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while, on the other hand, there may be publications of the Rev. Charles Gayer :“the devotee of reason who disclaims all | In the town of Dingle, (which is situated that is mysterious, renounces all that is in the most western part of Ireland on a saving; and, when he has fabricated for promontory extending forty miles into the himself a system so devoid of obscurity Atlantic ocean), and in the district immethat only the most intelligent can under diately around it, there have been 750 stand it—so adapted to the correction of persons brought out of the Church of human infirmity, that it forbids no grati Rome, by the preaching of the Gospel, fication, and imposes no restraint-s0 full within the last seven years. Three entirely of comfort, that it does not recognize even new congregations have been formed of the existence of a burdened conscience, or converts, two churches have been erected, a mind disquieted and eager in the pursuit and five school-houses for the children; of salvation ; he strangely calls it the and it is now found necessary to enlarge Gospel ; as if he could imagine that it was the church at Dingle the third time, as in the same which had survived the fires of | that town alone there are 250 converts martyrdom, and was sealed with the blood added to the original Protestant congreof the cross ! In the one of these cases, gation. In Ventry there are 200 converts ; what do we meet with but a Pagan Chris a church and school-house have been tianity : in the other, what but an Infidel erected, and ten houses are being built for belief?”*

the protection of the converts. At DuIn condemnation of all such attempts to nerlin there are 65 converts ; a church modify, to disguise, or to pervert the and school-house have been erected. In glorious Gospel, the words before us with Donquin and the adjacent Blasquett Islands their context depict hypocrisy and formality there are 110 converts ; at Donquin & that they may be shunned ; and commend commodious building is nearly completed, vital godliness, that it may be pursued. which will be used as a school - house The chapter containing this passage, most during the week, and for the Church serimpressively inculcates “a lesson which vices on Sundays : a school-house with a mankind in all ages have been slow to learn, residence for a master has also been built

—that no observance of religious rites, no on the Blasquett Island. In Kilmelchedar splendour of ceremonies, no accumulation parish there are about 45 converts; a of sacrifices, nor any outward appearances school-house is now being erected there. of sanctity, can atone for the absence of 5. In addition to those enumerated, there inward piety, and the exercise of pure and are about 50 converts scattered in different holy affections towards the blessed God.” places, who cannot be counted with any Apart from sincere and spiritual obedience, particular congregation. such as can be rendered only after expe “ . Besides these still living, 19 converts riencing “repentance toward God, and have died since the commencement of the faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ," all work, all of whom, without exception, have ceremonial observances are utterly worth remained steadfast in the faith, notwithless.

standing the violent and persevering efforts Sept. 1844.

that in some cases have been made by (To be continued.)

their Roman Catholic relations, to induce them at their dying hour to recant. Such

testimonies have been most valuable, proving THE DINGLE COLONY.

(if anything were needed to prove) that

their change was not one of mere outward Though we have largely noticed this in

profession, to secure for themselves any teresting colony in a former number, we

supposed earthly gain, while the full value yet regard it as such a bright and cheering

of the testimony cannot be felt by those spot, peeping forth amidst all the spiritual

who are not acquainted with the assaults of darkness of our Sister Isle, and as such a

mingled warning and threat, and earnest gem in the coronet of " THE IRISH SOCIETY,"

entreaty which the dying convert has often of which Society we have given a sketch

to endure, and of which, were it deemed in the pages of our present number-a'gem

advisable to mention instances, ample spewhich we are sure they will devoutly

cimens might be given. place in the crown of our Redeemer

“ • The Hon. and Rev. Dennis Browne that we feel inclined to allow room in

writes, Sept. 1, 1842 :- 'I cannot tell you our columns for some further details upon

the interest which my late visit to Dingle the subject. It is really Missionary work ;

has produced in my mind in the progress of and as such, deserves and demands our

the work there. I was prepared to expect favorable notice.

