« 上一頁繼續 »
NOTES TO CANTO XI. ing Platarch, spelling oddly, and writing qualstiy;
and what is strange after all, his is the best Who on a lark, with black-eyed Sal (his blowing), modern history of Greece in any language, and So prime, ko swell, so nutty, and so knowing?
he is perhaps the best of all modern historians
(P. 282. st. 19. whatsoever. Having named his sins, it is bet The advance of science and of language has fair to state his virtues-learning, laboer, re rendered it unnecessary to translate the above search, wrath, and partiality. I call the latte good and true English, spoken in its original virtues in a writer, because they make kin write
in earnest. purity by the select nobility and their patrons. The following is a stanza of a song which was very popular, at least in my early days :
A hazy widower turn'd of forty 'r rure.
(p. 292. St. $. “On the high toby-spice flash the muzzle,
This line may puzzle the commentators were In spite of each gallows old scout;
than the present generation. If you at the spellken can't hustle,
You'll be hobbled in making a Clout. Like Russians rushing from hot baths to satu Then your Blowing will wax gallows haughty,
(P. 295. St. 73. When she hears of your scaly mistake, The Russians, as is well known, run ont frem She'll surely turn snitch for the forty, their hot baths to plunge into the Neva; a plezThat her Jack may be regular weight." sant practical antithesis, which it seems does
them no harm. If there be any gem'man so ignorant as to require a traduction, I refer him to iny old friend and corporeal pastor and master, John Jackson,
The world to gase upon those northern lights,
[P. 296. St. 81 Esq., Professor of Pugilism; who I trust still retains the strength and symmetry of his model
For a description and print of this inhabitant of a form, together with his good bumour, and of the polar region and native country of the athletic as well as mental accomplishments.
Aurora borealis, see PARRY'S Voyage in seared
of a North-West Passoge. St. James's Palace and St. James's "Hells."
[p. 283. St. 29.
As Philip's son proposed to do with Athon. “Hells," gaming-houses. What their number
(p. 296. St. 86.
A sculptor projected to hew Mount Athos into may now be in this life, I know not. Before I was of age I knew them pretty accurately, both and, I believe, a river in his pocket, with
a statue of Alexander, with a city in one hand, “gold” and “silver." I was once nearly called various other similar devices. But Alexander 't out by an acquaintance, because when he asked me, where I thought that his soul would be found cone, and Athos remains, I trust ere long tə
look over a nation of freemen. bereafter, I answered, “In Silver Hell."
And therefore even I won't anent This subject quote.
(p. 284. St. 43. NOTES TO CANTO XIII. “Ancnt" was a Scotch phrase, meaning "concerning"-"with regard to." It has been made Also there bin another pious reason. English by the Scotch Novels; and, as the
(p. 299. St. # Frenchman said_“If it be not, ought to be English."
With every thing that pretty bin,
My Lady sweet arise.-SHAKSPBAXB. The milliners who furnish "drapery misses."
(p. 284. St. 49.
His bell-mouth'd goblet makes me feel quite “Drapery misses"_This term is probably any
Danish. thing now bat a mystery. It was however almost
(p. 303. St. 12. 80 to me when I first returned from the East in Catalogue of Nations “exquisite in their drinking.“
If I err not, “Your Dane" is one of lagas 1811-1812. It means a pretty, a highborn, a fashionable young female, well instructed by her friends, and furnished by her milliner with a
Even Nimrod's self might leave the plains of wardrobe upon credit, to be repaid, when married,
[p. 304. St T8 by the husband. The riddle was first read to
In Assyria. me by a young and pretty heiress, on my praising the "drapery of an “untochered" but pretty
That Scriptures out of church are blasphemies. virginities" (like Mrs. Anne Page) of the then
(p. 306. St. 8. day, which has now been some years yesterday:
“Mrs. Adams answered Mr. Adams, that it -she assured me that the thing was common in
was blasphemous to talk of Scripture out of London; and as her own thousands, and bloom-church. This dogma was broached to her husing looks ,, and rich simplicity of array, put band-the best Christian in any book. See Joany suspicion in her own case out of the gues-seph Andrews, in the latter chapters. tion, I confess I gave some credit to the allegation. If necessary, authorities might be cited,
The quaint, old, cruel coscomb, in his gullet in which cane I could quote both "drapery" and
Should have a hook, and a small trout to pull i. the wearers. Let us hope, however, that it is
(p. 307. St. 106 now obsolete.
