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covery shall hereof; and when emigration it
spectively, shall be subject to a penalty of five hundred dollars for each and every violation of any of the provisions of this act, to be sued for and recovered with costs of suit by and in the name of the commissioners of emigration in any court having cognizance thereof; and when recovered, one half of said recovery shall be paid to the person furnishing information and evidence of such violation, and the remainder of such recovery shall be applied and used by such commissioners of emigration for the purposes for which said commissioners are constituted.
Sec. 5. Any ship, steamboat or vessel, whose master, commander, owner or owners shall have incurred any penalty or forfeiture, under the provisions of this act, shall be liable for such penalties or forfeitures, which shall be a lien upon such ship or vessel, and may be enforced or collected by warrant or attachment, in the same manner as is provided in title eight of the third part of the revised statutes, all the provisions of which title shall apply to the forfeitures and penalties imposed by this act; and the said commissioners of emigration shall, for the purpose of such attachment, be deemed creditors of such ship, steamboat or vessel, and of her master or commander and owner or owners respectively.
SEC. 6. Nothing in this act contained shall be construed to prevent the landing of such emigrant passengers from steamboats or other vessels, in the manner provided in the first section of this act, in any case where the ship or vessel from which such passengers are taken shall be unable to come to any such public wharf, provided such steamboat or other vessel shall be employed at their own expense by the owner, consignee, master or person having charge of the ship or vessel from which such passengers are taken, for the purpose of landing the same, in consequence of their inability to bring such ship or vessel to said public wharf; and the provisions of the second section of this act shall apply to such steamboat or other vessel so employed.
Sec. 7. Any person who shall sell, or cause to be sold, a passage ticket, or order for such ticket, to any emigrant passenger, at a higher rate than one and a quarter cent per mile; or shall take pay for any ticket, or order for a ticket, under any false representation as to the class of said ticket, whether emigrant or first class, shall, upon conviction, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and be punished by a fine of two hundred and fifty dollars, and imprisonment in the county jail for not less than sixty days.
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SEC. 8. Any person who shall, directly or indirectly, by means of false representations, purchase or receive from any emigrant passenger any passage ticket, or who shall procure or solicit any such passenger, having a passage ticket, to exchange the same for any other passage ticket, or to sell the same and purchase some other passenger ticket, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor; and upon conviction shall be punished by fine and imprisonment.
SEC. 9. Any person who shall sell or dispose of any ticket, or order for ticket or tickets, at a price or for a consideration beyond the highest price advertised for tickets by the company advertising at the highest price, published according to the provisions of this act, or any other law, shall be, upon conviction thereof in any of the courts of this State, deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and imprisoned therefor in one of the prisons of this State for a term of not exceeding two years.
Sec. 10. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.
SEC. 11. This act shall take effect immediately.
AN ACT to amend the act for the protection of emigrant passengers arriving at the city of New York, passed April 13th, 1853. [Passed July 21st, 1853.]
Sec. 1. Any runner, or person acting for himself, or for and on behalf of or connected with any steamboat, railroad, or forwarding company, or emigrant boarding-louse, who shall 80licit or book any passengers emigrating to the United States, and arriving at the port of New York, before such passenger shall have left the vessel in which he has no arrived, or who shall enter or go on board any ship or vessel, so arriving with emigrant passengers, prior to the landing of such passengers therefrom, and also any person, company, or corporation having employed such person for the purpose of soliciting and booking such passengers prior to their leaving the vessel in which they may arrive, shall be severally subject to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each offence, to be sued for and recovered in the same manner, and subject to the same provisions of law as enacted in respect to other penalties imposed by the several acts regulating the powers and duties of the commissioners of emigration. Any person violating the provisions of this section may also be indicted for a misdemeanor, which violation shall be held and taken to be a misdemeanor, and he shall, on conviction, be punished by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, or imprisonment for sixty days.
SEC. 2. In any case of violation of the provisions of this act, or of the act hereby amended, whenever it shall be made to appear to any court having jurisdiction thereof, upon satisfactory evidence, that such violation was not intentionally committed, or with a view to the profit of the person committing the same, or for or on behalf of some owner, consignee, or other person, nor by any culpable negligence, it shall then be lawful for the said court to remit or compound the penalty for such violation on such terms as may in their judgment be just and equitable to all persons interested in the matter. .
