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which, as coming from one of the pany he would not pass for a genteel man. when the rest of his family and attendants stanchest adherents (till disgusted by He hath a quick, apprehension, and speaks fed, were afterwards obliged to quit his such conduct as he relates) of this un- French, Italian, and English, the last with service on account of his illiberal behaviour. happy branch of an unhappy family, a little of a foreign accent. As to the rest, But there is one part of his character, which seems worthy of credit. The establish- very little care seems to have been taken of Imust particularly insist on, since it occament of the fact, of the Prince being in lettres or any of the finer arts his study, of his friends and adherents in England,

his education. He had not made the belles sioned the defection of the most powerful London after the year 1745, is in itself which surprised me much, considering his and by some concurring accidents, totally a matter of historical importance: as for preceptors, and the noble opportunities he blasted all his hopes and pretensions. When the melancholy picture of that person must have always had in that nursery † of he was in Scotland, he had a mistress, whose himself, we can only lament its too pro- | all the elegant and liberal arts and science. name is Walkenshaw, and whose sister was bable accuracy.

We now copy Dr. But I was still more astonished, when I at that time, and is still housekeeper at LeiKing :

found him unacquainted with the history cester House. Some years after he was reSeptember 1750, I received a note from my ought to have been very early instructed. I of France, he sent for this girl, who soon

and constitution of England, in which he leased from his prison, and conducted out Lady Primrose, who desired to see me immediately. As soon as I waited on her, she volent sentiments, the certain indications of she was acquainted with all his schemes,

never heard him express any noble or bene acquired such a dominion over him, that led me into her dressing room, and pre- a great soul and a good heart; or discover and trusted with his most

secret correspondsented me to

As soon as this was known in Engto find him there, I was still more asto- any sorrow or compassion for the misfor- ence. nished when he acquainted me with the fered in his cause.( But the most odious

tunes of so many worthy men who had suf- land, all those persons of distinction, who motives which had induced him to hazard

were attached to him, were greatly alarıned; a journey to England at this juncture. The part of his character is his love of money, they imagined that this wench had been impatience of his friends who were in exile a vice which I do not remember to have placed in his family by the English minishad formed a scheme which was impracti- bis ancestors, and is the certain index of a they seemed to have some ground for their

been imputed by our historians to any of ters; and, considering her sister's situation, cable ; but although it had been as feasible base and little mind. I know it may be suspicion ; wherefore they dispatehed a as they had represented it to him, yet no urged in his vindication, that a prince in gentleman to Paris, where the Prince then preparation had been made, nor was any exile ought to be an economist. And so he was, who had instructions to insist that thing ready to carry it into execution. He ought; but nevertheless his purse should Mrs. Walkenshaw should be removed to a was soon convineed that he had been de- be always open, as long as there is any convent for a certain terin: but her gallant don of five days only, he returned to the thing in it, to relieve the necessities of his absolutely refused to comply with this de place from whenee he came.

friends and adherents. King Charles the mand; and although Mr. M.Namara, the As I had

second, during his banishment, would have gentleman who was sent to him, who has a some long conversations with him here, and shared the last pistole in his pocket with his natural eloquence, and an excellent underfor some years after held a constant corres- little family. But I have known this gen- standing, urged the most cogent reasons, pondence with him, not indeed by letters, tleman with two thousand louis-dors in his and used all the arts of persuasion to inbut by messengers, t who were occasionally dispatched to him; and as during this strong box pretend he was in great distress, duce him to part with his mistress, and intercourse I informed myself of all parti

and borrow money from a lady in Paris, who even proceeded so far as to assure him, acculars relating to him and of his whole con faithful servants, who had closely attended diate interruption of all correspondence with

was not in affluent circumstances. His most cording to his instructions, that an immeduct, both in public and private life, I a

him in all his difficulties, were ill rewarded. his most powerful friends in England, and perhaps as well qualified as any man in Two French men, who had left every thing in short, that the ruin of his interest, which and I impose this task on myself, not only couriers through half Europe, and executed fallible consequence of his refusal; yet he

was now daily increasing, wonld be the infor the information of posterity, but for the their commissions with great punctuality continued inflexible, and all M Namara’s sake of many worthy gentlemen whom I shall leave behind me, who are at present without any faults imputed to thein, or any tual. M‘Namara staid in Paris some days

