The Theory of Environmental Agreements and Taxes: CO2 Policy Performance in Comparative Perspective

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Edward Elgar Publishing, 2005年1月1日 - 294 頁
'Martin Enevoldsen's book is a pioneering work that compares the impacts of various non-regulatory environmental strategies in achieving measurable pollution reductions. Much has been written on the theoretical virtues and drawbacks of green taxat

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1 Introduction
1
12 Green Taxes and voluntary enviromental agreements
4
13 Types of enviromental regulation
6
What makes indirect regulation effective?
9
15 The CO₂ case study
14
16 Outline of the book
16
2 Approaches to environmental governance in economics and political science
19
21 The limits of the rational approach to environmental governance
20
73 Method and research design
130
74 Conclusion
138
8 Indirect regulation of industrial CO₂ pollution in Austria Denmark and the Netherlands
141
81 Energy structure
142
The CO₂ tax strategy
145
Voluntary energy agreements
151
Nonintervention and information assistance
159
85 Conclusion
164

22 The limits of the institutional approach to enviromental regulation
27
23 Conclusion
35
3 A dual institutional approach
38
31 Rational institutionalism
39
32 Classifying institutional factors
42
33 The microlevel effects of institutions
47
34 A theoretical framework for analysing policy outcomes
52
35 Unfolding the theoretical framework
56
4 Voluntary agreements and the freerider problem
59
42 Indirect environmental regulation and the supply of pollution abatement
61
43 Freeriding in agreements with complete information
64
44 Freeriding in agreements with incomplete information
70
45 Concluding remarks
75
5 Institutions social capital and voluntary environmental agreements
77
Mandatory rules
83
Conventional rules
90
54 Conclusion
96
6 On the institutional design and effectiveness of green taxes
100
61 Green taxes and the role of institutions
101
62 The institutional design of green taxes
102
63 Implementation procedures
110
64 Are emission taxes dynamically efficient?
111
65 Conclusion on emission taxes
116
66 Conclusion on the effectiveness of taxes and voluntary agreements
117
7 Comparative analysis of CO₂ policies towards the industrial sector
120
72 Explaining industrial CO₂ emission reductions
122
9 A comparative analysis of CO₂ policy performance at the national level
167
92 Absolute industrial CO₂ emissions 19802000
168
93 Relative industrial CO₂ emissions 19802000
171
94 Energy efficiency improvements and energy conversion
175
95 Conclusion
183
10 Econometric analysis of industrial CO₂ emissions over the period 19582000
187
101 Theory on energy demand
188
102 The cointegration approach to time series analysis
191
103 Estimating CO₂ time series data from a twostep model
197
104 Conclusion
217
policy stimulation of cleaner energy technologies
221
111 Energy decisons and rationality
222
112 CO₂ policy incentives and energy decisions
233
113 Conclusion
242
12 Reflections on theory and policies
246
The limits of corporatism and other national background institutions
248
123 Corporatism social capital and consociational democracy
249
124 Policy incentives matter
251
The effect of mandatory and conventional rules
252
Agreements or taxes?
255
127 Suggestions for further research
257
Appendix 1 Statistical data sources
259
Appendix 2 List of interviewed organizations
261
References
264
Index
285
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