Hon. Ay, ay, so I mean; and so he believed and practised.
Great-heart. But what grounds had he for his so saying?
Hon. Why, he said he had the Scripture for his warrant.
Great-heart. Prithee, Mr. Honest, present us with a few par-


Hon. So I will. He said, to have to do with other men's wives had been practised by David, God's beloved; and therefore he could do it. He said, to have more women than one was a thing that Solomon practised, and therefore he could do it. He said that Sarah and the godly midwives of Egypt lied, and so did saved Rahab; and therefore he could do it. He said, that the disciples went, at the bidding of their Master, and took away the owner's ass; and therefore he could do so too. He said, that Jacob got the inheritance of his father in a way of guile and dissimulation; and therefore he could do so too.

Great-heart. High base, indeed! And you are sure he was of this opinion?

Hon. I have heard him plead for it, bring Scripture for it, bring arguments for it, &c.

Great-heart. An opinion that is not fit to be, with any allowance, in the world!

Hon. You must understand me rightly: he did not say that any man might do this; but that those who had the virtues of those that did such things, might also do the same.

Great-heart. But what more false than such a conclusion? for this as much as to say, that because good men heretofore have sinned of infirmity, therefore he had allowance to do it of a presumptuous mind; or if, because a child, by the blast of the wind, or for that it stumbleth at a stone, fell down and defiled itself in the mire, therefore he might wilfully lie down, and wallow like a boar therein. Who could have thought that any one could so far have been blinded by the power of lust? But what is written must be true: "They stumble at the word, being disobedient, whereunto they also were appointed."*

His supposing that such may have the godly men's virtues, who addict themselves to their vices, is also a delusion as strong as the other. 'T is just as if the dog should say, I have or may have the qualities of the child, because I lick up its stinking excrements. To eat up the sin of God's people,† is no sign of one that is possessed with their virtues. Nor can I believe that one that is of this opinion can at present have faith or love in him. But I know

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you have made some strong objections against him; pr'ythee, what can he say for himself?

Hon. Why, he says, to do this by way of opinion seems abundantly more honest than to do it, and yet hold contrary to it in opinion.

Great-heart. A very wicked answer; for though to let loose the bridle of lusts, while our opinions are against such things, is bad; yet to sin, and plead a toleration so to do, is worse; the one stumbles beholders accidentally, the other leads them into the snare.

Hon. There are many of this man's mind, that have not this man's mouth; and that makes going on pilgrimage of so little esteem as it is.

Great-heart. You have said the truth, and it is to be lamented; but he that feareth the King of Paradise shall come out of them all. Chr. There are strange opinions in the world. I know one that said, it was time enough to repent when we come to die.

Great-heart. Such are not over-wise! That man would have been loath, might he have had a week to run twenty miles in his life, to have deferred that journey till the last hour of that week.

Hon. You say right; and yet the generality of them that count themselves Pilgrims, do indeed do thus. I am, as you see, an old man, and have been a traveller in this road many a day, and I have taken notice of many things.

I have seen some that have set out as if they would drive all the world afore them, who yet have, in few days, died as they in the wilderness, and so never got sight of the Promised Land. I have seen some that have promised nothing at first setting out to be Pilgrims, and that one would have thought could not have lived a day, that have yet proved very good Pilgrims. I have seen some who have run hastily forward, that again have, after a little time, run as fast just back again. I have seen some who have spoken very well of a Pilgrim's life at first, that after a while have spoken as much against it. I have heard some, when they first set out for Paradise, say positively there is such a place, who, when they had been almost there, have come back again, and said there is none. I have heard some vaunt what they would do in case they should be opposed, that have, even at a false alarm, fled Faith, the Pilgrim's Way, and all.

Fresh news of trouble.

Now, as they were thus on their way, there came one running to meet them, and said, Gentlemen, and you of the weaker sort, if you love life, shift for yourselves, for the robbers are before you. Then said Mr. Great-heart, they be the three that set upon Little

Great-heart's res olution.

faith heretofore. Well, said he, we are ready for them; so they went on their way. Now, they looked at every turning when they should have met with the villains; but whether they heard of Mr. Great-heart, or whether they had some other game, they came not up to the Pilgrims.

Christiana wishes for an inn.

Christiana then wished for an inn to refresh herself and her children, because they were weary. Then said Mr. Honest, There is one a little before us, where a very honourable disciple, one Gaius, dwells.* So they all concluded to turn on thither, and the rather because the old gentleman gave him so good a report. So when they came to the door, they went in, not knocking; for folks use not to knock at the door of an inn. Then they called for the Master of the House, and he came to them; so they asked if they might lie there that night?

Gaius entertains them, and how.

Gaius. Yes, gentlemen, if you be true men; for my house is for none but Pilgrims. Then was Christiana and Mercy, and the boys, the more glad, for that the innkeeper was a lover of Pilgrims. So they called for rooms; and he showed them one for Christiana, and her children, and Mercy; and another for Mr. Great-heart and the old gentleman.

Then said Mr. Great-heart, Good Gaius, what hast thou for supper? for these Pilgrims have come far to-day, and are weary.