and exactness, were suddenly discharged intreaties and remonstrances were ineffectheir ideas of him from public report, but recompense for their past service. To this !eyond the time prescribed him, endeavourmore particularly from those great actions spirit of avarice may be added his insulent ing to reason the Prince into a better temwhich he performed in Scotland. As to his

manner of treating his iinmediate depend-per; but finding him obstinately persevere person, he is tall and well made, but stoops ants, very unbecoming a great prince, and in his first answer, he took his leave with

concern and indignation, saying, as he a little, owing perhaps to the great fatigue pected from him if ever he acquired sove passed out, “ What has your family done, which he underwent in his northern expe- reign power. Sir J. Harrington and Col. Sir, thus to draw down the vengeance of eyes ; (I think his busts, t which about this Goring, who suffered themselves to be im- Heaven on every branch of it through so time were commonly sold in London, are prisoned with him, rather than desert him, many ages?”. It is worthy of remark, that

in all the conferences which M.Namara had more like him than any of his pictures + Rome. His governor was a protestant, and with the Prince on this occasion, the latter which I have yet seen;) but in a polite com- I am apt to believe purposedly neglected his edu- declared that it was not a violent passion, or

cation, of which it is surmised he made a merit indeed any particular regard, which at• The Pretender.

to the English ministry; for he was always supof These were not common couriers, but gen- posed to be their pensioner. The Chevalier Ram- § I believe he spoke truth when he declared tlemen of fortune, honour, and veracity, and on say, the author of Cyrus, was Prince Charles's he had no esteem for his northern misiress, whose relations i could entirely depend. preceptor for about a year; but a court faction although she has been his companion for so many He came one evening to my lodgings and removed him.

years. She had no elegance of manners : and as drank tea with me. My servant, after he was As to his religion, he is certainly free from they had both contracted an odious habit of drinkgone, said to '

me, That he thought my new vi all bigotry and superstition, and would readily ing,* so they exposed themselves very frequently, sitor very like Prince Charles." "Why,' said I, conform to the religion of the country. With the not only to their own family, but to all their

have you ever seen Prince Charles “ No, catholics, he is a catholic; with the protestants, neighbours. They often quarrelleil, and somesir," replied the fellow, “but this gentleman, he is a protestant; and, to convince the latter of times fought: they were some of these drunken whoever he may be, exactly resembles the busts his sincerity, he often carried an English Com-scenes which probably occasioned the report of which are sold in Red livn-street, and are said to mon Prayer book in his pocket; and sent to Gor- his madness, be the busts of Prince Charles.” The truth is, don (whoin I have mentioned before,) a nonjur. * Charles, it is reported, used to say, that he these busts were taken in plaster of Paris from ing clergyman, to christen the first child he had learnt to drink in the Highlands, during his conhis face. by Mrs. W.

cealment, and could not overcome the habit. -Ed.


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tached him to Mrs. Walkenshaw, and that into the various languages of India, and of the preliminary discourse thinks they he could see her removed from him without other parts of the East.

are very ancient laws, which have been any concern; but he would not receive di

placed in the collection. 4th, Lastly, the rections in respect to his private conduct 111. Fuero Juzgo, en Latin y Castellano, laws which have been corrected in process

&c. i. e. The Code of the Judges, com- of time, and which sometimes express this from any man alive. When M.Namara returned to London, and reported the Prince's

pared with the most ancient and most circumstance. answer to the gentlemen who had employed

valuable Manuscripts. By the Royal

The Reviewer observes, that on examinhim, they were astonished and confoinded. Spanish Academy. In folio.

