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a few lines, a very graphic sketch of into propriety. A fiery man, like the immortal Stein. This man, like Stein, must be goaded into madness, Arndt himself and Blücher, was a one should think, by the multitudinosity genuine son of the time, strong, vi. of absurdities with which even the best gorous, decided, and glowing with men will besiege him. But it is amazimpatient fire.

ing how he has trained himself to

patience. He says quite coolly- Die “ Ernest Maurice ARNDT to his kanonen und trompeten werden das

Brother, FREDERICK Aendt, Bur. schon zurecht blasen,' · The cannons gomaster at Bergen, in Rügen. and trumpets will blow all that right

“ Dresden, 24th April 1813. soon;'and I think he is right. But I am " Dear BROTHER,_Here am I now not so easily acquitted of my duties. All for two weeks. My last from Königs. the dust and dirt and stench must first berg you will have received. We are come through my hands, (no smell of now on the Elbe, in dear old Deutsch- powder can be half so bad.) Page land, in the full hurly-burly and quick upon page of written monstrosity I march of the things that are, and shall must wade through, and give a rebe. Youknow by what a concurrence of port of to him. The greater part of circumstances I became connected with these supererogations he then, after the minister Von Stein. I now belong scanning them for a few minutes with to his diplomatico.military headquar. his eyes, falls upon like an enraged ters, so to speak, and we are billeted lion, tears them into the smallest with the most worthy man in the town, pieces, and scatters them about bis the superior appeal councillor, Kör- chair. ner, who has given us something much “And I, great and important perbetter than good lodgings-a gallant sonage ! --what am I here ? An iudi. singer and soldier, in the person of vidual tone in the world-trumpet conhis oply son Theodore, fit for business cert—a single stone sticking by the when God begins to move powerfully ribs of the great mountain of the age. in the great world. And where God Ludicrous enough, that some fine genmoves, God's diaconus also (the devil, tlemen conceit themselves I have di. as you used to say) begins his by-play. plomatic talent. Scarcely might I say Your worthy brother is besieged by a that my master has it. . . . whole flood of madness and folly in all “ Adieu ! shapes, rattling in upon us like very

« E. M. A. hail. What do they not expect from

« P.S. - The Lutzowers pass one of us ? - as if a sensible man had through every day-gallant youths ;nothing to do in the world but execute some, too, from our quarter; among nonsense as fast as idle brains can others Ludwig Mühlenfels, our neighscheme it! And then my master-a bour's son. singular old gentleman, not easily to: “At this very moment, there is a be dealt with, I warrant you. Have loud trumpeting. I and the Korners I ever painted him for your edifica- rush to the window. Milaradowitch tion ? He is a real spurting fire-head, is riding through with ten thousand a sort of esquire Luther, (ritter Lu. dragoons and cuirassiers. I keep busy ther,) no unworthy twin brother of the at my old trade, sending out fiery dramonk Luther; violent, abrupt, looking gons to the Rhine and to the Danube ; straight through things--a mighty the south and west of Germany are heart, and a yet more mighty con- still immovable-the fire must burn science for God and fatherland--one their nails a little more closely before that will never take a prudent round. they budge." about, much less a sneaking back We are now on the eve of great road to a place; and for all the trea. actions. Neither party was willing sures of the world, will not budge to delays a first decisive blow was of one inch from the straight line of infinite importance to each ; to Nawhat is right; and yet it is but sel. poleon, every thing; to the Allies, dom that one can march straight up much. The battle of Lützen was to a point. Now you may imagine, fought on the 2d May. It is not our in these days, what a host of very design, on the present occasion, to at. zealous people we have got, who think tempt a sketch of the campaign, or they have a peculiar-each the most philosophize, as a civilian may, on the peculiar-vocation from Heaven, to tactics and results of the great and forge the dislocated limbs of the age decisive series of combats that it con.