some little disappointment in visiting and The following brief outline is from

inquiring into a work of which I had heard

so much at a distance ; but so far from • From the late Rev. R. S. M'ALL, L.L.D. being disappointed, I have found the reality

to exceed far my most sanguine expecta- ! There are about twenty millions of acres tions; and having visited every post in the in Ireland, of which fourteen millions are district-having minutely inquired into all planted and cultivated, and the rest left the particulars of the work which is going waste; and five out of these six are reon in it, and having examined, carefully, claimable. The entire rental of Ireland is some of the principal converts, I am fully estimated at twenty millions annually, to satisfied that the work is of God, and am which may be added half a million for the assured, that if it is His will to provide the annual dividends on the capital of joint means, especially in raising up efficient stock companies. The aggregate value of teachers, as great a work of revival is likely Irish exports to England has been estito be produced in that district as in any mated by the railway commissioners at other I ever visited.'

rather more than sixteen millions annually, “Of the state and progress of the Colony, almost exclusively raw produce; there are no the Rev. C. Gayer writes, in a letter, dated accurate data for determining the imports. December 31, 1842 :

In the census of creeds made under the “I have now to state, that in addition to authority of Government in 1834, the followthe fifteen houses mentioned in our last ing was a report of the number of persons report, ten others have been completed in belonging to each religious denomination. Dingle, and ten more are in progress of being

Creed.

Number of persons built at Ventry, five of which are nearly

belonging to. finished. In the Dingle Colony there are

Roman Catholics ........ 6,427,712 150 individuals receiving shelter, among

Protestant Episcopalians .... 725,064 whom are twelve widows. The number of Presbyterians ............ 642,556 children attending the Sunday -school is Other Dissenters .......... 121,308 now 176. The adult Sunday class has In December 1843, the number of miliincreased from 70 to 130. Since the ope tary in Ireland was 21,210 ; the naval force rations of the Society have been enlarged, 2,350, and the constabulary 9,043. The three Scripture Readers and two School cost of the military force is estimated at masters have been supported by the Colony. £802,441 ; of the naval armament£180,500 ; The Ladies' Auxiliary to the Irish Society and of the police £512,505 ; the charge of has undertaken to pay the salaries of the the civil establishments £2,137,253 ; and Seripture Readers and Schoolmasters in as the revenue of Ireland averages about Ventry and Donquin.

.£4,500,000, the surplus is not sufficient to pay the interest of that portion of the

national debt for which Ireland was made FACTS RELATIVE TO IRELAND.

responsible by the act of union.

As the moral condition of a people is To the Editor of the Irish Missionary intimately connected with its social organMagazine.

ization, the preceding facts will not fail to Sir,—There are in Ireland 8,175,124 persons suggest important reflections. Surely they inhabiting 1,328,830 houses ; of these per

appeal to the benevolent mind of every sons 2,385,000 are absolute paupers, and of Protestant Christian to lend his aid in their dwellings 1,024,275 are mud cabins.

raising this interesting country from its Out of this population, 625,356 families,

present depressed state? And how can this numbering 3,470,752 persons, live in be better brought about than by giving 491,268 mud cabins or hovels, consisting them the unadulterated Gospel of Christ, of one room only, where the door serves

before which the darkness of error shall for chimney and window, affording an

flee away ? outlet to the smoke and to the families; and Horton.

J. C. an entrance to light, pigs and children. Out of the eight millions of inhabitants,

ADJOURNING A DISCOURSE. seven millions belong to the agricultural A minister lately preached in the pulpit population, and the wages of the laboring of a brother Divine.' His sermon was classes of this vast majority vary from four longer than usual, and his doctrine not pence to tenpence per day, in the west and approved of. The minister of the chapel south, and from eightpence to a shilling per was spoken to on the subject, and the proday in the north. According to the third mised second part of the sermon was report of the commissioners' inquiry into adjourned sine die. The disappointed the state of the poor, the average wages of preacher inquired the cause of this, and an agricultural labourer in Ireland are from was told the principal objector was a most 23. to 2s. 6d. per week, and in England from eminent Greek scholar-_“Ah, ah !" said 8s. to 10s. per week. Out of the total resident he, “I am not surprised at this, for St. population, after deducting children under Paul has said that the Gospel was unto five years of age, the commissioners return the Jews a stumbling-block, and unto the 3,766,066 as unable to read or write.