ing this volume, he found that he did not However, they soon resolved on the mea- The Fuero Juzgo is a collection of the laws recollect ever to have seen in the Latin colsures which they were to pursue for the of the Visigoths. This ancient monument lections of the laws of the Visigoths, the future, and determined no longer to serve is doubly valuable: on the one hand it con- part intituled Primus Titulus, which fills a man who could not be persuaded to serve tains the laws which governed that people ten pages; and perceived that this part did himself, and chose rather to endanger the both in Spain and the South of France, so not seem to have been originally intended lives of his best and most faithful friends, long as they existed as a nation, and these to make a part of this edition, it being than part with an harlot, whom, as he often laws were even adopted by the govern- paged with Roman numerals; after which declared, he neither loved nor esteemed. If inents which succeeded that of the Visi- there comes another first chapter, 1. Titulus ever that old adage, Quos Jupiter rult per- goths; and, on the other hand, it shews us, de Legislatore, where the Arabic numerals dere, &c. could be properly applied to any in a version in that tongue, made at a very begin: the Castillian translation answering person, whom could it so well fit as the gen- remote era, the genuine state of the Cas- to this first part is also paged with Roman tleman of whom I have been speaking ? " for tillian idiom. We know of scarcely any numerals, and, with the various readings, it is difficult by any other means to account considerable work in that language, the date and the notes, tills sixteen pages; after for such a sudden infatuation. || He was, in- of which is acknowledged to be more which the Arabic numerals commence. deed, soon afterwards made sensible of his ancient than that of the Fuero Juzgo; so This first chapter concerns the election misconduct, when it was too late to repair that the text of this version, particularly as of the kings, their duties and their rights, it: for from this era may truly be dated it has been published by the Spanish Aca- as well as the duties of the people. The the ruin of his cause.

demy, vith numerous various readings, constitutional principles which it contains Dr. King adds, a few pages further on, will be very useful to explain the origin and are not a new stipulation between the the difficulties of the Castillian.

Prince and the nation, but a renewal of the Since I wrote this article, I met with a

There were already several editions of ancient la:vs, and King Sisenand requires pamphlet, lately published (1762) in French, the Fuero Juzgo in the original; that is to that they shall be drawn up by the assembly entitled, Testament Politique du Maréchal sav, the Latin; the first was published in of the Visigoths, who are puternorum deDuc de Belleisle. The author of this work is said to be the present writer of the Brus- called the French Varro. The laws con1579, by the learned Pierre Pithou, justly cretorum memores.

These laws bear the same character of sels Gazette: he pretends to know, that tained in this collection were afterwards liberty as the ancient laws of the other when the French had resolved on the expe- reprinted in Germany and Italy. In Spain kingdoms of Spain. They begin with the dition against Minorca, the command of alone the ancient Castillian version had yet definition of the title of King : Reges enim their troops was offered to Prince Charles, been published.

à regendo tocati sunt. Jf the King acts which he refused, complaining of his im

The Spanish Academy having formed uprightly, he retains his title; if otherwise, prisonment in the Castle of Vincennes.

the design of publishing a new edition of the he loses it. The second section of this first Et finit par me dire (says Mr. Belleisle) que original Latin and of the Castillian version, chapter concerns the Election of the kings. les Anglois lui rendroient justice, s'ils le solicited of the King of Spain, and obtained, The election is made in the royal city, jugeoint à propos ; mais qu'il ne vouloit plus être leur épouvantail

. I can scarce be-tember 1785, express orders, which not by the assem!ly of the Prelates and great

on the 8th of February and 20th of Sep- or in the place of the decease of the prince, ever offered to Prince Charles; but if it only permitted it to consult the MSS. in men, with the consent of the people, and

the Royal Library of Madrid, and of not otherwise, and not by the conspiracy were, I can easily believe that his answer Saint Lawrence in the Escurial, but also of a small number, or in the seditious tilwas such as this author has reported; for he had often declared to his friends, after enjoined the universities, convents, cathe- mult of the people inhabiting the country.'' the ill treatment which he had received from the Niss. in their Libraries. Private per- religion. -

• The Princes must be of the Catholic

In the distribution of justice the Court of France, that he never would accept of any offers which that court might them to the Academy; a committee of five modest.”

sons who possessed copies, eagerly lent they must be mild ; in their mode of living hereafter make him, which never had any members, severalof whom were successively " They shall not require of their subjects, real intention to serve him, but only to use replaced by others, employed itself with for the supply of their wants, more than is him occasionally as their instrument, and zeal and perseverance to give this arduous necessary and lawful: their fortune does to sacrifice him to their own interest. . He task all the perfection which it required, not descend to their children, but to the knew enough of the history of his family to and of which it was susceptible. have learnt the truth, and he had on two or

King elected after them." three occasions experienced it in himself.

“ 'The heirs of a King can pretend to no The preliminary discourse is composed by Don Manuel de Lardizabal y Uribe. more than the forinne which he had before After an introduction, in which he proves he ascended the throne.”

that the Visigoths had retained many parts “ The Kings take an oath ; and if they ANALYSIS OF THE JOURNAL DES SAVANS, of the Roman laws, he divides the code of violate it, they lose their rank.” FOR NOVEMBER 1818.

the Visigoths into four classes : Ist, Those The 16th and 17th sections secure to the Art. I. Pottinger's Travels in Beloochistan which the princes issued by their own au- wives and children of the Kings what ought and Sinde.

thority, among which are some which the reasonably to be allowed them. [We have noticed this review in a preceding No.

