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Divide the following words:

Exercise 13

confident
purchase
therefore
permission
considerable
elite
colonel
necessarily
allege
reached

assurance
allowance
regretted
dissyllable
occasion
awake
grammar
satisfactorily
believe
famed

adopt children mailed parallel adept emission stenographer satisfactory believed shipped

COMPOUND WORDS

I.

poor farm.

2.

There is still great lack of uniformity in the manner of writing compound words. The modern tendency is to use fewer hyphens. A good unabridged dictionary should be consulted in doubtful cases.

As a general rule, words are written separate when they are used in regular grammatical relation. A difference in meaning is shown by the use of the hyphen. Compare the following sentences : 1. That is evidently a 1. The widow Simpson

has been sent to the poor

farm. The red coat is hang- 2. The red-coat hirelings ing on the wall.

began to run. 3. People who live in

3. Many of the glassglass houses should never houses have been compelled throw stones.

to close since the beginning

of the great war. 4. Judge Harvey has is- 4. I found farmer Brown sued a restraining order in re-straining the milk. this case.

The following rules represent general usage:

1. Ex and vice denoting a title should be followed by a hyphen; as, ex-mayor, vice-president.

2. Step and great denoting relationship should be followed by a hyphen; as, step-son, great-uncle.

3. Rate and hand joined to a number should be preceded by a hyphen; as, first-rate, second-hand.

4. The parts of compound adjectives, also compound numerals, should be separated by hyphens. (See Exercise

Exercise 14

Be prepared to spell the following words: all right already

anybody anyhow any one

anything anywhere bank-book

bank-note blue-print bondholder

box car clearing-house copy-book

cross-section custom-house everybody

every-day every one everything

everywhere expressman facsimile

headquarters hereinafter hereupon

herewith hitherto ink-bottle

juryman lawsuit letter-head

life-insurance life-interest lumber-car

mail-box money-broker nobody

one's self outgoing overbid

overcharge over-confident overpay

over-produce over-production over-purchase overwork parcel-post pasteboard

pig iron postage-stamp postal card

post-card postman postmaster

price-list quarter-section quitclaim

shirtwaist show-card sidewalk

soda-biscuit somebody somehow

something sometimes stockman

stock-market stock-room

stock-taking therefor therefore thereto

thereupon therewith timekeeper

time-table traffic-manager typewritten typewriter underbid

undercharge underestimate upbuild

vice-president water-mark (noun) whereabouts whereas

watermark (verb) wherefore whereof

workshop

LETTER WRITING

a

Perhaps ninety percent of the world's business is done by correspondence. This fact alone justifies the statement that a knowledge of letter writing is not only desirable, but absolutely essential to those who would attain the highest degree of success in a business career. Such a knowledge fits one for the more responsible positions, and the richest rewards come to those having the greatest capacity for assuming responsibility.

To be a competent correspondent one must have a good English education, a good general knowledge of the everyday affairs of life, a thorough knowledge of the subjectmatter of the letters he has to write. Not one of these is a “natural gift" with which people are born. All of them can be acquired by the student who does not already possess them. It is true that after pursuing the same course of study, no two students of a class will possess the same degree of ability; but the fact remains that anyone of ordinary intelligence can become at least a passably good correspondent. There is one feature of letter writing upon which all can become thoroughly proficient. That is the mechanical arrangement, the proper form of the letter. It is this that carries the first impression to the recipient of your letter.

FIRST LESSON

The Paper

The size of the paper most widely used for business letters is about 8 by 11 inches. The quality and color vary, but good taste seems to call for white unruled, with a surface sufficiently smooth to prevent ink from blurring.

It is customary among business men to use printed stationery containing all the information called for in the heading of a letter, except the date.

These printed sheets are called letter-heads. If a letter contains more than one sheet, plain paper, usually called second sheets, is used for the second and subsequent sheets.

Only one side of the sheet is used.

Parts of a Letter

There are six parts of a letter : The heading, the address, the salutation, the body, the complimentary close, the signature

The Heading

The heading of a letter contains the address of the writer and the date when the letter is written. It is placed on the upper right-hand part of the first page. It should be placed so as to extend approximately to the right-hand margin of the letter.

The heading may occupy one, two, or three lines, the choice being decided by length and appearance.

The date, containing the month, the day of the month,

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