Greeks foolishness.

THE KERRY FISHERMAN.

made captain of the Missionary Boat, a vessel which had been purchased by subscription, and employed to procure provision for the converts, as the priests had forbidden any of the inhabitants to sell them food. This boat was wrecked on its return from Cork, laden with potatoes, in a great storm, Dunlevy's life was spared at the time, but he ultimately sunk under the hardships he endured in his efforts to save the boat. At his death his sister was frantic with grief that her brother had died a Protestant. She poured forth her impassioned feelings, sometimes in expressions of sorrow, sometimes in awful imprecations, and always in poetry. Listened to by one who understood the Irish language, the following, being part of her lamentation, or Keen, as it is called, is rendered as nearly as possible in English verse. In the deep mighty ocean the dark night it found thee, The tides and the waves they were foaming around

thee; When doubling the headland, oh! here's the sad

token, Thy heart and thy vessel together were broken.

My sorrow, my sorrow, it drives me to madness :
Oh! never again shall my sore heart know gladness;
Oh! sadly it grieves me to think that those dangers
And troubles came o'er thee when toiling for strangers

To the Editor of the Irish Missionary

Magazine. Dear Sir,-Your little unpretending miscellany, will, I trust, be rendered an extensive blessing to the cause it is intended to promote. If, by diffusing information concerning the moral and spiritual condition of Ireland, that deeply interesting, but much neglected portion of the United Kingdom, it shall be the means of awakening our British churches and their pastors to a sense of their duty, your labours will not be in vain. The record in several of the periodicals of the day, of the efforts made by some of the societies, aiming at the evangelization of the Sister country, is most important, and has answered many valuable purposes. But a cheap publication especially devoted to this object, seemed a desideratum which the IRISH MISSIONARY MAGAZINE is well calculated to supply. I rejoice exceedingly that you intend occasionally to give information of the efforts made by other bodies of Christians, with which we are not immediately connected. Amongst these, the Irish Society of Dublin stands conspicuous. Sustained and conducted by the Evangelical portion of the United Church of England and Ireland, I believe it is the instrument of effecting much good. When in Ireland, during the summer of 1843, I had an opportunity of hearing something of its efforts, especially in the county of Kerry ; and could but thank God for what it had been the means of accomplishing in that, almost exclusively Popish, part of the country. If you deem the following incident, with the poetry accompanying it, suitable for insertion in your Magazine, it is at your service.

I am,
Yours, respectfully,

THOMAS JAMES.
Woolwich, October 4th, 1844.

Dunlevy was a poor fisherman of Ventry, in the county of Kerry, who, through the instrumentality of the Irish Society renounced the errors of Popery, and came out of the Church of Rome, bringing with him a wife and ten children. His kindred, as is usual, were exceedingly exasperated. His character and conduct were such that he was

Oh! would that thy grave was made under the billow, And would that the wild sbark himself were the

pillow; Than thus in thy bed, in thy senses to lie, And our church, and her priesthood so boldly defy.

Here followed pillalues and hillaloos in wild and varied tones, expressive of the most extravagant grief. She then began in a different measure.

Oh! Donach, Donach, can it be,

And hast thon left us so? The gem, the flower of all thy race, With heretics to go?

Well lay thee in thy father's grave,

Beneath thy mother's head; No parson o'er thee e'er shall pray,

No Bible e'er be read.

To the children.

Nochildren of Danlevy's line

Are ye, nor of his race! Beneath him ye shall never lie,+

Nor in his tomb find place!

To the widow.

His gatherings, his earnings all,

They may belong to thee;
But we, his kindred, flesh and blood,

Deep, deep in him are we.

* Death by drowning is, by the Roman Catholics, considered amongst the most afflictive, as it deprive the person of the benefit of extreme unction, wbt they consider would have freed him from all sids como mitted since he last confessed.

+ The graves of the Irish peasantry contain all the coffins of the family. The last interred is placed derneath the others; and to refuse that position the grave to any lately deceased member of the family is, in fact, to disown him as such.

