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13. The principal words when sums of money are written in words:

One year after date I promise to pay to Samuel Brown Four Hundred and Sixty-Three Dollars.

14. The first word in the complimentary close of a letter; as, Yours truly, Respectfully, Sincerely yours.

15. The first word and all nouns in the salutation of a letter; as, Dear Sir, My dear Sir, My dear Friend Jones.

Exercise

Rewrite, supplying capital letters :

I. no man ever sailed over exactly the same route that another sailed before him. every man who starts on the ocean of life arches his sails to an untried breeze.william mathews.

2. full many a flower is born to blush unseen and waste its sweetness on the desert air.-gray.

3. and let each heart and voice proclaim the goodness of their god.

4. a pronoun having two or more antecedents connected by and must agree with them in the plural number; as, milton and shakespeare have expressions peculiar to themselves.

5. english literature is no common debtor of the bible. 6. the style of bunyan is delightful to every reader.

7. two mighty vortices, pericles and alexander the great, drew into strong eddies about themselves all the glory and the pomp of greek literature, greek eloquence, greek wisdom, greek art.-de quincey.

8. authors must not, like chinese soldiers, expect to win victories by turning somersets in the air.-longfellow.

9. life mocks the idle hate of her archenemy, death.
10. though truth is fearless, yet she is meek and modest.
II. please ship by fast freight the following goods:

25 brls. gold medal flour
10 cases arbuckle's coffee

50 bags granulated sugar 12. the internal revenue officers crossed the ohio river from wheeling, ohio county, west virginia, and surprised a group of law-breakers in bellaire, belmont county, ohio.

13. we have received the following message from our head office: "accept order. indiana party considered good. will arrange with them."

14. the old saying, "fools rush in where angels fear to tread,” contains a deal of truth.

15. my dear friend :

well did irving say, "sorrow for the dead is the only sorrow from which we refuse to be divorced.” but i do bid you, my dear friend, let more cheering thoughts come in and occupy your heart, and crowd out the bitter remembrance of your bereavement. god saddens the heart to make it better for his great purpose. Yours in deepest sympathy,

minnie j. furnam

PUNCTUATION

FIRST LESSON

THE PERIOD

I.

2.

The period is used :

At the end of imperative and declarative sentences.

After abbreviations; as, Dr., Cr., inst. 3. Between dollars and cents expressed in figures; as, $5.75.

4. After initials; as, J. R. Gregg, C. O. Smith.

Exercise 1

Rewrite the following, inserting periods in their respective places, and substituting capitals for small letters at the beginning of the sentences. All other marks are inserted :

Gentlemen :

The enclosed is a sheet of “Tintslope” penmanship paper, which we are placing on the market at $125 per ream of 500 sheets the teacher tells the pupils to write at 58 or 60 degrees slant, but they have practically no conception of its meaning this paper will be of great benefit to the students in enabling them to secure the correct slant without going through the ordeal of practicing for many months, during which time they have used all the slants from 40 to 80 degrees the lines should serve only for criticism after the execution let us hear from you with a good order.

Respectfully yours,
intslope Paper Co,

Perth Amboy, NJ

Dear Sir:

If the consignee is unknown and you have notified him by postal that the package is on hand and no reply has been received, please hold papers for ten days if your efforts to effect delivery are then still unsuccessful, please return the correspondence to me and I shall obtain orders for disposition from the superintendent here is another bill from the OL Print people, which has been held up on account of difference in rates on shipment to Chicago, they being billed at the rate of fifty-six cents, when, as a matter of fact, they hold a list quoting rate of twenty-five cents will you collect this bill less the difference

Yours respectfully,

Tintslope Paper Co

SECOND LESSON

THE INTERROGATION

The interrogation point is used:

1. After a direct question; as, How many exercises are in your book ?

2.

After a question, or questions, within a sentence that is a statement or a command; as, He looked up quickly and said: "What can I do for you, young man ?". 3.

In a series after the individual members, each one of which might be expanded into a complete sentence; as, What is the capital of Georgia? of Alabama? of Maine?

4. Enclosed in parentheses in a sentence to indicate that a statement is used in a questionable manner; as, I have just heard from your friend(?) Anderson.

NOTE.-Usually, the interrogation is equivalent to a period and is therefore followed by a capital, but not always. Sometimes the interrogative clause occurs in the middle of a sentence; as, to determine the object of a verb, ask, Whom? or What? after the verb.

Sometimes the sentence is composed of a series of questions; as, Can your property be exchanged for Lake Forest acres? or can it be exchanged at all? See also example under Rule 3 above.

In both these constructions the interrogation is equivalent to a comma or semicolon, and should be followed by a small letter.

The interrogation point should not be used after an indirect question; that is, one that does not require an answer ; as, He asked me if I would attend to the matter tomorrow. I asked him if he intended to continue doing business in

this way.

The difference between a question and a request should be observed. A request is followed by a period; as, Will you kindly fill the following order and ship at the earliest possible moment.

Exercise 2

Insert the periods and interrogation points in the following:

1. The chief aim of punctuation is to unfold the meaning of sentences with the least trouble to the reader it aids the

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