hvad and hang all that offend that way Clo. By this hand, sir, his wife is a more respected but for ten year together, you'll be glad to give out a person, than any of us all.
commission for more heads. If this law hold in Vienna Elb. Varlet, thou liest ; thou liest, wicked varlet ! the ten year, I'll rent the fairest house in it, after threetime is yet to come, that she was ever respected with pence a bay: if you live to see this come to pass, say, man, woman, or child.
Pompey told you so. Clo. Sir, she was respected with him before he mar Escal. Thank you, good Pompey: and, in requital ried with her.
of your prophecy, hark you, - I advise you, let me Escal. Which is the wiser here? Justice, or Iniqui- not find you before me again upon any complaint whatty?-Is this true?
soever,no,not for dwelling where you do: if I do,PomElb. O thou caitiff! O thou varlet! O thou wicked pey, I shall beat yon to your tent, and prove a shrewd Hannibal! I respected with her,before I was married to Caesar to you ; in plain dealing, Pompey, I shall have her! If ever I was respected with her, or she with me, you whipt: so for this time, Pompey, fare you well! let
not your worship think me the poor duke's officer ! Clo. I thank your worship for your good counsel ; but -Prove this, thou wicked Hannibal, or I'll have mine I shall follow it, as the flesh and fortune shall better action of battery on thee!
determine. Escal. If he took you a box o' the ear, you might have Whip me? No, no; let carman whip his jade; your action of slander too!
The valiant heart's not whipt out of his trade. (Exit. Elb. Marry, I thank your good worship for it. What Escal. Come hither to me, master Elbow; come hiis't your worship’s pleasure I should do with this ther, master Constable! How long have you been in wicked caitiff?
this place of constable? Escal. Truly, officer, because he hath some offences Elb. Seven year and a half, sir. in him, that thou wouldst discover, if thou couldst, let Escal. I thought, by your readiness in the office, yon him continue in his courses, till thou know'st, what had continued in it some time: you șay, seven years they are.
together? Elb. Marry, I thank your worship for it:- Thon Elb. And a half, sir, seest, thou wicked varlet now, what's come upon thee; Escal, Alas! it hath been great pains to you! They thou art to continue now, thou varlet; thou art to do you wrong to put you so oft upon't. Are there not continue.
men in your ward sufficient to serve it? Escal. Where were you born, friend? (To Froth. Elb. Faith, sir, few of any wit in such matters : as Froth. Here in Vienna, sir.
they are chosen, they are glad to choose me for them; Escal. Are you of fourscore pounds a year ? I do it for some piece of money,and go through with all. Froth. Yes, and't please you, sir.
Escal. Look you, bring me in the names of some six Escal.So.-What trade are you of,sir ?[To the Clown. or seven, the most sufficient of your parish! Clo. A tapster; a poor widow's tapster.
Elb. To your worship’s house, sir? Escal. Your mistress's name?
Escal. To my house. Fare you well !-- [Exit Elbow. Clo. Mistress Over-done.
What's o'clock, think you ?
Escal. I pray you home to dinner with me. Escal. Nine! - Come hither to me, master Froth. Just. I humbly thank you. Master Froth, I would not have you acquainted with Escal. It grieves me for the death of Claudio; bat tapsters ; they will draw you, master Froth, and you there's no remedy. will hang them. Get you gone,and let me hear no more Just. Lord Angelo is severe. of you!
Escal. It is but needful : Froth.I thank your worship.For mine own part, I never Mercy is not itself, that oft looks so ; come into any room in a taphouse, but I am drawn in. Pardon is still the nurse of second woe: Escal. Well; vo more of it, master Froth: farewell! But yet,-poor Claudio !—There's no remedy. [Exit Froth.]-Come you hither to me, master tap- Come, sir!
(Exeunt. ster; what's your name, master tapster ? Clo. Pompey.
SCENE II.- Another room in the same. Escal. What else?
Enter Provost and a Servant. Clo. Bum, sir.
Serv. He's hearing of a cause; he will come straight. Escal. 'Troth, and your bam is the greatest thing I'll tell him of you. about yon; so that, in the beastliest sense, you are Prov. Pray yon, do.(Exit Servant.]i'll know Pompey the great. Pompey, you are partly a bawd, His pleasure ; may be, he will relent: alas, Pompey, howsoever you colour it in being a tapster. He hath but as offended in a dream! Are you not? come, tell me true; it shall be the bet-All sects, all ages smack of this vice; and he ter for you.
To die for it! Clo. Truly, sir, I am a poor fellow, that would live.
Enter Asgelo. Escal. How would you live, Pompey? by being a Ang. Now, what's the matter, provost? bawd? What do you think of the trade, Pompey ? is Prov. Is it your will, Claudio shall die to-morrow ? it a lawfal trade?
Ang. Did I not tell thee, yea ? hadst thou not order ? Clo. If the law would allow it, sir.
Why dost thon ask again? Escal. But the law will not allow it, Pompey; nor it Prov. Lest I might be too rash. shall not be allowed in Vienna.
Under your good correction, I have seen, Clo. Does your worship mean to geld and spay all the When, after execution, judgment hath youths in the city ?
Repented o'er his doom, Escal. No, Pompey.
Ang. Go to; let that be mine!