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But in the estimation of a hair,
Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew!
Por. Why doth the Jew pausetake the forfeiture.
Por. He hath refus'd it in the open Court ;
Gra. A Daniel, itill say I; a second Daniel! I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.
Shy. Shall I not barely have my principal ?
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, To be fo taken at thy peril, Jew.
Sby. Why then the devil give him good of it!
Por. Tarry, Jew.
Grá. Beg, that thou may't have leave to hang thyself;
Duke. That thou may't see the diff'rence of our spirit, I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it :
For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's.
Por. Ay, for the state ; not for Anthonio.
Sby. Nay, take my life and all : pardon not that. You take my house, when you do take the prop That doth fuftain my house : you take my life, When
you do take the means whereby I live. Por. What mercy can you render him, Anthonio? Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else, for God's fake.
Ant. So please my lord the Duke,(29) and all the Court, To quit the fine for one half of his goods, I am content; so he will let me have The other half in use, to render it Upon his death unto the gentleman, That lately stole his daughter. Two things provided more, that for this favour He presently become a christian 3 The other, that he do record a gift Here in the Court, of all he dies possess’d, Unto his son Lorenzo and his daughter.
Duke. He shall do this, or else I do recant The pardon that I late pronounced here.
Por. Art thou contented, Yew ? what dost thou say.
(29) So please my lord the Duke,] The terms, which Antbonio preScribes to be comply'd with by the Jeww, have been reckon'd intricate and corrupt; and a different regulation has been advis’d: But, if I am not mistaken, they are to be thus understood. The Fezo had forfeited! his whole fubftance; one moiety thereof to go to the state, and the other to the defendant. Anthonio proposes, that the state fhould be content with fining him only that moiety, which was confiscated to them; that, as to the other, which Anibonio equally might claim to himself, he only defires to hold the benefit, paying interest for it to the Jew during his life: and, upon the Jew's demise, to have it immediately vested in his son and daughter. Nor does Anthonio propose any thing mean and ungenerous in this; he quits that right and property, which the law gave him, in the Jew's substance; and (with regard to his own great losses,) is content to stand only as a borrower of it, upon the general foot of paying intereft : nor are the fon andi daughter robb'd in this; fince, setting alde Antbonio's claim by the Jew's forfeiture, their pretensions could not take place, till the Jew's death : and he takes care, their reverfionary right in it should be secur'd by the Jeru's recording a deed of gift to that purpose.
Shy: I am content.
Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence;
Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.
Gra. In chrift'ning thou shalt have two godfathers. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten more, (30) To bring thee to the gallows, not the font.
[Exit Shylock. Duke. Sir, I intreat you home with me to dinner.
Por. I humbly do defire your Grace of pardon ;
Duke. I'm sorry, that your leisure ferves you not.
[Exit Duke and his train. (30) thou fould's bave bad ten more,] i. e. a jury of twelve men, to condemn thee to he hang'd. So, in Measure for Measure,
I not deny,
Thar justice seizes on. The scenes of these two plays are respectively laid in Venice and Viertna ; and yet 'tis obfervable, in both the poet alludes to the custom of fentencing by Juries, as in England. This is not to be imputed to him as ignorance: the licence of the stage has allow'd it, not only at home; but likewise the tragic and comic poets of antiquity indulg d themselves in transplanting their own cuftoms to other nations. Æscbye lus, for instance, in his Chaepborr, makes Electra, who is in Argos, talk of the customs us’d in purifications, and prescrib’d by law, as the scholiast observes, at Athens. TOTO Wps to crap' Agnicious 1964. após Tv Adrenou xów0vSophocles, in his Laccoon, the scenery of which is laid in Troy, talks of erecting altars, and burning incense before their doors, as was practis'd on joyful occafions at Athens.: therein transa planting the Athenian manners, as ! arpocratian has noted, to Troy. Metazav Tá 'n netv Susis Tpeice». And so Aristophanes, in his Frogs, when the scene is in the infernal regions, makes Æacus talk of an edict pass’d in hell for granting artists a subsistence out of the pry
In this, says the scholiast, a custom is transferred to the tower regions, which was establish'd in Albens. TxüTE NETHLOÉ PSE από ταϊς εν Αττική εθών, εις τα καθ' αδα. A number of instances more, of this fort, might be amals'd from the ancient Aage-writers.
Baf. Most worthy gentleman! I and my friend
Ant. And stand indebted, over and above,
He is well paid that is well satisfy'd ;
Ba] Dear Sir, of force I must attempt you farther
Por. You press me far, and therefore I will yield.
Bal. This ring, good Sir, alas, it is a trifle;
Por. I will have nothing else but only this,
Bal. There's more depends on this, than is the value.
Por. I see, Sir, you are liberal in offers ;
Ball. Good Sir, this ring was giv'n me by my wife.
when she put it on, she made me vow,
Por. That'fcufe ferves many men to save their gifts ;
For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you!
[Exit with Neriffa.
Bal. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him,
Re-enter Portia and Neriffa.
Por. That cannot be.
Ner. Sir, I would speak with you.
Por. Thou may’st, I warrant. We shall have old fwearing,