It would have taught him humanity at least.
This sentimental savage, whom it is a mode to 'Tis strange the mind, that very fiery particle,
quote (amongst the novelists) to show their eyeShould let itself be auf'd out by an article.
pathy for innocent sports and old songs, teaches
[p. 285. St. 60. how to sew gp frogs, and break their legs by “Divinæ particulam anra."
way of experiment, in addition to the art of angling, the cruellest, the coldest, and the stapidest of pretended sports. They may talk about
the beauties of nature, bat the angler merely NOTES TO CANTO XII.
thinks of his dish of fish; he has no leisure te
take his eyes from off the streams, and a single Gives, with Greek truth, the good old Greek bite is worth to him more than all the scenery the lie.
[p. 290. St. 19. around. Besides, some fish bite best on a raio See Mitrold's Greece. “Græcia Verar." His day. The whale, tho shark, and the tanny great pleasuro consists in praising tyrants, abus- fishery have somewhat of poble and perilous in
them; even net-flehing, trawling, are more hu- tain quantum of births within a certain number mane and useful-bet angling !-No angler can of years; which births (as Mr. Hulme observes) be a good man.
generally arrive “in a little flock like those of “One of the best men I ever knew-as humane, a farmer's lambs, all within the same month perdelicate-minded, generous, and excellent a crea- haps." These Harmonists (so called from the ture as any in the world-was an angler: true, name of their settlement) are represented as a he angled with painted flies, and would have remarkably flourishing, pious, and quiet people. been incapable of the extravagances of I. Walton." See the various recent writers on America.
The above addition was made by a friend in in reading over the MS."Audi alteram partem"I leare it to counterbalance my own observation.
Nor canvass what "so eminent a hand” meant.
[p. 320. St. 38. Jacob Tonson, according, to Pope, was ac
customed to call his writers “able pens"-"perNOTES TO CANTO XIV. sons of honour," and especially “eminent hands."
While great Lucullus' (robe triomphale) muffles, And never craned, and made, but fera (There's Fame)-young Partridge-fillets, deck'd (p. 310. St. 33.
with truffles. (p. 323. St. 66. Craning.--"To crane is, or was, an expres- A dish "à la Lucullus." This hero, who consion used to denote a gentleman's stretching out quered the East, has left his inore extended cehis neck over a hedge, “to look before he leap: lebrity to the transplantation of cherries (which ed :
pause in his “vaulting ambition, which in the field doth occasion some delay and clature of some very good dishes ;-and I am
he first brought into Europe) and the nomen-
But even sana "confitures," it no less true is,
[p. 323. St. 68. Go to the coffee-house, and take another.
“Petits puits d'amour garnis de confitures," a In Swift's or HORACE WALPOLE 8 Letters I flank of a second course.
(p. 312. St. 48. classical and well-known dish for part of the think it is mentioned, that somebody regretting the loss of a friend, was answered by an universal Pylades : “When I lose one, I go to the
For that with me's a "sine qua." (p. 324. St. 86. Saint James's Coffee-house, and take another."
Subauditur “Non;" omitted for the sake of
In short, upon that subject I've some qualms very & member, he was observed to look melancholy.
Like those of the Philosopher of Malmsbury.
(p. 325. St. 96. “What is the matter, Sir William ?" cried Hare, of facetious memory: “Ah! replied, Sir W. "I that compliment to the souls of other people as
Hobbes: who, doubting of his own soul, paid have just lost poor Lady D." "Lost! What ar- to decline their visits, of which he had some Quinze or Hazard?" was the consolatory rejoinder of the querist.
(p. 313. St. 59. NOTES TO CANTO XVI.
[p. 326. St. 10. my son, with how little wisdom the kingdoms
The composition of the old Tyrian purple, of the world are governed."
whether from a shell-fish, or from cochineal, or
I say nothing.
For e spoild carpet-but the “Attic Bee."
(p. 330. St. 43.
