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NOTES TO PARISIN A.
Te te the hour when from the bougha
down their cheeks, and upon their knees, imThe nightingale's high note is heard,
plored him for mercy: adducing whatever rea
sons they could suggest for sparing the offenders, As twilight melts beneath the morn away. besides those motives of honour and decency
(p. 126. which might persuade him to conceal from the These fourteen lines were printed asset to publie so scandalous a deed. But his rage made music some time since, but belonged to the him inflexible, and, on the instant, he commandpoem where they now appear, the greater part ed that the sentence should be put in execution. of which was composed prior to "Lara," and “It was, then, in the prisons of the castle, other compositions since published.
and exactly in those frightful dungeons which
are seen at this day beneath the chamber called That should have won as haught a crest. (p. 128. the Aurora, at the foot of the Lion's tower, at
Haught-haughty.--"Away, haught man, thou the top of the street Giovecca, that on the night art insulting me.' SHAKSPEABE, Richard II. of the twenty-first of May were beheaded, first,
Ugo, and afterwards Parisina. Zoese, he that Her life began and closed in woe. (p. 130. accused her, conducted the latter under his arın “This torned out a calamkous year for the to the place of punishment. She, all along, fanpeople of Ferrara, for there occurred a very cied, that she was to be thrown into a pit, and iragical event in the court of their sovereign. asked at every step, whether she was yet come Our annals, both printed and in manuscript, to the spot ? She was told that her punishinent with the exception of the unpolished and negli- was the axe. She inquired what was become of gent work of Sardi, and one other, have given Ugo, and received for answer, that he was the following relation of it, from which, how already dead; at the which, sighing grievously, ever, are rejected many details, and especially she exclaimed, “Now, then, I wish not myself the narrative of Bandelli, who wrote a century to live;' and being come to the block , she afterwards, and who does not accord with the stripped herself with her own hands of all her cotemporary historians.
ornaments, and wrapping a cloth round her “By the above mentioned Stella dell' Assas- head, submitted to the fatal stroke which termisino, the Marquis, in the year 1405, had a son nated the crnel scene. The same was done with called Ugo, a beautiful and ingenious youth. Rangoni, who, together with the others, accordParisina Malatesta, second wife of Niccolo, like ing to two calendars in the library of St. Franthe generality of stepmothers, treated him with cesco, was buried in the cemetery of that conlittle kindness, to the infinite regret of the Mar- vent. Nothing else is known respecting the quis, who regarded him with fond partiality. women. One day she asked leave of her husband to un- “The Marquis kept watch the whole of that dertake a certain journey, to which he consent- dreadful night, and, as he was walking backed, but upon condition that Ugo should bear her wards and forwards, inquired of the Captain of company; for he hoped by these means to in the castle if Ugo was dead yet? who answered duce her, in the end, to lay aside the obstinate him, Yes. He then gave himself up to the most aversion which she had conceived against him. desperate lamentations, exclaiming, “Oh! that I And indeed this intent was accomplished but too were dead, since I have been hurried on to too well, since, during the journey, she not only resolve thus against my own Ugo!". And then divested' herself of all her hatred, but fell into gnawing with his teeth a' cane which he had in the opposite extreme. After their return, the his hand, he passed the rest of the night in Marquís had no longer any occasion to renew sighs and tears, calling frequently upon his own his former reproofs. It happened one day that dear Ugo. On the following day, calling to mind a servant of the Marquis, named Zoese, or, as that it would be necessary to make public his some call him, Giorgio, passing before the apart-justification, seeing that the transaction could ments of Parisina, saw going out from them one not be kept secret, he ordered the narrative to of her chambermaids, all terrified and in tears. be drawn out upon paper, and sent it to all the Asking the reason, she told him that her mis- courts of Italy. tress, for some slight offence, had been beating “On receiving this advice, the Doge of Venice, her; and, giving vent to