SEC. 3. The second section of the act entitled “An act for the protection of emigrant passengers arriving at the city of New York,” passed April 13, 1853, shall be amended so as to read as follows:
SEC. 2. No owner or owners, consignee or consignees, master, commander, or person having charge of any such ship or vessel, shall order any such passengers to be taken or removed from such ship or vessel, at quarantine or elsewhere, excepting for the purpose of quarantine regulations as to health, or shall give orders, or permit, or allow any runner or person on behalf of, or connected with, any steamboat, railroad, or forwarding company or line, or emigrant boarding-house, to solicit or book any such passengers, or to enter or go on board such ship or vessel, prior to the landing of such passenger, as is provided for in the first section of this act.
Sec. 4. Nothing in this act, or the act hereby amended, shall be taken or construed to prevent any passenger arriving at the port of New York, and not detained under the authority of the laws for the preservation of public health, from leaving the vessel in which he so arrives, whenever and in any way he shall prefer, upon his personal request, or demand so to do, to the commander of such vessel.
SEC. 5. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the pro visions of this act, are hereby repealed.
SEC. 6. This act shall take effect immediately.
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AN ACT for establishing the office of a Register of all German passengers who shall
arrive at the port of Philadelphia, and of all indentures by which any of them shall be bound servants for their freight, and of the arguments of such servants in the city of Philadelphia.
Sec. 1. Whereas, by several acts of Assembly of the province of Pennsylvania, all masters of vessels, merchants and others, importing by land or by water any man or woman passengers or servants, are obliged, within the space of twenty-four hours after their arrival, to make entry, and give, or cause to be given, upon oath or affirmation, to the officer for that purpose appointed, a true and just account of all the names of the servants and passengers so imported, which account the said officer should duly enter with the mayor of the city of Philadelphia, if such passengers were designed to be landed at Philadelphia; and that the said mayor should examine into the character and circumstances of such servants and passengers and grant certificates, containing the names of all the servants or passengers which he should judge fit to be landed. And that every indenture whereby any such German passenger should be bound to serve his or her master or mistress should be acknowledged before the mayor or a recorder of the city of Philadelphia, and to keep an exact record thereof, clearly expressing the province, county, city, borough or township wherein such master or mistress resides, and that the said mayor and recorder in the said city should in like manner keep a record of the assignments of servants, therein expressing the places of the assignee's abode.
Sec. 2. And whereas, since the change of the government of Pennsylvania, the offices of mayor and recorder of the city of Philadelphia have been vacated, and the justices of the peace of the said city, collectively, or any three of them, by an act of this commonwealth,* are empowered to do and perform certain special matters and things, formerly directed to be done and performed by the mayor, recorder and aldermen of the said city, but no provision has been hitherto made by law for registering the names of the German passengers who shall arrive at the port of Philadelphia, and taking the acknowledgment of the indentures of such passengers as shall or may bind themselves servants for their freight. And whereas, reason and justice require that the officer, who is to execute so important
a trust for foreigners, should be fully acquainted with their language, and able to converse with them:
SEC. 3. Be it enacted, and it is hereby enacted by the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in General Assembly met, and by the authority of the same, That an office for registering all German passengers, who at any time hereafter shall arrive at the port of Philadelphia, and the execution of all such indentures, by which any of such passengers shall bind him or herself servants for their freight, shall be and is hereby established; and that a person, understanding and speaking the English and German languages with ease and propriety, an inhabitant of the said city, in confidence and reputation with the public for his integrity and discretion, shall from time to time be appointed and commissioned by the president and vice-president in council, and, being duly sworn to the true and faithful performance of the several duties required of him by this act, before the chief justice or any one of the judges of the supreme court of this State, shall be the register of German passengers arriving in the port of Philadelphia, and exercise all the powers and authorities of a justice of the peace for the city and county of Philadelphia, as far as the same shall be required for the support and efficacy of his office, and the laws respecting the importation of German passengers, and binding them out servants, and not otherwise. And that the health officer, having received from the captain of any vessel importing German passengers the list of their names, shall, with his German interpreter, receive all the said passengers on board, men, women and children, and enquire whether any of them are superannuated, impotent, or otherwise likely to become chargeable to the public, and make report thereof in writing to the said register, who, if he approves thereof, shall enter the same in a book for that purpose to be kept by him, and transmit the original thereof to the office of the secretary of the supreme executive council, and give his order and license to land such of them as are returned sound, without any defect in mind and body.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all indentures of such German passengers, men, women and children, by which they shall be bound to serve, and all assignments of servants made within the said city, shall be made and acknowledged before the said register, or his lawful deputy, and by him certified, and the full contents thereof entered and registered in the same manner, and to the same effect as servants' indentures and assignments of servants were here