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not, I think, called Battus till after his arrival in Africa; he was then so named, either on account of the answer of the oracle, or from the subsequent dig, nity which he attained. Battus, in the African tongue, signifies a prince; and I should think that the Pythian, foreseeing he was to reign in Africa, distinguished him by this African title. As soon as he grew up he went to Delphi, to consult the oracle concerning the imperfection of his voice: the anTwer he received was this:

· Hence, Battus! of your voice enquire no more;

But found a city on the Lybian shore. This is the same as if she had said in Greek, « Enquire no more, Oh king, concerning your “ voice.” To this Battus replied, “Oh king, « I came to you on account of my infirinity 6 of tongue ; you, in return, impofe upon me « an undertaking which is impossible ; for how « can I, who have neither forces nor money, eftab

lish a colony in Africa ?” He could not, how. ever, obtain any other answer, which, when he found to be the case, he returned to Thera.

CLVI. Not long afterwards he, with the rest of the Thereans, were visited by many and great calamities; and not knowing to what cause they should impute them, they sent to Delphi, to consult the oracle on

Battus here mentioned be confounded with the Battus whom Mercury turned into an index, and whole story is fo well told by 'Ovid.. . i .

the the subject. The Pythian 'informed them, that if they would colonize Cyrene in Africa, under the conduct of Battus, things would certainly go better with them; they accordingly dispatched Battus to accomplish this, with two fifty-oared vessels. These men acting from compulfion, set sail for Africa, but foon returned to Thera'; but the Thereans forcibly preventing their landing,' ordered them to return from whence they came. Thus circumstanced, they again set sail, and founded a city in an island contiguous to Africa, called, as we have before remarked, Platea '54; this city is said to be equal in size to that in which the Cyreneans now reside.

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CLVII. They continued in this place for the space of two years, but finding their ill fortune ftill pursue them, they again failed to Delphi to enquire of the oracle, leaving only one of their party behind them: when they desired to know why, having established themselves in Africa, they had experie enced no favourable reverse of fortune, the Pythian made them this answer :- .

Know'st thou then Lybia better than the God, Whofe fertile Thores thy feet have never trod? He who has well explor'd them thus replies; I can but wonder at a man so wise!' 154 Platea.]—This name is written alfo Platea: Stephanus Byzantinus has it both in that form, and also Platea or Plateia. Pliny speaks of three Plateas, and a Plate, off the coast of Troas; but they must have been very inconsiderable spots, and have not been mentioned by any other author. The best editions of Herodotus read Platën here; but I suspect Plateia to be right, for Scylax has it fo as well as Stephanus - The place of the cebebrated battle in Bæotia was Platææ.

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On hearing this, Battus, and they who were with him, again returned; for the deity still persevered in requiring them to form a settlement in Africa, where they had not yet been : touching, therefore, at Platea, they took on board him whom they had left, and established their colony in Africa itself. The place they felected was Aziris, immediately oppo fite to where they had before refided; two sides of which were enclosed by a beautiful range of hills, and a third agreeably watered by a river. disi

CLVIII. At this place they continued six years; when at the desire of the Africans, who promised to conduct them to a better situation, they removed. The Africans accordingly became their guides, and had so concerted the matter, as to take care that the Greeks should pass through the most beautiful part of their country by night: the direction they took was westward, the name of the country they were not permitted to see was Trasa.-They came

came te at length to what is called the fountain of Apolo lo 155:-“ Men of Greece,” said the Africans, “the “ heavens are here opened to you, and here it will 20.. “ be proper for you to reside."

CLIX. During the life of Battus, who reigned forty years, and under Arcesilaus his son,

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· 155 'Fountain of Apollo.]—The name of this. fountain was Cyre, from which the town of Cyrene had afterwards its name. Herodotus calls it, in the subsequent paragraph, Theftis, but there were probably many fountains in this place.--Larcher.

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who reigned fixteen, the Cyreneans remained in this colony without any alteration with respect to their numbers: but under their third prince, who was alfo called Battus, and who was surnamed the Happy, the Pythian, by her declarations, excited a general propensity in the Greeks to migrate to Africa, and join themfelves to the Cyreneans. The Cyreneans, indeed, had invited them to a share of their possessions, but the oracle had also thus expressed itself:

Who seeks not Libya 'till the lands are shar'd,

Let him for fad repentance stand prepar’d. The Greeks, therefore, in great numbers, settled themselves at Cyrene. The neighbouring Africans, with their king Adicran, seeing themselves injurioully deprived of a considerable part of their lands, and exposed to much insulting treatment, made a tender of themselves and their country to Apries, fovereign of Ægypt: this prince affembled a numerous army of Ægyptians, and sent them to attack Cyrene. The Cyreneans drew themselves up at Irafa, near the fountain Theftis, and in a fixed battle routed the Ægyptians, who till now, from their ignorance, had despised the Grecian power. The battle was fo decisive, that very few of the Ægyptians returned to their country; they were on this account so exasperated against Apries, that they revolted from his authority. CLX. Arcesilaus, the son of this Battus, fucceed-

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ed to the throne; he was at first engaged in some contest with his brothers, but they removed themselves from him to another part of Africa, where, after some deliberation, they founded a city. They called it Barce, which name it still retains. Whilst they were employed upon this business, they endeavoured to excite the Africans against the Cyreneans. Arcesilaus without hesitation cominenced hoftilities both against those who had revolted from him, and against the Africans who had received them ; intimidated by which, these latter fled to their countrymen, who were situated more to the east : Arcesilaus persevered in pursuing them till he arrived at Leucon, and here the Africans : dif, covered an inclination to try the event of a battle. They accordingly engaged, and the Cyreneans were fo effectually routed, that leven thousand of their men in arms fell in the field. Arcesilaus, after this calamity, fell fick, and was strangled by his brother Aliarchus, whilst in the act of taking some medicine. The wife of Arcesilaus, whose name was Eryxo 150, revenged by fome stratagem on his murderer the death of her husband.

CLXI. Arcesilaus was succeeded in his autho. rity by his son Battus, a boy who was lame, and had otherwise, an infirmity in his feet. The Cy

158 Eryxo.)-The story is related at confiderable length by Plutarch, in his treatise on the virtues of women. Instead of Aliarchus, he reads Learchus ; the woman he calls Eryxene; and the murderer he supposes to have been not the brother, buc the friend of Arcesilaus.-7. VOL. II.

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