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to whom formerly at his request, in Ægypt, he had given his cloak. He went, therefore, to Susa, and presenting himself before the royal palace, said that he had once done a service to the king. Of this circumstance the porter informed the king; who was much astonished, and exclaimed, “To what « Greek can l possibly be obliged for any services? “ I have not long been in possestion of my authority, " and since this time no Greek has been admitted «s to my presence, nor can I at all remember being “indebted to one of that nation. Introduce him, “ however, that I may know what he has to say." Syloson was accordingly adınitted to the royal presence; and being interrogated by interpreters who he was, and in what circumstance he had rendered fervice to the king, he told the story of the cloak, and said that he was the person who had given it. In reply, Darius exclaimed, “ Are you then that ge“ nerous man, who, at a time when I was poslef“ sed of no authority, made me a present, which, " though small, was as valuable to me then, as any " thing of importance would be to me now? I “ will give you in return, that you may never re« pent of your kindness to Darius, the son of Hys“ taspes, abundance of gold and silver.” “Sir," replied Sylofon, “I would have neither gold nor “ silver; give me Samos my country, and deliver “ it from servitude. Since the death of Polycrates “ my brother, whom Orcetes New, it has been in “ the hands of one of our flaves. Give me this, Sir, " without any effufion of blood, or reducing my “ countrymen to fervitude.”

CXLI. On hearing this Darius sent an army, commanded by Otanes, one of the seven, with orders to accomplish all that Sylofon had desired. Otanes proceeded to the sea, and embarked with his troops.

“CXLII. The supreme authority at Samos was then possessed by Mæandrius, son of Mæandrius, to whom it had been confided by Polycrates himself. He was desirous of proving himself a very honest man, but the times would not allow him. As-foon as he was informed of the death of Polycrates, the first thing he did was to erect an altar to Jupiter Liberator, tracing round it the sacred ground, which may now be seen in the neighbourhood of the city. Having done this, he assembled the citizens of Samos, and thus addressed them : “ You are well acquainted that Polycrates confided '" to me his sceptre and his power, which if I think “ proper I may retain ; but I shall certainly avoid “ doing that myself which I deemed reprehensible « in another. The ambition of Polycrates to rule « over men who were his equals, always seemed to

me unjust; nor can I approve of a like conduct in “any man. Polycrates has yielded to his destiny; and “ for my part, I lay down the supreme authority, and “ restore you all to an equality of power. I only « claim, which I think I reasonably may, fix talents

to be given me from the wealth of Polycrates, as “ well as the appointment in perpetuity to me and “my posterity of the priesthood of Jupiter Libera“ tor, whose temple I have traced out; and then I re


“ store

« store you to liberty." When Mæandrius had thus Spoken, a Sainian exclaimed from the midst of the affembly, 'You are not worthy to rule over us, your < principles are bad, and your conduct reproachable. “ Rather let us make you give an account of the " wealth which has passed through your hands."

The name of this person was Telesarchus, a man 'much respected by his fellow-citizens. .

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CXLIII. Mæandrius revolved this circumstance in his mind; and being convinced that if he resigned

his power fome other would assume it, he deter..mined to continue as he was. Returning to the

citadel, he fent for the citizens, as if to give them . an account of the monies which had been alluded to, instead of which he seized and confined them. Whilst they remained in imprisonment Mæandrius was taken ill; his brother Lycaretus, not thinking he would recover, that he might the more easily succeed in his views upon Samos put the citizens who were confined to death; indeed it did not appear that they were desirous of life under the governinent of a tyrant : 62



CXLIV. When, therefore, the Persians arrived at Samos, with the view of restoring Syloson, they had no resistance to encounter. The Mæandrian faction expressed themselves on certain conditions ready to submit; and Mæandrius himself confented

.: 162 The government of a tyrant.] See Wesseling's note and · Paw's conjecture upon this paffage.--Tina'sion .

to leave the island. Their propositions were 'accepted by Otanes; and whilst they were employed in ratifying them, the principal men of the Persians had feats brought, on which they placed themselves. in front of the citadel.

CXLV. Mæandrius had a brother, whose name. was Charileus, who was of an untoward disposition, and for some offence was kept chained in a dun-, geon. As soon as he heard what was doing, and beheld from his place of confinement the Persians sitting at their eafe, he clamorously requested to. speak with Mæandrius. Meandrius, hearing this, ordered him to be unbound, and brought before him. -As soon as he came into his presence, he; began to reproach and abufe him, earnestly importuning him to attack the Persians. “Me,” he exclaimed, “who am your brother, and who have “done nothing worthy of chains, you have most " bafely kept bound in a dungeon ; but on the “ Persians, who would afford you an easy victory, “ and who mean to drive you into exile, you dare " not take revenge. If your fears prevent you, give “ me your auxiliary troops, who am equally disposed, “to punish them for coming here, and to expel "you yourlelf from our illand,"

CXLVI. To this discourse Mæandrius gave a favourable éar, not, I believe, that he was absurd enough to imagine hiinleif equal to a contest with the forces of the king, but from a {pirit of envy

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against Sylofon, and to prevent his receiving the government of Samos without trouble or exertion. He wished, by irritating the Persians, to debilitate the power of Samos, and then to deliver it into their hands; for he well knew that the Persians would resent whatever insults they might receive upon the Samians, and as to himself he was cetain that whenever he pleased he could depart unmolested, for he had provided a secret path, which led immediately from the citadel to the sea, by which he afterwards escaped. In the mean while Charileus, having armed the auxiliaries, opened the gates, and fallied forth to attack the Persians, who so far from expecting any thing of the kind, believed that a truce had been agreed upon, and was then in force. Upon these Persians, who were sitting at their ease, and who were persons of distinction, the Samians fallied, and put them to death; the rest of the troops, however, foon came to their affistance, by whom the party of Charileus was repulsed, and obliged again to seek shelter in the citadel.

CXLVII. Otanes, the commander in chief, had hitherto observed the orders of Darius, not to put ảny Samian to death, or to take any prisoners, but to deliver the island to Sylofon, fecure and without injury; but seeing so great a slaughter of his countymen, his indignation prevailed, and he ordered

his foldiers to put every Samian they could meet \ with to death, without any distinction of age. Immediately part of his forces blockaded the citadel,


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