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The following lines are set to a highly characteristic and popular native air:

“ Yo soy Contrabandista,

Y campo por mis réspetos."
“ De todos los hombres me desafio,
De ningun' tengo miedo."

&c. &c. &c.

Hark! the Ronda" are riding

I'll swear 'twas a shot! Would you have me stand here

To be kill'd on the spot? Here are meerschaums from Turkey,

And cameos from GreeceI'm ruin'd by their sale:

They're for nothing a-piece. See this ring—the Mogul

Never wore such a stone. I'm mounting my mule :

You'll repent when I'm gone. In short, such a cargo

In Spain was ne'er seen; 'Tis high treason to sell it,

'Twas made for the Queen.

I'm a bold smuggler;

I don't care who knows
That I'm always the slave

Of the ladies.
For the customhouse rogues

I have bullets and blows ;
But the service of beauty

My trade is.
Come, my sweet Spanish roses !

Come buy, come buy;
I have goods for all fancies,

Come try, come try.
Here are earrings and bracelets,

Like woman's bright glance,
Here are sandals so light,

Of themselves they might dance. All the beauties are longing

To come to my stall;
I have rings for the wedding

And wreaths for the ball.
See these gossamer veils !

Mechlin has no such laces, Though I own 'twere a pity

To hide your sweet faces. At Loretto, these beads

Round “ Our Lady" were hung. See these mirrors ! they'd make

Your grandmothers look young. In short, such a cargo

In Spain was ne'er seen; 'Tis in friendship I show it,

'Twas made for the Queen.


I'm a bold smuggler;

I don't care who knows;
I can take down a bull

With my lance, sir,
I have powder and shot

For Frenchmen and crows,
And have oft led

Napoleon a dance, sir. What cares the Guerilla

For sunshine or snow? His heart's in his hand

When he follows the foe. We laugh at their columns,

We laugh at their lines, When we sharpen our knives

And unsling our carbines.
The Frenchman is coming.

Hillo! hillo!
The true Spanish style

Is no word—but a blow.
He may plunge in our valleys-

We'll wait for him there,
He shall find the Guerilla

A wolf in his lair.
He may climb up our hills,

The Guerilla is nigh,
To make his last bed

With his face to the sky.
His bones shall be dust,

And his blood shall be rain,
Before he shall trample
The heroes of Spain.


I'm a bold smuggler ;

I don't care who knows;
I'm a fav'rite from

Bilboa to Cadiz.
I'd take the Grand Turk

Any day by the nose ;
For your smuggler

A true Spanish blade is.
Come, bold Caballeros!

Come buy, come buy ;
The sun's going down,

I must fly, I must fly.
Come, my heroes of Spain !

What's the use of these pearls . But to hang round the necks

Of those diamond-eyed girls ?

* The customhouse patrols.


