The Ming Maritime Trade Policy in Transition, 1368 to 1567
Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 2010 - 211 pagine
The Ming maritime policy in transition, 1368-1567" is an unprecedented structural approach to one of the most puzzling phenomena in Chinese early modern history: the maritime trade prohibition from 1368 to 1567. This policy deliberately interdicted its own people from sailing abroad and prevented foreigners from entering China unless they were part of an official tribute mission. Other than treating this phenomenon as an isolated trade policy or defense strategy the author analyzes the policy against the general Chinese historical background from the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries. He approaches the policy as a superstructure established on the foundation of a compatible ideology, the social context, economic institutions and the political power landscape. The 200 years long process of the policy in transition is hence investigated as a 200 years course that witnessed the general transformation of the Ming ideological, social, economic and political structures. It is the historical undercurrent rather than spindrift that appeals to this book's historiography; it is a comprehensive study of the two particular centuries of the Ming society, of which the developments and characteristics have amazed not only historians.
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Socioeconomic Institutions and Foreign Trade Policy
The Politicised Culture of Consumption
The Collapse of the Early Ming Institutions and Foreign Trade
Paralysis of the Staterun Manufacturing Industries
The Foreign Tribute Missions
Social Injustice and Insurgency
argued barbarians became Beijing Cao Renhu Censor-in-Chief Chen China Chinese Chouhai civil examination coast coastal Collected commercial commodities Confucian court defence early Ming economic empire families fasc Feng foreign trade Fujian Grand Coordinator Grand Secretary Gu Yanwu Gu Yingtai Guangdong Hongwu Emperor horses Hu Zongxian Huang Ming Ibid Japan Japanese pirates Jiajing reign Jinshi landholdings late Ming looting lu,j maritime prohibition maritime trade Memorial merchants military Ming administration Ming Dynasty Ming Tai^u Minister MJSWB Mongols pay tribute peasant piracy political pro-trade officials prohibition on trade Qing revenue self-sufficient Shanghai Shanxi Shen Yue shilu shilu,j ships Shunzhi Siku quanshu Siku xuxiu smuggling social soldiers Song taels taels of silver Tan Lun Tang Shunzhi tribute missions tribute trade tuntian Wang Chonggu Wang Shizhen wenji Xiyuan wenjian Yongle emperor Yuan Zhang Xuan Zhejiang Zheng Zhu Wan