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COLONIES IN

AMERICA

BY

JOHN FISKE

Nieuw Nederlant is een seer schoon aengenaem gesont en lustigh lantschap
daer het voor alderley slagh van menschen beter en ruymer aen de kost
of gemackelycker door de werelt te geraken is als in Nederlant offte
eenige andere quartieren des werelts mijn bekent.

ADRIAN VAN DER DONCK, 1656.
For I must needs tell you, if we miscarry it will be our own fault ; we
have nobody else to blaine ; for such is the happiness of our Constitution
that we cannot well be destroyed but by ourselves.

WILLIAM PENN, 1679.

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Admiral Evertsen's fleet in the West Indies .

24

Evertsen captures the city of New York, and names it New

Orange

25

Anthony Colve is appointed governor of New Netherland 25

The English towns on Long Island are refractory

26

Danger of an attack by the New England Confederacy 27

How Governor Colve pulled down houses to improve his

fort

27-31

Lovelace's purchases and debts

31, 32

Schemes of Louis XIV.

33

Ingenious double-dealing of Charles II.

34, 35

The treaty of Westminster restores New York to the Eng-

lish,

Conflicting grants and claims

The duke sends Edmund Andros to govern New York 37

Character of Andros

37

His early life

38

Anthony Brockholls and William Dyer

38

Arrival of Andros in New York

39

The English towns on Long Island declare that they belong

to Connecticut, but in vain

39

The oath of allegiance; protest of leading burghers 40, 41

Andros showed a want of tact in this affair.

42

Demand for a representative assembly; the duke's letters 42, 43

Andros's zeal for municipal improvements

44

He tries in vain to reform the currency.

45

And fulminates against excessive tippling .

45

He lays claim to Connecticut for the duke

46

King Philip's War breaks out

47

Connecticut prepares to resist Andros, and Captain Bull

baffles him at Saybrook

Invasions of the Mohawk country by the French

50, 51

Jesuit intrigues with the Long House

52

Mistaken policy of the Duke of York

53

Journey of Andros into the wilderness

54

Arendt van Corlear and his melancholy fate

54

Corlear's village, Schenectady

54

Andros arrives in the Oneida country and holds a grand pow-

wow with the Indians

He organizes a Board of Indian Commissioners

56

Robert Livingston

57

Andros's relations with New England

58

King Philip in the Berkshire mountains

59

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The great comet, and how it was regarded in New York

62

Approach to New York from the harbour; Fort James 63

Pearl Street and Broad Street

64

The Water Gate and Maiden Lane

65

Shoemaker's Land; the Land Gate

66

Bowery Lane and the Common .

67

The Collect, or Fresh Water; Wolfert's Marsh

68

The Kissing Bridge ; the Bowery Village

69

Kip's Bay and Turtle Bay

70

Harlem

71

The Great Kill, and Lispenard's Meadows

71

Origin of Canal Street

72

Sappokanican, or Greenwich ; Minetta Brook

73

Visit of the Labadist missionaries, Dankers and Sluyter 74

Their experience at the custom-house

75

They cross the East River and pass through Brooklyn

76, 77

They are entertained at Gowanus by Simon de Hart

78

They proceed to Najack (Fort Hamilton).

Their description of an Algonquin household

80-82

They pass a hilarious night at Harlem, where they meet

James Carteret

83

They are charged a high fare for crossing Spuyten Duyvil

They compliment the good beer of Greenwich .

85

But are not pleased with the New York dominies

86

Rev. James Wolley praises the climate of Manhattan 37

His Latin supper with the Calvinist and Lutheran parsons 88

Charges of heresy brought against Dominie Van Rensselaer 89

Estates and revenues of New York

90

Formation of an independent Classis

91

The flour monopoly

91, 92

Affairs in New Jersey

92, 93

Andros asserts sovereignty over East Jersey

93

Carteret resists, and Andros deposes him

94

Shameful arrest of Carteret

95

His trial, acquittal, and return to Elizabethtown

96

The duke relinquishes East Jersey to the Carterets

97

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