her rage, she added, Francesco Foscari, gave orders, but without pubthat she could easily be revenged, if she chose lishing his reasons, that stop should be put to to make known the criminal familiarity which the preparations for a tournament, which under subsisted between Parisina and her step-son. the auspices of the Marquis, and at the expense The servant took note of the words, and related of the city of Padua, was about to take place, them to his master. He was astounded thereat, in the square of St. Mark, in order to celebrate but scarcely believing his ears, he assured him his advancement to the ducal chair. self of the fact, alas! too clearly, on the 18th of "The Marquis, in addition to what he had alMay, 1425, by looking through a hole made in the ready done, from some unaccountable burst of ceiling of his wife's chamber. Instantly he broke vengeance, commanded that as many of the marinto a furious rage, and arrested both of them, ried women as were well known to him to be together with Aldobrandino Rangoni, of Modena, faithless, like his Parasina, should, like her, be her gentleman, and also, as some say, two of behraded. Amongst others, Barbarina, or as the women of her chamber, as abettors of this some call her, Laodamia Romei, wife of the sinful act. He ordered them to be brooght to a court judge, underwent this sentence, at the hasty trial, desiring the judges to pronounce usual place of execution, that is to say, in the sentence, in the accustomed forms, upon the quarter of St. Giacomo, opposite the present culprits.' This sentence was death. Some there fortress, beyond St. Paul's. It cannot be told were that bestirred themselves in favour of the how strange appeared this proceeding in a prince, delinquents, and, amongst others, Ugoccion Con- who, considering his own disposition, should, as trario, who was all-powerful with Niccolo, and it seemed, have been in such cases most indulgent. also his aged and inuch deserving minister Al- Some, however, there were, who did not fail to berto dal Šale. Both of these, their tears flowing commend him." Frizzi, History of Ferrara,
NOTES TO THE PRISONER OF CHILLON.
By Bonnivard.-May none those marks efface! Bonnivard fat savant; ses manuscrits, pul
(p. 131. sont dans la bibliothèque publique, prontent François de Bonnivard, fils de Louis de Bon- qu'il avait bien lu les auteurs classiques latis nivard, originaire de Seyssel et Seigneur de et qu'il avait approfondi la théologie et l'histoire Lunes, naquit en 1496 ; il fit ses études à Torin. Ce grand homme aimait les sciences, et il croyai En 1510 Jean Aimé de Bonnivard, son oncle, lui qu'elles pouvaient faire la gloire de Genrre; résigna le Prieuré de St. Victor, qui aboutissait aussi il ne négligea rien pour les fixer dans aus murs de Genève, et qui formait un bénéfice cette ville naissante ; en 1551 il donna sa biblie considérable.
thèque au public; elle fut le commencement de Ce grand homme (Bonnivard mérite ce titre notre bibliothèque publique ; et ces livres sans par la force de son âme, la droiture de son en partie les rares et belles éditions du quiecæur, la noblesse de ses intentions, la sagesse zième siècle qu'on voit dans notre collection. de ses conseils, le courage de ses démarches, Enfin, pendant la même année, ce boa patriete l'étendue de ses connaissances et la vivacité de institua la République son héritière, à conditiaa son esprit), ce grand homme, qui excitera l'ad- qu'elle emploierait ses biens à entretenir le calniration de tous ceux qu'une vertu héroique lége dont on projetait la fondation. peut encore émouvoir, inspirera encore la plus Il parait que Bonnivard mourut en 1570 ; Bait vive reconnaissance dans les cæurs des Génevois on ne peut l'assurer, parce qu'il y a une lacune qui aiment Genève. Bonnivard en fut toujours dans le Nécrologe depuis le mois de Juillet un des plus fermes appuis : pour assurer la li- 1570 jusqu'en 1571. berté de notre République, il ne craignit pas de perdre souvent la sienne; il oublia son repos ;
In a single night.
(P. IN. il méprisa ses richesses ; il ne négligea rien Ludovico Sforza, and others.-The same is pour affermir le bonheur d'une patrie qu'il ho- asserted of Marie Antoinette's, the wife of nora de son choix: dès ce moment il la chérit Louis XVI., though not in quite so short a period. coinme le plus zélé de ses citoyens ; il la servit Grief is said to have the same effect: to such, avec l'intrépidité d'un héros, et il écrivit son and not to fear, this change in her's was to be histoire avec la naïveté d'un philosophe et la attributed. chaleur d'un patriote.