[p. 330. St. 45.
remember that the mayoress of a provincial When Rapp the Harmonist embargoed marriage town, somewhat surfeited with a similar display In his harmonious settlement. (p. 320. St. 35. from foreign parts, did rather indecorously break
This extraordinary and flourishing German through the applauses of an intelligent audience colony in America does not entirely exclude ma- .-intelligent, I mean, as to music,-for the words, trimony, as the “Shakers " do; but lays such besides being in recondite languages(it was restrictions upon it as present more than a cer- some years before the peace, ere all the world
had travelled, and while I was a collegian)- They err-'tis merely what is calls mobility. were sorely disguised by the performers ;-this
[p. 335. SL mayoress, 1 say, broke out with, “Rot your Ita- In French "mobilité." I am not snre that lianos! for my part, I love a simple ballad!" mobility is English; but it is expressive da Rossini will go a good way to bring most people quality which rather belongs to other climates, to the same opinion, some day. Who would though it is sometimes seen to a great extest in imagine that he was to be the saccessor of Mo- our own... It may be defined as an excessite zart? However, I state this with diffidence, as susceptibility of immediate impressions at the a liege and loyal admirer of Italian music in same time without losing the past; and is, thong general, and of much of Rossini's: but we may sometimes apparently useful to the possesser, i Bay, as the connoisseur did of painting, in the most painful and unhappy attribute. Vicar of Wakefield, "that the picture would be better painted if the painter had taken more Draperied her form with curious felicita. paing."
[p. 336. Sá le
“Curiosa felicitas."—PETRONIUS. For Gothic daring shown in English money.
[p. 331. St. 59.
A noise like to wet fingers drawn on glas "Ausu Romano, ære Veneto" is the inscription
(p. 337. St. 114. (and well inscribed in this instance) on the sea
See the account of the ghost of the uncle of walls between the Adriatic and Venice. The Prince Charles of Saxony raised by Schroepfer
“Karl-Karl-was-wolt mich ?"
How odd, a single hobgoblin's non-entity
identity! [p. 337. St. 121 “Untying" squires "to fight against the churches." [p. 332. St. 60.
Have struck more terror to the soul of Richard Though ye untie the winds and bid them fight Than can the substance of ten thousand soldiers." Against the churches.-Macbeth.
NOTES TO THE ISLAND.
The foundation of the Story will be found I was removed by medical advice into the Highpartly in the account of the Mutiny of the lands. Here. I passed occasionally some sommers, Bounty in the South Seas (in 1789), and partly and from this period J date my love of mountain in “Mariner's Account of the Tonga Islands." ous countries. I can never forget the effect a
few years afterwards in England, of the only How pleasant were the songs of Toobonai. thing I had long seen, even in miniature, of a
(p. 341. mountain, in the Malvern Hills. After I return The first three sections are taken from an ed to Cheltenham, used to watch them every actual song of the Tonga Islanders, of which a afternoon at sunset, with a sensation which I prose translation is given in MARINER'S Account cannot describe. This was boyish enough; bet of the Tonga Islands. Toobanai is not, however, I was then only thirteen years of age, and it one of them ; but was one of those where Chris- was in the holidays. tian and the mutineers took refuge. I have al. tered and added, but have retained as much as Than breathes his mimic murmurer in the shell. possible of the original.
If the reader will apply to his ear the seaBeyond itself, and must retrace its way. (p. 342. shell on his chimney-piece, he will be aware of Lucullus, when frugality could charm,
what is alluded to. If the text should appear Had wasted turnips in his Sabine farm. Pope. obscure, he will find in. “Gebir" the same idea
better expressed in two lines.- The poem ! Had form'd his glorious namesake's counterpart. never read, but have heard the lines quoted by
(p. 342. a more recondite reader-who seems to be of i The Consul Nero, who made the unequalled different opinion from the Editor of the Quarmarch which deceived Hannibal, and defeated terly Review, who qualified it, in his answer to Asdrubal ; thereby accomplishing an achievement the Critical Reviewer of his Juvenal, as trash almost unrivalled in military annals. The first of the worst and most insane description. It is intelligence of his return, to Hannibal, was the to Mr. Landor, the author of Gebir, so qualified, sight of Asdrubal's head thrown into his camp. and of some Latin poems, which vie with MarWhen Hannibal saw this, he exclaimed, with a tial or Catullus in obscenity, that the immesigh, that “Rome would now be the mistress of culate Mr. Southey addresses his declamation the world." And yet to this victory of Nero's against impurity! it might be owing that his imperial namesake reigned at all! But the infamy of the one has But deem him sailor or philosopher. [p. 315 eclipsed the glory of the other. When the name Hobbes, the father of Locke's and other phiof "Nero" is heard, who thinks of the Consul? losophy, was an inveterate smoker,-eren to But such are human things.
