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ing such as are duly licensed; and any person violating any such regulations shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each and every offence, to be recovered by the said commissioners of emigration.

Sec. 3. All persons keeping houses in any of the cities of this State, for the purpose of boarding emigrant passengers, shall be required to have a license for said purpose from the mayor of the city in which such houses are located, and such persons so licensed shall pay to the said city the sum of ten dollars per annum, and shall give bond satisfactory to said mayor with one or more sureties in the penal sum of five hundred dollars, for their good behavior, and the proper conduct of all agents and runners in their employ, and said mayor is hereby authorized to revoke any license for cause. Every keeper of such boarding-house shall, under a penalty of fifty dollars, cause to be kept conspicuously posted in the public rooms of such house, in the English, German, Dutch, French, and Welsh languages, and printed upon business cards, to be kept for distribution as hereinafter provided, a list of the rates of prices which will be charged emigrants per day and week for board and lodging, and also the rates for separate meals, which card shall contain the name of the keeper of such house, together with its number and the name of the street in which such house is situated. The keeper of such house shall also file a copy of said list in the city of New York, in the office of the commissioners of emigration, and in each of the other cities of this State, with the mayor of said city, and with the agent of the commissioners of emigration; and the keeper of any emigrant boarding-house who shall neglect or refuse to post a list of rates, or to keep business cards so as above provided, or who shall charge or receive, or permit or suffer to be charged or received for the use of such keeper, or for any other person, any greater sum than according to the rates of prices so posted .and printed on business cards, and if any runner employed by any emigrant boarding-house keeper, or any emigrant boarding-house keeper himself shall engage any emigrants as guests for such boarding-house, without delivering to every such emigrant a printed business card as above provided, he shall, upon conviction thereof, be deprived of his or her license, and be punished by a fine not less than fifty nor more than one hundred dollars, to be recovered in the city of New York by the commissioners of emigration, and in the other cities of this State by the mayor thereof; and any person who shall keep a boarding or lodging-house for emigrants within any of the cities of this State, who shall refuse or neglect to obtain a license in pursuance of the provisions of this section, shall, upon the first conviction, forfeit the penalty of one hundred dollars, and upon a subsequent conviction shall forfeit the penalty of two hundred dollars, to be recovered by the persons, and in the manner above set forth. (As amended by chap. 432 of 1849.)

SEC. 4. No keeper of any emigrant boarding-house shall have any lien upon the baggage or effects of any emigrant for boarding, lodging, storage, or any other account whatever, for any greater sum than shall be due from such emigrants for boarding and lodging, according to the rates of prices so posted as above provided; and upon complaint being made upon oath before the mayor or any police magistrate of the city in which such boarding-house is located, that the baggage or effects of any emigrant are detained by the keeper of any emigrant boarding-house, under pretence of any lien upon such baggage or effects or any claim or demand against the owner or owners thereof, for any other or greater sum than in accordance with such rates, it shall be the duty of the officer before whom such complaint is made, immediately to issue his warrant directed to any constable or policeman of said city, commanding him or them to bring before him the party against whom such complaint has been made, and upon conviction thereof, the officer before whom such conviction shall be had, shall cause such goods to be forth with restored to the owner thereof, and the party so convicted shall be punished by a fine not less than fifty dollars, and not exceeding one hundred dollars, and shall be committed to the city prison until the said fine shall be paid, and until such baggage or effects shall be delivered to such emigrants. Any person so convicted shall have the right of appealing from the decision of such mayor or magistrate to the same tribunals, and in the same manner as is provided by law for appeals from the decisions of justices in civil cases, and all the provisions of law relating to appeals from justices shall apply as far as applicable to appeals from such mayor or other magistrate. But such appeal shall not authorize the detention of such baggage or effects after the payment of the sum which such mayor or magistrate shall adjudge to be justly due from such emigrant. (As amended by chap. 321 of 1849.)

SEC. 5. No person shall, in any city in this State, solicit emigrant passengers or their baggage for emigrant boardinghouses, passenger offices, forwarding or transportation lines, without the license of the mayor of such city, for which he shall pay the sum of twenty dollars per annum, and give satisfactory bonds to said mayor in the penal sum of three hundred dollars as security for his good behavior; nor shall any person not a native or naturalized citizen of the United States be so licensed. The said mayor may at any time revoke such license for good cause shown. Every person so licensed shall wear in a conspicuous place about his person a badge or plate of such character and in such manner as said mayor shall prescribe, with the words "licensed emigrant runner” inscribed thereon, with his name and the number of his license. No person who is not of approved moral character shall be licensed as such runner. Every person who shall solicit alien emigrant passengers, or others, for the benefit of boarding-houses, passenger offices or forwarding lines, upon any street, lane, alley, or upon any dock, pier, or public highway, or any other place within the corporate bounds of any city in this State, or upon any waters adjacent thereto, over which any of said cities may have jurisdiction, without such license, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by imprisonment in the county prison or jail not less than three months nor exceeding one year. But this section shall not be so construed as to prohibit the proprietors of emigrant boarding-houses from soliciting emigrant passengers on their own account without such license, (if licensed as boarding-house keepers,) anything in section two to the contrary notwithstanding. (As amended by chap. 321 of 1849.)

