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* women of Sparta, Argos, Athens, and Co“ rinth, of whom I have heard so much. You “ have, moreover, in the man who healed the « wound of your foot, the properest person in the « world to describe and explain to you every 5 thing which relates to Greece.” “ If it be your « wish,” replied Darius, “ that I should first make a « military excursion against Greece, it will be pro" per to send thither previously fome Persians as “ spies, in company with the man to whom you “ allude. As foon as they return, and have in« formed me of the result of their observations, “ I will proceed against Greece.”

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CXXXV. Darius having delivered his fentiments, no time was lost in fulfilling them. As soon as the morning appeared he sent for fifteen Persians of approved reputation, and commanded them, in "company with Democedes, to examine every part of the sea-coast of Greece, enjoining them to be very watchful of Democedes, and by all means to bring him back with them, When he had done this, he next fent for Democedes himself, and after desiring him to examine and explain to the Persians every thing which related to Greece, he enr. treated him to return in their company. All the valuables which he possessed he recommended him to take, as presents to his father and his brethren, assuring him that he should be provided with a greater number on his return. He moreover informed him, that he had directed a veffel to accompany him, which was to be furnished with various things of value. In these professions Darius, as I am of opinion, was perfectly sincere; but Démocedes, apprehending that the king meant to make trial of his fidelity, accepted these proposals without much acknowledgment. He desired, however, to leave his own effects, that they might be 'ready for his use at his return; but he accepted the vessel which was to carry the preients for his family. Darius, after giving these injunctions to Democedes, dismissed the party to prosecute their voyage.

CXXXVI. As soon as they arrived at Sidon, ini Phænicia, they manned two triremes, and loaded a large traniport with different articles of wealth; after this they proceeded to Greece, examining the fea-coasts with the most careful artention. When they had informed themselves of the particulars relating to the most important places in Greece, they passed over to Tarentum "59 in Italy. Here Aristophilides, prince of Tarentum, and a native of Cro“. tona, took away the helms of the Median vessels; and detained the Persians as spies. Whilst his companions were in this predicament, Democedes himself went-to Crotona. Upon his arrival at his native place, Aristophilides gave the Persians their

159 Tarentum.]-Thefe places, with the slightest variation possible, retain their ancient names. We now fay the gulph of Tarento, and Crotona is now called Cottrone. -T.: . .


liberty, and restored what he liad taken from them.

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CXXXVII. The Persians, as soon as they recovered their liberty, failed to Crotona, in pursuit of Democedes, and meeting with him in the forum, seized his person. Some of the inhabitants, through fear of the Persian power, were willing to deliver him up; others, on the contrary, beat the Persians 'with clubs; who exclaimed, “Men of Crotona, '~ consider what ye do, in taking away from us a ·« fugitive from our king. Do you imagine that “ you will derive any advantage from this insult to “ Darius; will not rather your city be the first ob“ ject of our hostilities, the first that we shall plunder “ and reduce to servitude ?” These menaces had but little effect upon the people of Crotona, for they not only assisted Democedes to escape, but also deprived the Persians of the vessel which accompanied them. They were, therefore, under the necessity of returning to Asia, without exploring any more of Greece, being thus deprived of their conductor. On their departure Democedes commissioned them to inform Darius, that he was married to a daughter of Milo, the name of Milo the wrestler being well known to the Persian monarch. To me it leems that he accelerated his marriage, and expended a vast sum of money on the occasion, to convince Darius that he enjoyed in his own country no mean reputation.


CXXXVIII. The Persians, leaving Crotona, were driven by contrary winds to Japygia '60, where they were made Naves. Gillus, an exile of Tarentum, ransomed them, and sent them home to Darius. For this service the king declared himself willing to perform whatever Gillus should require, who accordingly explaining the circumstances of his misfortune, requested to be restored to his country. But Darius thinking that if, for the purpose of effecting the restoration of this man, a large fleet should be fitted out, all Greece would take alarm; he said that the Cnidians would of themselves be able to accomplish it: imagining that as this people were in alliance with the Tarentines, it might be effected without difficulty. Darius acceded to his wishes, and sent a messenger to Cnidos , requiring them to restore Gillus to Tarentum, The Cnidians were defirous to satisfy Darius; but their solicitations had no effect on the Tarentines, and they were not in a situation to employ force. ---Of these particulars the above is a faithful relation, and these were the first Perfians who, with the view


160 Japigia. )---This place is now called Cape de Leuca.

161 Cnidos. )- At this remote period, when navigation was certainly in its infancy, it seems not a little fingular that there should be any communication or alliance between the people of Tarentum and of Cnidos. "The distance is not inconsiderable, and the paisage certainly intricate, Ctesias, the historian, was a native of Cnidos; here alto was the beautiful statue of Venus, by Praxiteles; here also was Venus worshipped. Oh Venus regina Cnidi Paphique, &c.

It is now a very miserable place, and called Cape Chio or Cnio.-T..

of examining the state of Greece, passed over thither from Asia.

_CXXXIX. Not long afterwards Darius besieged and took Samas. This was the first city, either of Greeks or barbarians, which felt the force of his arms; and for these reasons: Cambyses, in his expedition against Ægypt, was accompanied by a great number of Greeks. Some, as it is probable, attended him from commercial views, others as foldiers; and many froń no other motive than curiosity. Among these last was Sylofon, an exile of Samos; son of Æaces, and brother of Polycrates. It happened one day very fortunately for this Sylofon, that he was walking in the great square of Memphis with a red cloak folded about him. Darius; who was then in the king's guards, and of no particular consideration, faw him, and was so delighted with his cloak, that he went up to him with the view of purchasing it. Sylofon, observing that Darius was very solicitous to have the cloak, happily, as it proved for him; expressed himself thus :-" I “ would not part with this cloak for any pecuniary o consideration whatever ; but if it must be so, I will “ make you a present of it.” Darius praised his generosity, and accepted the cloak.

CXL. Syloson for a while thought he had foolishly lost his cloak; but afterwards when Cambyfes died, and the seven conspirators had destroyed the Magus, he learned that Darius; one of these seven, had obtained the kingdom, and was the very man .- Vou II.



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