pipes beyond computation. And Luch-na-gar with Ide look'd o'er Troy. “Right," quoth Ben, “that will do fer the
marines." When very youug, about eight years of age, “That will do for the Marines, but the sailor after an attack of the scarlet fover at Aberdeen, I won't believe it," is an old saying, and one al
the few fragments of former jealousies which ance of bread to two-thirds, and caused the water still survive (in jest only) between these gallant for drinking to be filtered through drip-stones, services.
bought at Teneriffe for that purpose.
acquainted the ship's company of the object of No less of human bravery than the brave. the voyage, and gave assurances of certain pro.
(p. 347. motion to every one whose endeavours should Archidamus, King of Sparta, and son of Age- merit it. On Tuesday the 26th of February, we Bilaus, when he saw a machine invented for the bent new sails, and made other necessary precasting of stones and darts, exclaimed that it parations for encountering the weather that was was the “Grave of Valour. The same story to be expected in a high latitude. Our distance has been told of some knights on the first ap- from the coast of Brazil was about 100 leagues. plication of gonpowder; but the original anec- On the forenoon of Sunday the 2d of March, dote is in Plutarch.
after seeing that every person was clean, divine
service was performed, according to my usual Whose only portal was the keyless wave. (p. 350. custom on this day: I gave to Mr. Fletcher
of this cave (which is no fiction) the original Christian, whom I had before directed to take will be found in the 9th chapter of MARINER'S charge of the third watch, a written order to * Account of the Tonga Islands. I have taken the act as lieutenant. The change of temperature poetical liberty to iransplant it to Toobonai, the soon began to be sensibly felt, and, that the last island where any distinct account is left of people might not suffer from their own negliChristian and his comrades.
gence, I supplied them with thicker clothing, as
better suited to the climate. On a complaint The fretted pinnacle, the aisle, the nave. (p. 350. made to me by the Master, I found it necessary
This may seem too minute for the general lo panish Matthew Quintal, one of the seamen, "outline (in MARINER'S Account) from which it is with two dozen of lashes, for insolence and mutaken. But few men have travelled without tinous behaviour, which was the first time that seeing something of the kind-on land, that is there was any occasion for punishment on board. Without adverting to Ellora, in Mungo PARK'S We were off Cape St. Diego, the eastern part last journal (if my memory do not err, for there of the Terra de Fuego, and, the wind being unare eight years since I read the book) he men- favourable, I thought it more advisable to go tions having met with a rock or mountain so round to the eastward of Staaten-land than to exactly resembling a Gothic cathedral, that only attempt passing through Straits le Maire. Storms, minute inspection could convince him that it attended with a great sea, prevailed until the was a work of nature.
12th of April. The ship began to leak, and re
quired pumping every hour, which was no more He tore the topmost button of his vest. (p. 352. than we had reason to expect from such a conIn THIBAULT'S Account of Frederic II. of tinuance of gales of wind and high seas.
The Prussia, there is a singular relation of a young decks also became so Icaky that it was necessary Frenchinan, who, with his mistress, appeared 10 to allot the great cabin, of which I made little be of some rank. He enlisted and deserted at use except in fine weather, to those people who Schweidnitz; and, after a desperate resistance, had not births to hang their hammocks in, and was retaken, having killed an officer, who at-by this means the space between decks was less tempted to seize him after he was wounded, by crowded. With all this bad weather, we had the discharge of his musket loaded with a button the additional mortification to find, at the end of his uniform. Some circumstances on his court- of every day, that we were Josing ground; for, martial raised a great interest amongst his jud- notwithstanding our utmost exertions, and keepges, who wished to discover his real situation ing on the most advantageous tacks, we did little in life, which he offered to disclose, but to the better than drift before the wind. On Tuesday King only, to whom he requested permission to the 22d of April, we had eight down on the sick write. This was refased, and Frederic was filled list, and the rest of the people, though in good with the greatest indignation, from baffled cu- health, were greatly fatigued ; but riosity or some other motive, when he under- much concern, that it was impossible to make a stood that his request had been denied.-See passage this way to the Society-Islands, for we THIBAULT's work, vol. 11.-(1 quote from memory.) had now been thirty days in a tempestuous
ocean, Thus the season was too far advanced
for us to expect better weather to enable us to EXTRACT FROM THE VOYAGE BY double Cape Horn; and, from these and other CAPTAIN BLIGH.
