whoever lay their eyes upon her beauty, are counted the enemies of God. This is she that maintaineth in their splendour all those that are the enemies of Pilgrims.* Yea, this is she that hath bought off many a man from a Pilgrim's life. She is a great gossiper: she is always, both she and her daughters, at one Pilgrim's heels or another, now commending and then preferring the excellences of this life. She is a bold and impudent slut; she will talk with any man. She always laugheth poor Pilgrims to scorn, but highly commends the rich. If there be one cunning to get money in a place, she will speak well of him from house to house. She loveth banqueting and feasting mainly well: she is always at one full table or another. She has given it out in some places that she is a goddess; and therefore some do worship her. She has her time and open places of cheating; and she will say, and avow it, that none can show a good comparable to hers. She promiseth to dwell with children's children, if they will but love her, and make much of her. She will cast out of her purse gold like dust in some places, and to some persons. She loves to be sought after, spoken well of, and to lie in the bosoms of men. She is never weary of commending her commodities, and she loves them most that think best of her. She will promise to some crowns and kingdoms, if they will but take her advice; yet many hath she brought to the halter, and ten thousand times more to hell.

Oh! said Stand-fast, what a mercy is it that I did resist her! for whither might she have drawn me!

Great-heart. Whither! nay, none but God knows whither; but, in general, to be sure, she would have drawn thee into "many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition."†

'T was she that set Absalom against his father, and Jeroboam against his master. 'T was she that persuaded Judas to sell his Lord, and that prevailed with Demas to forsake the godly Pilgrim's life. None can tell of the mischief that she doth: she makes variance betwixt rulers and subjects, betwixt parents and children, betwixt neighbour and neighbour, betwixt a man and his wife, betwixt a man and himself, betwixt the flesh and the spirit.

Wherefore, good Mr. Standfast, be as your name is; and, "when you have done all, stand."

At this discourse there was, among the Pilgrims, a mixture of joy and trembling; but at length they broke out and sung :—

James iv. 4. 1 John ii. 15. · † 1 Tim. vi. 9.

What danger is the Pilgrim in,
How many are his foes?

How many ways there are to sin,

No living mortal knows.

Some in the ditch are spoil'd: yea can

Lie tumbling in the mire;

Some, though they shun the frying-pan,

Do leap into the fire.

After this, I beheld until they were come into the land of Beulah, where the sun shineth night and day. Here, because they were weary, they betook themselves a while to rest; and because this country was common for Pilgrims, and because the orchards and vineyards that were here belonged to the King of the Celestial Country, therefore they were licensed to make bold with any of his things. But a little while soon refreshed them here; for the bells did so ring, and the trumpets continually sound so melodiously, that they could not sleep, and yet they received as much refreshing as if they slept their sleep never so soundly. Here also all the noise of them that walked the streets was, "More Pilgrims are come to town." And another would answer, saying, “And so many went over the water, and were let in at the golden gates to-day." They would cry again, "There is now a legion of Shining Ones just come to town, by which we know that there are more Pilgrims upon the road; for here they come to wait for them, and to comfort them after all their sorrow." Then the Pilgrims got up, and walked to and fro: but how were their ears now filled with heavenly noises, and their eyes delighted with celestial visions! In this land they heard nothing, saw nothing, felt nothing, smelt nothing, tasted nothing, that was offensive to their stomach or mind; only, when they tasted of the water of the river over which they were to go, they thought that tasted a little bitterish to the palate; but it proved sweeter when it was down.

Death bitter to the

flesh, but sweet to the soul.

Death has its ebbings and flowings

In this place there was a record kept of the names of them that had been Pilgrims of old, and a history of all the famous acts that they had done. It was here also much discoursed, how the river to some had had its flowings, and what ebbings it has had while others have over: it has been in a manner dry for some, while it has overflowed its banks for others.


like the tide.

In this place, the children of the town would go into the King's Gardens, and gather nosegays for the Pilgrims, and bring them to them with much affection. Here also grew camphire with spikenard and saffron; calamus, and cinnamon, with all the trees of

frankincense, myrrh, and aloes, with all chief spices. With these the Pilgrims' chambers were perfumed while they stayed here; and with these were their bodies anointed, to prepare them to go over the river, when the time appointed was come.

Now, while they lay here, and waited for the good hour, there was a noise in the town, that there was a Post A messenger of death sent to come from the Celestial City, with matter of great Christiana. importance to one Christiana, the wife of Christian the Pilgrim. So inquiry was made for her, and the house was found out where she was. So the Post presented her with a letter ; the contents were, "Hail, good woman! I bring thee tidings that the Master calleth for thee, and expecteth that thou shouldst stand in his presence, in clothes of immortality, within these ten days."

