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duce of corn is not exceeded by Babylon itself. The
CXCIX. Of the part of Africa possessed by the
They have three seasons, which well deserve admi-
- CC. The Persians who were sent by Aryandes to avenge the cause of Pheretime proceeding from Ægypt to Barce, laid siege to the place, having first required the persons of those who had been accessary to the death of Arcesilaus. To this the inhabitants, who had all been equally concerned in destroying him, paid ņo attention. The Persian's, after continuing nine rnonths before the place, cara ried their mines to the walls, and made a very vigorous attack. Their mines were discovered by a (mith, by means of a brazen shield. · He made a Аа 3
circuit of the town; where there were no miners beneath the shield did not reverberate, which it did wherever they were at work. The Barceans therefore dug countermines, and few, the Perfians so employed. Every attempt to storm the place was vigorously defeated by the besieged.
CCI. After a long time had been thus consumed with confiderable slaughter on both sides (as many being killed of the Persians as of their adversaries) Amasis, the leader of the infantry, employed the following stratagem:-Being convinced that the Barceans were not to be overcome by any open attacks, he funk in the night a large and deep trench: the surface of this he covered with some Night pieces of wood, then placing earth over the whole, the ground had uniformly the same appearance. At the dawn of the morning he invited the Barceans to a conference; they willingly affented, being very desirous to come to terms. Accordingly they entered into a treaty, of which these were the conditions: it was to remain valid205 as long as the earth upon which the agreement was made should retain its present appearance. The Barceans were to pay the Persian monarch a certain reasonable
295 It was to remain valid.]-Memini similem fæderis formulam apud Polybium legere in fædere Hannibalis cum Tarentinis, fi bene memini.---Reiske.
Reifke's recollection appears in this place to have deceived hin." Tarentum was betrayed to Hannibal by the treachery of fome of its citizens; but in no manner resembling this here defcribed by Hçrodotus, -I. ji
tribute ; tribute; and the Persians engaged themselves to un-i dertake nothing in future to the detriment of the Barceans. Relying upon these engagements, the Barceans, without hesitation, threw open the gates of their city, going out and in themselves without fear of consequences, and permitting without restraint such of the enemy as pleased to come within their walls. The Persians, withdrawing the artificial support of the earth, where they had funk a trench, entered the city in crouds; they imagined by this artifice that they had fulfilled all they had undertaken, and were brought back to the situation in which they were mutually before. For in reality, this support of the earth being taken away, the oath they had taken became void.
· CCII. The Persians seized and surrendered to the power of Pheretima such of the Barceans as had been instrumental in the death of her fon. These she crucified on different parts of the walls ; she cut off also the breasts of their wives, and sufpended them in a similar situation. She permitted the Persians to plunder the rest of the Barceans, except the Battiadæ, and thoie who were not concerned in the murder. These she suffered to retain their situations and property.
· CCIII. The rest of the Barceans being reduced to servitude, the Perfrans returned home. Arriving at Cyrene, the inhabitants of that place granted them a free passage through their territories, from reverence to some oracle. Whilst they were on
their paffage, Bares; commander of the fleet, folicited them to plunder Cyrene'; which was opposed by.' Amasis, leader of the infantry, who urged that
their orders were only against Barce. When, paf,fing Cyrene, they had arrived at the 'hill of the Lycean Jupiter 206, they expressed regret at not having. plundered it. They accordingly returned, and endeavoured a fecond time to enter the place; but the. Cyreneans would not suffer them. Although no one attempted to attack them, the Persians were seized with such a pànic, that returning in håste, they encamped at the distance of about fixty ftadia from the city. Whilft they remained here a mefsenger came from Aryandes, ordering them to return. Upon this, the Persians made application to the Cyreneans for a supply of provisions; which being granted, they returned. co Ægypt. In their march they were incessantly harrafied by the Africans for the sake of their clothes and utensils. In their progress to Ægypt, whoever was surprized or left behind was instantly put to death. ".
-CCIV. The farthest progress 'm this Persian army was to the country of the Euelpetidæ. Their Barcean captives they carried with them from Ægypt to king Darius, who assigned them for their residence a portion of land in the Bactrian district, to which they gave the name of Barce ; this has
206 Lyceur: Jepiter. 1---Lycaon erectad a temple to Jupiter in Parrhatia, and ia:iiluted garces in his honour, which the Lyceans called Amati No one was permitiéd to enter this templo; he who did was stoned. --- archex 1w a
within my time contained a great number of inhabitants, *' :** **
CCV. The life, however, of Pheretima had by no means a fortunate termination. Having gratified her revenge upon the Barceans, she returned from Africa to Ægypt, and there perished miserably. Whilst alive, her body was the victim of worms 207: thus it is that the gods punish those who have provoked their indignation; and such also was the vengeance which Pheretima, the wife of Battus, exercised upon the Barceans,
207: Victim of worms. 1.---This passage, with the reasoning of Herodotus upon it, cannot fail to bring to the mind of the reader, the miserable end of Herod, surnamed the Great. . . .
And he went down to Cæsarea, and there abode : and upon a fet day Herod arrayed in royal apparel-fat upon his throne, and made an oration unto them. And the people gave a shout, saying, It is the voice of a god, and not of a man. And immediately the angel of the Lord fmote him, because he gave--not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.See Lardner's observations upon the above historical incident.-- . ..
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