considerations, I ordered the helm to be put a
weather, and bore away for the Cape of Good On the 27th of December 1787 it blew a se- Hope, to the great joy of every one on board. vere storm of wind from the eastward, in the We came to an anchor on Friday the 23d of course of which we suffered greatly ; it was not May, in Simon's Bay, at the Cape, after a towithout great risk and difficulty that we were lerable run. The ship required complete caulkable to secure the boats from being washed ing, for she had become so leaky, that we were away. A great quantity of our bread was also obliged to pump hourly in our passage from damaged and rendered useless, for the sea had Cape Horn. The sails and rigging also required stove in our stern, and filled the cabin with repair, and, on examining the provisions, à conwater. On the 5th of January, 1788, we saw the siderable quantity was found damaged. island of Teneriffe about twelve leagnies distant, Having remained thirty-eight days at this place, and next day, being Sunday, came to an anchor and my people having received all the advantage in the road of Santa-Cruz. There we took in that could be derived from refreshments of every the necessary supplies, and, having finished our kind that could be met with, we sailed on the business, sailed on the 10th. I now divided the 1st of July. people into three watches, and gave the charge A gale of wind blew on the 20th, with a high of the third watch to Mr. Fletcher Christian, sea ; it increased after noon with such violence, one of the mates. I have always considered this that the ship was driven almost forecastle under, a desirable regulation when circumstances will before we could get the sails clewed up. The admit of it, and I am persuaded that onbroken lower yards were lowered, and the top-gallantrest not only contributes much towards the mast got dowu upon deck, which relieved her health of the ship's company, but enables then much. We lay to all night, and in the morning more readily to exert ihemselves in cases of bore away under a reefed foresail. The sea still sudden emergency. As I wished to proceed to running high, in the afternoon it became very Otaheite without etopping, I reduced the allow - unsafe to stand on; we therefore lay to all
night, without any accident, excepting that also averse to exercise, that he would never be man at the steerage was thrown over the wheel prevailed on to take half a dozen taras sa dod and much bruised. Towards noon the violence at a time, during all the course of the royage of the storm abated, and we again bore away He was buried on shore. under the reefed foresail.
On Monday, the 5th of Jangary, the anal! In a few days we passed the Islands of St. cutter was missed, of which I was immediately Panl, where there is good fresh water, as I was apprized. The ship's company, being mistered informed by a Dutch captain, and also a hot we found three men absent, who had carried t spring, which boils fish as completely as if done off. They had taken with them eight staad af by a fire. Approaching to Van Diemen's land, arms and ammunition ; but with regard to the we had much bad weather, with snow and hail, plan, every one on board seemed to be ad but nothing was seen to indicate our vicinity, ignorant. I therefore went on shore, and on the 13th of August, except a seal, which ap-gaged all the chiefs to assist in recovering back peared at the distance of twenty leagues from the boat and the deserters. Accordingly, the it. We anchored in Adventure Bay on Wed- former was brought back in the course of the nesday the 20th.