] of the palace and the court. 21, The laws power, says, “ The King cannot decide

Prince says he made with all the great officers The 3d section, the judicial treating of Art. II. On the Mission of the Baptists in which were the result of the deliberation alone, either upon persons or property; India.

of the national councils, in which the Pre- but judgment must take place in the asThis is a statement (extracted from a lates and the Nobles took part. The King sembly of the priests, who will inspire letter of Mr. Williain Pearce, dated Seram- who had proposed these laws, sanctioned mercy, and with the consent of the people; pour, January 1818) of the progress that thein, after the consent of the clergy and so that by this sentence passed in public, had been made up to that period, in the the people. 3d, Those which do not ex- the crime' may lie proved to the chiefs of numerous editions of the Bible, translated press how they were made. The author the earth ; but the right of pardoning is

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reserved to the Kings. Thus the Kings will / which have hitherto impeded our progress | though I have most anxiously watched for rejoice in their people, the people in their in musical attainments." I shall now advert indications of talent, and hailed, with the Kings, and God in both.”

to the actual condition of Music in this most lively pleasure, any particular producAfter having laid down the duties of the country; cast a transient glance at our in- tion, any passage or passing notes which Kings, those of the people are not for-stitutions for the promotion and encourage-spoke to the heart, yet I am bound to adgotten. The following law is remarkable ment of the art; and then shortly comment mit that I have been very rarely gratified. for its severity:

upon the manner in which it is cultivated, This might arise from the mediocrity of Sect. II. " Though the divine law has and enjoyed in society ; inquire by what the performance, but the impression ou my said, The father shall not die for the sort of persons it is taught, and with what mind was, that it arose from the indifference children, nor the children for the purents ; success.

of the composition. I do not stand alone in but every one shall die for his own sin:' And By far the most important and universal this opinion; many enlightened friends again : The son shall not bear the iniquity motive for the study of Music, is supplied have confessed to the same impression. of the father, nor the futher that of the son by the use of it in religious worship. Ca- The scrupulous correctness and dull uniNevertheless, to prevent conspiracies and tholic countries have generally excelled in forinity of these productions can never rebellions, it is declared, that when the church music; because, as the most power- rouse the attention of a congregation : our guilty are convicted canonically and legally ful external incitement to devotion, it is common psalm-tunes are in most respects of having conspired with the design of de- always most likely to be employed in reli- preferable, because they are generally short, priving the King of his life or crown, or if gions of parade and display. "In protestant simple, and affecting melodies, and therefore they have in any manner whatever, by fac-service it ought indeed to be reduced to the rarely tiresome. The greater number of our tions or machinations, injured the country standard of sobriety, adopted by the re- anthems have had that effect upon many senand the nation, both the guilty and their formed churches. Yet it is to be presumed, sible judges of music. But there are exwhole posterity shall be degraded from the that the fathers of our own church would ceptions, and one or two brilliant ones. honours of the Palatine order, and they not have retained it, had they considered it Many pieces, of Purcell, Greene, Boyce, shall remain subject to perpetual slavery to inimical to sober devotion. 'It was for the Arne, and Batishill, have great musical the private treasury, saving the clemency promotion of that most essential requisite merit, particularly the latter ; whose anof the King."

to sincere and acceptable worship, that they them, “Call to remembrance,” will always The 18th section says, that “ on the prescribed the practice.

Yet, I will ven- remain an oriament to our national sercommencement of a new reign, the great ture to say that, at any rate, our cathedral vice. I am, however, fully persuaded, that men who have obtained dignities and fa- service (without discussing the merits of among the vast mass of productions of this vours from the preceding King, are not to our congregational melodies) is but poorly description with which we abound, a selecbe deprived of them, unless they have calculated to produce any such effect. The tion might be made, which, though small, proved themselves unworthy.”