It is late, said Gaius, so we cannot conveniently go out to seek food; but such as we have you shall be welcome to, if that will


Great-heart. We will be content with what thou hast in the house; forasmuch as I have proved thee, thou art never destitute of that which is convenient.

Then he went down, and spake to the cook, Gaius' cook. whose name was Taste-that-which-is-good, to get ready supper for so many Pilgrims. This done, he comes up again, saying, Come, my good friends, you are welcome to me, and I am glad that I have a house to entertain you; and, while supper is making ready, if you please, let us entertain one another with some good discourse; so they all said, Content.

Talk between Gaius Then said Gaius, Whose wife is this aged maand his guests. tron, whose daughter is this young damsel?

Great-heart. This woman is the wife of one Christian, a Pilgrim of former times; and these are his four children. The maid

⚫ Rom. xvi. 23.

is one of her acquaintance, one that she hath persuaded to come with her on pilgrimage. The boys take all after their father, and covet to tread in his steps; yea,

Mark this.

if they do but see any place where the old Pilgrim hath lain, or any print of his foot, it ministereth joy to their hearts, and they covet to lie or tread in the same.

Then said Gaius, Is this Christian's wife, and are these Christian's children? I knew your husband's father;

Of Christian's ancestors.

yea, also his father's father. Many have been good of this stock: their ancestors dwelt first at Antioch.* Christian's progenitors (I suppose you have heard your husband talk of them) were very worthy men. They have, above any that⚫ I know, showed themselves men of great virtue and courage for the Lord of the Pilgrims, his ways, and them that loved him. I have heard of many of your husband's relations that have stood all trials for the sake of the truth. Stephen, that was one of the first of the family from whence your husband sprang, was knocked on the head with stones.† James, another of this generation, was slain with the edge of the sword. To say nothing of Paul and Peter, men anciently of the family from whence your husband came, there was Ignatius, who was cast to the lions; Romanus, whose flesh was cut by pieces from his bones; and Polycarp, that played the man in the fire; there was he that was hanged up in a basket in the sun for the wasps to eat; and he whom they put into a sack, and cast into the sea to be drowned. 'T would be impossible utterly to count up all of that family that have suffered injuries and death for the love of a Pilgrim's life. Nor can I but be glad to see that thy husband has left behind him four such boys as these. I hope they will bear up their father's name, and tread in their father's steps, and come to their father's end.

Great-heart. Indeed, sir, they are likely lads; they seem to choose heartily their father's ways.

Advice to Christiana about her boys.

Gaius. That is it that I said; wherefore Christian's family is like still to spread abroad upon the face of the ground, and yet to be numerous upon the face of the earth. Wherefore let Christiana look out some damsels for her sons, to whom they may be betrothed, &c., that the name of their father, and the house of his progenitors, may never be forgotten in the world.

Hon. 'Tis pity this family should fall and be extinct.

Gaius. Fall it cannot, but be diminished it may ; but let Christiana take my advice, and that's the way to uphold it.

Acts xi. 26. † Acts vii. 59, 60.-xii. 2.

And, Christiana, said this Innkeeper, I am glad to see thee and thy friend Mercy together here, a lovely couple ; and, may I advise, take Mercy into a nearer relation to thee. If she will, let her be A match between given to Matthew, thy eldest son; 'tis the way to Mercy and Mat preserve ye a posterity on the earth. So this match was concluded, and in process of time they were married; but more of that hereafter.


Gaius also proceeded, and said, I will now speak on the behalf of women, to take away their reproach; for as death and the curse came into the world by a woman,* so also did life and health. "God sent forth his Son, made of a woman."† Yea, to show how much those that came after did abhor the act of their mother, this sex, in the Old Testament, coveted children, if happily this or that woman might be the mother of the Saviour of the world.

Why women of old so much desired


I will say again, that when the Saviour was come, women rejoiced in him before either man or angel. I read not, that ever any man did give unto Christ so much as one groat; but the women followed him, and ministered to him of their substance. 'T was a woman that washed his feet with tears, and a woman that anointed his body to the burial. They were women that wept when he was going to the Cross, and women that followed him from the Cross, and that sat by his sepulchre when he was buried; they were women that were first with him at his resurrection-morn, and women that brought tidings first to his disciples that he was risen from the dead. Women, therefore, are highly favoured, and show, by these things, that they are sharers with us in the grace of life.

Supper ready.

Now the cook sent up to signify that supper was almost ready, and sent one to lay the cloth and the trenchers, and to set the salt and bread in order.

Then said Matthew, The sight of this cloth, and of this forerunner of the supper, begetteth in me a greater appetite to my food than I had before.

Gaius. So let all ministering doctrines to thee in this life beget in thee a greater desire to sit at the supper of the Great King in his Kingdom; for all preaching, books, and ordiWhat to be gathered from laying of nances here, are but as the laying of the trenchers, the bread with the and as setting of salt upon the board, when comcloth and trench- pared with the feast that our Lord will make for us when we come to his house.


So supper came up; and first a heave-shoulder and a wave

• Gen. iii.

Luke xxiii. 27.

† Gal. iv. 4. Luke ii. vii. 37, 50.-viii. 2. 3. John xi. 2.-ii. 3. Matth. xxvii. 55, 56, 60. Luke xxiv. 22, 23

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