Poetry.

WHO CARES FOR ERIN ?

Who cares for Erin does the man

Who calls her names--proclaims her base But never favors any plan

To elevate her fallen race ; Who cares for Erin / we may say,

While error-struck she wounded lies, And Levite-like crowds turn away

Regardless of her piercing cries. Who cares for Erin! when the wail

Of millions sinking in despair, With many churches seems to fail

To urge an effort-prompt a prayer ! Who cares for Erin! those who seek,

By christian efforts, souls to win ; With spirit, faithful, glowing, meek,

To draw her from the “ man of sin." Who cares for Erin? do not those

Who traverse mountain, bog, and glen,
The Saviour's mercy to disclose

To perishing deluded men.
Who cares for Erin} those who give

Their wealth, their time, and talents too; That sinners, dead, through Christ may live,

And learn his glory to pursue. Who cares for Erin! those who stay

Unbribed by wealth to leave her soil; Who speak of truth's celestial way,

Unmoved by fear, contempt, and toil. Who cares for Erin 1 those who pray,

“Thy kingdom come," throughout ber isle ; And, strong in faith, believe the day

Will come, when truth on her shall smile. HOXTON.

T. L.

Live here for death, spend not thy hours in sloth ;
Waste not the time which God to thee hath given-
Hath given, that thou mayest here prepare to die.
Vain man! and wilt thou only live for time;
As though the king of terrors never dare
Put forth his hand on thee, or say,
I come to claim my own! Remember, dust
Thou art, and unto dust thou shalt return;
And then, when every charm, when every g race,
Which here delights is gone, for ever gone,
And the immortal spirit naked, bare,
Stripped of its outward ornaments, and all
That which to mortal eyes most pleasant seemed,
Shall stand before its judge-stand to receive
Its final destiny; and heaven's Great King
Shall ope' the book and say, As were thy deeds
So shall thy doom be fixed--what wilt thou think
Then, when to think is useless, of those hours,
Those days, those months, those years, which here on

earth
Thou spend 'st in indolence, or sloth, or worse ?
Most dreadful thought! that when upon this world
Peace, everlasting peace, within thy grasp
Was placed. But, no! thou would'st not take the boou,
But did'st to folly and this world's delights
Thy best affections give; and thou who wert
For vast eternity created, contented wast
To live for time, yet scarce for time thou lived'st,
For this itself, though short, too long it seemd
To need thy care--the present hour was all
The sum and substance of thy largest thought.

SEPTEMBER, 13, 1844. G. FOLEY, T.C.D.

PRAYER AND HOPE FOR ERIN.

TIME AND ETERNITY.

Time, what a solemn thought! Eternity,
More solemn still: and yet how few there are
Who ever think of rightly spending time,
Or contemplate this vast eternity.
Man is born mortal: they of human race
Must pass through infancy and youth and age,
And then must die-must die as to that form
Which constitutes in many minds the man.
But there's a living principle within ;
A soul, the breath of God! which ne'er shall die,
But which throughout eternity shall live
In happiness or woe-in endless woe,
Or in the full fruition of such joy,
As eye hath never seen, ear never heard,
And into heart of man hath never come-
All men must die, get all for ever live.
Strange coutradiction, yet as true as strange,
Which as with trumpet-tongue to each proclaims,
Live so for death that thou mayest die to live ;

"Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit saith the Lord."

“The darkness is past, and the true light now shineth."

Shine, gracious Lord, on Erin's coasts,

Thy Gospel spread from sea to sea;
Display thy power, O Lord of Hosts,

And bring her children home to Thee.
Nor human skill, nor power, nor might,

Can e'er the glorious work achieve;
'Till Thou assert thy native right,

And bid the dying captives live.
Then shall her land with peace be blest,

And yield her increase unto Thee;
Thy truth shall be by all professed,

And Satan's victims shall be free.
Hasten it in thine own good time,

Our spirits pant to see the day
When superstition's vacant shrine,

And boasted relics cast away-
Shall say, " The darkness now is past,"

The true clear light of life is come;
Bright’ning the sky with clouds o'er cast,

And pointing to a heavenly home. E L P.

