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2. A thing of beauty is a joy forever.
3. Rice is the chief food of the Japanese.
4. Nobleness enkindleth nobleness.
5. The jury disagreed among themselves.

6. The fairest flower in the garden of friendship is remembrance.

7. Patience is a bitter seed, but it yields rich fruit.

8. Modesty is one of the sweetest and most desirable qualities one can possess.

9. The speaker's eloquence held the audience spellbound.

A hero will do whatever duty demands. II. Every member of the committee faithfully performed his duty.

12. The news of the enemy's movements was a surprise to every soldier in the regiment.

13. The class in grammar will recite at the usual hour. 14. Few girls find mathematics an interesting study.

15. Will you go to yonder house and ask that man to bring those horses?

16. A scorner seeketh wisdom and findeth it not.

17. The use of the compass was known to the Chinese before the time of the Crusades.

18. Mica is sometimes used in making lamp chimneys.

19. The ring contains a diamond from Australia and a pearl from Persia.

20. Many men risk their health by overwork.

POSSESSIVE FORM OF NOUNS

The possessive form is used to show possession, origin, kind, authorship; as, John's hat, Longfellow's poems, boys' shoes, the moon's beams.

Singular nouns are made possessive by adding the apostrophe and s; as, man, man's; lady, lady's.

It is permissible to drop the s in a few singular nouns where the additional s would produce a disagreeable succession of hissing sounds; as, politeness' sake, Moses' law.

Plural nouns which do not end in s are made possessive by adding the apostrophe and s; as, men's, women's, children's.

Plural nouns which end in s are made possessive by adding the apostrophe only; as, girls, girls'; boys, boys'.

It should be carefully noted that in forming the possessive no change is made in the spelling of the simple form. The possessive, in every instance, is formed by adding something to the simple form—the apostrophe and s to a singular, or a plural not ending in s; the apostrophe only to a plural ending in s.

Exercise 8

Write the possessives, singular and plural, of the following nouns: man company woman

goose boy lady OX

boss agent attorney

gentleman hero firm child year

John dealer month day

Charles

Exercise 9

The possessive form, as its name implies, usually denotes ownership; but it has other uses. The possessive sign added to a word is nearly always equivalent to "of" placed before the same word :

The summer's heat—The heat of summer.
Ten years' experience—Experience of ten years.
Thirty days' credit-Credit of thirty days.
A month's notice A notice of a month.

Substitute phrases for the following possessives :

1. Byron's works 6. Next season's supply 2. St. Paul's influence 7. My brother's photograph 3. An hour's delay 8. A mother's love 4. Last month's prices 9.

A director's meeting 5. Sixty days' credit 10. Ladies' apartments Substitute possessive forms for the following phrases : I. The cold of the winter

The poems of Longfellow 3. The assassination of Lincoln 4. An extension of thirty days 5. The crimes committed by Nero 6. The son of the Emperor of Germany 7. The antics of the monkeys 8. The icy mountains of Greenland 9. The financial standing of Huss & Co.

The chief attraction in New York

2.

10.

SPECIAL RULES

To show joint ownership the possessive sign must be added to the last word only; as, Smith & Brown's store (one store owned by Smith & Brown).

To show separate ownership the possessive sign must be added to the name of each owner; as, Smith's and Brown's stores (two stores owned separately by Brown and Smith).

In compound expressions the sign of possession is placed on the last word only; as, the man-servant's duties, the Emperor of Germany's son, James Roberts, Jr.'s, store.

In such expressions as Hancher, the jeweler, it is preferable to put the sign of possession on the last word ; as, Hancher, the jeweler's. It is also correct, however, to add the sign to both nouns, or the first only:

I bought the ring at Hancher, the jeweler's.
I bought the ring at Hancher's, the jeweler's.
I bought the ring at Hancher's, the jeweler.

When a noun modifies a verbal noun it must have the possessive form:

What do you think of John's turning over a new leaf?
Do you insist on the company's delivering the goods?

It is important that we guard carefully against the rather prevalent incorrect practice of placing apostrophes in simple plurals; as, The Brown's have moved away, Ladies' served here, Orders' taken for moving.

The apostrophe is never used in forming a plural, except in the case of figures, characters, etc., 6's, *'s, as explained under rules for forming plurals.

Exercise 10

Form the possessives in the following sentences :

I. Have you any doubt of the firms being able to meet its obligations?

2. They carry a complete line of mens, boys, womens, girls, and childrens clothing.

3. They have asked for thirty days time on their bill.

4. We certainly shall not insist on Browns keeping the damaged goods.

5. Do you know whether the Browns have moved ? 6. Can you give me Kraus, the haberdashers, address?

7. The Globe Companys failure was a surprise to everyone in the city.

8. Duns and Bradstreets commercial agencies can give you the desired information as to John D. Brittingham, Jr. financial standing.

9. Did you attend the meeting of the Eastern Commercial Teachers Association ?

10. Jones & Smith store burned last night.

II. Johnson and Anderson stores are both on Market Street.

12. I did not think of Marys coming so soon.
13. Two months interest is due.
14. Mr. Green owes us rent for two months.

Can you not give us an extension of thirty days on our bill of the 15th inst. ?

16. We are all familiar with the fox remark about the grapes.

17. The man running into debt was unnecessary.

18. I sent you á check for six months interest on Brown and Jones mortgages.

19. Owing to our competitors cutting prices we must withdraw from the combination.

20. John falling down stairs caused his sisters absence from the brokers office.

21. The boy lying and stealing enraged the teacher.

Exercise 11

Form the possessives in the following sentences :

1. We visited Lyon & Healy music store.

Is that a gentleman or lady watch?

2.

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