Il dit dans le commencement de son histoire Prom Chillon's snow-white battlement. (p. 122 de Genève, que, dès qu'il eut commencé de lire 'The Chateau de Chillon is situated betwees l'histoire des nations, il se sentit entrainé par Clarens and Villeneuve, which last is at ane son gout pour les Républiques, dont il épousa extremity of the Lake of Geneva. On its left toujours les intérêts : c'est ce gout pour la liberté are the entrances of the Rhone, and opposite qni lui fit sans doute adopter Genève pour sa patrie. are the heights of Mellerie and the range of
Bonnivard, encore jeune, s'annonça hautement Alps above Boveret and St. Gingo. comme le défenseur de Genève contre le Duc Near it, on a hill behind, is a torrent ; belos de Savoye et l'Evêque.
it, washing its walls, the lake has been fathoped En 1519, Bonnivard devint le martyr de sa to the depth of 800 feet (French measure); within patrie : le Duc de Savoye étant entré dans Ge- it are a range of dangeons, in which the early nève avec cinq-cents hommes, Bonnivard craig- reformers, and subsequently prisoners of state, nit le ressentiment du Duc; il voulut se retirer were confined. Across one of the vaults is a à Fribourg pour en éviter les suites ; mais il beam black with age, on which we were infora ! fut trahi par deux hommes qui l'accompagnaient, ed that the condemned were formerly executed. et conduit par ordre du Prince à Grolée, où il in the cells are seven pillars, or, rather, eight, resta prisonnier pendant deux ans. Bonnivard one being half merged in the wall; in some d était nalheureux dans ses voyages; coume ses these are rings for the fetters and the fettered; malheurs n'avaient point ralenti son zélé pour in the pavement the steps of Bonnivard bare Genève, il était toujours un ennemi redoutable left their traces-he was confined here several pour ceux qui la menaçaient, et par conséquent years. il devait etre exposé à leurs coups. Il fut ren- It is by this castle that Rousseau has fired contré en 1530 sor le Jura, par des voleurs, qui the catastrophe of his Heloise, in the rescue al le dépouillèrent, et qui le inirent encore entre one of her children by Julie from the water ; les mains du Duc de Savoye: ce Prince le fit the shock of which, and the illness produced by enfermer dans le Chateau de Chillon, où il the immersion, is the cause of her death. resta sans être interrogé jusqu'en 1536 ; il fut The chateau is large, and seen along the lake alors délivré par les Bernois, qui s'emparèrent for a great distance. The walls are white. du Pays de Vaud. Bonnivard, en sortant de sa captivité, eut le And then there was a little isle.
(p. 134. plaisir de trouver Genève libre et réformée : la Between the entrances of the Rhone and Vilrépublique s'empressa de lui témoigner sa re- leneuve, not far from Chillon, is a very small connaissance et de le dédommager des maur island; the only one I could perceive, ia my qu'il avait soufferte;, elle le reçut Bourgeois de voyage round and over the lake, within its cirla ville au mois de Juin 1536; elle lui donna la cumference. It contains a few trees (I think bet maison habitée autrefois par le Vicaire-Général, above three), and from its singleness and diniet elle lui assigna une pension de 200 écus d'or nutive size has a peculiar effect upon the vier. tant qu'il séjournerait à Genève. Il fut admis When the foregoing poem was composed I was dans le Conseil des Deux-cents en 1537.
not sufficiently aware of the history of Bonai Bonnivard n'a pas fini d'etre utile: après vard, or I should have endeavoured to dignify avoir travaillé à rendre Genève libre, il réussit the subject by an attempt to celebrate his ces à la rendre totérante. Bonnivard engagea le rage and his virtues. Some account of his life Conseil à accorder aux Ecclésiastiques et aux will be found in the above note to the “Sonnet paysans un temps suffisant pour examiner les on Chillon," with which I have been furnished propositions qu'on leur faisait; il réussit par sa by the kindness of a citizen of that Republic douceur: on préche toujours le Christianisme which is still proud of the memory of a mas avec succès quand on le préche avec charité. worthy of the best age of ancient freedom.
NOTES TO BE PP 0.
Like the lost Pleiad seen no more below. aspirate, according to the Arabesque guttural.