SEC. 6. The commissioners of emigration may, when in their opinion it shall seem necessary, appoint a proper person or persons to board vessels from foreign ports at the quarantine ground, or elsewhere in the port of New York, having on board emigrant passengers, for the purpose of advising such emigrants, and putting them on their guard against fraud and imposition; and the health officer is hereby required to prevent any person or persons from going on board such vessels which may be subject to examination by him, until after the said person or persons appointed by the commissioners of emigration shall have had sufficient opportunity to perform their duty.

SEC. 7. No person or persons shall exercise the vocation of booking emigrant passengers, or taking money for their inland fare, or for the transportation of the baggage of such passengers, without keeping a public office for the transaction of such business, nor without the license of the mayor of the city in which such office shall be located, for which shall be paid the sum of twenty-five dollars per annum. Every such office and place for weighing baggage shall be, at all times when business is being transacted therein, open to the commissioners of emigration, or their agent, duly appointed, and no scales or weights shall be used for such purpose but such as have been inspected and sealed by the city inspector of weights; and every such establishment shall have posted in a conspicuous place and manner at its place of business, in the English, German, Dutch, French, and Welsh languages, a list of prices or rates of fare, for the passage of emigrant passengers, and the price per hundred pounds for transportation of their baggage to the principal places to which the proprietors thereof undertake to convey such passenger; and shall also deliver a copy of such list to the commissioners of emigration, or to their agent in any city where such agency shall be established; and any person or company who shall charge or receive, or allow to be charged or received, by any person in his or their employment, a greater amount than is specified in said list of prices, or who shall defraud any emigrant in the weight of his or her baggage, or who shall receive money from an emigrant or emigrants for their passage, or for the transportation of their baggage, and shall refuse or neglect to issue in the person or persons so paying their fare, ör for the transportation of their baggage, a ticket which shall state the time and place of such issue, the number of persons so paying, the distance in miles to the place to which fare is received, the amount so received, the number of pounds of baggage, and the price per hundred pounds for its transportation; which said ticket shall be signed by the person or persons in whose name the establishment is conducted, and if more than one person is interested in the concern shall be printed or written on the ticket; or who shall issue any such ticket directed to an agent, without first having made arrangements with some responsible person to act as his, her or their agent, or who shall issue a ticket so as aforesaid for the passage of any emigrant, or his or her baggage which shall not be promptly redeemed by the agent or consignee, according to the terms of the agreement, as set forth in the ticket, or who shall in any way fail or neglect to fulfil any contract for the passage of any emigrant, or for the transportation of any baggage made with an emigrant, or who shall issue to any person blank receipts signed by him, or them, or who shall permit his, her, or their name or names to be used by any other person or persons in said business of booking emigrant passengers and their baggage, or taking money for their fare or transportation of their baggage, shall, together with all other persons concerned in the violation of these prorisinns. be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction, be punished by confinement in the city or county prison, not less than six nor múra than twelve months; and any person or company receiving money, as aforesaid, for the passage of emigrants, or who shall refuse admission as aforesaid to such office, or place of weighing baggage, during the time of transacting business therein, or who shall neglect to post the said list of rates as aforesaid, or who shall neglect or refuse to furnish a copy thereof as aforesaid, or who shall make any arrangement or engagement with any emigrant for his passage or transportation, or any runner or agent connected with or employed by such forwarding establishment make such engagement or arrangement, without delivering to every such emigrant à printed card (in the language of the country to which said emigrant may belong) of prices or rates of fare, which will be charged every emigrant for his passage, or for transportation of his baggage or effects to the principal places on the route which he, the said emigrant, is about to travel, and every such keeper, or owner or owners, or runner or runners, connected therewith, or any licensed emigrant runner or runners shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction, be punished by imprisonment in the county prison for a period not less than three nor more than six months. License under this section may be revoked for cause; and no person under this section shall be licensed who is not of good moral character and a citizen of the United States. (As amended by chap. 432 of 1849.)

Sec. 8. No person holding office under the government of the United States, or of this state, or of any of its cities, or who shall be in the employment of the commissioners of emigration, shall solicit custom for any transportation line, or shall be interested in any way, directly or indirectly, in the forwarding of emigrants, under a penalty of not less than one hundred dollars, and not exceeding three hundred dollars, to be sued for in the name of the people of this State, and which money when collected shall be paid into the county treasury for the use of the poor of said county.

Sec. 9. The penalties and forfeitures prescribed by this act, except as is herein before otherwise provided, shall be sued for and collected in the name of the people of this State, and applied in the same manner specified in the foregoing section, except so far as this act applies to the city of New York, when the same may be sued for and recovered, with cost of suit, before any court having cognizance thereof, by and in the name

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