tains. Our aim has been, to show the “Never has the right of nations spirit out of which the war arose ; and been more shamefully violated, the reader will doubtless agree with Theodore was dispatched to parley us in thinking, that it was a spirit with General Fournier. The gene. which a few reverses in the field could ral received him with the cry, never subdue. Not an army or armies L'armislice pour tout le monde excepté stood now up against Napoleon, but a pour vous ! and before Theodore whole people. Hence the determined could draw his sword, he had receiv. and unflinching resistance which every ed a heavy blow on the head. We where met him : he gained two bat- struck in with repeated blows, and tles, Lützen and Bautzen, but he did cut out him and the major from the not beat the enemy. At Lützen, in thickest ranks of the enemy. The the face of superior numbers, and major was lying, having been torn fresh troops, the Allies kept their from his horse, on the ground; a ground firmly, and maintained the trusty uhlan gave him his horse, and field of battle all night, as Wellington we hastened on to save Theodore. It would doubtless have done had Blü- was already dark ; our little band was cher not arrived, at Waterloo ; at scattered ; but we had the advantage Bautzen, they were forced to yield of a near wood to cover us. We the ground; but retreated in the best bore Theodore off, bound for the order, and with unbroken spirit. Both moment, as we best could. Two parties required rest after such bloody woodcutters supplied us with some encounters ; but Napoleon required suits of boors' clothes. Under this the armistice more than the Allies. disguise we brought Theodore into

Vur letters do not carry us farther the village of Gross Zschocher, in the than this first act, or two acts let us possession of the French. From this rather say, of the drama. Hostilities place I sent information to Dr were remitted on the 4th June; but Wendler, in Leipzig: and, dangerafter that date, the French most ous as the business was for this true shamefully attacked the troop of Black German, he at once received the Jägers, as they were returning to sufferer into his house : and there he Silesia, at Kitzig, near Zeitz, in Sax- is safe. Every preparation has been ony; and in this encounter, Körner made to bring him to Carlsbad. was severely wounded. Our collec. With the assistance of the Saxon lieution closes with a letter from Förster tenant, Von C- 2, I am to enter to the poet's father, written on the the French camp to-morrow with a day after the affair :

contribution of straw, disguised as a

country lad ; and as soon as I shall 6. F. to Theodore's Father. have reached the banks of the Elbe, I

“19th June 1812. will swim over to our friends. “ Keep yourself easy: Theodore .. " Armistice, therefore, be it ; but is safe. I owe my own safety to a no peace! For this shameful deed Saxon officer, who has undertaken to we must first have our revenge. bring these lines surely and speedily.

« Thine,

F." to you.

« A more shameful piece of treach. And their revenge came. The ery than Napoleon has perpetrated fate of Napoleon, we agree with against us, is not to be found in his the Marquis of Londonderry, was whole history. The landwirth Hofer, « decided entirely and irrevocably" the Duke d'Enghien, the bookseller at Leipzic. — Should the German Palm, the officers who accompanied Pandora, among its many gifts, furSchill,--all these were, at least, con, nish us with any sketches of the demned according to the forms of progress and conclusion of the war, justice before they were delivered in any way equal' in interest to over to his hangmen. Against us he these pictures of its grand rising, we has let out the long leash of his shall not fail to do our duty in makbloodhounds, after his generals had ing the English reader aware of their given Major Lutzow their word of existence. Were it only for the sake honour that no hostile movement of variety, we imagine the veriest deshould be made against us; and, when votee of fashionable fiction in three we were lying quite defenceless, he sent volumes will be ready to receive, five thousand against five hundred, and with hearty welcome, such glowing began to butcher us systematically., pages from the great book of reality.


