讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
其他版本 - 查看全部
action activities agencies Amendment applicant assessment authority basis burden carriers Chairman Chapter Chicago City Commerce Clause Commission Commission's Company conferred Congressional considered Constitution continued corporations costs decision Department determining direct District economic effect efficient established Executive exercise existing extent fact federal functions granted held interstate commerce intrastate involved issue jurisdiction Justice legislation limited Lines Louis March matter meet ment motor nature necessary Ohio operations opinion Origins otherwise Pacific perform points power of Congress Practices Rev present President principle proceeding prohibit proposed protect question railroad Rates & Practices reasonable regulation regulatory relation Report respect restriction result Rights Rights Rev Routes rule scope Secretary serve shipper shown Southern Supreme Court taxation Texas tion traffic Trains transportation United validity Washington York
第 661 頁 - It is the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the rule by which commerce is to be governed. This power, like all others vested in Congress, is complete in itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations, other than are prescribed in the constitution.
第 667 頁 - Whatever amounts to more or less constant practice, and threatens to obstruct or unduly to burden the freedom of interstate commerce is within the regulatory power of Congress under the commerce clause and it is primarily for Congress to consider and decide the fact of the danger and meet it.
第 666 頁 - Although activities may be intrastate in character when separately considered, if they have such a close and substantial relation to interstate commerce that their control is essential or appropriate to protect that commerce from burdens and obstructions, Congress cannot be denied the power to exercise that control.
第 682 頁 - (4) Whenever in any such investigation the Commission, after full hearing finds that any such rate, fare, charge, classification, regulation, or practice causes any undue or unreasonable advantage, preference, or prejudice as between persons or localities in intrastate commerce on the one hand and interstate or foreign commerce...
第 670 頁 - If Congress had passed any act which bore upon the case, any act in execution of the power to regulate commerce, the object of which was to control State legislation over those small navigable creeks into which the tide flows...
第 659 頁 - The power of Congress over interstate commerce is not confined to the regulation of commerce among the states. It extends to those activities intrastate which so affect interstate commerce or the exercise of the power of Congress over it as to make regulation of them appropriate means to the attainment of a legitimate end, the exercise of the granted power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce.
第 657 頁 - The subject to be regulated is commerce; and our constitution being, as was aptly said at the bar, one of enumeration, and not of definition, to ascertain the extent of the power, it becomes necessary to settle the meaning of the word. The counsel for the appellee would limit it to traffic, to buying and selling, or the interchange of commodities, and do not admit that it comprehends navigation. This would restrict a general term, applicable to many objects, to one of its significations. Commerce,...
第 671 頁 - Now, the power to regulate commerce embraces a vast field, containing not only many, but exceedingly various subjects, quite unlike in their nature ; some imperatively demanding a single uniform rule, operating equally on the commerce of the United States in every port ; and some, like the subject now in question, as imperatively demandiqg that diversity which alone can meet the local necessities of navigation.
第 670 頁 - The repugnancy of the law of Delaware to the Constitution is placed entirely on its repugnancy to the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several States; a power which has not been so exercised as to affect the question.
第 669 頁 - But even if appellee's activity be local and though it may not be regarded as commerce, it may still, whatever its nature, be reached by Congress if it exerts a substantial economic effect on interstate commerce, and this irrespective of whether such effect is what might at some earlier time have been defined as "direct