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1

2,050

50,996

168,493

Christiana, near 1638

Wilmington.
Philadelphia. 1683

2

45,215 434,373 5,258,014

3

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Plymouth.

1620

8,315 378,717 2,238,943

7

St. Mary's.

1634

Delaware.
In honor of Lord Delaware.

1787 Swedes.
Pennsylvania. Name given by Charles II. – 1787 English.

Meaning Penn's Woods.
New Jersey. In honor of Sir George Carteret, 1787 Dutch.

governor of the British Island of

Jersey
Georgia.
In honor of George II.

1788 English.
Connecticut.

From the Indian - Long River. 1788 English.
Massachusetts. From the Indian - The Great

1788 English.
Hills from the Blue Hills near

Boston.
Maryland.

In honor of Queen Henrietta 1788 English.

Maria, wife of Charles I.
South Carolina. In honor of Charles II.; derived 1788 English.

from Carolus, the Latin for

Charles. New Hamp- Named by Sir Ferdinand Gorges, 1788 English. shire.

in remembrance of Hampshire,

England.
Virginia.

In honor of Queen Elizabeth, 1788 English,

the “ Virgin Queen."
New York.

In honor of the Duke of York, 1788 Dutch.

who became James II. North Carolina. In honor of Charles II.; derived 1789 English.

from Carolus, the Latin for Charles.

12,210 319,728 1,042,390

8

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9

1627?

9,305 141,899

376,530

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13

Rhodo Island.

1636

1,250

69,110

345,506

14

Vermont.

1724

9,565 85,416

332,432

Either from a fancied resem

1790 English. Providence.
blance of the Island of Rhode
Island to the Isle of Rhodes in
the Mediterranean, or from the
Dutch Rood or Red Island.
From the French-Green Moun-

1791 English.

Fort Dummer tains.

(near Brattle

borough).
From the Indian - At the Head

1792 English.

Harrodsburg.
of a River; or meaning, according
to other authorities, The Dark and
Bloody Ground.

From the Indian - River of the 1796 English. Watauga.
Big Bend.

From the Indian - Beautiful or *1803 Americans. Marietta.
Beautiful River.

15 Kentucky.

1774

40,400

73,077 1,858,635

16

Tennessee.

1769

42,050

35,791 1,767,518

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* The most recent authorities (see King's “ History of Ohio" in The Commonwealth Series, and the article “Ohio" in the Ency. clopædia Britannica) give the date of 1803 instead of 1802, the date usually given heretofore.

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23
24

Maine.
Missouri.

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25

Arkansas.

1690? 53,850

1,128,179

26 Michigan.

1680? 58,915

2,093,889

27

Florida.

1565

58,680

391,422

28

Texas.

2,235,523

1685 265,780
1833? 56,025

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1,911,896

The Main Land.

1820 English. Pemaquid. From the Indian - Muddy, or

1821

French. Fort Orleans
Muddy River.

(near Jeffer

son City):
From the Indian Kansas (Smoky 1836 French. Little Rock.
Water) and the French Arc, a
bow.

From the Indian - A weir or 1837 French. Mackinaw.
dam of twigs for catching fish.

From the Spanish Pascua Flor 1845 | Spanish. St. Augustine. ida-Flowery Easter, hence Flowery, or Land of Flowers.

Perhaps from an Indian word 1845 French. Lavaca, on the
meaning Friends.

The French form of an Indian 1846 Americans. Dubuque.
word applied by the Sioux to the
“Gray-snow Tribe," and meaning
the “Drowsy or the “Sleepy
Ones.'

From the Indian - Wild or Rush- 1848 French. Green Bay.
ing River (applied to the rapids of
the Wisconsin).
From the Spanish - The name 1850 Spanish.

San Diego.
first occurs in a Spanish work of
fiction (1510); it was there given
to an imaginary island abounding
in gold.

From the Indian - Cloudy or 1858 Americans. Fort Snelling.
Whitish Water.

Either from the Indian - River 1859 Americans. Astoria.
of the West, or from the Spanish
- Wild Marjoram, which grows
there in great abundance.

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34

35

110,700

37

77,510

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Red or

39

40
41

Kansas.

From the Indian Smoky 1861 Americans. Atchison?

1854 82,080

1,427,096
Water.
West Virginia.
From Virginia.
1863 English.

24,780 included 762,794

in 1790

in Va.
36 Nevada.
From the Spanish Sierra Ne- 1864 Americans. Genoa, at the 1850

45,761
vada (Snowy mountain ridge), -

base of the
Snowy.

Sierras.
Nebraska.
From the Indian-Water Valley, 1867 Americans. Bellevue (acar 1847

1,058,910
or Shallow River.

Omaha).
38 Colorado.
From the Spanish
1876 Americans. | Denver?'

1859? 103,925

412,198
Colored (referring to the color of

the rocks).
North Dakota. From the Indian - Leagued or 1889 English. Pembina.

