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tivers ; but if one be compared with another, the
- "Lİ. Thus of the rivers which How through Scya
LII. The third is the Hypanis ; this comes 23 from Scythia, rising from an immense lake, round which are found wild white horses, and which is properly enough called the mother of the Hypaniso. This river through a space of five days
. . :..journeyman! * The Hypanis.)--There were three rivers of this name:- .. One in Scythia, one in the Cimmerian Bosphorus, and a third
journey from its first rise, is small, and its waters
very bitter a quality", that it; infects this river, Exo t though by no means contemptible in point of size: $9". 29, this fountain rises in the country of the plough
ing Scythians *, and of the Alazones. - It takes the lah
LIII. The fourth river, and the largest next to the Danube, is the Borysthenes 62. In my opinion in India, the largest of that region, and the limits of the conquests of Alexander the Great. This last was sometimes called the Hypasis.-T.
01 Bitter a quality. ]—This circumstanče respecting the Hy. panis is thus mentioned by Ovidi. .
Quid non et Scythicis Hypanis a montibus ortus
Qui fuerat dulcis falibus vitiatür amaris.
62 Borysthenes. 1-The emperor Hadrian had a famous horse,
** Herodotus diftinguishes the Exe €«o agornges, from the Exebar
this river "is' more productive, not only than ali the rivers, of Scythia, but than every other in the world, except the Ægyptian Nile. The Nile; it must be confessed, disdains all comparison; the Bar. rysthenes nevertheless affords most agreeable and excellent pasturage, and contains great abundance of the more delicate fish. Although it flows in the midst of 'mariy turbid' rivers, its waters are perfectly elear' and sweet; its banks are adorned by the richest harvests, and in those places where corn is not fown the grais grows to a lurpriling height; at its mouth a large mass of fält is formed of itself. It produces also a species of large fish, which is called the Antacæus ;-these, which have no prickly fins, the inhabitants salt : it possesses various other things which deserve our adiniration. The courte of the stream may be pursued as far as the country called Gerrhus, through a voyage of forty days, and it is known to flow from the north. Bút of the remoter places through which it passes, no one can fpeak with certainty; it feems probable that it runs towards the district of the Scythian husbandmen, through a pathless desert. For the space of a ten days journey these Scythians inhabit, its banks. The sources of this river only, like those of the Nile, are to me unknown, as I believe they are to every other Greek. This river, as : it approaches the sea, is joined by the Hypanis, and they have both the same termination : the.. neck of land betwixt these two streams is called the 'Hippoleon promontory, in which a temple is Q3'
. : ? erected to Ceres. Beyond this temple as far as the. Hypanis, dwell the Borysthenites. But on this sub, ject enough has been said.. . :. .
- LIV, Next to the above, is a fifth river, called
LVI. The name of the seventh river is the Gerrhus ; it takes it name from the place Gerrhus, near which it separates itfelf from the Borysthenes, and where this latter river is firft known. In its paffage to
©3 To Ceres. ]--Some manuscripts read to “ Ceres,” Others to “the Mother;" by this latter exprefiion Çeres must be understood, and not Vesta, as Gronovius would have it. In his observation, that the Scythians were acquainted neither with Ceres nor Cybele, he was perfectly right; but he ought to have remem, bered that the Borysthenites or Olbiopolitæ were of Greek ori, gin, and that they had retained many of the customs and usages of their ancestors.-Larcher. .
64 Carcinitis. ]---Many are of opinion that this is what is now called Golfo di Moscovia, -T.
wards the fea, it divides the Scythian Nomades
40 LVII. The eighth river is called the Tanais os 1 5"
rising from one immense lake, it empties itself into
parates the Royal Scythians from the Sauromatæ. you *1. The Tanais is encreased by the waters of anos ??? 3 ther river, called the Hyrgis. 24
.. : 236
Lvill. The Scythians have thus the advantage of all these celebrated rivers. The grass which this country produces is of all that we know the fullest of moisture, which evidently appears from the dislection of their cattle.
' LIX. We have shewn that this people poffefs
the greatest abundance; their particular laws and
Plutarch, in his Treatise of celebrated Rivers, it derived its