His message.

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How welcome

When he had read this letter to her, he gave her therewith a sure token that he was a true messenger, and was come to bid her make haste to be gone. The token was, “An arrow with a point sharpened with love, let easily into her heart, which by degrees wrought so effectually with her, that, at the time appointed, she

Death is to them that have nothing

to do but to die.

must be gone."

Her speech to her


To her children.

you to the river-side.

When Christiana saw that her time was come, and that she was the first of this company that was to go over, she called for Mr. Great-heart her guide, and told him how matters were. So he told her he was heartily glad of the news, and could have been glad had the Post come for him. Then she bid him that he should give advice how all things should be prepared for her journey. So he told her saying, Thus and thus it must be; and we that survive will accompany Then she called for her children, and gave them her blessing, and told them, that she had read with comfort the mark that was set in their foreheads, and was glad to see them with her there, and that they had kept their garments so white. Lastly, she bequeathed to the poor that little she had, and commanded her sons and daughters to be ready against the messenger should come for them. When she had spoken these words to her guide, and to her children, she called for Mr. Valiant-for-truth, and said unto him, Sir, you have in all places showed yourself true-hearted; be faithful unto death, and my King will give you a crown of life. I would also entreat you to have an eye to my children; and, if at any time you see them faint, speak comfortably to them. For my daughters, my sons' wives,

To Mr. Valiant-fortruth.

they have been faithful, and a fulfilling of the promise upon them will be their end. But she gave Mr. Standfast a ring.

To Mr. Stand-fast.

To old Honest.

To Mr. Ready-to

Then she called for old Mr. Honest, and said of him, "Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile !" Then said he, I wish you a fair day when you set out for mount Zion, and shall be glad to see that you go over the river dry-shod. But she answered, Come wet, come dry, I long to be gone; for, however the weather is in my journey, I shall have time enough, when I come there, to sit down, and rest me, and dry me. Then came in that good man, Mr. Ready-to-halt, to see her. So she said to him, Thy travel hitherto halt. has been with difficulty, but that will make thy rest the sweeter. But, "watch and be ready; for, at an hour when ye think not, the messenger may come." After him came Mr. Despondency, and his daughter Much-afraid; to To Mr. Despon whom she said, "You ought with thankfulness for dency and ever to remember your deliverance from the hands daughter. of Giant Despair, and out of Doubting Castle. mercy is, that you are brought with safety hither. and cast away fear; be sober, and hope to the end." Then she said to Mr. Feeble-mind, Thou wast delivered from the mouth of Giant Slay-good, that thou mightest live in the light of the living, and see thy King with comfort; only I advise thee to repent of thine aptness to fear and doubt of his goodness before he sends for thee; lest thou shouldest, when he comes, be forced to stand before him for that fault, with blushing.


The effect of that

Be ye watchful,

To Mr. Feeble


Now the day drew on that Christiana must be gone. So the road was full of people to see her take her journey. Her last day, and But, behold, all the banks beyond the river were manner of departful of horses and chariots, which were come down ure. from above to accompany her to the City-Gate. So she came forth, and entered the river with a beckon of farewell to those that followed her. The last words that she was heard to say were, "I come, Lord, to be with thee, and bless thee."

So her children and friends returned to their place, for those that waited for Christiana had carried her out of their sight. So she went and called and entered in at the Gate, with all the ceremonies of joy that her husband Christian had entered with before her. At her departure her children wept; but Mr. Great-heart and Mr. Valiant played upon the well-tuned cymbal and harp for joy. So all departed to their respective places.


Mr. Ready-to-halt summoned.

[Christiana passing the river.]

In process of time there came a Post to the town again, and his business was with Mr. Ready-to-halt. So he inquired him out, and said, I am come from Him whom thou hast loved and followed, though upon crutches; and my message is to tell thee that he expects thee at his table, to sup with him in his kingdom, the next day after Easter; wherefore prepare thyself for this journey. Then he also gave him a token that he was a true messenger, saying, "I have broken thy golden bowl, and loosed thy silver cord."

After this, Mr. Ready-to-halt called for his fellow Pilgrims, and told them, saying, I am sent for, and God shall surely visit you also. So he desired Mr. Valiant to make his will. And because he had nothing to bequeath to them that should survive him, but


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