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A

POLITICAL MANUAL FOR 1866,

INCLUDING A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE IMPORTANT

EXECUTIVE, LEGISLATIVE, AND POLITICO-MILITARY FACTS OF THE PERIOD,

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1869

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Samlict. Green, Nia

Bontera, (%6,1551)

HA
UNIV-RSITY
LIBRARY

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866, by

EDWARD MCPHERSON,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.

Stereotypod by MOGILL & WITHEROW,

Washington, D.C.

PREFACE.

This Manual has been prepared, in order to present, in compact and convenient form, the important Political Facts of the period to which it refers. It will be found to contain Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Telegrams, Speeches, Bills, Propositions, Reports, Constitutional Amendments, Votes, Platforms, and sundry Miscellaneous Matters required to make the Record complete.

It is necessarily confined to those facts which illustrate the positions of parties; and to those propositions upon which votes were taken, and to the more significant of the latter class. Much material, interesting in itself as part of the history of the times, and as showing the precise views of persons, has been omitted, in obedience to this rule. I hope, in a future work, to develop these various features of current history.

The action of all parties on Reconstruction will be found full, and especially pertinent to present issues. This Record covers the agency of the President, the responses of the people of the lately insurrectionary States, and the judgment of Congress, with the elaborated views of each.

The Tabular Statements at the close of the Volume have been prepared with direct reference to the topics to be discussed this fall. That giving the Votes on each Tariff since, and including that of, 1816, by States and Sections, will be conceded to be a valuable and interesting contribution to the history of the subject; and that respecting Representation, and the effect of proposed Amendments to the Constitution, will be of highest utility.

A glance at the Table of Contents will show the scope of the Work, and the variety of facts embraced. In the votes given, the names of Democrats are placed in italic, that results may be readily analyzed.

The whole Manual, it is hoped, will be found adapted to the purposes which prompted its preparation.

EDWARD MCPHERSON. WASHINGTON CITY, July 12, 1866.

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I. Constitution of the United States-Mr. Messages of President Johnson-Continued.
Seward's Certificate of the Ratification

On the condition of the late Insurrec-

of the Anti-Slavery Amendment..... 1-6

tionary States, and General Grant's

II. President Johnson's Orders and Procla-

accompanying Report-Veto of the

mations.....

17-18

Freedmen's Bureau Bill, with Copy,

and Votes-Veto of the Civil Rights

Respecting Commercial Intercourse,

Trial and Punishment of the Assas-

Bill, with Copy, and Votes-Veto of
sins of Abraham Lincoln-Arrest of

the Colorado Bill, with Copy, and
Jefferson Davis, Clement C. Clay, and

Votes-Message on the proposed Con-

stitutional Amendment.

others-To re-establish the Authority

of the United States in Virginia-

VII. Majority and Minority Reports of the

Equality of Rights with Maritime

Joint Committee on Reconstruction...... 84-101

Nations-The Blockade-Amnesty-

VIII. Votes

Appointing Provisional Governor for

on Proposed Constitutional

North Carolina, and other Insurrec Amendment 3...

102-106

tionary States—Freedmen-Suppres-

On Constitutional Amendment as

sion of Rebellion in Tennessee--Pa-

finally adopted–The Accompanying
roled Prisoners-Martial Law with-

Bilis—The Amendinent on Repre-
drawn from Kentucky-Annulling

sentation and Direct Taxes--On Rep-
the Suspension of the Habcas Cor-

resentation-On Iminunities of Citi-
pus-Declaring the Rebellion Ended

zens-On Tennessee-On Rebel Debt.

-Appointments to Office-Trials by

IX. Members of the Cabinet of President

Military Courts--Against the Fenian

Invasion of Canada.

Johnson, and of the 39th Congress, and of

Claimants of Seats therein..... ...... 107-109

III. Action of the Conventions and Legis X. Votes in the House of Representatives on

latures of the Lately Insurrectionary Political Resolutions........

109-114

States

18-28

On Public Debt-Punishment of

Proclamations of Provisional Gover-

Treason-Representation of lately In-
nors—Elections of Conventions and

surrectionary States-Elective Fran-
Ordinances thereof-Enactments of

chise in the States- Test Oath-Test
Legislatures,Telegrams of President

Oath for Lawyers-Endorsement of

Johnson and Secretary Seward re-

the President's Policy-Withdrawal

specting the Rebel Debt, Colored Sul-

of Military Forces- Legal Effect of
frage, Anti-Slavery Amendment, Ad-

Rebellion-Duty of Congress-Writ
mission to Congress of Senators and

of IIabeas Corpus-Thanks to the
Representatives elect--President Lin-

President-Recognition of State Gov-
coln's Letter to Governor Hahn,

ernment of North Carolina--Trial of
March 13, 1864, on Colored Suffrage,

Jefferson Davis--Neutrality-The Fe-
and his Telegram of April 12, 1865,

nians.

prohibiting the meeting of the rebel

legislature of Virginia.