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This is the age of Watering-Places, the customs of their country along The pleasures of mankind are certain with them. Wherever a Roman legion ly increasing. We are not now speak was stationed, its first care was to esing of the pleasures of the table; tablish three public works-a bath, a those our forefathers, perhaps, en- temple, and a theatre. They were joyed as much as we, and studied them well acquainted with the virtues of more. They had as much beef and mineral waters, and seem to have disfish, had more game, and had claret covered, or have named, the chief for condescending to drink its thin, springs in France and Germany. It tartareous vintage. Nor are we speak- will be equally admitted, that for cening of the pleasures of gaming, such turies those springs have been used as they are ; for they are rapidly dis- by invalids; and that the baths of the appearing from all that names itself Pyrenees, of the Rhine country, and rational society, and are fast descend- even of England, have been prescribing into the professional hands of ed by physicians, in every age, since those who in other days would have the days of Charlemagne. But it was been highwaymen. Nor do we in- to England that was due the first idea sist on the pleasures of wealth, which of the “ Watering-Place,” in the more is rather the key to them, than enjoy- perfect, because the more pleasant, ment itself, and which is equally felt sense of the word ; as an abode where in every age of mankind. Our posi- not merely the invalid found health, tion is, that the age has acquired new but where all found enjoyment; others sources of gratification, easy in their adding the charms of scenery to the attainment, simple in their indulgence, animation of society, a holyday retreat, and salutary in their effect on the which gave a temporary relaxation to spirits and the frame. For the relief minds and bodies wearied by the prac. of disease, for the relaxation of the tical anxieties of cities, and flled every mind, and for the enjoyment of the day with amusement without fatigue, senses, the three things most essential and gayety without dissipation. are, change of climate, change of It is remarkable, that almost every scene, and change of society. The invention of our day has a tendency modern system of watering places se. to increase the enjoyments of the mula cures them all. The system began titude. The inventions of the sevenin England, and even here is scarcely teenth century were chiefly scientific, above a century old. In Germany it and intended for the philosopher; the was about half a century later, and is inventions of the century before were now, after completing the circle of chiefly in the art and instruments of the Rhenish towns, slowly advancing war, and intended for the soldier ; the through the interior of Germany. inventions of the fifteenth century (of In France it is still scarcely known, all eras the most vivid and original,) and with the most delicious shores, were of the great arts which distinguish and some of the most romantic coun. the modern world from the ancient, and try of the south of Europe, the French were evidently intended to civilize the have scarcely yet discovered that half-savage state of European nations. they have on one side the waters of But the inventions of the eighteenth the Mediterranean, and on the other and nineteenth centuries, have been all the surges of the Channel ; that the for the comforts of the people. The severity of winter may be softened by uses of steam-that new principle of thezephyrs of the south, and the lan- power put into the hands of man for a guors of summer refreshed by the new mastery over nature-bave been breezes of the Atlantic.

exclusively turned to the general inOf course it is admitted, that nei crease of those means of enjoyment ther bathing por the use of mineral which especially concern the multiwaters are novelties; they are both at tude ; – to the production of better least as old in this country as the Ro- clothing, the drainage of mines, the man conquest. The supreme deity relief of labour in the more toilsome of the Romans was good sense. and unhealthy occupations, and in Wherever they marched, they carried later years the more easy, rapid, and

regular intercourse of remote por- it is true, be supplied with the matetions of countries. The remaining rial by the national vigour; the ma. imperfections of the machinery exhi- chine must have gold before it can bit only the imperfections of human 'stamp the coinage; but it is a noble skill; but the power is there, and it is and powerful invention to meet, by a exhaustless and irresistible. We are new circulation, the new necessities of probably still only in the infancy of a more populous, and busy, and ener. means which may be destined, in getic generation of mankind. times when the minds of men and the « Mais, revenons à nos moutons." treasures of nations shall be turned to Until the latter part of the 17th centhe true purposes of society, to change tury London was to England what the face of the world to raise the Paris is now to France, every thing. valley and level the mountain-to It was the seat of politics, pleasure, cover the soil with the treasures of its commerce, and of that whole conflux depths, and realize the visions of the of idlers who grow out of the prospeprimeval age. It is singular, that all rity of an opulent nation. It has been attempts to convert steam to the direct the custom of late writers to denounce purposes of war, have been totally London as absorbing all the interests abortive, Steam guns, and similar of England, and yet its present power projects for employing steam in the is nothing to its ancient. In the days field, have failed; and this most power of our fathers no other city had any ful and yet obedient element of which influence whatever. What now are man has knowledge, hitherto refuses cities were then towns; towns wero to exert its giant strength in the ser- villages ; and villages were nests of vice most prized by his passions, and cottages. The country gentlemen highest in the scale of his ambition. remained obscurely in their homes;