(p. 144. St. 14. It means what there is as yet no precise name "Quæ septem dici sex tamen esse solent.” Ovid. for in England, though the practice is as com
mon as in any tramontane country whatever. His name Giuseppe, call d more briefly, Beppo.
(p. 145. St. 25. Be ppo is the Joe of the Italian Joseph.
Raphael, who died in thy embrace, and bles.
(p. 147. St. 46.
NOTES TO DON JU A N.
NOTES TO CANTO 1.
That e'er by precious metal was held in.
[p. 199. St. 71. Brave men were living before Agamemnon.
This dress is Moorish, and the bracelets and
bar are worn in the manner described. The
[p. 153. St. 5. “Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona.“ HORACE. mother of Haidee was of Fez, her daughter
reader will perceive hereafter, that ,, as the Seve thine “incomparable oil," Macasar!
wore the garb of the country.
(p. 154. St. 17. “Description des vertus incomparables de l'huile
A like gold bar, above her instep roll d. de Macassar."-See the advertisement.
[p. 199. St. 72.
The bar of gold above the instep is a mark
of sovereign rank in the women of the families
(p. 156. Si. 44. of the Deys, and is worn as such by their female Fact. There is, or was, such an edition, with relatives. all the obnoxious epigrams of Martial placed by themselves at the end.
Her person I allow'd at large to run.
[p. 199. St. 73. The bard I quote from does not sing amiss.
This is no exaggeration; there were four
[p. 160. St. 88. women, whom I remember to have seen, who Campbell's Gertrude of Wyoming; it is the possessed their hair in this profusion; of these, opening of Canto III.
three were English, the other was a Levantine.
Their hair was of that length and quantity, Io it for this that General Count O'Reilly,
that when let down, it almost entirely shaded Who took Algiers, declares I used him vilely? the person, so as nearly to render dress a su
[p. 165. St. 116. perfluity: Of these, only one had dark hair ; the Donna Julia here made a mistake. Count
Oriental's had, perhaps, the lightest colour of O'Reilly did not take Algiers—but Algiers very
the four. nearly took him; he and his army and fleet retreated with great loss, and not much credit, Soft hour! which wakes the wish and melts the from before that city.
(p. 204. St. 108.
Era già l' ora che volge 'l disio,
A naviganti, e 'ntenerisce il cuore ;
[p. 171. St. 216. Lo dì cho han detto a' dolci amici a dio;
E che lo nuovo peregrin d'amore
Punge, se ode squilla di lontano,
Che paja 'l giorno pianger che si muore."
DANTE's Purgatory, C. 8.
taken by him without acknowledgment.
Some hands unseen strew'd flowers upon his tomb. Bor none likes more to hear himself converse.
(p. 204. St. 109. [p. 197. St. 45. See Suetonius for this fact. Rispose allor Margatte, a dirtel tosto,
lo non credo più al nero ch' all azzurro; Ma nell cappone, o lesso, o vuogli arrosto,
NOTES TO CANTO IV.
A vein had burst. [p. 209. St. 59.
Doge Francis Foscari, on his deposition, in 1457,
tion of bis successor, “mourut subitement d'une A marble fountain echoes. (p. 220. St. 55 hémorrhagie causée par une veine qui éclata A common furniture.- I recollect being receitdans sa poitrine, " (see Sismondi and Daru,) ed by Ali Pacha, in a room containing i Barbk at the age of eighty years, when “Who would basin and fountain. have thought the old man had so much blood in him?" Before I was sixteen years of age,
The gate 80 splendid was in all its features. I was witness to a melancholy instance of the
(p. 223. SL. . same effect of mixed passions upon a joung person; Features of a gate-a ministerial metapher; who, however, did not die in consequence, at "the feature upon which this question kinger that time, but fell a victim some years afterwards See the "Fudge Family," or hear Castlereagh to a seizure of the same kind, arising from causes intimately connected with agitation of mind.
Though on more thorough-bred or fairer finger. But sold by the impresario at no high rate.
(p. 225. St. 10€. (p. 211. St. 80.