only part of it in which we possess any ori- would be highly creditable to our national What we have quotod of this chapter will ginal merit, is our chants ; some of which talent. Dr. Boyce's collection, which is shew how necessary the edition of the laws form a wonderful contrast to the dull mo- that now most commonly used, contains of the Visigotlıs, published by the Spanish notony of the anthem. Many of thein are

much indifferent stuff, interspersed with Acadeiny, was to complete the collection truly characteristic, and seem

to have

some valuable compositions. The judg; which contain the laws of the different caught the spirit of the sublime poet whose ment here formed of our anthem, is founded people who succeeded to the doinination of effusions they are destined to proclaim. 1 (1 confess it without hesitation) upon a Rome, and which have been called by the am happy, in this instance, to be able to comparison of its merits with those of the general name of BARBARORUM LEges An- claim for my countrymen some degree of Catholic mass service; and though in the

original merit; our chants are, in my style of the latter there is occasionally too The chief object of the Academy was to opinion, deciledly superior to any I have much levity, too much theatrical effect to make known the ancient Castillian idiom, heard abroal, even in very focus of suit the sobriety of our religious notions, and there is no doubt but its labours will be good music in Germany. There the chant yet, on the other hand, there exists in it extremely useful to those who may wish to consists, on ordinary occasions, of but two an infinitely higher spirit of devotion, explore its origin and formation. This or three sounds, with or without an organ greater sublimity, and deeper pathos. For edition contains a glossary of all the words, accompaniment; the tones succeed each the truth of this position I can only appeal the explanation of which presented some other but slowly, and the words are uttered to the judgment of those enlightened lovers difficulty, whether in the Latin of the middle with considerable rapidity ; excepting in of the art, who have had the same ample ages, or in the ancient Castillian.

the service for the Saturday before Easter opportunities of judging of both which have The labour performed by the Spanish Sunday, when it is usual to chant the La- fallen to my loi. With very little knowAcademy appears to me(says M.Raynonard) mentations of Jeremiah, to a chant con- ledge of the theory of music, I have made so perfectly well executed, and so evidently aisting but of two notes ; the words are iny own feelings alone the criterion of muuseful, that I think I cannot sufficienily uttered slowly, and usually hy one per- sical merit. This must be the case with commend it. I finish this article by ex- former only, without any accompaniment. every one, who would judge impartially, pressing a wish which is formed by all Hence it is not surprising that Haydn, when and yet it produces very little dissension lovers of the Spanish literature: May the in this country, was struck with the effect among real lovers of the art, as to the comAcademy bestow the same zeal, the same of our chant.† For my own part, I can parative value of different compositions ; care, and employ the same means, to give with truth aver that I have always listened there is, therefore, no reprehensible vanity editions of the Canzonero and the Roman with greater pleasure to the chanting of in thus promulgating a sentence pronounced cero, those two famous monuinents of the the Psalms, than to any other portion of upon the authority of individual feeling. ancient Castillian literature. our service.

I feel myself called upon in this place, to (To be continued.)

In treating of the merits of our anthems, introduce a remark or two upon the deplor

I cannot speak otherwise than generally able state of Music in our country churches. ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. For if complaints were agreeable things in In very many, I might say the majority of

themselves, the limits of this essay will not them, there are no organs. This, though ON THE STATE OF MUSIC AND MUSICAL permit me to be particular. All the claim aa evil, is not without its remedy. But the TUITION IN ENGLAND.

I can put in to speak of them at all, must grand mischief arises out of the unpardonI have formerly * endeavoured to point dral service pretty regularly for several the tasteless negligence of the clergy, who

be derived from iny habit of hearing cathe- able vanity of our village musicians, and out the principal prejudices and errors

years, particularly at the university. And permit them to exhibit at church on SunVide three last Numbers of the Literary Ga

days and holidays, to the great annoyance zette for 1818.

+ Vide Life of Mozart and Haydn, p. 87, of every one possessing an ear for the pu