XI. Votes on Political Bills.......

114-117

Suffrage in District of Columbia-

IV. Legislation respecting Freedmen..... 29-44

Extending the Homestead Act--Ha-

In North Carolina--Mississippi-

beas Corpus-West Virginia Bill-

Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina,, Elective franchise in the Territories.

and General Sickles's Order relative

XII. Political

thereto-Florida-Virginia, and Gen-

and Military Miscella-

eral Terry's Order suspending the

neous

117-124
Vagrant Act-Tennessee-Texas-

Union Nittional Platform of 1864-

Louisiana.

· Democrittic National Platform of

1864-(iul for National Union Con-

V. President Johnson's Interviews and

vention, 1866 ---Address of Democratic

Speeches

44-63 Members of Congress, 1866—Elections

Remarks to citizens of Indiana-

of 1800--Lee's Surrender to Grant

Nashville Speech, June 9, 1864–T.

The Sherman-Johnston Agreement,

Virginia Refugees--Interview with

and its Disapproval_Grani's Orders

George L. Stearns-Address to Col-

-Pennsylvania and Maryland Plat-

ored Soldiers, October 10, 1865-Inter-

forms of 1866–Convention of South-

view with Senator Dixon-With Col-

ern Unionists.

ored Delegation respecting Suffrage,

with Reply of-Remarks to Commit-

XIII. Tabular Statements on Representa-

tee of the Virginia Legislature-

tion, Tariff, and the Public Dobt........... 125-126

Speech of February 22, 1866–To the

Census Tables showing Population,
Colored People of the District of Co-

Voting Population, Present Appor-
lumbia.

tionment, and effect of proposed

changes-Table of Votes, by States
VI. Annual, Special, and Veto Mossages of and Sections, on the Tariff:: of 1816,
President Johnson, with Conie30. the Ve-

1824, 1828, 1832, 1842, 1846, 1857, 1861,
tood Bills, and the Votes on th:m ............ 64-84 1861, and the Bill of 1860—The Public
Annual Message, December 4, 1865-

Debt, June 1, 1866.

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POLITICAL MANUAL FOR 1866.

I.

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

We the People of the United States, order to , of shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Va

form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, cancies. insure domestic Tranquillity, provide for the The House of Representatives shall chuse their common defence, promote the general Welfare, Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the and secure the Blessings of Liberty to our sole Power of Impeachment. selves and our Posterity, do ordain and estab Sec. 3. The Senate of the United States shall

lish this ConsTITUTION for the United States be composed of two Senators from each State, . of America.

chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years;

and each Senator shall have one Vote. ARTICLE I.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in SECTION 1. All legislative Powers herein Consequence of the first Election, they shall be granted shall be vested in a Congress of the divided as equally as may be into three Classes. United States, which shall consist of a Senate The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall and House of Representatives.

be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, SEC. 2. The House of Representatives shall be of the second Class at the Expiration of the composed of Members chosen every second Year fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiby the People of the several States, and the Elec-ration of the sixth Year, so that one-third may tors in each State shall have the Qualifications be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies requisite for Electors of the most numerous happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Branch of the State Legislature.

Recess of the Legislature of any State, the ExNo Person shall be a Representative who ecutive thereof may make temporary Appointshall not have attained to the Age of twenty- ments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of which shall then fill such Vacancies. the United States, and who shall not, when No Person shall be a Senator who shall not elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and he shall be chosen.

been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, Representatives and direct Taxes shall be ap- and who shall not, whien elected, be an Inhabportioned among the several States which may itant of that State for which he shall be chosen. be included within this Union, according to The Vice President of the United States shall their respective Numbers, which shall be deter- be President of the Senate, but shall have no mined by adding to the whole Number of free Vote, unless they be equally divided. Persons, including those bound to service for a The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence three fifths of all other Persons. The actual of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise Enumeration shall be made within three Years the Office of President of the United States. after the first Meeting of the Congress of the The Senate shall have the sole Power to try United States, and within every subsequent all Impeachments. When sitting for that PurTerm of ten Years, in such Manner as they pose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. shall by Law direct. The Number of Repre- When the President of the United States is tried, sentatives shall not exceed one for every thirty the Chief Justice shall preside : And no Person Thousand, but each State shall have at Least shall be convicted without the Concurrence of one Representative; and until such enumera- two thirds of the Members present. tion shall be made, the State of New Hampshire Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts extend further than to removal from Office, and eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jer- honour, Trust or Profit under the United States : bey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judg. South Carolina five, and Georgia three. ment and Punishment, according to Law.

When vacancies happen in the Representation SEC. 4. The Times, Places and Manner of hold. from any State, the Executive Authority there- ling Elections for Senators and Representatives,

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