day, by five of the natives ; but the men were In our passage hither from the Cape of Good not taken until nearly three weeks afterwards Hope, the winds were chiefly from the westward, Learning the place where they were, in a di with very boisterous weather. The approach of ferent quarter of the island of Otaheite, I wen strong southerly winds is announced' by many thither in the cutter, thinking there would be ne birds of the albatross or peterel tribe; and the great difficulty in securing them with the isatatement of the gale, or a shift of wind to the distance of the natives. However, they beard northward, by their keeping away. The ther-of my arrival; and when I was near a house in mometer also varies five or six degrees in its which they were, they came out wanting their height, when a change of these winds may be fire-arms, and delivered themselves up. Some of expected. In the land surrounding Adventure-Bay the chiefs had formerly seized and bound these are many forest-trees one hundred and fifty feet deserters; but had been prevailed on, by fair high; we saw one which measured above thirty- promises of returning peaceably to the ship, 19 three feet in girth. We observed several eagles, release them. But finding an opportunity again some beautiful blue-plumaged herons, and par- to get possession of their arms, they set tbe roquets in great variety. The natives not appear- natives at defiance. ing, we went in search of them towards Cape 'The object of the voyage being now completed Frederic-Henry. Soon after, close to the shore, all the bread-fruit plants, to the nomber of one for it was impossible to land, we heard their thonsand and fifteen, were got on board sa voices, like the cackling of geese, and twenty Tuesday, the 31st of March. Besides these, we persons came out of the woods. We threw trin- had collected many other plants, some of them kets ashore, tied up in parcels, which they would bearing the finest fruits in the world; and ranot open oat until I made an appearance of leav- luable, from affording brilliant dyes, and fer ing them: they then did so, and, taking the ar- various properties besides. At sunset of the 4th ticles out, put them on their heads. "On first of April, we made sail from Otaheite, bidding coming in sight, they made a prodigious clatter- farewell to an island where for twenty-three ing in their speech , and held their arms over weeks we had been treated with the uinest their heads. They spoke 80 quick that it was affection and regard, and which seemed to iniin possible to catch one single word they uttered.crease in proportion to our stay. That we were Their colour is of a dull black; their skin scari- not insensible to their kindness, the succeeding fied about the breast and shoulders. One was circumstances sufficiently proved; for to the distinguished by his body being coloured with friendly and endearing behaviour of these people red ochre, but all the others were painted black, may be ascribed the motives inciting an event with a kind of goot, so thickly laid over their that effected the ruin of our expedition, which faces and shoulders, that it was difficult to as there was every reason to believe would bare certain what they were like. On Thursday, been attended with the most favourable issue. the 4th of September, we sailed out of Adven- Next morning we got sight of the island Huature - Bay, steering first towards the east-heine; and a double canoe soon coming along south-east, and then to the northward of side, containing ten natives, I saw among them east, when, on the 19th , we came in sight of a a young man who recollected me, and called me claster of small rocky islands, which I named by my name. I had been here in the year 1954, Bounty Isles. Soon afterwards we frequently with Captain Cook, in the Resolution. A few observed the sea, in the night-time, to be cover- days after sailing from this island, the weather ed by luminous spots, caused by amazing, quan- became squally, and a thick body of black clouds tities of small blobbers or medusæ , which emit collected in the east. A water-spout was in a a light, like the blaze of a candle, from the short time seen at no great distance from us, strings or filaments extending from thein, while which appeared to great advantage from the the rest of the body continues perfectly dark. darkness of the clouds behind it. As nearly as
We discovered the island of 'Otaheite on the I could judge, the upper part was about two feet 25th, and, before casting anchor next morning in in diameter, and the lower about eight iaches. Matavai Bay, such numbers of canoes had come Scarcely had I made these remarks, when 1 oboff, that, after the natives ascertained we were served fut it was rapidly advancing towards friends, they came on board, and crowded the the ship. We immediately altered our course. deck so much, that in ten minutes I could scarce and took in all the sails except the foresail ; sosa find my own people. The whole distance which after which it passed within ten yards of the the ship had run, in direct and contrary courses, stern, with a rustling noise, but without ar from the time of leaving England until reaching feeling the least effect from its being so bear. Otaheite, was twenty-seven thousand and eighty- It seemed to be travelling at the rate of abai six miles, which, on an average, was one hun- ten miles an hour, in the direction of the wind, dred and eight miles each twenty-four hours. and it dispersed in a quarter of an hour after Here we lost our surgeon on the 9th of De- passing us. It is impossible to say what injury cember. Of late he had scarcely ever stirred we should have received, had it passed directly out of the cabin, though not apprehended to be over us. Masts, I imagine might have been in a dangerous state. Nevertheless, appearing carried away, but I do not apprehend that it worse than usual in the evening, he was remov- would have caused the loss of ibe ship. ed where he could obtain more air, but without Passing several islands on the way, we anchored any benefit, for he died in au bour afterwards. at Annamooka, on the 23d of April; and an eli This unfortunate inan drank very hard, and was lame man called Tepa, whom I had known here