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Ingratitude, more strong than traitor's arms,
Good friends! sweet friends! let me not stir you up
Julius Cæsar, Act iii., Sc. 2.
1 Pompey's statue, a statue erected in honour of Pompey, Cæsar's great rival, and whom Cæsar had defeated in the battle of Pharsalia, 48 B.C.
2 Dint of pity, the impression of pity.
4. There were an Antony, there would be an Antony who would ruffle, etc.
BOLINGBROKE'S ENTRY INTO LONDON.
Enter YORK ? and his DUCHESS.
Duch. My lord, you told me you would tell the rest, When weeping made you break the story off, Of our two cousins 3 coming into London. York. Where did I leave ?
Duch. At that sad stop, my lord, Where rude, misgoverned hands, from windows' tops, Threw dust and rubbish on King Richard's head.
York. Then, as I said, the duke, great Bolingbroke,Mounted upon a hot and fiery steed, Which his aspiring 4 rider seemed to know,With slow, but stately pace, kept on his course. While all tongues cried-God save thee, Bolingbroke ! You would have thought the very windows spake, So many greedy looks of young and old Through casements • darted their desiring eyes Upon his visage ; 6 and that all the walls, With painted imagery, had said at once, Jesu preserve thee! welcome, Bolingbroke! Whilst he, from one side to the other turning, Bare-headed, lower than his proud steed's neck, Bespake them thus,- I thank you, countrymen: And thus still doing, thus he passed along.
Duch. Alack, poor Richard! where rode he the whilst?
York. As in a theatre, the eyes of men After a well-graced actor leaves the stage Are idly bent on him that enters next,
i Bolingbroke. Henry Bolingbroke, son of John of Gaunt, and cousin of Richard II., whom he deposed and succeeded as Henry IV. Called Bolingbroke from a small town of that name in Lincolnshire, where he was born.
2 York. Edmund Langley, duke of York, the fourth son of Edward III., and uncle of Bolingbroke.
3 Our two Cousins, Richard II. and Bolingbroke. 4 Aspiring, ambitious. 5 Casements, a window, or part of a window, that opens on hinges.
6 Visage, the countenance or look of a person.
7 Painted imagery. The young and old looking through the casements made the walls appear like painted tapestry or cloth.
Thinking his prattle to be tedious:
King Richard II., Act v., Sc. 2.
(1608-1674) Born in Bread Street, London. Educated at St. Paul's School, and Christ's College, Cambridge. Travelled through France and Italy, meeting on his tour some of the most distinguished men of the Continent. Visited Galileo when in the prison of the Inquisition. In 1649 was appointed Latin or Foreign Secretary to the Council of the Commonwealth. The Restoration drove Milton into retirement and obscurity. Died November 8th, 1674, and was buried beside his father's dust in St. Giles's, Cripplegate. Milton's chief poetical works are, Paradise Lost; Paradise Regained; Ode on the Nativity (written when the poet was only twenty-one years of age); L'Allegro; Il Penseroso; Comus; Lycidas; Samson Agonistes, etc.
His principal prose works are, Areopagitica; The Tenure of Kings; Eikonoklastes, etc.
ADDRESS TO LIGHT.
1 Badges, signs or marks. 2 Perforce, by compulsion or force.
For aye, for ever. 4 Co-eternal, equally eternal.
Bright effluence of bright essence increate :?
Efluence, that which flows out. 2 Essence increate, uncreated existence. 3 Ethereal, heavenly. Stygian pool, the lake into which Satan and his companions
The poet has, in the previous part of Paradise Lost, described this world of darkness, and, in his imagination, he is now about to rise to heaven, or the world of light.
5 Middle darkness, the great gulf between hell and heaven.
6 Orphean, from Orpheus, a musician who is fabled to have played so exquisitely on his lyre that stones and mountains were moved' by his music.
7 Chaos, a Greek word, meaning an unformed, confused mass.
8 But thou revisitest not these eyes. Milton was blind when he wrote Paradise Lost, and this and the following lines contain a touching allusion to his own blindness.
9 Sion, one of the hills on which Jerusalem was built. 10 Flowery brooks, Kedron and Siloah.
So were I equalled with them in renown,
BORN at Ednam (Roxburghshire), and educated at the Jedburgh Grammar School and the University of Edinburgh. Studied for the church, but left Scotland in early life for London, to try his fortune as a literary man. Ultimately met with considerable success, and settled at Richmond (Surrey), where he died in 1748. Thomson's principal works are The Seasons, and The Castle of Indolence.
1 Thamyris, an old bard or poet mentioned by Homer.
4 Phineus, in mythology a king, who, for his cruelty, was struck blind by the gods. 5 Wakeful bird, the nightingale.
Darkling, being in the dark. 7 Nocturnal, nightly. 8 Expunged and rased, blotted out, and uprooted. 9 Irradiate, brighten.