There is perhaps nothing more distinctive This is a fact. A few years ago a man engaged birth than the hand: it is almost the only sig a company for some foreign theatre, embarked of blood which aristocracy can generate. them at an Italian port, and, carrying them to Algiers, sold them all. One of the women, returned from her captivity, I heard sing, by
Save Solyman, the glory of their line.
(p. 229. St. 147. a strange coincidence, in Rossini's opera of „L’Italiana in Algeri," 'at Venice, in the begin in his essay "on Empire, * hints that Selyman
It may not be unworthy of remark, that Bacon, ning of 1817.
was the last of his line; on what authority, I From all the pope makes yearly 'twould perples
know not. These are his worde: "The destrueTo find three perfect pipes of the third sex.
tion of Mustapha was so fatal to Solyman's line,
(p. 212. St. 86. as the succession of the Turks from Solymas, It is strange that it should be the Pope and until this day, is suspected to be untrae, and the Sultan who are the chief encouragers of this of strange blood; for that Solymus the Second branch of trade - women being prohibited as
was thought to be supposititious." But Bacon, in singers at St. Peter's, and not deemed trust- his historical authorities, is often inaccurate. I worthy as guardians of the haram.
could give half a dozen instances from his
apophthegms only. While werds and ordure rankle round the base. Being in the humour of criticism, I shall pre
[p. 214. St. 103. ceed, after having ventured upon the slips of The pillar which records the battle of Ravenna Bacon, to tonch on one or two as trifling in the is about two miles from the city, on the opposite edition of the British poets, by the justis-cele side of the river to the road towards ‘Forli. brated Campbell.-But I do this in good will
, Gaston de Poix, who gained the battle, was kill- and trust it will be so taken.-If any thing cool ed in it; there fell on both sides twenty thousand add to my opinion of the talents and true feel men. The present state of the pillar and its site ing of that gentleman, it would be his classical, is described in the text.
honest, and triunphant defence of Pope, against
The inadvertencies to which I allude are :
Firstly, in speaking of Anstey, whom be acThe ocean stream.
(p. 215. St. 3. cuses of having taken “his leading characters This expression of Homer has been much cri- from Smollett." Anstey's Bath Guide was pubticised. Ii hardly answers to our Atlantic ideas lished in 1766. Smollett's Humphry Clinker (the of the ocean, bat is sufficiently applicable to the only, work of Smolletts from which Tabitha Hellespont, and the Bosphorus, with the Ægean could have been taken) was written during intersected with islands.
Smollett's last residence at Leghorn, in 1770.
“Argal," if there has been any borrowing, AnThe Giant's Grave. (p. 215. St. 5. stey must be the creditor, and not the debtor. I The Giant's Grave is a height on
the refer Mr. Campbell to his own data in his lives Adriatic shore of the Bosphorus, much frequented of Smollett and Anstey. by holiday parties : like Harrow and Highgate.
Secondly, Mr. Campbell says in the life of
Cowper that he knows not to whom Cowper And running out as fast as I was able.
alludes in these lines: The assassination alluded to took place on the Built
God a church, and laugh`d his word to score.
(p. 218. St. 33. Nor he who, for the bane of thousands born, eighth of December, 1820, in the streets of Rnot a hundred paces froin the residence of the The Calvinist meant Voltaire, and the church writer. The circumstances were as described. of Ferney, with its inscription, “Deo eresit
Voltaire. Killd by five bullets from an old gun-barrel. Thirdly, in the life of Burns, Mr. C. quotes
[p. 218. St. 34. Shakespeare thus,There was found close by him an old gunbarrel, sawn half off: it had just been discharged,
To gild refined gold, to paint the rose, and was still warm.
Or add fresh perfume to the violet.
This version by no means improves the origiPrepared for supper with a glass of rum. nal, which is as follows:
[p. 220. St. 53. In Turkey nothing is more common than for
To gild refined gold, to paint the lily, the Mussulmans to take several glasses of strong
To throw a perfume on the violet, spirits by way of appetizer. I have seen thein
King Jorx. take as many as six of raki before dinner, and A great poet quoting another should be cerswear that they dined the better for it; I tried rect; he should also be accurate when he accuser the experiment, but was like the Scotchman, who a Parnassian brother of that dangerous charge having heard that the birds called kittiewiaks “borrowing:" a poet had better borrow any thing were admirable whets, ale six of them, and (excepting money) than the thoughts of another complained that "he was no hungrier than when they are always sure to be reclaimed: but it is he began."
very hard, having been the lender, to be de
nounced as the debtor, as in the case of Anstey Bid Ireland's Londonderry's Marquess show versus Smollett.