Intercourse is, in all instances, the and when they left them, instantly chief civilizer of nations, and on this turned their horses' heads to London, claim we should rest the greatest as the seat of amusement, dissipation, values of the two greatest inventions society; and though last not least, of the age-the steam-boat and the place-hunting. The whole interior of railroad. Their achievements were the country was agricultural, and exequally unexpected; the virtual con- hibited only various kinds of rusticity. quest of wind and tide, was as far be- The traders lived located in the little yond the hope of man, as the virtual ports, involved in the intricacies of conquest of time and space. The local trade, and never looking into steam-ship rushes out in the tempest, any thing but a ledger or the Gazette. forces its way through the surge, and London, the seat of the government, crosses the ocean in less time than it of the great merchants, of the nobles, would have once taken to coast from and of the legislature, was the head one harbour in the Channel to an and the heart, too, of the nation. This other. The railroad, by a still more has all changed since. The spirit of marvellous achievement, reduces that life has been spread over the land. transit, which was once a waste of Manufactures have sprung up in the days, to a work of hours-brings the great agricultural districts, and filled ends of the kingdom together-places them with a new activity and unexevery portion of it within the reach of pected wealth, and a singularly excievery man-and, uniting the most ex- table population. Powerful local traordinary powers of speed and interests have thus been formed, which strength, formerly so opposite, gives almost wholly supersede the interests us the flight of a bird, and a force to of London. There is now no province which the sinews of the elephant are of England where the philosopher, the straws. These are great promises for man of literature, the man of taste, or the coming time. Such powers can- the man of pleasure, might not find all not have been given merely to termi- the means to accomplish all his obnate in cheapening calico, or carrying jects, and society to stimulate and passengers from Liverpool to London enjoy them. To the politician, Lonin less time than the stage. They are don, as the seat of Parliament, is of meant to operate in the great scale of course still paramount; but even he nations. They are in statistics what finds that his most delicate game must the great machinery at the mint is to still be played in his county ; that the striking the dies by hand. They must, root of his power must be among the country population; and that if he is most singular insensibility to foulness to be strong, it must be by cultivating in taste and smell, could ever have the public spirit in his own vicinity. reconciled any human being to touchThe centralization which it is now the ing, after the first drop. aim of Cabinets to achieve; is the The feeble state of Queen Anne's work of a different principle—it is a health, in 1703, induced her physivicious effort to counteract the course cians to recommend the Bath waters. of nature for the sake of party. Its The royal presence gave some pubpurpose is, to gather within the grasp licity to Bath, but added little to its of government all the power which popularity. Even then her character was once spread among the local au. had begun to be appreciated. Anne thorities ; to concentrate all patron, was a dull woman, an unprofitable 'age within the hands of the ministry queen : always clinging to some fafor the time being, and thus to vourite ; and mistaking flattery for strengthen the government by en- friendship, and selfishness for public feebling the nation. It would be as zeal, she finally suffered herself to wise to cut away every root of a tree sink into the burlesque of her people, except the tap root; the result would and the prey of domestic intrigue, be the same in both; the perfection of until all national attachment was exthe system would expose both the go- tinguished by seeing the government vernment and the tree to be over- entrusted to the hands of Harley thrown by the first storm.

and Bolingbroke, two traitors who The progress of Bath was a curious ought to have been delivered up to instance of change of manners produced public justice, and whose actual correby the change of circumstances. Atthe spondence, since discovered, proves close of the seventeenth century Lon that they were in league with the don was still the great theatre of pub. Pretender. The guilty love of place lic amusement. It is remarkable, that in those men had evidently superseded the chief public amusement was ga- all sense of public duty; and nothing ming. This had been the unfortunate but the national manliness, which legacy of Charles II. to his people. boldly refused to be governed by the Gaming was a profession; gamesters family of James himself, the miserable formed a large, recognised, and almost tool of Jesuitry and France, could a privileged class. Their movements have saved England from Popery in were as periodical as those of the law- her churches, and tyranny on her yers, with the exception, that they throne. roved not only through England, but The history of manners in England had their rendezvous in the chief ci. would form a curious chapter. The ties of Europe. London was their rude yet romantic chivalry of the headquarters during the winter. As Elizabethan age had been totally the season advanced, they set off for extinguished by the sour and savage the principal places where strangers liberty of the Commonwealth ; yet, *resorted on the Continent; establishe even for this liberty, the manners ined themselves at Aix-la-Chapelle, troduced by Charles the Second were · Bagneres, the German cities, and the a contemptible and corrupting substi. Hague, then the seat of important tute. Half French half English, the negotiations. In the autumn they re- king bad all the vices of the French turned to England, taking their course court, without its elegance, taste, or through the places where the collec- dignity; and all the love of prerogative, tion of invalids and idlers gave some which ruined his unfortunate father, opportunity for the pursuit of their without his sense of public duty. The vocation, and in winter they were at manners of the court rapidly spreading their post in the coffeehouses of Lon- through the nation, contaminated don again.

