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THE ZEALOUS POPES.

CHAPTER I.

nam

Remarks of Ranke on the Papal History of the Sixteenth Century.—Julius

III.—His Character.—Conclave which elected him.—View of this Con-

clave by the Venetian Ambassador.—Delay in Assembling of the

Conclaves after Paul IU.'s Death.—Reginald Pole.—The Expectation

that he would be elected.—Was all but elected.—His own scruples.—

His Election lost by them.—Anecdote of his behaviour in Conclave.—

Cardinal di San Marcello, afterwards Pope as Marcellus II.—Deter-

mined to elect Pole, if possible.—The Emperor appealed to by Letter.—

He vetoa Cardinal Salviati.—Election of Del Monte as Julius III.—

His Character 201

CHAPTER II.

Marcellus II.—His Character.—The Conclave which elected him.—The

Choice lies between him and Cardinal Carafia.—Hostility of the Im-

perial Party to the Latter.—The Meaning and Practice of " Adoration,"

"Acclamation," or "Inspiration."—Anecdote of intrusive Conclavist at

a Scrutiny.—Election of Marcellus II.—His Death, and Conduct at the

Council of Trent 213

CHAPTER HI.

The Conclave which elected Paul IV.—Imperialist Party.—Cardinal Pole.—

Results in practice of the requirement of a two-thirds majority.—

Cardinal Carpi excluded.—Cardinal D'Este.—Cardinal Morone.- Objec-

tions to him.—Cardinal Pozzi.—Management of Farnese.—Election of

Paul IV.—Anecdote of the feeling of Rome on the occasion.—Character

of Carafia, Paul IV.—Imperial "Veto" disregarded in this election.—

Saying of Carafia respecting his own elevation.—Estimate and descrip-

tion of Paul by the Venetian Ambassador.— Giovanni Angelo Medici:

his Family, Brother, Early History.—Character and personal appear-

ance of Medici, Pius IV.—The Inquisition.—Signs of the times.—

Practice of giving complimentary votes.—Anecdote of the craft of a

Conclavist.—Cardinal Carpi again.—Why he was objectionable to

D'Este.—Medici suddenly elected as a pis alley 221

Chapter ry.

Death of Pius IV.—Closing of the Council of Trent.—Ranke's Remarks on

the work of the Council.—Action of the work of the Council on the

Character of the Popes.—Anecdote of a plot to assassinate Pius IV.—

Michael Ghisliori: his antecedents and character.—Character of the

Election.—Conclave which elected Pius IV.—Rivalry between Cardinals

Famoso and Borromeo.—Representative of the old and of the new time.

—Cardinal Altumps.—Anecdote of Borromeo at Florence.—Conclavist's

View of Borromeo's character.—Moroni's imprisonment and acquittal

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CHAPTER IT.

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The Twenty rules of Gregory XV.—Signal for strangers to clear out.—Scale of payment of fees to servants and attendants in Conclave.—Death of a Cardinal in Conclapo.—Business of each meeting of the Cardinals between the death of the Pope and the commencement of Conclave.— Entry into Conclave.—Bull of Pius VI. dispensing with certain formalities in the election of his successor. —Next Conclave in all probability wtl be quite regular 401

CHAPTER HT.

Throe Canonical modes of Election.—Scrutiny and " Accessit."—Entry of tho Cardinals into Chapel for the scrutiny.—Vestments.—Mode of preparing the Sixtine Chapel for the scrutiny.—The Scats of tho Cardinals at the Scrutiny.—The " Sfumata."—How the day passes in Conclave.— The bringing of the Cardinals' dinners.—Cardinals heads of Monastic Orders.—Close of the day in Conclave 409

CHAPTER IV.

Mcde of Procedure at the Scrutiny.—"Ante-scrutiny."—The Four Actions composing it.—Description of the voting papers.—The Eight Actions composing tho Scrutiny more properly so called.—Infirm Cardinals.— The Manner of their voting.—Helatives may not be Conclavists.— How this rulo is evaded.—The "Accessit."—The "Post-scrutiny."— Different procedure in case an election has or has not been accomplished.—Care to ascertain that an elector has not made the necessary majority by voting for himself.—Cases of conscience as regards tho voting.—Objects intendod to be ensured by Conclave rules impossible of attainment.—Conclusion 418

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