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rity of musical sounds. Where there is no are totally insufficient to enable the former | ling, and some odd expenses, to pay fir organ and organist to control the efforts of thus to devote his whole time and attention. it. Such is the Professor; we shall now these people, the discordancy of the sounds The time for practice and instruction is see who the persons are, and what their is absolutely intolerable ; our beautiful ser- confined to four or five hours in the week, qualifications, who, upon his recommendavice is disfigured and disgraced to gratify whereas as many hours in the day would tion, are dubbed Dociors of Music by the the vanity of every drivelling perforiner on barely suffice. Their acquirements are, Senate. the clarionet, flute, fiddle, or violoncello. therefore, usually limited to the ordinary The candidate for the degree of Mus. I. The resemblance of all this complicated routine of church service; more cannot be is required to produce a piece of sacred discordaucy of sound, to what we usually attempted. Whenever I inquired why such music (original composition,) which must call music, is faint iudeed. I have occa- or such a composition was not occasionally be performed before the Senate at the Unisionally witnessed similar performances, in performed, I have usually received for an- versity Church, on the Sunday previous to which the effect produced was more like swer, that it would consu'ne too much time the Commencement. This is the only exerthe noises of the congregration in Noah's to instruct the choir, and that it was to be cise or test, and is (I am sorry to say) in ark, than the singing in a protestant apprehended they would forget what they general a very slovenly and defective perchurch.

knew if too many new works were placed formance, having few of the requisites of Again, in very many places our valuable before them. This could never take place good music; yet a candidate is hardly ever congregational tunes have been discarded, were their education properly provided for; known to have been rejected. It is not to make way for a set of very singular per- as it is, the excuse was a valid one. usual; and the convenient custom secures formances, meant to represent anthems; they consist, for the most part, from the the other parts are very poorly sustained. ble of listening The boys’ voices are generally good ; but the fees due to the Professor, for the trou

nd approving. Any perbeginning to the end, of a uniform series of Men of long standing are often retained, son of the commonest musical knowledge notes of nearly equal length, tending to a after they have lost all pretence to voice; inay thus obtain the highest academical cadence at every half dozen bars, which and what is still worse, when their habits distinction, without the shadow of a title comes as much a matter of course as the of bad practice are so firmly rooted by age

to such an honour. The distinction must expected rhyme at the end of a doggerel as to render them altogether incorrigible. be, however, considerably raised in public distich. This multiplication of drawling Any man of decent musical ability, or any estination, when it is unlerstood that a cadences is the attribute of vulgarity in one who has been at the expense of a m

Mus. D. wears a flowered gown, and has no music; and it is no where to be inet with sical education, would find himself poorly academicul privileges rohaterer ! Poor inin such absolute perfection, as in the ser

rewarded indeed by a choristers' stipend, deed must be the attaininents of those to vices of not a few of our country churches. if any greater demnand were made upon his whom the possession of an honour so So sensible indeed are some of our clergy, time and attention. The work of teaching cheaply obtained can be of any value. And of the indecorum of such practices, that music is usually resorted to by such per that it should constitute any Litle to public they have seriously set about purging their sons, with much better prospect of emolu- notice, as a professor or teacher of inusic, churches of this nuisance, and expelling ment. I am not acquainted with the con- is a strong proof of the deficiency of musiall sorts of noises, whether of fiddle, bass, stitution of other choirs ; but the same cal knowledge in this country. Handel is Aute, or clarionet, to the great confort of effects generally proceed from the same

said to have been so sensibile of its worthall but the performers themselves. If our

The superiority of the rest is not lessness, as to have rejected the proffered good taste kept pace with our industry, 1 so striking as to warrant us in concluding degree with disdain; and Haydn, when think there would be little difficulty in removing the evil here complained of. The elsewhere. that the same radical defects do not exist called upon by the University of Oxford to

satisfy the usual condition of a degree, sent remedy is very simple ;-a little good in

Here too the defect points out the reme-them, in token of his qualification, a sort of struction in the elementary principles of dy. The credit of our ecclesiastical bodies musical jeu d'esprit, called a Canon Concri. the art, and encouragement from those must be implicated in the proper perform- sans, in three parts, and comprised in a whose rank or property give them autho

ance and improvement of the church ser- single line. Favours so cheaply, indiscririty in country parishes, particularly the vice. When this is the case, they will de- minately, and ignorantly bestowed, deserve clergymnan.

vote a small portion of their immense reve- such treatment at the hands of distinguished Such appear to me to be the inherent de nues to the advancement of church-music. individuals. fects in our cathedral and country-church Employments in their choirs should be It would lead me too far to discuss the service. It is necessary now shortly to ad- made a matter of distinction, and of ade- reinedies for such obvious abuses and misvert to the general character of the per quate emolument. Proper tests should be managements ; I shall therefore confine formers in the first. As far as my ex- prescribed, proper judges should be ap- myself to suggesting some few inethods of perience goes, there are also here many pointed to take cognizance of the qualifi- promoting a more rational and profound sad defects to be remedied: ny observa- cations of candidates, and advancement study of the art of Music; in imitation (I tions must be chiefly drawn from the state held out as a reward to superior industry will candidly confess it) of similar instituof the choirs at Cambridge, where (if any and talent. Such is the course pursued tions and practices in the countries where where) gooil music might be expected to wherever good church music is 10' be met music is in the most flourishing condition. be met with. 'Bit the University is very with. And such inust be the course in In Naples there are three institutions for poorly off in this respect ; considerably England, or our music will remain where the study of Music actually subsisting: At worse, I believe, than Oxford. The ap- it is.