His parts of speech.
[p. 268. St. 49.
NOTES TO CANTO X.
Would scarcely join again the "reformadoes."
[p. 251. St. 8. “Allah! Hu!" is properly the war - cry of the Bradwardine, in Waverley, is authority for
“Reformers," or rather “Reformed." The Baron
[p. 273. St. 13. Mussulmans, and they dwell long on the last the word. syllable, which gives it a very wild and peculiar effect.
The endless soot bestoros a tint far deeper “Carnage" (80 Wordsworth tells you) is God's
Than can be hid by altering his shirt.
(p. 273. St. 15. daughter
(p. 251. St. 9.
Query suit 2-PRINTER'S DEVIL.
Balgounie's Brig's black wall. (p. 273. St. 18.
The brig of Don, near the "auld toun" of
Aberdeen, with its one arch and its black deep
(p. 252. St. 18. misquote, the awful proverb which made me A fact; see the Waterloo Gazettes. I recollect pause to cross it, and yet lean over it with a remarking at the time to a friend: - «There is childish delight, being an only son, at least by fame! a man is killed , his name is Grose, and
the mother's side. The saying as recollected by
me was this--but I have never heard or seen it they print it Grove." I was at college with the deceased, who was a very amiable and clever
since I was nine years of age :and his society in great request for his “Brig of Balgounie, black's your wa'; wit, gaiety, and "chansons à boire."
Wii å wife's ae son and a mear's de foal,
Doun ye shall fa'!" 'Tis pity "that such meanings should
[p. 252. St. 25. The Portuguese proverb says that “Hell is
Oh, for a forty-parson-power to chaunt paved with good intentions."
Thy praise, Hypocrisy ! (p. 275. St. 34.
of a steam-engine. That mad wag, the Reverend
S. S., sitting by a brother-clergyman at dinner,
observed afterwards that his dull neighbour had Humanity would rise, and thunder “Nay!
a “twelve-parson-power" of conversation.
(p. 263. St. 1. Query, Ney ?-PRINTER'S Devil.
To strip the Sasons of their hydes, like tanners.
[p. 275. St. 36. And send the sentinel before your gate "Hyde." - I believe a hyde of land to be a A slice or two from your luxurious meals. legitimate word, and as such subject to the tax
(p. 264. St. 6. of a quibble. "I at this time got a post, being sick for satigue, with four others. - We were sent to break bis- Was given to her favourite, and now bore his. cuit, and make a mess for Lord Wellington's
(p. 276. St. 49. hounds. I was very hungry, and thought it a The Empress went to the Crimea, accompanied good job at the time, as we got our own fill by the Emperor Joseph, in the year-I forget while we broke the biscuit ,- - a thing I had not which. (It was 1787.) got for some days. When thus engaged, the Prodigal Son was never once out of my mind; Which gave her dukes the graceless name of and sighed, as I fed the dogs, over my humble
[p. 277. St. 58. situation and my ruined hopes." Journal of a In the Empress Anne's time, Biren, her favourSoldier of the 718t Regt. during the War in Spain. ite, assumed the name and arms of the “Birons"
(p. 266. Si. 33. of France, which families are yet extant with
that of England. There are still the daughters Because he could no more digest his dinner. of Courland of that name; one of them I reHe was killed in a conspiracy, after his temper member seeing in England in the blessed year had been exasperated, by his extreme costivity, of the Allies — the Duchess of S.- to whom the to a degree of insanity.
English Duchess of S-t presented me as a
namesake. And had just buried the fair-faced La.skoi.
(p. 268. St. 47.
Eleven thousand maidenheads of bone,
(p. 277. St. 62. “Lanskoy."
St. Ursula and her eleven thousand virging
were still extant in 1816, and may be so yet as
(p. 279. St. 81.