every class of society. The drama Bath, in those days, was a pretty remains a melancholy evidence of the village. Its grand place of association disgrace of national literature. The seems to have been a bowling-green, conversational language, even of the its chief promenade was a double row higher circles, exhibits the stamp of of sycamores, and its principal em- the national impurity. Authorship, ployments yawning, and drinking those where it did not pander to popular waters which nothing but the most vice, was disgraced by the most prosextraordinary fear of death, or the trate servility to the great ; and poli.

tical life, capable as it is of inspiring wanted only a few more fiddles to the noblest passions by offering the conquer. The conqueror was the ecnoblest rewards, was conspicuous only centric, extravagant, and nearly un. for the prostitution of great abilities done adventurer, to whom all the world to the most personal purposes, until has long since given the name of Beau every man who sought distinction Nash. sought itonly in the more avowed treason to the state; the very atmosphere of The new sovereign of the menus senates seemed fatal to public virtue, plaisirs signalized the commencement and the constitution was on the point of his office like other monarchs, by of falling a prey to rival factions, re demanding universal allegiance, and concilable only by common conspic establishing a code. A sufficiently racy against their country.

expressive character of what the preIt is by no means an over-refinement vious manners were, may be traced in to attribute a portion of the reviving the digest issued by the new king. It grace of public manners to the influ was entitledence of Bath. It had long shared the general rusticity of the time, for « Rules to be observed at Bath. the court was vicious without being elegant; and the country, in contempt

• 1. That a visit of ceremony at of its foreign manners, took a pride in first coming, and another at going the national roughness. Smoking was away, are all that can be expected every where indulged in. The squire or desired by ladies of quality and walked into the public room with his fashion, except impertinents. pipe in his mouth, and danced in his “ 2. That ladies coming to the ball boots: the time for breaking up the appoint a time for their footmen compublic balls depended wholly on the ing to wait on them home, to prevent whim of the dancers ; if it was their disturbance and inconveniences to will, they broke off at midnight, or themselves and others. danced till dawn. Those who re “ 3. That gentlemen of fashion garded themselves as the superior never appearing in a morning before order of birth or fortune, came to the the ladies, in gowns and caps, show dance with swords, and the evening breeding and respect. sometimes ended in a mêlée. Ruffians

“ 4. That no person take it ill that soon learned to assume the dress and any one goes to another's play, or swords of the aristocracy; and Bath breakfast, and not theirs, except cap was on the point of being deserted by tious by nature. all gentlemen. But this catastrophe 5. That po gentleman give his was averted by a singular circum. ticket for the balls to any but gentlestance, and a singular individual.

women, unless he has none of his acA physician of some repute, con quaintance. ceiving himself insulted by the inhabi “6. That gentlemen crowding betants, commenced a series of attacks fore the ladies at the ball, show ill manupon the efficacy of the waters, and ners, and that none do so for the future, finally exhibited his wrath in a pam- except those who respect nobody but phlet, of which he boasted “ that it theinselves. would cast a toad into the spring." 7. That no gentleman or lady It happened that at this period a wan. take it ill that another dances before dering gamester from London, one of them, except such as have no pretence those " gentlemen upon the town to dance at all. who make so stirring a figure in the “8. That the elder ladies and chil. plays of the last century, had come to dren be content with a second bench Bath for the first time. The popular at the ball, as being past, or not come alarm caught his ear. It struck him to perfection. that it offered an opening exactly cal. “9. That the younger ladies take culated for a genius like his own: he notice bow many eyes observe them. laughed at the doctor's pamphlet, told This does not extend to the Have-alevery body that, if the direction of alls / the public amusements was placed in “ 10. That all whisperers of lies his hands, he would " expel the toad,” and scandal be taken for their authors. as the Italians cured the poison of “ 11. That all repeaters of such lies the tarantula, by music, and that he and scandal be shunned by all com

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