Vienna, the numerous chapels attached to pointments are mostly in the hands of men Another still more obvious evil exists in the households of the great nobility, keep whose attention has been turned to abstruse the state of our academical institutions for up a constant succession of good musicians, studies; who have little time, and as little the promotion of musical knowledge. The and supply the want of national academies. inclination, to cultivate an art foreign to Professor of Music at the University of I am inclined to think that it is to this we their habits. Even supposing them in-. Cambridge is elected by the Senate, but must attribute the superiority of musical atclined to defer their choice to some com- has no duties to perform, and no stipend !! tainments in that capital

, over every other petent person, the trouble of educating the His opportunities of emolument arise out of in Europe, Naples perhaps alone excepted. choir must reut upon that individual; fo an exclusive licence to give public concerts “ Although more money.

is expended upon good singers, ready formed to their hands within the University, particularly during Music in England than in any other counare not to be found. The labours 0 the gay season of the Commencement. He try in Europe, we have no national estathe superintendant of the choir must o enjoys a monopoly of musical entertain-blishment for the art. Italy and Germany ought to occupy the whole of his time and ments, and gives no equivalent to the public have long had their Academies, from which attention. But the funds provided for the for it; except virtually conferring degrees we are under the necessity of importing the maintenance of the organist and choristers, I upon any candidate who can raise 101. ster- | talent which distinguishes our musical re


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ing fast

presentations. France, though a nation of ARTS AND SCIENCES.

But the storms of the heart shall affect thee uo less musical pretension than ourselves, has,

more ; in the midst of her revolution, established

A letter from Stockholm, of the 11th of Then say, is it just to complain ? her Conservatoire, a sort of Musical Uni- December, says, Sweden's iron-mines are it is true that the days of enchantment are o'er, versity, where every branch of the art has inexhaustible, and according to the re- But they shall not mislead thee again. its separate school and professor, and in searches ordered by the Government last which all the science of the present day is year, they increase in number and pro

This drear, guilty world, where we're destin'd

to live, displayed. Were the sinecure funds, and ductiveness the nearer we approach the Experience hatb taught thee to know; nominal professors, attached to Gresham Polar regions. At this period of hypothe, Thou expectest not more than 'tis able to give, College, and both the Universities employed sis, respecting the northern regions and Not more than 'tis wont to bestow. agreeably to their original destination, an their polarity, &c. this geological fact may look back on the days that are past—dost forget Academy of Music might be established in be thought curious. this country superior to any similar institu

The many sad tears thou hast shed ?

Oh! recall them to mind, and no longer regret tion in Europe. A Music Hall, of sufficient magnitude, should be erected, in which the

ORIGINAL POETRY. That the days of keen suffering are fled. students should be called upon to exbibit,

For the life of some dear one, in youth's early monthly, before the public. To this should


bloom, be attached a library, where every author in

Thou'st perbaps offer'd prayers up in vain ; the art should be required to deposit the

[By a Correspondent.]

And would'st thou consign them again to the copyright of his works. Such an instituAnother fleeting Year has passed,

tomb, The dawn of this no pleasure brings; tion, attached to the sister art in Soinerset

And be doom'd to weep o'er them again?

Come, Hope, thy cheering influence cast, House, and directed by the well known

Around me spread thy radiant wings. Reflect--and then youth will want pow'r to allure) taste and judgment of the Prince Regent,

On the pangs thou hast suffer'd but late; would be an ornament to his reign, and an

Yet can I trust thy flattering smile, honour to the country:

Too often meant but to deceive,

When an act of unkindness was worse to endure

Than all the dark changes of fate. But in defect of such an establishment in

To soothe the languid heart awhile, this country, why should not our young

Then, careless, doo:u that heart to grieve ? But the season of danger and trial is o'er, musicians follow the example of our young

No, no, I dare not trust thy power ;

And calmly thou gazest around : painters, many of whom have considered å And yet I dare not bid thee fly,

An act of unkindness is new now no more, residence in Italy, for a limited time, a ne

'Tis thou canst cheer the long sick hour, And no longer inflicts such a wound. cessary part of their education? Musical no

Thy whispering hush the fearful sigh.