Biography.
FRANCIS HUTCHESON,

Archbishop King held him in high

esteem ; and the friendship of that prelate Was an ingenious moral philosopher, was of great use in protecting him from whose researches and works have contri two malicious attempts which were made buted much to our knowledge of the human to prosecute him in the archiepiscopal court, mind, and whose example stimulated those for undertaking the education of youth, exertions which have since given to the without having qualified himself, according world the immortal writings of Reid, Smith, to the laws then existing, by subscribing Beattie, Campbell, and Stewart.

to the ecclesiastical canons, and obtaining He was the son of a dissenting minister a licence from the bishop. Mr. Hutcheson, in the north of Ireland, and was born, also, was highly esteemed by Primate August 8th, 1694. At an early age he Boulter, who, through his influence, made discovered a superior capacity ; and, after a donation to the university of Glasgow of going through the usual course of grammar a yearly fund, or bursary, to each student school education, he was sent to an academy in that college. In 1728, he published to commence his philosophical pursuits. a “ Treatise on the Passions," in octavo, In 1710, he was removed to the university which, together with his former work, has of Glasgow, where he renewed his classical often been republished, and has been studies, and made such proficiency in admired for sentiment and language, even mathematics, logic, natural and moral phi by those who have not coincided with the losophy, as was suitable to his talents and author in his philosophical opinions. About application. He then entered on the study this time, he wrote some philosophical of divinity to qualify himself for the papers, accounting for laughter in a way Christian ministry, which he proposed to different from Hobbes, and more honouramake his profession for life.

ble to human nature, which were published At the end of six years, he returned to in the collection called “Hibernicus's LetIreland, and, after due examination, wasters.” He also published an answer to some admitted to become a preacher amongst the letters in the London Journal,” in 1728, Presbyterians, and was about to be ordained subscribed Philaretus, containing objections pastor to a small congregation, when some to some parts of his philosophical doctrines gentlemen near Dublin, who knew his great in the “Enquiry," &c. Both letters and abilities, invited him to open a private answer were afterwards published in & academy there; which he did, and met separate pamphlet. with very great success. He had not been He had now conducted his academy with long settled in that city, before his talents

great reputation and success for seven or and accomplishments made him generally eight years, and by his works was favorknown; and his society was courted by ably known to the whole literary world, persons of all ranks, who had any taste for when Ireland was doomed to part with learning and science, or knew how to esteem this genius of her own production, and learned men. Amongst others, Lord Moles give him to be an ornament and light to worth took great pleasure in his conver another land. The university of Glasgow, sation, and assisted him with his obser induced by the desire of having distinguished vations and criticisms upon his “Enquiry men to keep up her high fame as a seat of into the Ideas of Beauty and Virtue," learning, invited Mr. Hutcheson, in 1729, before it was sent to the press. He re to become their professor of philosophy. ceived the same favor from Dr. Synge, He accepted the honour ; and, as the chair Bishop of Elphin, with whom he lived on of moral philosophy was assigned to him, terms of the most intimate friendship. The he had now full leisure, and every inducefirst edition of this work was published in ment to pursue with increasing assiduity 1725, without the author's name ; but its his favorite study of human nature. His great merit would not allow the author high reputation attracted many students to be long concealed. Its high reputation | from England and Ireland, and it was about and excellence induced Lord Grenville, then this time probably, he had his degree of lord-lieutenantof Ireland, to send his private LL.D. conferred on him. The remainder of secretary to the bookseller, to inquire the his valuable life was spent in a very honorname ; and when he could not learn it, he able manner ; being divided between his left a letter to be conveyed to him. In con studies and the duties of his office, except sequence of this, Mr. Hutcheson became what he allotted to friendship and society. known to the noble peer, who, during the Regarding the culture of the heart as the whole time of his government, treated him principal end of all moral instruction, he with distinguished marks of familiarity and kept this constantly in view ; and his unkindness.

common vivacity of thought, and sensi

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