How many, and those too who pro- of Church, State, and the liberal arts, fess to be lovers of art, speak of the still rave at the name of the “proud cartoons, who have never seen them; and pampered churchman,” and his and yet they may be enjoyed at less ambition-fellows that have not the trouble and cost than the greater part smallest conception of the ambition of of the fooleries and buffooneries that such a mind as the cardinals. It are crowded with visiters! The Southa would be worth dissecting: for it is ampton railroad and an omnibus will a history of itself, of greater depth set you down at Hampton Court in a than most men can fathom. If it were very short time. The difficulty is not a personal ambition, it enlarged bis to get there, but to return. There is personality, drew within its compass a so much to enjoy, that it must be left large society, with which it was idenwith reluctance. It is a noble thing tified in every enjoyment, and for the to have Hampton Court open to the loss of whose happiness it felt keenly, public—the palace—the gardens--and as in reality a part of its own. We even the park-the pictures to say give things names—and ill wames too nothing of the associations connected —and choose to call pride, that all with it: its retirement from the noise may scoff at it, what in fact is in its and stir of the great hive—the “fu nature too complicated to have a name. mum, et opes, strepitumque"-render In Wolsey it was a compound of vait a scene of enchantment. It is like a rious noble and excellent feelings, palace from the romance of Ariosto, crowned with ability and power, and where all was to be had at a wish. enlarged to a beneficence far out of If poor, you are made rich in a mo- sight of self, and ever alive to grand ment; for all is your own. You walk and immortal purposes. Wolsey had through richest galleries and rooms self-love-and who has not? True ; furnished with the greatest treasures but he loved himself, and prided him. of the world, and are not asked a ques- self, and honoured himself, not out of tion. You feel the luxury of a proprietor, low gratification, but as an idea of his without the burdens of the property. own creation, quite set apart from the You are a prince, inasmuch as the de- low and grovelling lust of praise, as an tail of keeping up the establishment is image of history even created by him. kept out of your sight: you enjoy, self, and to be maintained and supportwithout repining either at the cost or ed throughout with the propriety, in trouble. You know not how the walks all parts and movements, that a great are kept in order-but there they are dramatist would attach to his ideal All you see are your invited and well. character, the coinage of a genius that behaved company; you know that they seeks something above the common are gratified; you have no responsi- world. Who will dare to say that bility; and, if the heart can be at ease Wolsey's grandeur had but himself for from extraneous cares, you are sensible its object? His great mind would that none will meet you here. You have been weary in a week of such a are really “ monarch of all you sur poor aim. He used magnificence as a vey,” and “ your right there is none means--and because he was of a magto dispute.” Hampton Court has thus nificent nature, and all the materials its return of sunshine. Retributive of his mind were magnificent and he justice makes recompense for all the used them, ready ever to bring out wrongs that have been done. The be- magnificent conceptions. And the neficent and magnificent spirit of Wola true greatness of his character was in sey now triumphs. The architecture this that the kindliest affections still is indeed mutilated ; but what remains found their natural play in his heart ; is happy in containing treasures infi a heart that, had it been of common nitely greater than those removed. If capacity only, must have been too full there were nothing here but the car. with the pride heaped upon it, to the toons, Hampton Court might be con- suffocation of the better feelings. And sidered one of the richest palaces in what had he not to contend with? the world. Poor Wolsey! The sour “ Some are born to greatness, and and the spiteful to any outward honour some have it thrust upon them :" but,


when it is so thrust, can all bear the He was most princely: Ever witness for burden ? If it be answered, nor did him Wolsey-we deny it. He bore it well; Those twins of learning, that he raised in and to his historical character great you, ness ever did, does, and will attach Ipswich and Oxford !-one of which fell itself, as an essential quality, and

with him, spread, moreover, some of its super

Unwilling to outlive the good that did it: abundant brightness over England's,

The other, though unfinish'd, yet so faand even the world's honour, begot

mous, ten and cherished by him while he

So excellent in art, and still so rising,

That Christendom shall ever speak his lived ; and, now that he is dead, the

virtue. greater through him. But Wolsey

His overthrow heap'd happiness upon raised himself. He could not but rise :

him; his abilities were rare. And how hard

For then, and not till then, he felt him. is it to cast off the weeds of early ha

self, bits, of low station and poverty, and And found the blessedness of being little : to assume of one's own will, and wear

And to add greater honours to his age well too, and as if born to it, the splen Than man could give him, he died fearing dour of the highest dignity! To fit

God. the mind to every situation, and as re- Kath. Whom I most hated living, mote as possible from that in which it

thou hast made me, originally grew, is the acquirement of With thy religious truth and modesty, a master spirit-and tbis had Wolsey. Now in his ashes honour: Peace be with Shakspeare, in a few well chosen

him!” words, paints the man :« Chamb. This night he makes a sup

This gives, perhaps, the truest porper, and a great one,

trait of Wolsey ; yet are the dignified To many lords and ladies; there will be virtues of his character not magnified. The beauty of this kingdom, I'll assure Nor can we be surprised at this, if we you.

consider the nearness of the time when Lovel. That churchman bears a boun. this was written; and if it be true that teous mind indeed,

the first play acted in the great hall A hand as fruitful as the land that feeds was this very play of Henry VIII., us;

before that very king's daughter, and His dews fall every where."

that Shakspeare was one of the acKing Henry VIII. tors, it must be owned that the au

thor was in a strait of no little diffiThe Great Master of Nature, though culty. compelled to make the character of The death of Buckingham, with the Wolsey subservient to the purpose of exception of the general sin of his his play, and has put all the evil that ambition, set and jeweled as it were could be said against the cardinal into in bright virtues, seems alone to press the mouths of his adversaries, has, with strong suspicion upon Wolsey's after all, given a true and high name fame; and here we can scarcely conto that great man, and has judiciously demn, not being certain of the facts published its admission from the suf. either for or against that event. There tering queen :

may be, too, à clue to his pride and

ostentation in the character of the “ Griffith. This cardinal,

king he had to please, and to entice Though from an humble stock, undoubt.

