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POLITICAL MANUAL FOR 1866,
INCLUDING A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE IMPORTANT
EXECUTIVE, LEGISLATIVE, AND POLITICO-MILITARY FACTS OF THE PERIOD,
Samlict. Green, Nia
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866, by
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.
Stereotypod by MOGILL & WITHEROW,
This Manual has been prepared, in order to present, in compact and convenient form, the important Political Facts of the period to which it refers. It will be found to contain Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Telegrams, Speeches, Bills, Propositions, Reports, Constitutional Amendments, Votes, Platforms, and sundry Miscellaneous Matters required to make the Record complete.
It is necessarily confined to those facts which illustrate the positions of parties; and to those propositions upon which votes were taken, and to the more significant of the latter class. Much material, interesting in itself as part of the history of the times, and as showing the precise views of persons, has been omitted, in obedience to this rule. I hope, in a future work, to develop these various features of current history.
The action of all parties on Reconstruction will be found full, and especially pertinent to present issues. This Record covers the agency of the President, the responses of the people of the lately insurrectionary States, and the judgment of Congress, with the elaborated views of each.
The Tabular Statements at the close of the Volume have been prepared with direct reference to the topics to be discussed this fall. That giving the Votes on each Tariff since, and including that of, 1816, by States and Sections, will be conceded to be a valuable and interesting contribution to the history of the subject; and that respecting Representation, and the effect of proposed Amendments to the Constitution, will be of highest utility.
A glance at the Table of Contents will show the scope of the Work, and the variety of facts embraced. In the votes given, the names of Democrats are placed in italic, that results may be readily analyzed.
The whole Manual, it is hoped, will be found adapted to the purposes which prompted its preparation.
EDWARD MCPHERSON. WASHINGTON CITY, July 12, 1866.
I. Constitution of the United States-Mr. Messages of President Johnson-Continued.
On the condition of the late Insurrec-
Trial and Punishment of the Assas-
Bill, with Copy, and Votes-Veto of
the Colorado Bill, with Copy, and
Votes-Message on the proposed Con-
sion of Rebellion in Tennessee--Pa-
finally adopted–The Accompanying
Bilis—The Amendinent on Repre-
sentation and Direct Taxes--On Rep-
resentation-On Iminunities of Citi-
zens-On Tennessee-On Rebel Debt.
Proclamations of Provisional Gover-
Treason-Representation of lately In-
surrectionary States-Elective Fran-
chise in the States- Test Oath-Test
Oath for Lawyers-Endorsement of
specting the Rebel Debt, Colored Sul-
of Military Forces- Legal Effect of
Rebellion-Duty of Congress-Writ
of IIabeas Corpus-Thanks to the
President-Recognition of State Gov-
ernment of North Carolina--Trial of
Jefferson Davis--Neutrality-The Fe-
eral Terry's Order suspending the
Union Nittional Platform of 1864-
Speech of February 22, 1866–To the
Census Tables showing Population,
Voting Population, Present Appor-
tionment, and effect of proposed
changes-Table of Votes, by States
1824, 1828, 1832, 1842, 1846, 1857, 1861,
Debt, June 1, 1866.
POLITICAL MANUAL FOR 1866.
CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.
We the People of the United States, order to , of shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Va
form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, cancies. insure domestic Tranquillity, provide for the The House of Representatives shall chuse their common defence, promote the general Welfare, Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the and secure the Blessings of Liberty to our sole Power of Impeachment. selves and our Posterity, do ordain and estab Sec. 3. The Senate of the United States shall
lish this ConsTITUTION for the United States be composed of two Senators from each State, . of America.
chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years;
and each Senator shall have one Vote. ARTICLE I.
Immediately after they shall be assembled in SECTION 1. All legislative Powers herein Consequence of the first Election, they shall be granted shall be vested in a Congress of the divided as equally as may be into three Classes. United States, which shall consist of a Senate The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall and House of Representatives.
be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, SEC. 2. The House of Representatives shall be of the second Class at the Expiration of the composed of Members chosen every second Year fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiby the People of the several States, and the Elec-ration of the sixth Year, so that one-third may tors in each State shall have the Qualifications be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies requisite for Electors of the most numerous happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Branch of the State Legislature.
Recess of the Legislature of any State, the ExNo Person shall be a Representative who ecutive thereof may make temporary Appointshall not have attained to the Age of twenty- ments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of which shall then fill such Vacancies. the United States, and who shall not, when No Person shall be a Senator who shall not elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and he shall be chosen.
been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, Representatives and direct Taxes shall be ap- and who shall not, whien elected, be an Inhabportioned among the several States which may itant of that State for which he shall be chosen. be included within this Union, according to The Vice President of the United States shall their respective Numbers, which shall be deter- be President of the Senate, but shall have no mined by adding to the whole Number of free Vote, unless they be equally divided. Persons, including those bound to service for a The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence three fifths of all other Persons. The actual of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise Enumeration shall be made within three Years the Office of President of the United States. after the first Meeting of the Congress of the The Senate shall have the sole Power to try United States, and within every subsequent all Impeachments. When sitting for that PurTerm of ten Years, in such Manner as they pose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. shall by Law direct. The Number of Repre- When the President of the United States is tried, sentatives shall not exceed one for every thirty the Chief Justice shall preside : And no Person Thousand, but each State shall have at Least shall be convicted without the Concurrence of one Representative; and until such enumera- two thirds of the Members present. tion shall be made, the State of New Hampshire Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts extend further than to removal from Office, and eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jer- honour, Trust or Profit under the United States : bey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judg. South Carolina five, and Georgia three. ment and Punishment, according to Law.
When vacancies happen in the Representation SEC. 4. The Times, Places and Manner of hold. from any State, the Executive Authority there- ling Elections for Senators and Representatives,