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* you came.” This explanation was generally accepted.
. CXXXIII. That detachment of the Scythians
CXXXIV. The rest of the Scythians having sent the present to Darius which we have described, opposed themselves to him, both horse and foot, in order of battle. Whilst they were in this situation a hare was seen in the space betwixt the two armies; the Scythians immediately pursued it with loud cries. Darius enquiring the cause of the tu. mult which he heard, was informed that the enemy were pursuing a hare ; ; upon this, turning to some of his confidential attendants, “ These men,” he exclaimed, “ do, indeed, seem greatly to despise « us; and Gobryas has properly interpreted the “ Scythian presents: I am now of the same opi
" nion myself, and it becomes us to exert all our si fagacity to effect a safe return to the place from « whence we came.” « Indeed, Sir,” answered Gobryas," } had before heard of the poverty of " this people, I have now clearly seen it, and can « perceive that they hold us in extreme çon“ tempt. I would therefore advise, that as foon ” as the night fets in'we light our fires as usual !!!; " and, the farther to delude the enemy, let us tie all « the aftes together, and leave behind us the more ” infirm of our forces; this done, let us retire, be© fore the Scythians shall advance towards the * Ister, and break down the bridge, or before the " Jonians shall come to any resolution which may $ cause our ruin.”
CXXXV. To this opinion of Gobryas Darius having acceded, as foon as the evening approached, the more infirm of the troops, and those whose lofs was deemed of little importance, were left behind; all the affes also were secured together : the motive for this was, the expectation that the presence of those who remained would cause the afles to bray as usual. The sick and infirm were de
- 33! Fires as afval.)-This incident is related with very little variation, in the Stratagemata cf Polyænus, a book which I may venture to recommend to all young students in Greek, from its entertaining matter, as well as from the easy elegance and purity of its style; indeed I cannot help expressing my surprize, That it should not yet have found its way into our public schools; jt might, I think, be read with much advantage as preparatory to Xenophon.-I.
serted, ferted, under the pretence, that whilst the king was marching with his best troops to engage the Şcythians, they were to defend the camp. After cir. culating this report, the fires were lighted, and Darius with the greatest expedition directed his march towards the Ifter: the affes, misfing the usual multitude, made so much the greater noise, by hearing which the Scythians were induced to believe that the Persians still continued in their camp..
CXXXVI. When morning appeared, they who were left, perceiving themselves deserted by Darius, made signals to the Scythians, and explained țheir situationupon which intelligence, the two divifions of the Scythians, forming a junction with the Sauromatæ, the Budini, and Geloni, advanced towards the Ifter, in pursuit of the Persians; but as w the Persian army consisted principally, of foot, who were ignorant of the country, through which there were no regular paths; and as the Scythians were chiefly horse, and perfectly acquainted with the ways, they mutually missed of each other, and the Scythians arrived at the bridge much sooner than the Persians. Here, finding that the Persians were not yet come, they thus addressed the Ionians, who were on board their vessels :-"lonians, « the number of days is now past; and you do « wrong in remaining 'here; if motives of fear " have hitherto detained you, you may now break “ down the bridge, and having recovered your
" liberties, be thankful to the gods and to us :
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CXXXVII. The Ionians being met in council upon this subject, Miltiades, the Athenian leader, og and prince of the Chersonese 132, on the Hellespont, was of opinion that the advice of the Scythians should be taken, and Ionia be thus relieved from servitude. Histiæus, the Milesian, thought differently; he represented, that through Darius each of them now enjoyed the fovereignty of their several cities; that if the power of Darius was once ; taken away, neither he himself should continue su- preme at Miletus, nor would any of them be able to retain their superiority: for it was evident that all their fellow-citizens would prefer a popular government to that of a tyrant. This argument appeared fo forcible, that all they who had before assented to Miltiades, instantly adopted it. !
CXXXVIII. They who acceded to this opinion were also in great estimation with the king: Of the princes of the Hellespont, there were Daph
2.5" 132 Prince of the Cherfonefe 3All these petty princes had ime ..mer enn . Sorelin * **pored chains upon their country, and were only supported in
their usurpations by the Persians, whose interest it was to prefer
a despotic government to a democracy; this last would have Coils been much less obfequious, and lefs prompt to obey their pleafure.---Larcher.
nis of Abydos, Hippoclus of Lampfacus 133, Herophantus of Parium 134, Metrodorus the Proconne, sian "35, Ariftagoras of Cyzicum, and Ariston the Byzantian 136. Amongst the Ionian leaders were
133 Lampsacus.]~Lampsacus was first called Pityusa, on the Afia shore, nearly opposite to Gallipoli; this place was given to Themistocles, to furnish him with wine. Several great men amongst the ancients were natives of Lampsacus, and Epicurus lived here for some time. ---Pococke.
From this place Priapus, who was here worshipped, took one of his names ;
Et te ruricola Lampface tuta deo. Ovid. , : and from hence Lampsacius was made to fignify wanton; see Martial, book ii. ep. 17.
., Nam mea Lampfacio lascivit pagina versu. T... 13+ Parium.]-Parium was built by the Milesians, Erythreans, and the people of the isle of Paros ; it flourished much under the kings of Pergamus, of the race of Attalus, on ać count of the services this city did to that house.---Pococke. By
It has been disputed whether Archilochos, the celebrated writer of iambics, was a native of this place, or of the island of Pards. Horace says,
Parios ego primus iambos
Archilochi. 135 Metrodorus the Proconnesian.)-This personage must not be confounded with the celebrated philosopher of Chios, who asserted the eternity of the world. The ancients make mention of the old and new Proconnesus; the new Proconnesus is now called Marmora, the old is the isiand of Alonia. -T.
136 Ariston the Byzantian.]—This is well known to be the modern Constantinople, and has been too often and too correctly described to require any thing from my pen. Its situation was