to better and greater acts than was edly

quite consistent with the royal nature. Was fashion'd to much honour. From

We know not how much Wolsey his cradle

might have assumed, as a charm to He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one ;

accomplish a wisely-conceived end. Exceeding wise, fair spoken, and persuad

That he coveted the papal throne ing :

there can be no doubt. His ambiLofty and sour to them that loved him

tion there may have been honourable, not; But to those men that sought him, sweet

and emanating from a conscious power

and fitness to govern ; and there can as summer. And though he were unsatisfied in getting,

be no doubt of his desires to have em(Which was a sin,) yet in bestowing, ma- ployed his power for the real advance.

ment of learning and civilization; and be it observed, that with Wolsey fell that excellent art of architecture, the whole character of the king. which none but superior minds sbould What wretches he had about him, and venture to meddle with; for if it makes what a brute did he become, when the greatness and wisdom conspicuous to salutary, the preserving influence of the world, it makes folly so too, and the greater mind was removed! All therefore the more contemptible. Henry's atrocities were after Wolsey's Architecture is the natural construcfall. And this great man had not to tive instinct of a great mind, the deal with mankind as they are now; throwing off into palpable form of high but in times which it now even re- thoughts. It is a part of that noble quires labour and study to understand, constructiveness which would build up and are therefore not at all felt by institutions; the practical language of many, and but inadequately for the a governing mind. It is an empire purpose of forming a right judgment in itself, in which genius loves to reign by any; that is, we cannot easily con- and be supreme. It was highly vey our acquired knowledge into our characteristic of Wolsey. We believe feeling, so as to carry it with us all really great men love architecture. through the history of those times. A man who builds to himself a notable - There is something extremely pathe palace, or house, and by his arrange


tic, and of great and beautiful simpli- ments adequately shows forth and city, in the speech of Wolsey to his appropriates a fine estate, makes retinue, in his disgrace. In his epis to himself at least a centre of the copal habit, he called all together, world, to which all things come, or gentlemen, yeomen, and chaplains, and seem to come, and from which all addressed them from a great window thoughts radiate by enclosing apat the upper end of his chamber. parently so much of the world's Thus says Cavendish :-“ Beholding wilderness as he wants : all within his goodly number of servants, he his eye's reach is his real, and all could not speak unto them, until the without his imaginary domain. He tears ran down his cheeks; which creates the happiest delusion of space, being perceived by his servants, caus. regulates it by his own ideas, making ed fountains of tears to gush out of it what he would have it, and ornatheir sorrowful eyes, in such sort as ments it to charm him. It was a would cause any heart to relent. At beautiful idea, and expressive of its last my lord spake to them to this ef- perfectness that named the temple of fect and purpose: - Most faithful the god the apQuios gns. In a fair gentlemen and true-hearted yeomen and noble mansion, a man must, in I much lament that, in my prosperity, some degree, feel himself a king, for I did not so much forgive as I might his will has sway, and room to move have done. Still I consider that, if, in. It has a tendency to elevate, to in my prosperity, I had preferred you give him character, decision, and that to the king, then should I have in. dignity which ever arises from repose curred the king's servants' displea- within one's self; that need not be shovsure, who would not spare to report ed and hustled from meditation and rebehind my back that there could no flection by the too near proximity of office about the court escape the ill-assorted things and persons. We cardinal and his servants; and by look upon the taste for architecture that means I should have run into as a national good. It is the means open slander of all the world; but now of raising families to a visible responsiis it come to pass that it bath pleased bility, giving them something to keep the king to take all that I have into up, and to hand down to others, greathis hands, so that I have now nothing er than the littlenesses of uncultivated, to give you; for I have nothing left unadorned republican man. The other me but the bare clothes on my back.'” arts require it; and all arts thus as

Here is a noble subject for a bis- sisting each other, build up and contorical picture-Wolsey's taste and stitute all that is beautiful in the world. knowledge of architecture must have visible and moral. How hard is it to been great. Who can see the tower of give up any thing we make and call Magdalen college and doubt it? And our own! Now, in nothing was Wol. Christ Church, and Hampton Court, sey's superior greatness more shown though mutilated, bear sufficient testi. than in the readiness of so large a mony to his knowledge and love of sacrifice as Hampton Court. Had he

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