1812
70,795

182,719
Allied (referring to the confedera.

tion or league of the Sioux tribes).
South Dakota.
From the Indian-See above. 1889 Americans. Yankton! 1859?| 77,650

328,808
Montana.
From the Latin Mons, a moun- 1889 Americans. Helena?

1861? 146,080
tain, - The Land of Mountains.
42 Washington. In honor of George Washington. 1889 Americans. | Tumwater. 1845 69,180

349,390
Idaho.
From the Indian - Diadem of 1890 Americans. Pioneer City?

1862 84,800

84,385
the Mountains.
Wyoming.
From the Indian-Great Plains. 1890 Americans. Cheyenne. 1867 | 97,890

60,705
45
Utah

- Mountain Home. 1896 Americans. Salt Lake City. 1847 84,970
Total population in 1790, 3,929,214. Total population, including territories, in 1880, 50,189,200; in 1890, 62,622,250.,
Five territories : (1) New Mexico, (2) Arizona, (3) Alaska, (1) Indian Territory, (s) Oklahoma; the District of Columbia.
The ? indicates conflict of authorities or lack of positive information.

Note. - Authorities disagree on a number of the dates and place of settlement of states. The population and areas of states are
taken from the United States Census Report of 1890: The total area of the United States, including Alaska (577,390), New Mexico
(122,580), Utah (84,970), Arizona (113,020), Indian Territory (31,400), Oklahoma (39,030), and the District of Columbia (70) is about
3,580,242 square miles.

« This area,

says Lippincott, “is to some extent conjectural, and the figures of different authorities vary somewhat." The latest estimate in Chambers Encyclopædia (New Edition) makes the total area of the United States, with Alaska, 3,602,990 square miles; while Professor Whitney in the Encyclopædia Britannica (New Edition) gives the total area at 3.550,549

132,159

43

207,905

square miles.

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Thomas Jefferson.
Virginia.
Two terms; 1789-1797. . Whole people. John Adams. Edmund Randolph.

Timothy Pickering.

Timothy Pickering.
Massachusetts. One term; 1797-1801. ...

Federalists Thomas Jefferson

John Marshall.
(But see
Aaron Burr

James Madison.
Virginia. Two terms; 1801-1809.. note 2, P. 201.

George Clinton.
Republicans

George Clinton ..\Robert Smith.
Virginia. Two terms; 1809–1817. or Democratic

Republicans.

Elbridge Gerry James Monroe.
Virginia. Two terms; 1817–1825.

Dan'. D. Tompkins. John Quincy Adams.
Massachusetts. One term; 1825-1829. . House of Rep. John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay.

Martin Van Buren.

John C. Calhoun, Edward Livingston.
Tennessee
Two terms; 1829-1837. . Democrats

Martin Van Buren Louis McLane.

John Forsyth.
New York One term; 1837-1841. .

Democrats.. Rich'd M. Johnson. John Forsyth.
Ohio
One month; 1841 .....
Whigs .. John Tyler..

Daniel Webster.

Hugh S. Legaré.
Virginia. 3 yrs. II mos.; 1841-1845.

Whigs ......

Abel P. Upshur.

John C. Calhoun.
Tennessee One term; 1845-1849. ... Democrats

George M. Dallas James Buchanan.
Louisiana.
1 yr. 4 mos.; 1849, 1850.

Whigs
Millard Fillmore

John M. Clayton.

Daniel Webster.
New York
2 yrs. 8 mos. ; 1850-1853

Edward Everett.
N. Hampshire. One term; 1853–1857. . .

Democrats
William R. King. William L. Marcy.

Lewis Cass.
Pennsylvania . One term; 1857-1861. . Democrats. J. C. Breckinridge

Jeremiah S. Black.

Hannibal Hamlin William H. Seward.
Illinois
I term and 6 w'ks; 1861-1865. Republicans.

Andrew Johnson.
Tennessee
3 yrs. 10$ mos.; 1865-1869. Republicans.

William H. Seward.

Schuylor Colfax. Elihu B. Washburn.
Illinois.

Republicans.
Two terms; 1869–1877. .

Henry Wilson. Hamilton Fish.
Ohio

One term; 1877–1881.. Republicans. Wm. A. Wheeler. William M. Evarts.
Ohio

6 mos. 15 dys.; 1881 Republicans. Chester A. Arthur. James G. Blaine.
New York
3 yrs. 5 mos. 15 dys.: 1881-'85 Republicans.

F.T.Frelinghuysen.
New York One term; 1885-1889.

Democrats. Thos. A. Hendricks. Thomas F. Bayard.
Indiana

One term; 1889-1893 Republicans. Levi P. Morton. James G. Blaine. New York One term; 1893-1897

Democrats Adlai E. Stevenson Walter Q. Gresham. Ohio One term; 1897-1901

Republicans Garrett A. Hobart. John Sherman.

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Whigs

14

15

.

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