Would'st begin life again, when thou'rt hastentions may be acquired at home; a fixed musical character can only be attained in

This was thy influence o'er my heart;

To a bright world from misery free? the land of music. Handel, Hasse, Haydn,

No longer now thy form I know,

Thy wearisome pilgrimage soon shall be pastMozart, and most other illustrious artists,

Since fatal Death's unerring dart

Ah! would it were over with me.
Hath chased all hope, and sealed my woe. December 30th, 1818.

HELEN. received the best part of their education

C. M. R. there; because there the best musical habits are formed, the resources of the art

[Literary Gazette.]

SKETCHES OF SOCIETY. best understood; that kindling enthusiasm

TO AN OLD FRIEND, in its behalf, most ardent and inspiring, and therefore most likely to fire the ambi

On his wishing for a renewal of his youth.

MASQUERADES AT BERLIN. tion, and fix the inclinations of young ar- And would'st thou live over the days of thy (Communicated by Professor Böettiger.) tists. At home, gain, and little else, must

youth, be their object. There they will see the

The past days of anguish renew ?

The publication of a very elegant work

at Berlin, descriptive of a grand masqueart practised for its own sake'; and its vota- Again nourish visions of virtue and truth,

Again to pronounce them untrue ?

rade which was given at the Court of the ries, though mostly poor and indigent, yet

King of Prussia, in the commencement of admired and caressed by all classes in so- Ah! think'st thou that age can feel misery alone ? last year, induces us to give some account ciety, from the Prince to the peasant. Re

There are aged hearts peaceful and blest;

of this entertainment. turning then to their native land, our young Ah! think'st thou that youth and that pleasure musicians would inspire their countrymen

are one ?

Among the Continental cities, where a with a portion of their newly acquired zeal,

There are youthful hearts strangers to rest.

masquerade at Court is almost constantly a

part of the amusements in the time of the and thus kindle a flame, whose effulgence There are those who have parted from friends carnival, there is probably not one in which might attract the admiration of Europe.

they love best,

there is so great a display of magnificence, Ere the spring-time of life has been o'er;

elegance, and classic taste, as at Berlin. On N.B. The concluding sheets will contain some Who have liv’d to spurn many, whom since they three particular occasions during these last remarks on Musical Tuition, and the manner in

carest, which Music is practised in society.

And have wept o'er the graves of yet more.

eighteen years, the fêtes of this description

were so distinguished by the union of the * Vide Lives of Haydn and Mozart, pp. 171, It is true that the days of delusion are sweet, above qualities, that a particular work has 172 (note.) As this passage perfectly expresses

When false friends as faithful we deem; becn dedicated to the description of each. my views on the subject, I thought it best to in- We can smile and look blest, while unknown the That of the 22 of March 1802 had a sert it, particularly as I much doubted whether I


twofold object: to celebrate the birth-day could clothe my own sentiments in better lan- But, ah! who would wake from the dream? guage. I have, however, omitted one short sen

of Her Majesty the late Queen (which was tence, because I did not understand precisely how Hope gladdens the heart in the breast while it properly on the 10th) and by a grand panthe proposed measure could have the effect the


tominic dance in the palace of His Royal author anticipates from it.

Nor can youth its suggestions refuse ; Highness Prince Ferdinand of Prussia, to But fleeting as bright is the joy it bestows, commemorate the recovery of that. Prince Since so soon disappointment ensues.

fiom his illness. The ingenious idea of LEARNED SOCIETIES. And to youth, who look forward with hope and Hirt, represented Dedalus and his statuės.

the fête, invented by the Aulic Counsellor CAMBRIDGE, Dec. 25.— The subject of

While yet they are strangers to care,

In the year 1803, the Queen, who had the Hulsean Prize for the ensuing year is, and who fancy each day as the past shall seem just been confined with the Princess AlexThe fitness of the time when Christ came bright,

andrina, could not be present at the into the world."

Disappointment is harder to bear.

fete dedicated to her birthday. The

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